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# SAT resources that make sense

Hey, All!

— Faithe Y.

Test #8

## 1. The use of a calculator is not permitted.

2. All variables and expressions used represent real numbers unless otherwise indicated.

3. Figures provided in this test are drawn to scale unless otherwise indicated.

## 4. All figures lie in a plane unless otherwise indicated.

5. Unless otherwise indicated, the domain of a given function f is the set of all real numbers x for
which f(x) is a real number.

## r c 2x 60° s 45° s√2

w h b x

30° 45°

b a x√3 s

A = pr 2 A = ℓw 1
A = bh c 2 = a2 + b 2 Special Right Triangles

2
C = 2pr

r
h r h h

h
w r w

ℓ ℓ

4 1
V = ℓwh 2
V = pr h V = pr 3 V = pr 2h V = 1 ℓwh

3 3 3

Test #8

1
Fast Work 2
Dude don'tread all of this

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
3x + x + x + x − 3 − 2 = 7 + x + x d
In the equation above, what is the value of x ? 7

## Distance traveled (feet)

6
5 I wrotethisout Youshould
A) − 5
7 trynot to Cfortheastlineanyway 4 rise
0400 slope_ruin
B) 1
3 1
4.32
4those 7 11
are thesame
3
2 4
justcrossthemout 1 2
12
C) 4 5 7 0 m
7
bothsides sT f 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2
starts Time (minutes)

g
D) 3
bothsides 4x 12 0cgint o
The graph above shows the distance traveled d,
4 I in feet, by a product on a conveyor belt m minutes
after the product is placed on the belt. Which of the
3 following equations correctly relates d and m ?

A) d = 2m

1 nooneasked
B) d = m forthatEro
2 o
C) d = m + 2 c yint isnot o n

D) d = 2m + 2 t

37
3
Re write Let's do this
5
Make an Equation

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
The formula below is often used by project managers The width of a rectangular dance floor is w feet. The
to compute E, the estimated time to complete a job, length of the floor is 6 feet longer than its width.
where O is the shortest completion time, P is the Which of the following expresses the perimeter, in
longest completion time, and M is the most likely feet, of the dance floor in terms of w ?
keyword
completion time.
A) 2w + 6
O + 4M + P B) 4w + 12
E=
6
C) w 2 + 6 we onlyadd
Which of the following correctly gives P in terms of
E, O, and M ? D) w 2 + 6w toget perimeter crossoutfirst

A) P = 6E − O − 4M w 16
Add themALLup
E toget perimeter
O 4M p
B) P = −6E + O + 4M 6 6
w w p w w 6 w w 16

O + 4M + E w 16 P 4W 112
C) P =
6 6E O 4M P 6
o 4M O 4Mt
D) P =
O + 4M − E onlywant Just solve y > 2x − 1
6 her regularly
GE o in p Noworries 2x > 5
same
Which of the following consists
sosubstitute pretend
of the y-coordinates an
wecanturnitaround you equal
want of all the points that satisfy the system of inequalities sign
z above?
P GE O 4M
A) y > 6 2x I
hislooksugly y
4 5 I
S B) y > 4 y orbigger
o sty
18031066yo 31°
II
66
C) y >
5
2

Lo
180 971 T
yo 114° D) y >
3
yo 830 y ifthoseare 2

R µ x°
5 samethey
angle
when cross
m
equal
U then
V these
are
In the figure above, RT = TU . What is too
the value of x ?
A) 72
1800 Allanglesin atriangle
B) 66
180 1140 66 c zthats
0
C) 64
equal
tho
D) 58 R U 6260 33 angles

LastTRIANGLE oryv
330 830 1160
1800 116 x 640
7 9

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
x h 24 y k22 rz
r F6 4
annoying 2x + 6 + 4 = x + 3 ( x − 6) + ( y + 5) = 16
wastemytime
What is the solution set of the equation above? In the xy-plane, the graph of the equation above is a
3options repeated
I
A) {−1} circle. Point P is on the circle and has coordinates
B) {5} (10, −5). If PQ is a diameter of the circle, what are
the coordinates of point Q ?
C) {−1, 5}
Io 8 2 D double ther
v if 0 D Zr 2147 8
we also
D) {0, −1, 5}

