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Republic of the Philippines

GAMMAD NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL


First Quarter Examination
January17-18, 2019

PRACTICAL RESEARCH I

Name: _________________________________ Score: __________

Test I. Instructions: Read and analyse the questions below. Write the letter
of your chosen answer on the space provided before each number

_____1.Which statement cannot be considered as a definition of


research?
a. It is the process of gathering data or information to
solve a particular or specific problem in a
scientific manner.
b. It is a jumbled process of inquiry that seeks to find
Clarifications to broad topics which involves
indefinitemethod or process to deal with the inquiry
c. It is a scientific investigation which includes
collection, presentation, analysis, and
interpretation of facts that links human’s
speculations with reality.
d. It is a careful, critical, disciplined inquiry,
varying in technique and method according to the
nature and conditions of the problem identified,
directed toward the clarification or resolution (or
both) of a problem

_____2. The following are goals of research, EXCEPT______________:


a. prevention of the expansion of new knowledge
b. discovery of new facts about known phenomena
c. preservation and improvement of the quality of human
life
d. improving existing techniques to develop new
instruments or products

_____3. A researcher reports the results of investigation no matter


how good or how bad he thinks the gathered data are. This
Characteristic of a researcher is_____________.
a. critical b. intellectual curiosity
c. intellectual honesty d. prudence

_____4. Human being participating in a research endeavour have the


following rights:
a. right to voluntary participation
b. right to informed consent
c. right to confidentiality
d. right to anonymity

_____5. These are principles of conduct that is concerned with


what is acceptable and unacceptable behaviour in conducting
researches.
a. moral b. dogma c. attributes d. ethics

_____6. Qualitative research is based on a worldview that is


holistic, it is based on the following beliefs except:
a.there is not a single reality
b. relity is based upon perceptions that are different
for each person and change over time
c. takes deductive approach
d. what we know has meaning only within a given situation
content

____7. Which of the following kinds of data are not collected by


qualitative research?
a. interview transcript, field notes, and photograph
b. audio, recording, videotapes and diaries
c. age, class size and test scores
d. personal comments, memos, and official record

_____8. The following are ethical considerations in conducting


research except:
a. objectivity and integrity
b. presentation of research findings
c. distortions of finding by sponsor
d. deceiving a respondent about the true purpose of a
study

_____9. It is a type of educational research in which the


researcher relies on the views of participants; asks
broad, general questions; collects data consisting largely
words (text) from participants; describes and analyses
these words for themes; and conducts the inquiry in a
subjective, biased manner.
a. qualitative research b. quantitative research
c. historical research d.phenomenological research

_____10. The result of an investigation should be based on actual


data which was gathered by the researcher himself. The
data to be presented should be valid evidence of one’s
investigations.
a. realistic b. logical c.analytical d.emperical

_____11. Research should follow valid procedures and principles


a. realistic b. logical c.analytical d.emperical

_____12. It is one of the characteristics of a research where in


it starts with a problem and ends with another problem.
a. cyclical b. logical c.analytical d.emperical

For item 13 to 17, consider the following research characteristics


a. empirical b. logical c. cyclical d.analytical
e. replicable f. critical

For the following numbers, identify the characteristics of research


being described in each of the following situations below. Use the above
list as your options.

______________13. Eric identifies a problem for his research. After he has


his findings for the first problem, he found out and identified another
problem that arose from his previous problem. He suggested that other
researchers continue to reach on the newly found problem.
_______________14. Annie uses the scientific method in doing her research
procedures. She makes sure that all the instruments and all the procedures
she uses he uses are valid before proceeding to the next step to assure that
the final outcome and conclusions are also valid.
_______________15. Robbie was interested to research about factors affecting
the growth of fish in saltwater. He chose this topic because he lives in an
area near the seashore. He always walks near the shore in his free time.
Because of this, it will be easy for him to conduct observations and gather
the data he needs regarding his chosen topic.

