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PUBH5018 Introductory Biostatistics Unit and Study Guide School of Public Health Page 1 of 16

PUBH5018

Introductory

Biostatistics

Unit and Study Guide

School of Public Health

PUBH5018

Study Guide 2019

Course Overview

PUBH5018 Introductory Biostatistics gives an introduction to statistical concepts, and their use and relevance in Public Health. Candidates will learn to appraise the statistical content of research papers, practice the presentation of statistical data, and apply basic statistical methods.

Contact Information

As the first point of contact, please email sph.epibio@sydney.edu.au with your queries related to this course. When emailing please ensure you specify the unit (PUBH5018) you are querying about, as well as including your Student ID number in your email.

Unit Coordinators

Associate

Lecturers

(Edward Ford Building, Room 305 AKA EpiBio Central)

Dr. Tim Schlub (Primary)

+61 2 9351 5992

Dr. Erin Cvejic

+61 2 9351 5305

Eunice Stiboy (Primary)

+61 2 9351 4384

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Dorothy Drabarek

+61 2 9351 4384

Table of Contents

Course Objectives

4

Getting Started in PUBH5018

4

Information specific to PUBH5018

5

How PUBH5018 is taught

5

Lectures

5

SPSS Practicals

6

Tutorials

6

Face to face students

6

Tutorial Webinars (Online Synchronous)

6

Online Asynchronous (Discussion Board Tutorials)

6

Course Materials

7

Calculators

7

Computers

7

IBM SPSS Statistics Software

8

How PUBH5018 is assessed

9

Weekly Quizzes (10%)

9

Assignment (20%)

9

Online Examination (20%)

10

Final Examination (50% or 70%)

10

Academic Honesty, Plagiarism and Special Consideration

10

The EpiBio Survey

11

Support Available for Students

11

General Discussion Board

11

Associate Lecturers

11

Other Students

11

Weekly Extra Support Webinars

12

Extra Face to Face Tutorial for Online students

12

Q&A

Webinars

12

Q&A Face to Face Sessions

12

Past Exam Papers and Supplementary Questions

12

The Maths Learning Centre, University of Sydney

12

Khan Academy (Mathematics support)

12

Mathematics Skills Website ‘MathCentre’

12

Reference Booklist

13

Main References

13

Other texts

14

PUBH5018 Introductory Biostatistics Lecture and Tutorial Schedule

15

Frequently Asked Questions

16

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Course Objectives

On completion of this unit you should be able to:

i. Summarise statistical data using tables, graphs and appropriate measures of location and variability such as mean, median, standard deviation and interquartile range (IQR).

ii. Interpret hypothesis tests and confidence intervals.

iii. Compare two samples using the t-test for continuous variables, and the chi-squared test for categorical data, in both paired and unpaired cases, calculate confidence intervals for the main results, and summarise the conclusions from such an analysis, with access to books and notes.

iv. Examine the relationship between two continuous variables using scatter diagrams, simple linear regression and the Pearson correlation coefficient.

v. Examine the relationship between two continuous variables or a continuous and binary variable while adjusting for other variables.

vi. Compare two samples using non-parametric tests, in both paired and unpaired cases, and summarise the conclusions from such an analysis.

vii. Calculate the sample size and power required for simple studies.

viii. Use SPSS statistical software to present and analyse data.

Getting Started in PUBH5018

We strongly recommend all new students attend the orientation technical skills sessions. Register for one of the orientation session following this link: http:/ /sydney.edu.au/medicine/public- health/study/learning-and-teaching/orientation.php. If you were unable to attend, you can obtain the training notes for these sessions (Orientation Guide) on the above website or from the SPH Office of Teaching and Learning (Room 329, Edward Ford building)

Be

sure

to

read

the

‘Student

CANVAS

Guide’

following

this

link

Have a look around our support site for students found under the SSPH Academic Support link on your CANVAS dashboard. Here you will find a range of useful support pages, and resources aimed at providing you with valuable skills, particularly for literature searching and writing assignments.

Complete the compulsory Academic Honesty module.

Be sure to read the guides in the Online Learning folder of the SPH Student Support site for help listening to and downloading lectures. This section provides valuable information about learning online, and you can practice your skills on a practice web site we have provided for you.

