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34. In the US, “USA Today" has a daily circulation of approximately


a
2 million, which makes it most widely distributed newspaper in the US
b e d
35. Some newspapers provide some or all of their contents on the Internet
a b 'c
either at no cost nor for a fee.
d
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
- Television has an enormous effect on Americans. Politicians know all about this so
they try to make their big public speeches at times when they get the largest audiences
on the evening news programs. Advertisers also understand the power of television.
They are willing to spend billions of dollars a year on television advertising. On
will have spent
between 15,000 and 18,000 hours in front of the television, Atmeanwhile
- Only 11,000
hours at school. Many people admit that watdhihg violence on TV leads to greater
violence on the streets. However, television programs have not been much better and
they are more interested in what is shown on TV than its bad effects. The majority of TV
viewers say that they prefer to see fewer soap operas and crime series, and more history,
drama, and science. One reason for the poor quality is that the TV companies make most
of their money by selling advertising. Advertisers pay more money for time during
popular show, especially in the evening, when the audiences are the biggest,
36. There arc the largest TV viewers ________ .
a. in the morning b. in the afternoon c in Ihe evening d- at night
37. The word enormous in the first sentence has a close meaning to ....................
average, American people watch TV for about 30 hours a week. By the age of eighteen,
a. great b, low c. small d. bad
38. TV
an American
a. has no effects on Americans’ life
b. is made used of by both politicians and advertisers.
c. has no advertisements
d. has no power in advertising
39. TV gets most, of the money from _______ .
a. TV viewers b. politicians c. advertisers d. film makers
<10. The majority of TV viewers prefer to see ________ .
a. violence b. advertisements
c. soap operas and crime series d. history, drama, and science Fill in each
numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
In. the. first part of the twentieth century, before a television set became an
important (4.1) _____ of entertainment of most households, radio program was
different (42) . _ what it is now. Children rushed home from school to
/ listen to “Story Hour". Someone was reading (43) _______ __ exciting story or a
A/ part of a story while the children's imaginations provided visual images to fit the
92 spoken ones. People listened to serials or stories (44) ___________ _ were
broken
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IX. The lack of public transport in a big city .is a great disadvantage.
a. difference. b. convenience c. inconvenience d. comfort
12. I ___ to buy an apartment but then I changed my mind. I
bought a house instead: d. intended hour.
a. recommended b. caused c. kept . d. no article’'ST
13. The limit speed on this road is seventy miles ; _____ _
a. a b. an c. the . ■
14. ____ is a play for the theater, television, or radio. d. Comedy
a. Drama b. Cartoon c. Documentary
15. It is not going to rain. The sky is ________ .
a. cloud b. cloudy c. cloudiness d, cloudless
16. If you use media _____ , you can get remarkable results. 0
a. effect b, effective c. effectively d.
effectiveness
17. How _ __ do you usually use the Internet? - Almost everyday
a. long b. much c. often d. many
18. If 1 had been more confident, I would have passed/the driving test.
a. 1 failed my driving test because of my lack of confidence.
b. I failed my driving test because of my lackmfhcmfidence "c. I
passed the driving test in spite of my lack of confidence.
d. I passed the driving test with confidence,
19. We were very upset .
a. because Peter’s failure b. because of Peter’s failure
c. as Peter’s failure d.since Peter’s failure
20. Without my sister’s help, he could not have succeeded in his project.
a. He succeeded in his project because my sister helped him.
b. He succeeded in his project because of my sister helped him.
c. He succeeded in his project because my sister did not help him.
d. Ho did not succeed in his project because my sister helped him.
21. _ to London before?
a. Were you ever to vJr b. Were you going
c. Will you ever be to
d. Have you ever been
22. I have not read a newspaper since Sunday.
a. I never read a newspaper on Sunday
b. I only read, a newspaper on Sunday. •
e. The last.time 1 read a newspaper was on Sunday, d.
It is Sunday on which I read a newspaper.
23. _ I made up my mind to leave the village and look for a job in the city.
a. In spite of my mother’s disapproval
b. Although my mother disapproved but ■
c. In spite of my mother disapproved.
;^d. Even though my mother disapproved but
24. During the last two days, those workers ________ half of their work.
a. completed b. have completed c. were completing d.
25. 1 do not like the films _____ had completed
a. make b. made by Steven.
94

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c. making d. are made


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26. __ the Internet to get information and knowledge. I prefer reading books,
a. Never I have used b. I never have used
e. Never have I used d. I have used never MM
27. When she was at university she often ____ to her parents twice a month Since
she found a job in London three months ago. she ______ one phono call to them.
a. called ! has made b, calls ! made
c. had called / had made d. has called / was making
28. Because of _ , we can enjoy a lot of interesting live TV programs.
a. there is the invention of communications satellites
b. communications satellites were invented
c. they invented communications satellites 0
d. the invention of communications satellites
29, In spite of ______ , he has no intention to give up
smoking.^V
a. his bad cough b. he coughs badly c. it is
30. Have you told Peter about our plan a. his bad cough d. - his badly cough
then b. ago
c. yet /jKjT d. just
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Choose the best sentence that can be made from the cues given.
31. Some people / opinions /"TV / damage / human brain / TV watching > addictive, a.
Some people express their opinions that TV can damage the human brain
because TV watching is addictive
■ b. As some people express their opinions'jfiht TV can damage the human brain
because TV watching is addictive:
e. Some people express their opinions so that TV can damage the human bram
because TV watching is addictive,
d. Some people express their opinions that TV can damage the human brain despite
TV watching is addictive
32. Others / say / TV I contribute / the decline / moral values t violene
a. Others say that TV contributes to the decline of the moral values spite of violence.
b. Others say that TV contributes to the decline of the moral values due to violence.
c. Others say that TV contributes to the decline of the moral values because
violence.
d. Others say that TV contributes to the decline of the moral values as violence.
33. However / no one / deny / advantages / TV / bring / our lives.
a. However, no one: who can deny the advantages that TV brings to our lives
b. However, there is no one can deny the advantages that TV brings to our lives.
e. However, no one can deny the advantages that TV brings to our lives,
d. However, no one cannot deny the advantages that TV brings to our lives.
34. TV / positive / negative i effects i TV viewers
a. TV has both positive and negative effects on TV viewers.
b. TV has neither positive nor negative effects on TV viewers, c TV
has either positive or negative effects on TV viewers.
d TV has no positive and negative effects on TV viewers.
35. most important thing / ways / people / watch ! TV
Mi a. The most important thing is that the ways in which people watch TV b. The most

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important thing it is the ways in which people watch TV.


UNIT 7: THE MASS MEDIA 95

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