if 1
II www.qq.ie
neither B) (6, −1)
O
A) (2, −5) c leftalone
Diameterwillbe
knowthisisright Tt 4 It 3 xory C) (6, −5)u
the 4 2 ne
otherswerewrong 2 4 2 moreLIES D) (6, −9)
if 5 ds
its 14 5 3 p
o
to 14 8 a
8
4 4 8 Finals it if horizontal if horizontal
I Go s Io s
3 eitherADDorsubtract eitherADDorsubtract
Plug in f (x ) = x − 9 x
8from Io Leave 5 8from 5 Leave1
2
numberbiggerthan 1 g (x) = x − 2x − 3 alone alone
10
Which of the following expressions is equivalent to A group of 202 people went on an overnight camping
Justsaysthere willbeas inyour trip, taking 60 tents with them. Some of the tents
f (x ) equation somewhere t
g (x )
, for x > 3 ? held 2 people each, and the rest held 4 people each.
Assuming all the tents were filled to capacity and Cfp 7
wejustpicked
A)
1 if z ssmail
zbecnuse.it ftp.fq every person got to sleep in a tent, exactly how many
of the tents were 2-person tents?
Nos x+1
x+3 not f x 23 96 A) 30
202people 2 t t 4f
B) B) 20
z x+1 3 8 18
O
C) 19
60tents f f 29
10
C) 2,4
x(x − 3)
x+1
zc
s
D) 18 yes n
21
3 Iot
s gCx 22 26 3 I this
want number
sogetrid otherone
D) IT
x(x + 3)
x+1
4 4 3 202 Zt tf

1
O

n s
Okey Im gonnawrite thisagain

I3 III IEoff's
oEEieonri

They match 38 2 0

Now 38 12T
match withanswers
just 38 t
39

t
Hmmm thisseemscomplex
11 13
BUT it'snotactually

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
y Oil and gas production in a certain area dropped
has from 4 million barrels in 2000 to 1.9 million barrels
just in 2013. Assuming that the oil and gas production
Into
PEEopposite
10
be a
decreased at a constant rate, which of the following
linear functions f best models the production, in
3 signs
O
of zero z x millions of barrels, t years after the year 2000?
–3 –2 –1 1 2 3
–10 5bumps 11 of 21 b tha
s in A) f (t ) =
130
t+4
any y t
4 x's eat slopehas 1 19 point now
to down muchis
Which of the following could be the equation of the go B) f (t ) = 130 t + 4 itgoing
graph above? upor down
21 by
I
A) y = x(x − 2)(x + 3)
B) y = x 2(x − 2)(x + 3)
sa's no 0
C) f (t ) = −
130
t+4

1945975 io
O
C) y = x(x + 2)(x − 3)
4 s yay
D) f (t ) = −
19
t+4
a anything
else
3 5 No 130
D) y = x 2(x + 2)(x − 3)
4x'syay
So how much is it going downby

4 1.9 2.1
For how long slope is a fraction

12
2013 2000 13
2a 1 b
If = , what is the value of ?
b 2 a so
1 thesekinda
A) 2.1 21
8 janette MIX ITUP or
1
one'supside Rewrite 13 130
B) down
4
za
C) 2 b I NAH

2 2 Oooo
D) 4 xz Fa I Ig
f
7fetor
thati
what i
I want

ba

40
Writethemin order
14 15

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
y = x 2 + 3x − 7 g (x ) = 2 x − 1
y − 5x + 8 = 0 sides
soth h (x ) = 1 − g (x )
sxthere
How many solutions are s system
s to the g of The functions g and h are defined above. What is the
equations above? value of h(0) ?
stickO'in
A) There are exactly 4 solutions. whenever
A) −2
B) There are exactly 2 solutions.
there'san wehave
B) 0 x that
0D) There are no solutions.
C) There is exactly 1 solution.
C) 1
No I
gO
D) 2

3 o 2 1 c
Y 7,5 stickthem
together
g
5 8 I
y glo
Sx g x2 3 7 liketerms
s s
2
s 8 h D I f 1
0 2 1
h0
x e x D
Both are the
same