Get

the

current

timetable

for

your

course

at

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Information specific to PUBH5018

Please complete the tutorial allocation survey online (EpiBio Survey) ASAP so we can assign you to a tutorial as this will allow us to finalise tutorial allocations. Allocations will be available on CANVAS PUBH5018 under Tutorial Information in week 2 (4 th March 2019), prior to the first tutorials.

This unit of study can be taken face to face or online. The lecture recordings are released on CANVAS eLearning (referred to as CANVAS for remainder of document) to all students after the face to face lecture. A schedule of the course appears near the end of this document.

The online lectures for each week can be found on CANVAS under Lecture Recordings. The lectures can be viewed online or can be downloaded for offline viewing. There will also be lecture slides, available prior to each lecture, which you can print and use for note taking. Be sure to read the guide Viewing and Downloading Lectures before you start.

Please familiarise yourselves with the Discussion Board on CANVAS as this applies to both face to face and online students. This will help you understand how discussions will be used in this course and where to get help if you are having problems using the site. Under the Welcome - Getting to know you topic, read the message and then reply. You might like to start contributing as soon as your course is available. Remember to check this section often to meet others in your course.

You will receive a hard CANVAS.

copy of the Course Notes; they are also available as a PDF from the

Be sure to check out the information about assessments on CANVAS, so you are clear on what you need to do and how you will be assessed.

Important information and any changes related to the unit are posted on CANVAS (e.g., tutorial allocations, exam information, announcements). It is the responsibility of all students to check this site frequently.

How PUBH5018 is taught

Teaching for Introductory Biostatistics consists of a series of 12 lectures and 11 tutorials with SPSS exercises to complete each week. You will analyse datasets using SPSS for the assignment and weekly quizzes, and will also be assessed on the interpretation of SPSS output.

Lectures

Weeks 1 and 2: Week 1 and 2 Lectures are held on Tuesday at either 3:00 – 5:00 PM (all quoted times are Sydney local time) in Chemistry Lecture Theatre 3, or at 6:00 – 8:00 PM in Carslaw Lecture Theatre 157. Both lectures present the same material, so you can attend either one. These lectures are available to all students enrolled in PUBH5018 (i.e. you do not need to register for these lectures, just show up to the theatre).

Week 3 onwards: Lectures are held on Thursday at 2:00 – 3:00 PM in Chemistry Lecture Theatre 1. This lecture is available to all students enrolled in PUBH5018 (i.e. you do not need to register for the lecture, just show up to the theatre).

Copies of the lecture slides will be made available on PUBH5018 CANVAS. These will closely follow the slides presented in the lecture, but you should expect some differences as the presenters often make late minor modifications to their lectures. A recording of the lecture will be made available from CANVAS within 24 hours after the lecture if you cannot attend the face to face lecture. It can be found on CANVAS under Lecture Recordings.

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SPSS Practical’s

Accompanying each of the Week 1 and 2 lectures is an SPSS Self Directed Learning Task which is provided in the Course Notes. After the lectures, these tasks should be completed in your own time, and then if you have any relevant questions you should post questions in the relevant Discussion Board or attend an SPSS Practical.

An SPSS Practical is not a structured class, rather it is simply a set time where a tutor will be available to support you with using SPSS. As such, it is not compulsory that you attend these tutorials, rather they are recommended for students that have difficulties completing the SPSS Self-Directed Tasks on their own and are looking for some extra support. Students can sign up for one of the following 1-hour blocks for the Thursday

of Weeks 1 and 2 (You need to complete the EpiBio Survey, which is provided towards the end of this Guide

and is available on CANVAS) to let us know which tutorial time you want to be allocated to):

Week 1 SPSS Practical: Thursday, February 28

o

Day Sessions: 11:00 AM – 12:00 PM, or 12:00 – 1:00 PM

o

Evening Sessions: 4:00 – 5:00 PM, 5:00 – 6:00 PM, or 6:00 – 7:00 PM

Week 2 SPSS Practical: Thursday, March 7

o

Day Sessions: 11:00 AM – 12:00 PM, or 12:00 – 1:00 PM

o

Evening Sessions: 4:00 – 5:00 PM, 5:00 – 6:00 PM, or 6:00 – 7:00 PM

Tutorials

Tutorials commence in Week 3 (i.e. there are no Tutorials for PUBH5018 in Week 1 and 2 of semester). The exercises for these tutorials can be found in the Course Notes. The answers to the tutorial will be posted after the last synchronous tutorial of the week.

If you have questions about the tutorials after the answers have been released, please use the appropriate Discussion Board on CANVAS. These discussion boards are available to all students, and it is highly recommended that students regularly check these.