_______________16. Grace has finished conducting a research in her field


expertise. She wants to submit it in a national journal for publication. The
national Journal Screening Committee wants to examine the validity of the
results of Grace’s paper. The committee decided to include Grace’s paper
since the result from the experiment of the committee is the same as the
results reported by Grace on her paper.

_______________17. Irvin, after finishing his data analysis, still examines


the results of the data analysis. Before he accepts or rejects his
hypothesis, he makes sure that he has established a high level of confidence
in his data analysis so that he is confident and precise in his
interpretations whether the results are significant or not.

_____18. It is a type of qualitative research it is the direct description


of a group, culture or community, it is an overall term for a number of
approaches.
a. ethnography b. case study c. grounded theory d.
phenomenology

_____19. It is a development of theory directly based and grounded in the


data collected by the researcher. It is a research methodology for
discovering theory in a substantive.
a. ethnography b. case study
c. grounded theory d.phenomenology

For item 20-28. Write S if the statement is Strength of a qualitative research


and W if it is
Weaknesses of qualitative research.

_____20. Issues can be examined in detail and in depth.


_____21. Interviews are not restricted to specific questions and
can be guided/redirected by the researcher in real time.
_____22. The research framework and direction can be quickly
revised as new information emerges

_____23.The obtained data based on human experience is powerful


and sometimes more compelling than quantitative data.
_____24. Subtleties and complexities about the research subjects
and/or topic are discovered that are often missed by more
positivistic inquiries
_____25.Data usually are collected from a few cases or individuals
so findings cannot be generalized to a larger population.
Findings can however be transferable to another setting
_____26. Knowledge generated might not be common to other people
or other setting ( i.e., findings might be unique to few
people included in the study)
_____27. Difficulty in making quantitative predictions. Difficulty
in testing hypotheses and theories with large participant
groups
_____28. Might exhibit lower credibility with some administrators
_____29. Some contributions of research
_____30. Provides understanding and description of people’s
personal experiences of phenomena.
______31. Which of the following should not be a criterion for a
god research project
a. demonstrates the abilities of the researcher
b. is dependent on the completion of other projects
c. demonstrates the integration of different field of
knowledge
d. develops the skills of the researcher

_____32. Cyber bullying at work is a growing threat to employee


job satisfaction. Researchers want to find out why people do this
and how they feel about it. The primary purpose of the study is:
a.description b. prediction
c. exploration d. explanation

_____33. Adopting ethical principles in research means:


a. avoiding harm to participants
b. the researcher is anonymous
c. deception is only used when necessary
d. selected informants give their consent

_____34.Which research paradigm is most concerned about


generalizing its finding?
a. quantitative research
b. qualitative research
c. mixed-methods research
d. all of the above

_____35.Qualitaive research is used in all the following


circumstances, EXEPT:
a. it is based on a collection of non-numerical data
such aswords and pictures
b. it often uses small samples
c. it uses the inductive method
d. it is typically used when a great deal is already
known about the topic of interest

______36. Which of the following is not ethical practice in


research in humans?
a.maintaining participants’ anonymity
b. gaining informed consent
c. informing participants that they are free to widraw
at any time
d. requiring participants to continue until the study
has been completed

_____37.The most basic distinction between types of data is that


some data are quantitative while other are quantitative.
Quantitative data general consists of:
a. numbers b. equations
c. open-ended responses d.survey and questionnairedata

_____38. Qualitative data generally can include:


a. only written materials that respondents provide in
response to open-ended items
b. any sort of data that can be summarized with numbers
c. text, pictures, videos, sound recording
d. survey and questionnaire data
e. equation
____39. The most fundamental difference between qualitative data
and quantitative is that:
a. the type of judgement that is used to make meaning of
the data, and how the data are manipulated
b. the research questions that can be addressed using
each of the type of data
c. the topics about which the data are being collected