1 solution

41
7
Answer: 12 Answer: 2.5
Write
For questions 16-20, solve the problem and answer 7 / 12 2 . 5
enter your answer in the grid, as described in boxes. / / Fraction / /
below, on the answer sheet. line
. . . . . . . . Decimal
0 0 0 0 0 0 point

## 1. Although not required, it is suggested that 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1

you write your answer in the boxes at the top 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
of the columns to help you fill in the circles Grid in 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
accurately. You will receive credit only if the result. 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
circles are filled in correctly. 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
2. Mark no more than one circle in any column. 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
3. No question has a negative answer. 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
4. Some problems may have more than one 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
correct answer. In such cases, grid only one 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
answer.
5. Mixed numbers such as 3 1 must be gridded 2
Acceptable ways to grid 3 are:
2
as 3.5 or 7/2. (If 3 1 / 2 is entered into the
/ / 2 / 3 . 666 . 667
grid, it will be interpreted as 31 , not 3 1 .) / / / / / /
2 2 . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. Decimal answers: If you obtain a decimal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
answer with more digits than the grid can 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
accommodate, it may be either rounded or 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
truncated, but it must fill the entire grid.
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Answer: 201 – either position is correct
NOTE: You
201 201 may start your
/ / / / answers in any
column, space
. . . . . . . .
permitting.
0 0 0 0 0 0 Columns you
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 don’t need to
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 use should be
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 left blank.

42
16 19

.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
s needdifference.ee
x 2 + xc− 12 = 0 A start-up company opened with 8 employees.
factor multiplyto The company’s growth plan assumes that 2 new
0, 12
If a is a solution of the equation above and a > get
employees will be hired each quarter (every
what is the value of a ?
3 months) for the first 5 years. If an equation is
written in the form y = ax + b to represent the
43 1 x 4 x 3 number of employees, y, employed by the
company x quarters after the company opened, what
4C3 12 c or is the value of b ?
gintercept_whensfarmfetdhin
x
17
addthem
The sum of −2x 2 + x + 31 and 3x 2 + 7x − 8 can be
written in the form ax 2 + bx + c , where a, b, and c
are constants. What is the value of a + b + c ?
20
2 21 31 3 2 7 8 B 2 5 ofcircle
2 18 23
It 8 23 A

C

18
I ofcircleto
alwaystryELIMINATION 1st faster atatangYe
nice − x + y = −3.5 ButHowmuchIs a
opposite
Getridof x + 3y = 9.5 WHOLEcerci
Note: Figure not drawn to scale.
thembyadding
If (x, y) satisfies the system of equations above, what
o.o
is the value of y ? 3600
In the circle above, point A is the center and the
2
Add X y 3.5 length of arc BC is of the circumference of the
5
13g 9.5
Jenasiter
equations
circle. What is the value of x ? math
o 4g 6 21sthsof3600 m
Yb
4Y 6 So My
4 T 720 2 14L
x 360
y 4 5 2 10
s
y X 1

43
4 4
Math Test – Calculator
55 M I NU TES, 3 8 QUESTIONS

Turn to Section 4 of your answer sheet to answer the questions in this section.

## For questions 1-30

For questions 31-38

## 1. The use of a calculator is permitted.

2. All variables and expressions used represent real numbers unless otherwise indicated.
3. Figures provided in this test are drawn to scale unless otherwise indicated.
4. All figures lie in a plane unless otherwise indicated.
5. Unless otherwise indicated, the domain of a given function f is the set of all real numbers x for
which f(x) is a real number.

r c 2x 60° s 45° s√2
w h b x
30° 45°
b a x√3 s
A = pr 2 A = ℓw 1
A = bh c 2 = a2 + b 2 Special Right Triangles
2
C = 2pr

h r r h h
h
w r w
ℓ ℓ
V = ℓwh V = pr 2h 4
V = pr 3
1
V = pr 2h V = 1 ℓwh
3 3 3

44 CO NTI N U E
4 4
1 2

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
One pound of grapes costs \$2. At this rate, how many Tracy collects, sells, and trades figurines, and she
dollars will c pounds of grapes cost? tracks the number of figurines in her collection on
T
slope
the graph below.
A) 2c israte

Number of figurines
write it
B) 2 + c
pslopelrate likeslope
2
C)
2
c
cry
pounds
c 1 2 3 4 5
D)
2
of grapes Time (months)