The following section provides information on the different types of tutorials we provide to students. You need

to complete the EpiBio Survey, (which is provided in this Guide, on CANVAS under Timetable and in your

PUBH5018 welcome email) to let us know which tutorial time you want to be allocated to.

Face to face students

Tutorials are held at either 12:00 – 2:00 PM, 3:00 – 5:00 PM, or 6:00 – 8:00 PM on Tuesdays. There is also

a Thursday 6:00 – 8:00 PM tutorial that will only be available to students not enrolled in PUBH5010 Epidemiology Methods and Uses.

Tutorial Webinars (Online Synchronous)

Online Synchronous Tutorials are much like a face to face tutorial but conducted online in real time via CANVAS.

Tutorial Webinars are held on Tuesday at 7:00 – 9:00 PM, Wednesdays at 7:00 – 9:00 PM or Saturday at 10:00 AM – 12:00 PM*.

*If there are insufficient students attending a webinar tutorial, then this tutorial will be cancelled with notice and students will be given an alternative option.

Note that all times until April 6 (Weeks 1-6) are in AEDT and from April 8 (Week 7 onwards) are in AEST. Students outside of NSW and Australia should check the equivalent time in their location.

Online Asynchronous (Discussion Board Tutorials)

These tutorials are conducted asynchronously meaning that students do not need to be online at the same time. You will be allocated a tutor who will attend to posts about each tutorial exercise in these discussion boards intermittently throughout the week. The Discussion Boards for these Tutorials are opened on the

Friday the week before the corresponding face to face tutorial (e.g. if the face to face tutorial for Tutorial 2

is in Week 3, then the online discussion board Tutorial for Tutorial 2 will open on Friday in Week 2). These will be open all week.

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The EpiBio Survey

All PUBH5010 and PUBH5018 Students must complete the EpiBio Survey. If you are doing both Units, you only need to do the survey once. We use this survey to collect your Tutorial time preferences, your self-rated mathematic ability, and your location for where you will be intending to sit the final examinations for both units among other information. If you need to change your preferences, simply resubmit the EpiBio Survey as we consider your latest submission when allocating Tutorials and organising exams. The link to the EpiBio Survey is:

If you have yet to complete the EpiBio Survey by the end of Week 1, you will be automatically allocated to a tutorial based on your enrolment in SydneyStudent (i.e. Normal Day will be enrolled in a 12:00 PM or 3:00 PM Tutorial, Normal Evening will be enrolled in a 6:00 PM Tutorial and OL will be enrolled in an asynchronous tutorial).

Course Materials

All students are provided with a hard copy of the Course Notes (a PDF is also provided online). This is not intended to be a textbook. The Course Notes contain a summary of each lecture, the Tutorial Exercises, and other useful resources for study and statistical tables needed for the exam. If you are enrolled as a face-to- face student via SydneyStudent you can pick up your Course Notes at your first lecture. If you are enrolled as an online student, your Course Notes will be mailed to you according to your address in SydneyStudent. We do not use your EpiBio Survey results to determine if you are enrolled as an online student or face-to-face student, you need to check this yourself. Every student will have access to the PDF version of the Course Notes which can be found on the Resources page of CANVAS PUBH5018.

Calculators

All students are expected to be able to access and use a standard scientific calculator. It is your responsibility to learn this skill; tutors will not have time allocated to assist with calculators.

The recommended model (not compulsory model, see below) is the CASIO fx-82AU Plus or Plus II, which is also the recommended high school calculator. It is available from retailers such as; Officeworks, Big W, Co-Op, campus newsagents and online sites. Price range for the CASIO fx-82AU Plus or Plus II is approximately $15 - $28 in early 2019 when checked so shop around.

The CASIO fx-82AU Plus or Plus II is a basic non-programmable calculator which allows you to perform some statistical calculations easily, such as computing the mean and standard deviation of a set of measurements. It also has all the mathematical functions you will need, such as factorials, logarithms and exponentials. If you happen to already have a CASIO fx-82AU, fx-82B, fx-82C, fx-82D, fx-82L, fx-82LB, fx-82TL, or fx-82MS, these models are very similar to the CASIO fx-82AU Plus, so you don't need to buy a new one!

If you already own a different brand of scientific calculator that has the functions listed above, you are welcome to use it instead and do not have to buy a CASIO. For the exam you will need to have a non- programmable scientific calculator.