_____40.Which of the following is NOT example of qualitative


research?
a. analysing the correlation between the number of guns
sold and the number of gun crime victims
b. analysing the transcript of trials involving gun
violence
c. analysing the diary of a person who has committed multiple
accounts of gun related violence
d. analysing how the legal frameworks regarding gun control
have change over the pass 30 years

____41. Which of the following is not a source of qualitative data?


a. archival records b. numerical trends
c. artifacts d. observations

_____42. Characteristics of qualitative research design are:


a. flexible and elastic design
b.use of mixed methodologies
c. ongoing analysis to formulate subsequent strategies
d.researcher becomes the instrument
e. all of the above

_____43. Which of the following is a qualitative research design


where lived experiences of individuals are examined in their
"life-world"?
a.Phenomenological b.Ethnographic
c.Narrative d. Expository

_____44.What is the correct sequence of the research process?


I - data collection, treatment, processing, and
analysis
II - Identification of problem
III - research design, approach, and tool
IV - data presentation, interpretation
V - conclusion, implications, and recommendations

A. II-I-IV-V-III C. II-I-III-V-IV
B. II-III-I-IV-V D. II-IV-V-I-III

_____45.Which among the tools below is not suitable in doing qualitative


paper?
I – Test II – Interview III – Observation IV – Survey

A. I and II C. III and IV


B. I and IV D. I only

_____46. Stumble and Fall: The reasons why education graduates


fail in board examination. What is the research
approach employed in the above research title?

A. Case study C. Phenomenology


B. Quantitative D. Qualitative
_____47.All but one is the research designs of a qualitative research.
I – Phenomenological II – Ethnographic
III – Narrative IV – Expository

A. All of the above C. II and IV


B. I and II D. IV only

_____48. All are the components of a qualitative research except…

A. Statement of the Problem C. Hypothesis


B. Presentation of Data D. Theoretical Framework
_____49. How many respondents are needed in qualitative research?

A. 1 respondent will do for as long as it can provide the necessary


information.
B. 500 respondents to set the validity and reliability of the
paper.
C. 1 or more depending on the question.
D. No required number.
_____50. Which format does qualitative research follows?
A. Introduction-Method-Results-Discussion
B. Introduction-Method-Findings-Discussion
C. Definition-Analysis-Presentation-Conclusion
D. Introduction-Method-Analysis-Findings

Prepared by:

SUZETTE I.ALCANTARA
SHS Teacher

Checked by:

ELMARIE T.MABANSAY,MT-I
SHS Coordinator

Noted by:

LEILANIE F. GAYUMA__
Secondary Principal I
Name:______________________________

1.Which format does qualitative research follows?


A. Introduction-Method-Results-Discussion
B. Introduction-Method-Findings-Discussion
C. Definition-Analysis-Presentation-Conclusion
D. Introduction-Method-Analysis-Findings
2.All but one is the research designs of a qualitative research.
I – Phenomenological II – Ethnographic
III – Narrative IV – Expository

C. All of the above C. II and IV


D. I and II D. IV only
3.How many respondents are needed in qualitative research?

E. 1 respondent will do for as long as it can provide the necessary


information.
F. 500 respondents to set the validity and reliability of the
paper.
G. 1 or more depending on the question.

4. All are the components of a qualitative research except…

A. Statement of the Problem C. Hypothesis


B. Presentation of Data D. Theoretical Framework
5.All but one is the research designs of a qualitative research.
I – Phenomenological II – Ethnographic
III – Narrative IV – Expository

E. All of the above C. II and IV


F. I and II D. IV only

6. Stumble and Fall: The reasons why education graduates


fail in board examination. What is the research
approach employed in the above research title?