## On what interval did the number of figurines

decrease the fastest?
steepest interval
A) Between 1 and 2 months downward
B) Between 2 and 3 months

0
C) Between 3 and 4 months
D) Between 4 and 5 months

45 CO NTI N U E
4 4
3 5

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
In a random sample of 200 cars of a particular model, trianglehas
x° asoo
3 have a manufacturing defect. At this rate, how
many of 10,000 cars of the same model will have a 200 z° 600
manufacturing defect? ℓ
saanmgfey.fr
O
A) 150 Fa iii
y° 20
B) 200
m ly m
C) 250
o o
Note: Figure not drawn to scale.
D) 300 30ooo zoo
Too Too In the figure above, lines and m are parallel,
y = 20, and z = 60. What is the value of x ?
7 so A) 120
B) 100 0
200 60 1 1800
C) 90
D) 80 0
4 8001 1800
y Dimensions of Iris Petals

60 X 1800 800
1000
Length (millimeters)

55
50 I
y = 1.67x + 21.1 tagger

points
5
45 onthe
40 line
35 are
30
25 x
8 10 12 14 16 18
Width (millimeters)

## The scatterplot above shows data collected on the

lengths and widths of Iris setosa petals. A line of best
fit for the data is also shown. Based on the line of best
fit, if the width of an Iris setosa petal is
19 millimeters, what is the predicted length, in
millimeters, of the petal?
A) 21.10
B) 31.73
y 1.67 x 21.1
C) 52.83
D) 55.27 1.67 19 t 21.1

Y 52

length
q
46 CO NTI N U E
4 4
6 7

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Two types of tickets were sold for a concert held at In the xy-plane, the graph of which of the following
an amphitheater. Tickets to sit on a bench during the equations is a line with a slope of 3 ?
concert cost \$75 each, and tickets to sit on the lawn
during the concert cost \$40 each. Organizers of the 1 I just1 butallchoiceshave1 x
A) y = x
concert announced that 350 tickets had been sold 3
slope
and that \$19,250 had been raised through ticket sales c
B) y = x − 3 mx b
alone. Which of the following systems of equations
could be used to find the number of tickets for bench y
seats, B, and the number of tickets for lawn seats, L,
that were sold for the concert?
O
C) y = 3x + 2

A) (75B)(40L) = 1,950
B + L = 350 D) y = 6x + 3

B + L = 350

B + L = 19,250

## D) 75B + 40L = 19,250

B + L = 350 8
2
x+1 =
justneed1 x+1
so solve In the equation above, which of the following is a
possible value of x + 1 ?
solveuntilyougethere
just
A) 1 − 2
B) 2
C) 2 X 11 1
D) 4 i
ply
across
sign
equal

opposite 152 2T
of square

I 2

47 CO NTI N U E
4 4
10

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Questions 9-11 refer to the following information. Water pours into the glass slowly and at a constant
k rate. Which of the following graphs best illustrates
the height of the water level in the glass as it fills?

O
A)

water level
3

Height of
Volume = 7 pk k
48

k Time
2

B)

J
The glass pictured above can hold a maximum volume of

water level
473 cubic centimeters, which is approximately 16 fluid not

Height of
ounces. constant
Don'tneedto find
9 eg theygiveittoyou Time
What is the value of k, in centimeters?
A) 2.52 C)
B) 7.67 7M
water level

48 fgaytone
Height of

C) 7.79 connostant

O
D) 10.11

473cm's 7M
48 48 48 Time

22704 7 irks D)

7 7 Noslope
water level
Height of

nothingis
324 43 Mk changing
Time but wateris
3
in a beingadded
772.423 calculator
use n 113
Ex k3 CHD
10.11

48 CO NTI N U E
4 4
11 13

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Jenny has a pitcher that contains 1 gallon of water. −1
2
How many times could Jenny completely fill the glass If a = x, where a > 0, what is a in terms of x ?
with 1 gallon of water? (1 gallon = 128 fluid ounces) r we
usually
actions
A) x pseftridor
b
A) 16
B) 8
128fl oz F
gallon
I
IIYff s
O
C) 4 f 16ft oz c glassofwater hgwthbieg
B) − x a 2
how glass
D) 3 Times
Ans16oz 1
a Et21 42
g
C) 2
x z
8fl a _x just
means
1 2 actually
is
D) − 2 under t
x
a