You do not have to have your calculator approved by the Student Office for the purposes of the PUBH5018 Exam.

Computers

Students may use the PCs in the computer room (330) of the Edward Ford Building at their convenience when they are not booked for teaching. There will be a timetable of computer room bookings outside the room. The computer room is open: 9 AM – 8 PM, Mon - Thurs in teaching weeks and 9 AM – 5 PM on Fridays and on working days during non-teaching weeks. Outside those hours, your student card can be used to access the Edward Ford Building and the computer room; you will have received information about that when you enrolled. Students can also access SPSS at other computer labs across the campus:

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Students studying this unit do not require their own computer if they are happy to work in the computing laboratory on campus. Students not able to access an on campus computer will need to have access to a PC and the internet off campus (e.g. at home or at work). If you already own a PC and wish to run SPSS, check the following subsection on “Compatibility” in the IBM SPSS Statistics Software Section.

IBM SPSS Statistics Software

IBM SPSS Version 24 is the statistical computing system we will be using to analyse data. It has been chosen because it is one of the major statistical packages and has the advantage that it is relatively easy to learn to use. You will learn the basics of how to use SPSS in the self-directed sessions in weeks 1 and 2. NB. There are earlier versions of SPSS (v16 – v23) available that are very similar to v24 and may be used instead.

SPSS AMOS is NOT the correct software. Running SPSS through CITRIX is highly discouraged.

Availability:

Purchase the Base Grad Pack version of SPSS so that you can practice in your own time on your own computer (if you have one), and complete tutorials and assignments off campus.

Access on campus in computer labs, learning hubs and libraries: SPSS is freely accessible (24hrs/day) on any computer available for student access on campus for University of Sydney Students (after hours access requires a Student Card), the labs do become busy at certain times of the day and particularly around when assignments are due.

Versions: The course notes are based on IBM SPSS Statistics 24, which is the version that will be running in the School’s computer labs. The look, feel and functionality of versions 16 – 23 are almost identical to Version 24, though version 16 can at times operate a little slowly. Version 18 of SPSS has also been released under the name “PASW 18”. If you have any issues or are using an older versions of SPSS please contact course staff.

Costs and Purchasing: The IBM SPSS Base Grad Pack is available from larger retailers including the Co-Op Bookshop and other retailers. Prices vary from retailer to retail so shop around. Here’s a few to get you started (in no specific order):

Co-op Bookshop: http://www.coop.com.au Ph: 02 9351 3705 (v23 around $92.00 for members)

Hearne

Software:

IBM/Editions (v24 6 month subscription around $49.95)

There are three Grad versions of SPSS 24 – base, standard and premium; all three versions operate via a license for either 6 or 12 months. The base pack is the cheapest and has all the functionality that is required for this unit. Alternatively, older versions of SPSS (which may not be compatible with Windows Vista or Windows 7) may still be available at some shops, but prices may vary. You could also take a look on websites for various guides to SPSS that may come packaged with the software.

Limitations: All statistical computations in relation to PUBH5018 Introductory Biostatistics can be performed using the base version of SPSS. However, some advanced features of statistical analysis are not included in the base version. Further information may be obtained at www.spss.com.

Compatibility: If you do intend to purchase a copy of SPSS, please make sure that it is compatible with the operating system on your home PC (or wherever you wish to install it); it is your responsibility to read the system requirements carefully before purchasing. The School of Public Health cannot provide support for any software or compatibility issues that you may have on your own computer.

Note: SPSS v24 is available via the University of Sydney server using Citrix, however it is not recommended that students use SPSS remotely due to persistent technical issues including loss of data. If you cannot install SPSS on your own device it is recommended that students complete SPSS tasks on a computer in one of the many computer labs, learning hubs or libraries on campus.

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How PUBH5018 is assessed

There are four summative assessments (i.e. count towards your final grade) for PUBH5018: Weekly Quizzes, Assignment, online test, and an end-of-semester examination. We will also provide two formative assessments (i.e. do not count towards your final grade) for PUBH5018: an SPSS Formative Assessment and Optional Exercise.

Weekly Quizzes (10%)

Description: There will be 12 weekly online quizzes using a range of question formats. You must complete at least 10 online quizzes and achieve 100% in each quiz to be awarded the full 10%. You have unlimited attempts for each quiz. Questions and answers to each quiz will not be posted, however you may use the Discussion Board to clarify questions after the quiz has been closed. Quiz content is accumulative, for example, Week 10 quiz can contain questions regarding Week 1 content. Conversely, a Week 9 quiz won’t necessarily mean that it will test Week 9 content (it may be tested later in another quiz).

