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Adi Bhat, 2019

What is Research: Definition

Research is defined as a careful consideration of study regarding a particular concern or a problem using
scientific methods. According to the American sociologist Earl Robert Babbie, “Research is a systematic
inquiry to describe, explain, predict and control the observed phenomenon. Research involves inductive
and deductive methods.”

Inductive research methods are used to analyze the observed phenomenon whereas, deductive
methods are used to verify the observed phenomenon. Inductive approaches are associated with
qualitative research and deductive methods are more commonly associated with quantitative research.

One of the most important aspects of research is the statistics associated with it, conclusion or result. It
is about the “thought” that goes behind the research. Research is conducted with a purpose to



The systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to
establish facts and reach new conclusions.
‘the group carries out research in geochemistry’
‘medical research’
‘he prefaces his study with a useful summary of his own researches’

researchnoun [ U ]
US /ˈri·sɜrtʃ, rɪˈsɜrtʃ/

a detailed study of a subject in order to discover information or achievea

new understanding of it

2. Compare further scientific method and method of research. How is the

scientific approach used in knowledge generation?

The scientific method and the method of research are both supposed to be
unbiased and the process should be documented and published for possible
verification, further study or application in other fields. Moreover, it both starts
with a question or formulation of a problem.

3. Discuss 3 issues in doing a research:

3.1 Managing Bias
What factors may affect the bias or prejudice of the observer (race,
nationality, party, religion, socio-economic group)?
3.2 Ethics in research
3.3 issue of generalizability

4. What is the important of research to you as a graduate student?

Give the titles of research studies that you have undertaken as an undergraduate
student and as a graduate student.

5. Compare the inductive and the deductive methods used in research

6. List down research priorities and new research paradigms in your field of
specialization. (Management) Consult the CHED, DepEd and international
organizations. Focus on your field of study

7. List down the roles of research in

7.1 education
The following are roles of research in Education:
 Examines facts and material evidences to develop the descriptions,
measurements, relationships, and tests of hypotheses.
 Generates facts about a given topic or idea.
 Education research is also concerned with administration, curriculum
studies, counseling, history, educational trends and more areas.

7.2 public administration

The following are roles of research in public administration

 Focuses on laws and policy formulation and implementation

 Gauging the pulse of people on issues
 Formulation of solution and alternatives addressing public concerns
7.3 business administration

The following are roles of research in business administration

 A tool for achieving competitiveness
 A guide for the management in making decisions
 A solution provider to answer issues and problems raised by the business
7.4 social sciences

The following are roles of research in social sciences:

 Testing hypotheses by experiments.
 Identifying environmental problems and solving them
 Economics in staystical analysis of government data
 Helps in the formulation and implementation of international laws and

8. Cite the diverse personal and professional preparation of a global education


9. Discuss some issues of quality in graduate education research

10. List down and explain the quality indicators of research

1. Quality Indicator No. 1 – Publication

2. Quality Indicator No. 2 – Research Grants

3. Quality Indicator No. 3 – Presentation in Conferences
4. Quality Indicator No. 4 – Awards and Recognitions