12 14
Roberto is an insurance agent who sells two types of
policies: a \$50,000 policy and a \$100,000 policy. Last Which of the following is a value of x for which the
month, his goal was to sell at least 57 insurance
−3
policies. While he did not meet his goal, the total expression 2 is undefined?
value of the policies he sold was over \$3,000,000. x + 3x − 10
Which of the following systems of inequalities A) −3 C35 4 Io
T means O
describes x, the possible number of \$50,000 policies, a a o root isin
B) −2 denominator
and y, the possible number of \$100,000 policies, that
Roberto sold last month? C) 0
at 1312 Io
4 6 so Noot
lookfor for
Look changesin
A) x + y < c57 atmost57 answerchoices o o Io
O
D) 2 noo
50,000x + 100,000y < 3,000,000 disk w
4 6 10 0
B) x + y > 57 atleast
50,000x + 100,000y > 3,000,000

C) x + y < 57
50,000x + 100,000y > 3,000,000
Tmorethan
D) x + y > 57 soooooo
50,000x + 100,000y < 3,000,000

esf.fiooo

49 CO NTI N U E
4 4
15 17

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
A granite block in the shape of a right rectangular Ages of 20 Students Enrolled
prism has dimensions 30 centimeters by in a College Class
40 centimeters by 50 centimeters. The block has a Findmean Age Frequency
density of 2.8 grams per cubic centimeter. What is
the mass of the block, in grams? (Density is mass 18.6 18 6 mode
per unit volume.)
1a s 19 5 median midnight
20.4 20 4 mean
A) 336 d F V l 21oz 21
22
2
1
23 u seai
B) 3,360 22
23 23 1
C) 16,800
2.8 m 30 30 x 1
D) 168,000
30.40 so mean_4 0 20
The table above shows the distribution of ages of the
28 m_ 20 students enrolled in a college class. Which of the
60,000 following gives the correct order of the mean,
average
median, and mode of the ages?
t
A) mode < median <that
s hows
upmost
21 0B) mode < mean < median
mean
168,000 middle
inorderofage
16 C) median < mode < mean
Number of Adults Contracting Colds D) mean < mode < median

## Cold No cold Total

Vitamin C 21 129 150
Sugar pill 33 117 150
Total 54 246 300

## The table shows the results of a research study that

investigated the therapeutic value of vitamin C in
preventing colds. A random sample of 300 adults
received either a vitamin C pill or a sugar pill each
day during a 2-week period, and the adults reported
whether they contracted a cold during that time
period. What proportion of adults who received a
sugar pill reported contracting a cold?
11
A)
18 33 _1
O
B)
11
50
Iso
9
C)
50
11
D)
100

50 CO NTI N U E
4 4
18 19

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
The figure below shows the relationship between the The range of the polynomial function f is the set of
percent of leaf litter mass remaining after real numbers less than or equal to 4. If the zeros of f
decomposing for 3 years and the mean annual upside are −3 and 1, which of the following could be the
temperature, in degrees Celsius (°C), in 18 forests in
dogyanph graph of y = f (x ) in the xy-plane?
Canada. A line of best fit is also shown.
A) y
100 lessthan

f
6
90
Leaf litter mass
remaining (%)

80
70 x
–6 3 1 6
60
50
I
40
–10 I
–5 zoo0 5 10
–6

## Mean annual temperature (°C) B) y than4

less
A particular forest in Canada, whose data is not
included in the figure, had a mean annual
6
y
r temperature of −2°C. Based on the line of best fit,
there'sjust which of the following is closest to the predicted –6
1
6
x
nodottherepercent of leaf litter mass remaining in this particular
forest after decomposing for 3 years?
justthe –6
A) 50% lineDoesn't
B) 63% meananything
C) y
0D) 82%
C) 70%
6

