1 views

Uploaded by kaye

- 06 - Graphite Moderated
- 35431 PreviousPapers Phy EM 2009
- Nuclear Energy
- glossaryU
- PDF 3.4 Getting Ready to Calculate a Reaction Rate
- DSEE_Brochure
- Nuclear Terms
- Westinghouse - PWR Power Plant Overview
- Nuclear Chemistry
- KARNATAKA-Science Sample Paper-1-SOLUTION-Class 10 Question Paper
- Nuclear Power2012
- Nuclear Engineering
- Nexus - 1804 - New Times Magazine
- 1 Nuclear Power Plant A
- SAGUM (Computer Applications in Nuclear Power Plant PDF)
- Reactor Start
- Lecture 20
- Nucl.Phys.B v.596
- cern_colloquium6
- Surface Chemistry

You are on page 1of 2

Mid-Term Exam

Dr. Saed Dababneh December 5th, 2007

Question 1

Consider a bare cubic reactor and one-group neutron diffusion. The reactor is composed of fuel channels with

D2O coolant surrounded by D2O moderator (CANDU). Treat the reactor as a homogeneous mixture with D =

6.0 cm, Σa = 6.0×10-4 cm-1 and critical side length of 100 cm.

a) Calculate the fuel characteristic νΣf. [5]

b) Explore an alternate design. Keep the same fuel and replace the heavy water coolant with light water. This

configuration makes D = 0.3 cm and Σa = 0.03 cm-1. What would be the new dimensions of the cubic

reactor? Does it go critical? Can we still use natural uranium? [5]

a) Determine the burnup and consumption rates for 235U to produce 1 MW (thermal).

b) A reactor operating at a flux level of 3×1013 neutrons/cm2⋅s contains 1020 atoms of 235U per cm3. The

reaction rate is 1.29×1012 fissions/cm3⋅s. Calculate the macroscopic and microscopic fission cross sections.

c) An alloy is composed of 95% aluminum and 5% silicon (by weight). The density of the alloy is 2.66 g/cm3.

Relevant properties of aluminum and silicon are shown in the table below.

Element Atomic Mass σa (b) σs (b)

Aluminum 26.9815 0.23 1.49

Silicon 28.0855 0.16 2.20

How long must a neutron travel (on average) in this alloy before it interacts by (i) absorption (ii) scattering.

d) Calculate the thermal utilization factor for a homogeneous reactor. The macroscopic absorption cross

section of the fuel is 0.3020 cm-1, of the moderator is 0.0104 cm-1, and of the poison is 0.0118 cm-1.

−Σ X

e) Discuss the validity of the equation I ( X ) = I 0 e

t

for neutron beam attenuation .

f) If a critical finite thermal cubic reactor has a volume of 1 cubic meter and a migration length of 5.05 cm,

calculate the infinite neutron multiplication factor.

The total number of neutrons at the beginning of a generation is given by n = nf + nt. The values for each factor

of the six factor formula are

ε = 1.031 p = 0.803 η = 2.012 f = 0.751 P fnon-leak = 0.889 P tnon-leak = 0.905.

a) Starting with nf, calculate the number of neutrons that exist at the following points in the neutron life cycle:

i. Number of neutrons that exist after fast fission.

ii. Number of neutrons that start to slow down in the reactor.

iii. Number of neutrons that reach thermal energies.

iv. Number of thermal neutrons that are absorbed in the reactor.

v. Number of thermal neutrons absorbed in the fuel.

vi. Number of neutrons produced from thermal fission.

b) Perform the same calculations for nt neutrons at the beginning of a generation.

c) What is the total number of neutrons after one generation? Describe the criticality of the reactor.

d) Calculate the reactivity.

e) What is the total number of neutrons after 50 generations?

f) If the diffusion time is ~ 10-3 s, estimate the total number of neutrons after one second.

Question 4 [10]

Recall that a free neutron beta decays with a half-life of 11.7 minutes; determine the relative probability that a

thermal neutron will undergo beta decay before being absorbed in an infinite medium. Calculate this probability

using water (Σa = 0.022 cm-1) as the medium. Write a simple neutron balance equation for one-speed (thermal)

neutrons with an additional ‘sink’ of neutron decay and ignore the diffusion term. Solve this equation.

Question 5 [10]

Consider a processing facility for the production of isotope B, consisting of a small container inside a reactor.

The container is small and the absorption cross section is low enough that the neutron flux is uniform in the

container. The isotope B is produced by the reaction A(n,γ)B. B decays to C with a half-life T1/2. A and C do not

decay. A, B and C all have finite neutron absorption cross sections and all can be added and removed from the

container. State the governing balance equations for A, B and C. Why is this kind of analysis important in the

reactor theory?