Quizzes can be found on CANVAS under each Module or under Assignments. Each quiz will be made available for two weeks starting on a Thursday at 8:00 PM Local Sydney Time and closing on a Thursday at 8:00 PM such that only a maximum of two quizzes will be available at any one time. After the close time of each quiz, you will only have access to the questions if you have attempted the quiz.

So that you are well aware of the open and close dates and times for each quiz, please refer to the schedule below:

Quiz

Open Date

Open Time

Close Date

Close Time

1

February 28

8:00 PM

March 14

8:00 PM

2

March 7

8:00 PM

March 21

8:00 PM

3

March 14

8:00 PM

March 28

8:00 PM

4

March 21

8:00 PM

April 4

8:00 PM

5

March 28

8:00 PM

April 11

8:00 PM

6

April 4

8:00 PM

April 18

8:00 PM

7

April 11

8:00 PM

May 2

8:00 PM

8

April 18

8:00 PM

May 9

8:00 PM

9

May 2

8:00 PM

May 16

8:00 PM

10

May 9

8:00 PM

May 23

8:00 PM

11

May 16

8:00 PM

May 30

8:00 PM

12

May 23

8:00 PM

June 6

8:00 PM

If you are applying for special consideration, use the following details:

Assessment Category: In-class assessment

Assessment Subcategory: Tutorial quiz or small test or small continuous assessment

Compulsory Assessment: No.

Note that approved special consideration requests for quizzes will be dealt with on a case by case basis. This may be in the form of a reweighted mark based on completed quizzes and/or alternative quizzes given at the end of semester. Extensions will not be provided for quizzes.

Assignment (20%)

Date Released: (Week 3)

Date Due: (Week 5)

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Description: The assignment will be made available on its released date via CANVAS under Assignments. All assignments must be submitted via CANVAS and all assignments will be checked using plagiarism verification software.

Late assignments of a pass or higher standard will attract a penalty of 5% of the maximum possible mark per calendar day late. Marks will be deducted for late assignments until April 26 th , and after this date no assignments will be accepted.

If you are applying for special consideration, use the following details:

Assessment Category: Submitted work

Assessment Subcategory: Assignment

Compulsory Assessment: No

Online Test (20%)

Date: (Saturday of Week 10)

Description: This is a one-hour test administered through CANVAS. This will be an invigilated test (i.e. supervised by an online invigilator), and will consist of short answer questions (10%) which will involve interpreting SPSS output and ten multiple choice questions (10%). More details about registration for this test will be released via CANVAS during the semester. Please note that this exam will be held on a Saturday.

Assessment Category: In-class assessment

Assessment Subcategory: Online task

Compulsory Assessment: No.

Final Examination (50%)

Description: A formal open-book examination will be held at the university in the exam week for all (face to face and online) students. Please read the Exam Guidelines for detailed information about the exam process. For Metropolitan Sydney based students, the exam will most likely be held on the first Thursday of the examination period; however, this will be confirmed later in the semester. The exam will be held in the evening at 6:00PM AEST and will run for 1.5 hours plus 10 minutes reading time. Please plan your schedule for this date and time. If there is any change, we will let you know but there is no reason for us to expect it to change. Students not within 100 km of the University of Sydney on this date will sit the exam at an external examination centre or similar. Typically for external exam students, the exam will start at 1:30 – 2:00 PM local time. Please refer to the School of Public Health Exam Guidelines available on CANVAS under Resources for more detailed information.

If you are applying for special consideration, use the following details:

Assessment Category: Exam

Assessment Subcategory: Final Exam

Compulsory Assessment: Yes

Academic Honesty, Plagiarism and Special Consideration

You can find the find the School of Public Health’s Policy on assessment and exams and a “Guide for preparing and submitting assignments” at the following link:

Requests for special consideration due to serious illness or misadventure must be lodged with University of Sydney Student Administration Services. Please see the following website for information on how to apply:

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Support Available for Students

A number of students may require support in addition to that provided in the Lectures and Tutorials offered as part of the course

General Discussion Board

Discussions on CANVAS are the main online resource for students and staff to help facilitate the learning aims of PUBH5018. Any questions regarding the course material may be asked in the appropriate Discussion. The following etiquette is expected from teaching staff and students. The goal of this section is to ensure that navigating the Discussion Boards is clear and that the information provided via the Discussion Boards is easily accessible.