x
–6 6

–6
morethan 4
D) y 4
than
more
6 c

x
–6 6

–6

51 CO NTI N U E
4 4
20

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
The average annual energy cost for a certain home is Questions 21 and 22 refer to the following
\$4,334. The homeowner plans to spend \$25,000 to information.
install a geothermal heating system. The homeowner
estimates that the average annual energy cost will Between 1985 and 2003, data were collected every
then be \$2,712. Which of the following inequalities three years on the amount of plastic produced annually in
can be solvedi to find t, the number of years after the United States, in billions of pounds. The graph below
installation at which the total amount of energy cost shows the data and a line of best fit. The equation of the
savings will exceed the installation cost? line of best fit is y = 3.39x + 46.89, where x is the number

f A)y 25,000 > (4,334 − 2,712is) tmore of years since 1985 and y is the amount of plastic
installation
produced annually, in billions of pounds.
what's
ftover US Production of Plastic
Ime
O
B) 25,000 < (4,334 − 2,712) t 120

(billions of pounds)
100

Amount of plastic
thissays
80
C) 25,000 − 4,334 > 2,712t Eatings the
60
savings iswhat
4,332

D4
D) 25,000 > t edhajesubs.EE'Ition 40
2,712 20
T 0
installation
ismore Howdoyouget Y 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14is16 18 20
savings from Number of years since 1985
dividing de
No
21
Which of the following is the best interpretation of
the number 3.39 in the context of the problem?
scope
A) The amount of plastic, in billions of pounds,
produced in the United States during the
year 1985
startingpoint
B) The number of years it took the United States to random
produce 1 billion pounds of plastic value
C) The average annual plastic production, in
ch
doesn't

## billions of pounds, in the United States from

1985 to 2003 Notchange
D) The average annual increase, in billions of CHANGE
pounds, of plastic produced per year in the
United States from 1985 to 2003

y 3.39 146.89
F T
howsomething starting
is CHANGING point

52 CO NTI N U E
4 needto domath
youDon't
4
iiyourealizeD iscorrect
after goingthroughchoices
domathlast
22 24

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Which of the following is closest to the percent For the finale of a TV show, viewers could use either
increase in the billions of pounds of plastic produced social media or a text message to vote for their
in the United States from 2000 to 2003? favorite of two contestants. The contestant receiving
A) 10% starttoend T
whereongraph
more than 50% of the vote won. An estimated 10% of
the viewers voted, and 30% of the votes were cast on
B) 44% social media. Contestant 2 earned 70% of the votes
2ooo 1985 Is yearsafter cast using social media and 40% of the votes cast
C) 77%
2003 sass as yearsafter using a text message. Based on this information,
D) 110% which of the following is an accurate conclusion?

y 100
A) If all viewers had voted, Contestant 2 would
at 15yrs have won.
Errant
at 18yrs y 110 ish LIEI
B) Viewers voting by social media were likely to be
younger than viewers voting by text message. j
e start 110 zoo C) If all viewers who voted had voted by social
in
P.IEaste s
Too media instead of by text message, Contestant 2
would have won. No same ofvotes ifeveryone
too 10
g
D) Viewers voting by social media were more likely
to prefer Contestant 2 than were viewers voting yes a
ortho
by text message. guysro
23 forc
M = 1,800(1.02)t becausetoo so aoi
text message
The equation above models the number of yo 10 of ALL
members, M, of a gym t years after the gym opens. viewersvote
Of the following, which equation models the number
of members of the gym q quarter years after the gym wholecircle

µ
opens? 40 Notzoportant
q
A) M = 1,800(1.02) 4 quarter
g
B) M = 1,800(1.02)4q 70
C) M = 1,800(1.005)4q But WHO WON DANG IT