- 06 - Graphite ModeratedUploaded byAnaKarolinaMuniz
- 35431 PreviousPapers Phy EM 2009Uploaded bykodatic
- Nuclear EnergyUploaded byapi-3744729
- glossaryUUploaded byvenkimallepaka
- PDF 3.4 Getting Ready to Calculate a Reaction RateUploaded byJohn W Holland
- DSEE_BrochureUploaded bycoxo_design
- Nuclear TermsUploaded byCherry Mae Vera Obias
- Westinghouse - PWR Power Plant OverviewUploaded byMatthew Pennington
- Nuclear ChemistryUploaded byPankaj Kumar
- KARNATAKA-Science Sample Paper-1-SOLUTION-Class 10 Question PaperUploaded byFirdosh Khan
- Nuclear Power2012Uploaded byVdwP
- Nuclear EngineeringUploaded byShanmugam G
- Nexus - 1804 - New Times MagazineUploaded bymufonnexus
- 1 Nuclear Power Plant AUploaded bynarendrababu007
- SAGUM (Computer Applications in Nuclear Power Plant PDF)Uploaded byMatthew Carandang
- Reactor StartUploaded byAkram Elhadi
- Lecture 20Uploaded bymsakowsk
- Nucl.Phys.B v.596Uploaded bybuddy72
- cern_colloquium6Uploaded byfrederic13
- Surface ChemistryUploaded byLeeforth Virg Boiser
- Nuclear EngineeringUploaded byJenkins Jose Shirley
- Business Plan BMCG Group 1Uploaded byArif Imran
- Lecture 6Uploaded byReema Malik
- Adms and Exam ScheduleUploaded byAlok Thakkar
- Nuclear Power Production Technical DescriptionUploaded byGarrett Hipkins
- Different types of cryogenics Pellet injection systems (PIS) for fusion reactorUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Edexcel Science 2011 P3 Topics 2 and 3 exercise_questionsUploaded byPaul Burgess
- NuclearUploaded bySai Nischal
- Unit-3-58.pdfUploaded byAnand Kal
- Neutron-non-destructive Assay of Archaeological Samples from La Tortuga Island of VenezuelaUploaded byUnidad de Estudios Arqueológicos

- 18Bishop EC (1)Uploaded byAnand Muruganantham
- Lecture_7 Fick’s Law.pptUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_3 Nuclear FissionUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_8 Steady State Diffusion Equation.pptUploaded bykaye
- Feasibility Study - Pressurized Oxy-fuel Approach to Carbon CaptureUploaded bykaye
- Nuclear Chemistry NotesUploaded byJeevani Battula
- Lecture_13 Fuel Depletion.pptUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_9 Two-Group Neutron Diffusion.pptUploaded bykaye
- Ch 20 Nuclear Math (p14)Uploaded bykaye
- Balancing Nuclear ReactionsUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_12 Poisoning.pptUploaded bykaye
- Biodiesel FeasibilityUploaded byAsadullah Baloch
- Lecture_4 Controlled FissionUploaded bykaye
- Feasibility Study - Design of an Industrial Park with Low Energy Concumption.pdfUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_5 Neutron Life CycleUploaded bykaye
- Lecture_6 More on Moderators.pptUploaded bykaye
- lec1Uploaded bykaye
- lec8Uploaded byJoØrsh Ênrique Tu Xikytø NînîØflow
- lec3Uploaded byJoØrsh Ênrique Tu Xikytø NînîØflow
- Boiling Water ReactorUploaded bykaye
- The Economics of Nuclear PowerUploaded bykaye
- Nuclear Power – Need and Future.pptUploaded bykaye
- lec6Uploaded byJoØrsh Ênrique Tu Xikytø NînîØflow
- Nuclear Power ReactorsUploaded bykaye
- Overview of Neutron Total Cross Sections.pdfUploaded bykaye
- Euratom Fp7 Fission Leaflet EnUploaded byAdel Suker
- The Nuclear Fuel CycleUploaded bykaye
- AsiaUploaded bykaye
- Energy Balances and CO2 ImplicationsUploaded bykaye

- History of the Hanford Site, by DW HarveyUploaded byOccupyMedia
- Economic Risks of Commercial Nuclear Power Plant Accidents E120330t170117_NRC000058 - NUREG-CR-3673Uploaded byEnformable
- ML120380359 - Investigations of Zirconium Fires During Spent Fuel Loss of Cooling AccidentsUploaded byEnformable
- How to Split an AtomUploaded byAlbertusAldo
- Nuclear PowerUploaded byThiaga Rajan
- The Little Reactor That Couldn'tUploaded byWalt Robbins
- nwss.pdfUploaded bytkaye7732
- te_1127_prn.pdfUploaded byAurelian Radu
- FACTS About ChernobylUploaded bykiawahgrace
- NRC_ 10 CFR Part 71—Packaging and Transportation of Radioactive MaterialUploaded byAhmad Daniel
- sr1536r1.pdfUploaded byabooosy
- Heat TransferUploaded byHarman Singh Nagpal
- Nuclear Fusion Energy for Electricity - NUSTEC2012 v2Uploaded byAziz Mohamed
- Weapons for Mass DestructionUploaded bysam
- Safety StandardsUploaded byBhautik Daxini
- Brazil’s Nuclear Kaleidoscope: An Evolving IdentityUploaded byCarnegie Endowment for International Peace
- Research Paper-1 (1)Uploaded byFirdavs Ortikov
- Reactor Produced RadionuclidesUploaded byrajjpapu
- 0195304950.pdfUploaded byhsnrb
- SENATE HEARING, 109TH CONGRESS - ENERGY AND WATER, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2006Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- Nuclear EngineeringUploaded byTalal Ashraf
- Unit 3 Quiz - Nuclear Science v AUploaded bymisterbrowner
- actinidesUploaded byapi-358338928
- ACRR Photos Raglin Sandia Facilities-RaglinUploaded bySending SoS
- Aoki and Rothwell (2013) a ComparativeinstitutionalanalysisoftheFukushimanucleardisaster ENERGY POLICYUploaded bymichael17ph2003
- Lecture_9 Two-Group Neutron Diffusion.pptUploaded bykaye
- Canada 6 Thnat l ReportUploaded byAnonymous 1hOgJqwZuz
- 3 Mile Island_finalUploaded byAkshit Arora
- Problem List 151002Uploaded byda_tru_nigga8122
- Pakistan and the BombUploaded byMarques Wn