Teaching Staff

1. Will respond in a timely manner:

o

within one business day in normal teaching weeks.

o

within two business days in a week prior to a due date of an assignment / scheduled exam (due to the high volume of questions during this time).

o

cannot guarantee to answer an assignment related question which is posted in less than two days before an assignment is due.

2. The primary aim of teaching staff is to encourage learning and understanding of unit material. Teaching staff will therefore respond with answers aimed to facilitate learning first, rather than simply providing a solution.

3. Will not give academic advice on how to answer assignment questions (excluding any necessary clarifications).

4. May delete posts that do not comply with the below discussion board etiquette. Teaching staff will provide information to the student addressing why their post was deleted.

Students

1. Will search the discussion forums for an answer to their question before posting.

2. Will post queries in the appropriate discussion forum and thread.

3. When replying to teaching staff and other student’s postings, students understand that the topic of the thread should be the subject matter discussed within the thread and that a new thread should be made if the posting is not directly related to that thread.

4. When creating a new thread in the discussion board, students will provide an informative subject title so that other students and teaching staff can clearly identify the subject matter of the thread.

5. Are encouraged to reply to other student’s postings if they feel that they are confident to do so. Teaching staff will provide further information where necessary and confirm students’ response(s) as correct/appropriate.

6. Will not post specific questions on how to answer an assignment, nor post any information that reveals part (or all) of their solution to an assignment.

Associate Lecturers

We will be available in the Edward Ford Building, Room 305 (AKA EpiBio Central), Monday to Friday, 9:30 AM to 4:30 PM for queries about the course. During teaching weeks however, there may not be an Associate Lecturer in the room during PUBH5010 and PUBH5018 tutorial times.

Other Students

Meeting with other students to discuss problems or to work through tutorial and revision exercises together can be a very enjoyable way to learn. However, while we do encourage discussion and learning together, when you are completing your assignment it should be recognised that there is a clear line between working

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together and plagiarism. The School of Public Health considers plagiarism to be a very serious matter and harsh penalties may apply. Please ensure that you are aware of your responsibilities in this matter when completing your assignment.

Weekly Extra Support Webinars

Weekly Webinars will be held online via CANVAS. These webinars are specifically for those students that need more time with a tutor to go over the previous week’s tutorial. More information about these Webinars will be released during semester.

Extra Face to Face Tutorial for Online students

Two optional face to face tutorials specifically for online students will be held on the Wednesday of Week 6 and 12 in Edward Ford Seminar Room 316 from 6:00 – 8:00 PM. The content of these tutorials is determined by the students who attend; it is not a structured tutorial rather it is an opportunity for online students who need just the one or two real time sessions with a tutor to consolidate their learning.

Q&A Webinars

There will be three online real time Q&A Webinar Series each held at 7:00 PM AEST on the Thursdays of Week 6, 10 and 14. These Q&A Webinars will also be recorded and made available to all students via CANVAS under Lecture Recordings within 48 hours of the session.

Q&A Face to Face Sessions

Two Q&A Sessions will be held on the Tuesday during StuVac (Week 14) at 3:00 – 4:00 PM AEST and 6:00 – 7:00 PM AEST in Carslaw Lecture Theatre 157. The recordings of these sessions will be made available on CANVAS under Lecture Recordings within 24 hours of the evening Q&A session. These sessions are for any students to ask questions, however it is not an extra tutorial session, rather a forum in which students can clarify issues prior to the exam.

Past Exam Papers and Supplementary Questions

Past exam papers and outline solutions will be posted on CANVAS site under Resources towards the end of semester. Supplementary Questions and outline solutions can be found in your Course Notes (after Lecture 12). You can use these resources to prepare for the exam.

The Math’s Learning Centre, University of Sydney

The Mathematics Learning Centre (MLC) can support students who do not have the background in Mathematics necessary for their PUBH5018 Introductory Biostatistics Unit of Study. Before using the service, students should contact the Maths Learning Centre, to discuss their needs (mlc.enquiries@sydney.edu.au). Students who expect difficulties should contact the Centre as soon as possible. The Centre also has handbooks that students can buy or download from the MLC website. Go to http://sydney.edu.au/stuserv/maths_learning_centre/ and click on Publications. There are no costs involved in using the Centre unless you want to buy one of the handbooks. Please do not ask the staff at the Centre for assistance with your assessed work.