q
thepercentincrease

III
D) M = 1,800(1.082) wouldn't

I Ii 75
change

## 0.4 0.7 0.28

o.axo.s o.az
lookslike a won
coz lessthan 50
ofroles
53 CO NTI N U E
4 4
25 26

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Population of Greenleaf, Idaho To determine the mean number of children per
household in a community, Tabitha surveyed
Year Population 20 families at a playground. For the 20 families
surveyed, the mean number of children per
zoo 2000 862
Don't household was 2.4. Which of the following
1
decreasing
ooo 110 2010 846 match statements must be true?
biased
A) The mean number of children per household in
The table above shows the population of Greenleaf, sampley
the community is 2.4.
Idaho, for the years 2000 and 2010. If the relationship
between population and year is linear, which of the B) A determination about the mean number of
following functions P models the population of children per household in the community should
Greenleaf t years after 2000? not be made because the sample size is too small. Nottoo
Plugin t seewhich works C) The sampling method is flawed and may smallBIA
A) P(t ) = 862 − 1.6t produce a biased estimate of the mean number
s6z eGeos 846
B) P(t ) = 862 − 16t of children per household in the community.
862 160 7oz
D) The sampling method is not flawed and is likely
C) P(t ) = 862 + 16(t − 2,000)
to produce an unbiased estimate of the mean
D) P(t ) = 862 − 1.6(t − 2,000) number of children per household in the
t 862 1Haowoo community.
f
i in parenthesis
862 1.6C ero
no
typeof hasto
bethesame
t adifferenceinyears
zooo ayear

54 CO NTI N U E
4 4
27
Get rid of b 28

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
In the xy-plane, the point (xy
The 22 students in a health class conducted an
p, r ) lies on the line with
experiment in which they each recorded their pulse
rates, in beats per minute, before and after
equation y = x + b , where b is a constant. The point
completing a light exercise routine. The dot plots
with coordinates (2xp, y
below display the results.
5r ) lies on the line with
c
lowstddev
equation y = 2x + b. If p ≠ 0, what is the dots are CLOSE
r to mean
value of ?
get b
p
2
g
r
x
bby alone to
56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84
Beats per minute before exercise
88

A)
5 T p pp get ridof 88 56 32 highstd
points it dotsarespre
B)
3
4
Yinethat r p b away
80 84 88 92 96 100 104 108 112
4
2x b 112 80 32 Beats per minute after exercise
C)
3 y get b
Sr 2 2p b alone to
Let s1 and r1 be the standard deviation and range,
5 respectively, of the data before exercise, and let s2
D)
ridof
5r 4ptb get
2 and r2 be the standard deviation and range,
it respectively, of the data after exercise. Which of the
pointson tr 4p following is true?
thatline
A) s1 = s2 and r1 = r2
su se
Sr 4p b
f
B) s1 < s2 and r1 < r2
C) s1 > s2 and r1 > r2
r rz
only r p D) s1 ≠ s2 and r1 = r2
Sr 4p
are left
make itlook
like thequestion
r p
Og True

Ip 3p 4r Notequal

forroverp
solve 3 I
4 p

55 CO NTI N U E
4 4
29 30

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
A photocopy machine is initially loaded with y
5,000 sheets of paper. The machine starts a large job maxvalue k 3 x g(x)
and copies at a constant rate. After 20 minutes, it has 4
int –2 1
y used 30% of the paper. Which of the following 3
2 y = f (x) –1 2
equations models the number of sheets of paper, p,
remaining in the machine m minutes after the 1 0 3
requires machine started printing? x 1 4
enthesis –1 2 4 6 8 10
2 5
–2
exponents
A) p = 5,000 − 20m –3 3 6
no exponents
–4 4 7
B) p = 5,000 − 75m
no exponents The complete graph of the function f and a table of
m
20
values for the function g are shown above. The
C) p = 5,000(0.3)
says30 isLEFT maximum value of f is k. What is the value of g (k) ?
m
20
so 70 is gone A) 7
D) p = 5,000(0.7)
g3 6
X says 70 is left O
B) 6
C) 3
30 is gone D) 0

56 CO NTI N U E
4 4
7
Answer: 12 Answer: 2.5
Write
For questions 31-38, solve the problem and answer 7 / 12 2 . 5
enter your answer in the grid, as described in boxes. / / Fraction / /
below, on the answer sheet. line
. . . . . . . . Decimal
0 0 0 0 0 0 point

## 1. Although not required, it is suggested that 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

you write your answer in the boxes at the top 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
of the columns to help you fill in the circles Grid in 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
accurately. You will receive credit only if the result. 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
circles are filled in correctly. 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
2. Mark no more than one circle in any column. 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
3. No question has a negative answer. 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
4. Some problems may have more than one 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
correct answer. In such cases, grid only one 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
answer.
5. Mixed numbers such as 3 1 must be gridded 2
Acceptable ways to grid 3 are:
2
as 3.5 or 7/2. (If 3 1 / 2 is entered into the
/ / 2 / 3 . 666 . 667
grid, it will be interpreted as 31 , not 3 1 .) / / / / / /
2 2 . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. Decimal answers: If you obtain a decimal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
answer with more digits than the grid can 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
accommodate, it may be either rounded or 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
truncated, but it must fill the entire grid.
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Answer: 201 – either position is correct
NOTE: You
201 201 may start your
/ / / / answers in any
column, space
. . . . . . . .
permitting.
0 0 0 0 0 0 Columns you
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 don’t need to
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 use should be
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 left blank.