A. Case study C. Phenomenology


B. Quantitative D. Qualitative
7.Which among the tools below is not suitable in doing qualitative
paper?
I – Test II – Interview III – Observation IV – Survey

A. I and II C. III and IV


B. I and IV D. I only
8.What is the correct sequence of the research process?
I - data collection, treatment, processing, and
analysis
II - Identification of problem
III - research design, approach, and tool
IV - data presentation, interpretation
V - conclusion, implications, and recommendations

A. II-I-IV-V-III C. II-I-III-V-IV
B. II-III-I-IV-V D. II-IV-V-I-III
9.Which of the following is a qualitative research design
C. where lived experiences of individuals are examined in their
D. "life-world"?
E. a.Phenomenological b.Ethnographic
F. c.Narrative d. Expository
10 Characteristics of qualitative research design are:
a. flexible and elastic design
b.use of mixed methodologies
c. ongoing analysis to formulate subsequent strategies
d.researcher becomes the instrument
e. all of the above
11 Which of the following is not a source of qualitative data?
a. archival records b. numerical trends
c. artifacts d. observations

12.Which of the following is NOT example of qualitative


research?
a. analysing the correlation between the number of guns
sold and the number of gun crime victims
b. analysing the transcript of trials involving gun
violence
c. analysing the diary of a person who has committed multiple
accounts of gun related violence
d. analysing how the legal frameworks regarding gun control
have change over the pass 30 years
13.Which statement cannot be considered as a definition of
research?
a. It is the process of gathering data or information to
solve a particular or specific problem in a
scientific manner.
b. It is a jumbled process of inquiry that seeks to find
Clarifications to broad topics which involves
indefinitemethod or process to deal with the inquiry
c. It is a scientific investigation which includes
collection, presentation, analysis, and
interpretation of facts that links human’s
speculations with reality.
d. It is a careful, critical, disciplined inquiry,
varying in technique and method according to the
nature and conditions of the problem identified,
directed toward the clarification or resolution (or
both) of a problem
14 The following are goals of research, EXCEPT______________:
a. prevention of the expansion of new knowledge
b. discovery of new facts about known phenomena
c. preservation and improvement of the quality of human
life
d. improving existing techniques to develop new
instruments or products
15. A researcher reports the results of investigation no matter
how good or how bad he thinks the gathered data are. This
Characteristic of a researcher is_____________.
a. critical b. intellectual curiosity
c. intellectual honesty d. prudence

16 Human being participating in a research endeavour have the


following rights:
a. right to voluntary participation
b. right to informed consent
c. right to confidentiality
d. right to anonymity
17. These are principles of conduct that is concerned with
what is acceptable and unacceptable behaviour in conducting
researches.
a. moral b. dogma c. attributes d. ethics

18 Qualitative research is based on a worldview that is


holistic, it is based on the following beliefs except:
a.there is not a single reality
b. relity is based upon perceptions that are different
for each person and change over time
c. takes deductive approach
d. what we know has meaning only within a given situation
content

19 Which of the following kinds of data are not collected by


qualitative research?
a. interview transcript, field notes, and photograph
b. audio, recording, videotapes and diaries
c. age, class size and test scores
d. personal comments, memos, and official record

20. The following are ethical considerations in conducting


research except:
a. objectivity and integrity
b. presentation of research findings
c. distortions of finding by sponsor
d. deceiving a respondent about the true purpose of a
study

21. It is a type of educational research in which the


researcher relies on the views of participants; asks
broad, general questions; collects data consisting largely
words (text) from participants; describes and analyses
these words for themes; and conducts the inquiry in a
subjective, biased manner.
a. qualitative research b. quantitative research
c. historical research d.phenomenological research
22. The result of an investigation should be based on actual
data which was gathered by the researcher himself. The
data to be presented should be valid evidence of one’s
investigations.
a. realistic b. logical c.analytical d.emperical
23. Research should follow valid procedures and principles
a. realistic b. logical c.analytical d.emperical
24 It is one of the characteristics of a research where in
it starts with a problem and ends with another problem.
a. cyclical b. logical c.analytical d.emperical
25.Cyber bullying at work is a growing threat to employee
job satisfaction. Researchers want to find out why people do this
and how they feel about it. The primary purpose of the study is:
a.description b. prediction
c. exploration d. explanation