Khan Academy (Mathematics support)

The Khan Academy is a free to use online resource (www.khanacademy.org) that may be useful as a refresher of mathematical concepts and/or as another tool for revision. Some of the broader topic areas that may be useful to revise include the Pre-algebra lesson under the overall topic of Algebra. There is also a Probability and Statistics Topic area than can be useful as a supplement to the Course Material to help your understanding of the arithmetic behind the statistics. Note: PUBH5010 and PUBH5018 Teaching Staff will not be able to provide assistance for Khan Academy, it is just an additional resource to supplement your independent learning.

Mathematics Skills Website ‘MathCentre’

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If it has been a while since you have studied, there are freely available resources that might help you revise some useful mathematical concepts. This website provides a wealth of useful guides and workbooks to assist you with mathematical skills to help when studying PUBH5018 Introductory Biostatistics. These would also be good preparation for PUBH5010 Epidemiology Methods and Uses.

Reference Booklist

When accessing links to texts within this document, bear in mind that you can only access them if you have logged into the University of Sydney Library Database. If you are still having troubles accessing links, search the title of the text in the University Library Database ( https://library.sydney.edu.au/) which prompts you to login thus providing access to the text.

The course notes cover all of the course content; hence it is not necessary to buy a textbook. There are many books on statistical methods and several which concentrate on biological or medical applications. Students should consult one or more books in order to supplement the lectures and these notes. The following list is not exhaustive.

If you wish to use a textbook, Bland is recommended as it is easy to read. Access to this textbook is free via CANVAS eReserve or through the library as an e-book (see below). If you wish to purchase a hard copy it is relatively inexpensive (around $60); you may also be able to find second hand books online. All texts listed below are available in the Library but may be subject to “Special Reserve” conditions.

Main References

1. Bland, M. (2000). Introduction to Medical Statistics. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Very readable style, covers almost the entire course and a little more. Contains exercises after each chapter, with solutions at the end. It is strongly recommended this book be used as a supplement the course notes.

This edition is also available as an e-book through the library and access is free:

Note that there is a 4 th edition of this book released in 2015 available to borrow from the library, however this edition is not available for free access as an e-book.

2. Kirkwood B.R. & Sterne J.A. (2003) Essential Medical Statistics. 2nd ed. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Science.

An excellent, easy to follow introduction to Biostatistics, recommended.

3. Armitage, P. Berry, G. & Matthews, J.N.S. (2008). Statistical Methods in Medical Research. 4th ed. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

A comprehensive book at an advanced level covering much more than the basic course. It is useful for reference and is recommended for those students who are interested in developing their statistical skills further in the future.

This edition is also available as an e-book through the library and access is free:

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Other texts

Links to the books below are available via CANVAS under eReserve.

Bush, H.M. (2012) Biostatistics: An applied introduction for the public health practitioner. 1 st ed. New York:

Cengage Learning.

Provides an overview of topics covered in Introductory Biostatistics, and would be of relevance to those with an interest in the application of biostatistics in public health.

Campbell, M.J. & Swinscow, T.D.V. (2009) Statistics at Square One. 11th ed. Chichester, BMJ Books.

Covers most of the topics in Introductory Biostatistics and provides a brief introduction to the second semester subjects of Multiple Regression and Survival Analysis.

This edition is also available as an e-book through the library and access is free:

Field, A.P (2009). Discovering Statistics Using SPSS. 3rd ed. London: SAGE Publications.

Gardner, Altman, Douglas, eds (2013). Statistics with Confidence: Confidence Intervals and Statistical Guidelines. 2nd ed. London: British Medical Journal.

This edition is also available as an e-book through the library and access is free:

A collection of papers published in the BMJ, revised and expanded, all about confidence intervals. Part II contains statistical guidelines for authors and checklists used by statistical assessors.

Glantz, S.A. (2012). Primer of Biostatistics. 7th ed. New York : McGraw-Hill Professional.

Riffenburgh, R.H. (2012) Statistics in Medicine. 3 rd ed. Saint Louis: Academic Press.

Covers most of the topics in Introductory Biostatistics and provides content on more advanced statistical methods covered in second semester Biostatistics subjects.

This edition is available as an e-book through the library and access is free:

Older editions are available as a hard copy from the library.