57 CO NTI N U E
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31 33

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
There are two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of In the xy-plane, the equations x + 2y = 10 and
oxygen in one molecule of water. How many atoms 3x + 6y = c represent the same line for some
of hydrogen are there in 51 molecules of water? constant c. What is the value of c ? sameline
matchothereg sameequation
Hydrogen zxse 1oz
Water
31 29 10 3x 6y c
1 51 51
y
needtohave
3 69 30 c 3
32
sewatermolecules
34
1 On April 18, 1775, Paul Revere set off on his
x− a=0
2 midnight ride from Charlestown to Lexington. If he
If x = 1 in the equation above, what is the had ridden straight to Lexington without stopping,
value of a ? he would have traveled 11 miles in 26 minutes. In
such a ride, what would the average speed of his
horse have been, to the nearest tenth of a mile
per hour?
7
Iza _O xb9
Iza Iza 11m
2 60min
1 1 T 26 min
z za per

z 11mi
26mi
25.38 T

25.4mi

58 CO NTI N U E
4 4
35 36

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
y S
Theclue
12 12 5 hesffitisathjo
10 R T angleinto
y = f(x) Ev pieces
8
In triangle RST above, point W (not shown)
6
2 lies on RT . What is the value of
i
cos(∠ RSW ) − sin(∠ WST ) ?
4 i
2
l
89 This one is weird Youneed
0 x
0 1 12 3 4 5 6 7
i
8 9 to know a rule
The graph of the function f, defined by
1 A complimentary
f (x) = − (x − 4)2 + 10, is shown in the xy-plane
ith2angle
N
2
so anglyes
that adduptogoo
above. If the function g (not shown) is defined by
90060 Cos A
g (x) = − x + 10 , what is one possible value of a such 13 sin B
that f (a) = g (a) ?
a _2 or 8 fromgraph Because we split a 900
T angle
faster into pieces
OR
YITiator
fix glx RSW
crust
x 45 10 x 110 are
complimentary
4 8 10 X1101
I sameon SO
bothcrossout

## RSN Sin Wsi 0

annoying x2 4 8
rid x tx
get
of it 1
z 2,2 3 8 0

actor 112 6 16 0
x 12 x 8 x
59 CO NTI N U E
4 4
Questions 37 and 38 refer to the following information.

Penicillin 200

## (micrograms per milliliter)

Penicillin concentration
Minutes after concentration
injection (micrograms 150
per milliliter)
0 200 100
5 152
10 118 50
15 93
20 74 0
0 5 10 15 20
Time (minutes)

## When a patient receives a penicillin injection, the kidneys begin

removing the penicillin from the body. The table and graph above show
the penicillin concentration in a patient’s bloodstream at 5-minute
intervals for the 20 minutes immediately following a one-time
penicillin injection.

60 CO NTI N U E
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37 38

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
According to the table, how many more micrograms
of penicillin are present in 10 milliliters of blood The penicillin concentration, in micrograms per
drawn from the patient 5 minutes after the injection
than are present in 8 milliliters of blood drawn milliliter, in the patient’s bloodstream t minutes after
10 minutes after the injection?
the penicillin injection is modeled by the function P
t
defined by P(t ) = 200b 5 . If P approximates the
5min 152 micYfYm x 10milliliters values in the table to within 10 micrograms per

nearest tenth?

## 10 min 118 x 8milliliters

micrograms
solve using table
eq
944micrograms
Rt 200bts
1520 944 576microgro.ms 118 200 b
I
pickany
number 11g 200b'd
Too Too
from table
f get
8 rid of
exceff
he
Too f
bZ square

b
b 0.768
b
STOP
If you finish before time is called, you may check your work on this section only.
Do not turn to any other section.

61