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Teknologidagarne 2013
Trondheim, 24 October

Mario Plos
Associate professor
Structural Engineering
at Chalmers

Building Applied
Structural Engineering Mechanics

Steel &
Building Structures

Geo Construction
Engineering Management
Education in Structural Engineering
• 3 main programmes
– Civil Engineering (5 years)
– Building and Civil Engineering (3 years)
– Architecture and Engineering (5 years)
• Master programme
– Structural Engineering and Building Technology
FEM Geo- Structural Structural Master’s Thesis
s > fy
structures * technics* design * dynamics*

Structural FEM basics* Timber Structural Steel Concrete

systems engg. concrete structure structures  pl
M pl
 pl

Material Heat, moisture Indoor climate Building Building technology

performance engineering and HVAC physics and services engineering

Sound & Build. acoust & Sustainable building

vibration* commun noice* - competition*
Structural Engineering
Prof. Karin Lundgren Associate prof.
Concrete Structures Mohammad Al-Emrani
(reinforcement corrosion, Steel structures,
new reinforcement types FRP structures
Prof. Robert Kliger Associate prof.
Timber Structures Mario Plos
Concrete Structures,
Head of division

Prof. Björn Engström 4 (part-time) professors

Concrete Structures,
Vice head of department 6 researchers/teachers (PhDs)
13 PhD students
1 research engineer
Structural Engineering
Research profile
• Design and performance of load carrying structures
for bridges, buildings and civil engineering structures
• Modelling, analysis and simulation of structures,
components and materials
• Development of analysis methods and material
• Assessment and upgrading of existing structures
• Structures with new materials and combinations of
From details to entire structures…
Research methodology
Strategic combination of theoretical analyses and experiments for
understanding of the mechanical behaviour of structures
- Conceptual model

modelling Experiments

Engineering knowledge

Understanding of mechanical behaviour

Safe, sustainable and effective structures

Laboratory tests, FE-analysis
and advanced measurement techniques

Laboratory test Nonlinear FE-analysis

Laboratory test Nonlinear FE-analysis Optical measurements

Laboratory and testing resources

Component testing
Full-scale testing

Climate room
and climate

Advanced measurement techniques

FE-analysis and simulation

Bridge assessemnt

Projectile impact


Damage assessment Multi-scale modelling

Major Scientific Achievements
Concrete Structures

• Material modelling of concrete

– Fatigue
– Blast and impact
• Modelling of reinforcement
– Bond and splitting
– Flow of corrosion products
• Safety formats for non-linear analysis
Major Scientific Achievements
Steel and Timber Structures
• FRP composites for strengthening and repair
– Design methods and models
– Pre‐stressed FRP laminates
• Steel structures
– Fatigue design with local approaches
– Post-weld treatment
– Local stability and buckling
• Timber bridges
– Stress laminated bridge decks
Current research
Existing concrete structures
• FEM for design and assessment
of bridges
– Bridge deck slabs
• Effects of reinforcement
– Naturally corroded reinforcement
– Effects of fibres
• Multi-scale modelling
of chloride ingress
Current research
Steel structures

• Fatigue design and assessment of bridges

– FEM based methods
– Post-weld treatment
Current research
Timber structures

• Timber bridges
– Stress laminated
timber decks

A  ( Mt ) ( N )
N A N Mt

+ -

• In-situ assessment N A

Vt N
( Vt ) ( N )

– Non-destructive techniques B B
Current research
Effective design and construction

• Urban Infrastructure Construction

– EU project Pantura
• Effective industrialised bridge
Current research
Concrete structures with new
reinforcement materials
• Fibre reinforced concrete (FRC)
– FRC in bridges
– EU-projekt TailorCrete

• Textile reinforced concrete (TRC)

– Project “Homes for Tomorrow”
Current research
Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) bridges

• Strengthening with bonded composites

– Durability and long-term performance
– Prestressed composites (Pantura)

• FRP bridges
– FRP bridge decks (Pantura)
– Sweden’s first road FRP bridge
Current research
Structures subjected to explosions
• Blast and fragment impact
• Novel material model for concrete
– Extension to fibre reinforced concrete
• Recommendations for practice
Our research vs. challenges?
A. Advanced predictive infrastructure performance proc.
• Novel materials and structures
• Industrial design and construction
• Service life prediction / deterioration models

B. Enhanced durability and life-time extension

• Cost effective strengthening
• Innovative upgrading
• Structural assessment

F. Resource and energy efficiency… (Eco-design)

• Resource efficient and sustainable structures
• Improved assessment and strenghtening
Project proposals
Novel materials and structures
• FRC and UHPFRC for improved durability
• FRP bridge decks
– Integrated de-icing and energy storage
• Ultra light sandwich steel decks
• New combination of materials
Infused FRP plate

– FRP and TRC sandwich decks

– Timber and FRP composite bridges Lightweight concrete

• Innovative bridge design solutions

– Ultra-light railway bridges for high speed trains
Woven textile

– Lightweight temporary bridges

Project proposals
Industrial design and construction
• Conceptual design
– Development of new structural solutions for straight crossing
– Development of solutions for repair and strengthening
• Industrial bridge construction
– IT-infrastructure for Information

Project proposals
Extended Life for Existing Structures

• Strengthening and upgrading

– Pre-stressed FRP laminates
– Long-term performance of FPR
strengthening joints
– Upgrading with FRP decks
• Assessment of bridges
– Deteriorated concrete bridges
– FE Model updating
– Structural safety assessment
– Condition and service life
assessment of timber bridges
Structures at Chalmers
• Well established and successful research environment
• Modern research methodology
• From details to entire structures
• From theoretical modelling to engineering applications
• Research driven by urge for safe, sustainable and
effective structures
• National and leading international cooperation partners
Thank you for your attention!

Mario Plos