Rowntree, D. (c2004). Statistics Without Tears: A Primer For The Non-Statistician. Boston: Pearson/A&B.

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PUBH5018 Introductory Biostatistics Lecture and Tutorial Schedule

Semester

Week

Tutorial

Lecture

Date

Lecture

1

SPSS Practicals

February

26

Descriptive Statistics Part I

2

3

4

SPSS Practicals

Descriptive Statistics

Normal distribution, Central limit

theorem, Confidence intervals for mean

March 5

March 14

March 21

Descriptive Statistics Part II

Normal distribution, Central limit theorem, Confidence intervals for mean

Hypothesis Tests, One sample t-test

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

Hypothesis Tests, One sample t-test

Paired t-test and Two sample t-tests

Confidence interval for proportion,

Significance test for a proportion, and McNemar’s Test

Chi-squared Test

Mid-semester break

Binomial distribution, Small sample tests and Non-parametric tests

Sample Size and Power

Simple Linear Regression

Multi-variable models

2017 Practice Exam

(StuVac)

(Exam Period)

March 28

April 4

April 11

April 18

May 2

May 9

May 16

May 23

No

Lecture

Paired t-test and Two sample t-tests

Confidence interval for proportion, Significance test for a proportion, and McNemar’s Test

Chi-squared Test

Binomial distribution, Small sample tests and Non-parametric tests

Sample Size and Power

Simple Linear Regression

Multi-variable models

Statistics in Practice

Q&A Session

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: When do lectures begin? Tuesday, February 26 th 2:00 – 3:00 PM in Chemistry Lecture Theatre 3, which is repeated at 5:00 – 6:00 PM in Carslaw Lecture Theatre 157. Q: When do tutorials begin? Tutorials begin in Week 3, on Tuesday March 12 th (for students who have chosen Tuesday and are not enrolled in PUBH5010) and Thursday March 14 th (for students who have chosen Thursdays). The online tutorial starts on Friday March 15 th . Q: Will I be allocated to the tutorial time I have chosen in the EpiBio Survey? Yes, it is very likely you will get your chosen tutorial time. We will contact you if we can’t give you your preferred time. Q: Are the lectures and tutorials compulsory? No, however it is in your best learning interests that you attend as often as possible and come to tutorials with your answers prepared. Q: Are the SPSS practical sessions compulsory? No. The material for the practical sessions is in your notes. These are called Self-Directed Learning Tasks 1 & 2. If possible, you should attempt these before attending the sessions. If you have completed the task and do not have any questions about it, there is no need to attend the practical sessions. Q: On the timetable there is no Biostatistics tutorial 1? The first tutorial is labelled tutorial 2, why is that? The tutorial numbering refers to the lecture that is covered in the material. There is no tutorial 1 as the material from the first lecture is covered by the SPSS self-directed tasks and covered in tutorial 2. Q: Do I always have to come to either day or evening lectures? No. You can attend either lecture, irrespective if you are a face-to-face student or an online student. If you happen to miss a lecture then you can view the relevant online version, which will be made available on CANVAS. Q: How do I find out which SPSS software practical session and tutorial group I have been assigned to? Check CANVAS after the first lecture for the SPSS Session Allocation. If your name does not appear, please contact sph.epibio@sydney.edu.au . Q: How do I find out which tutorial I have been assigned to? Allocations will be posted on CANVAS and made available prior to the first tutorial. Q: Do I need to buy any textbooks? It is not necessary to buy a text book since you are given course notes for Biostatistics which covers all of the course content. There is access to text books from the library. Q: Do I need a calculator? Yes. Any basic scientific calculator will be sufficient however Casio Fx-82AU Plus I or Plus II is highly recommended. An approved list of non-programmable scientific calculators for use in examinations can be found at: https://sydney.edu.au/dam/corporate/documents/study/student- administration/Approvable-non-programmable-calculator-list-2016.pdf. NOTE: You do NOT need to have your calculator approved by the Student Office for PUBH5010 and PUBH5018 exams. Q: Do I need to buy SPSS software? No. You do not have to buy it however you will need to have access to it in order to do the tutorial questions and the assignment. SPSS is available to students when on campus in the Edward Ford computer lab (access available 24/7 with a Student ID card) and at other computer access labs across campus. If you wish to use SPSS off campus, you will need to purchase the software or be able to have access to it. For more details see information regarding the software in this document and on CANVAS.

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