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AutoCAD 2002 u uuuGef

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AutoCAD2002
tcef;(1)

1/ AutoCAD 2002 uGefysLwm ydkif;qdkif&m vdktyfcsufrsm;/ 1


2/ AutoCAD 2002 Default Windows 2
3/ AutoCAD 2002 Preview 4

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4/ yHq
k &JG eftultnDrsm; (DRAWING AIDS 6
5/ Grid 6
6/ SNAP 7
7/ OrTHO,COORDINADE AND BLIPMODE 8

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8/ rsOf;rsm;\yHkpHa½G;cs,fjcif; 9

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9/ yHkqGJ&eftajccH Setting rsm;csrSwfjcif; 11
10/ UNITS,Precision Degree, Limits 12

tcef;(5)
11/ 2 Dimensional Drawing qJGjcif;tajccHrsm; 16
12/ Line rsOf;ajzmifhrsm;qJGjcif; 16
AutoCAD 2002 c uuuGef

pOf taMumif;t&m pmrsuEf mS


13/ SKETCH AND SLPOLY 17
14/ puf0kdif;rsm;a&;qJGjcif; (CIRCLE) 18
15/ rsO;f auG;rsm;a&;qGjJ cif; (ARCV) 21

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16/ OSNAP(Object Snap) 24
17/ Osnap udBk uKd wifay;xm;jcif; (Running OSNAP) 24

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18/ trSm;t,Gif;rsm;&SdcJhaomfjyKjyifjcif; 27

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19/ Construct Command rsm; 29
20/ ARRAY, 29
21/ Copy 31
22/ Move 32
23/ Offset 33
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24/ t&m0x¬Krsm;udka½G;cs,fjcif; 34

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25/ jyefvnfjyKjyifjcif; 40
26/ TRIM 40
27/ BREAK , CHANGE 41
AutoCAD 2002 * uuuGef

pOf taMumif;t&m pmrsuEf mS


28/ CHPROP 43
29/ ERASE, OOPS, STRETCH 44
30/ FILLET 45
31/ CHAMFER, ROTATE 46
32/ MIRROR 48
33/ SCALE 49

tcef;(10)
34/ GRIP rsm;udt
k oH;k csíjyKjyifjcif; 50

tcef;(11)
35/ Double Line udt
k oH;k csía&;qGjJ cif; 53

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36/ POLYLINE uJhodkYobm0&Sdaom Command rsm;ESifh
oufqdkifaom Command rsm; 54
37/ POLYGON , ELLIPSE 55
38/ RECTANGLE 56
39/ EXPLODE , SOLID ESifhoufqdkifaom Command rsm; 57
AutoCAD 2002 C uuuGef

pOf taMumif;t&m pmrsuEf mS


tcef;(13)
40/ tvTmrsm;wnfaqmufjcif; (LAYER) 59

tcef;(14)
41/ PATTERN (yHp
k t
H uGurf sm;) xnfjh cif; , HATCH 61

tcef;(15)
42/ yHw
k iG pf mrsm;a&;xnfjh cif;(TEXT) 67
43/ QTEXT 69
44/ pmomrsm;udjk yefvnfjyifqifvjkd cif; , Change (point) Command
DDMODIFY 70
tcef;(16)
45/ MAKING MULTIPLE USE OF OBJECTS 72
46/ Block & Wblock toHk;jyKjcif; 72
47/ Wblock (Write Block) 75

tcef;(17)
48/ trSwif ,frsm;ae&mcsjcif;? 0wåKwpfcu
k 4kd if;wdjYk zifyh ikd ;f jcm;jcif; 76
49/ POINT 76
50/ DIVIDE 77
51/ MEASURE 78
AutoCAD 2002 i uuuGef

pOf taMumif;t&m pmrsuEf mS


tcef;(18)
52/ FILTERS rsm; 79
53/ Object filter 81
54/ ppfxkwfa&G;,lvdkonfh0wåKrsm;udkjyefvnfjyifqifjcif; 82
55/ ppfxkwfa&G;,lonhfpm&if; List rsm;udkjyefzsufjcif; 82
56/ Filter rsm;udkrdrdpdwfBudKufowfrSwfí odrf;xm;jcif;?
jyefac:jcif;? zsufypfjcif; 83
tcef;(19)
57/ EDITING THE POLYLINES AND
SURFACE MESHINE 85
58/ Pedit 85
tcef;(20)
59/ t&m0x¬Krsm;\ tajctaeudk pHkprf;jcif; 89
60/ DIST , AREA 90
61/ LIST 92
62/ DBLIST 94
tcef;(21)
63/ yHu
k jkd rifuiG ;f trsKd ;rsKd ;jzifMh unfjh cif; 95
64/ ZOOM 95
65/ PAN (jrifuGif;\ taetxm;udk ajymif;vJa&GUajymif;Munhfjcif;) 96
66/ VPOINT 96
67/ PLAN , DVIEW 97
68/ VIEWPOINT\VPORTS 98
AutoCAD 2002 p uuuGef

pOf taMumif;t&m pmrsuEf mS


69/ MVIEW , VIEW name 99
70/ VIEWRES ,VIEWING SLIDE PRESENTING 100

tcef;(22)
71/ twdkif;twmrsm;udkxnfhoGif;jcif; 101
72/ Dim (or) Dim1v 101
73/ Dimension Commands 102
74/ tjcm;aom Dimension Command rsm;rSm- 105
75/ DIMENSION VARIABLES 107
76/ TOLERANCES 111
77/ ROUNDING 112
78/ DIMENSION TEXT ORIENTATION 114
79/ EXTENSION LINE CONTROL 115
80/ ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION OPTIONS 117
81/ jrm;acgif;rsm;ukd rdrdpdwfBudKufzefwD;jcif; 119
82/ COLORS 121
83/ DIMENSION yHkpHrsm;owfrSwfjcif; 122

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84/ Printing & Ploting 129
85/ a&;qGJjyD;aomyHkrsm;udk Printer jzifhyHkxkwfjcif; 129
86/ Device and Default Selection 130
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 1 uuuGef

tcef;(1)
AutoCAD 2002 uGefysLwm ydkif;qdkif&m vdktyfcsufrsm;/
Hardware and software requirements

Hardware/ Software Requirement Notes


It is recommended that you install and
Operating run AutoCAD on an operating system
in the same language as your version
system Windows® NT 4.0 with SP 5.0 of AutoCAD or on an English version
of the operating system.Users of Win-
Windows 98 dows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 must
have Administrator permissions to in-
Windows Millennium Edition (ME) stall AutoCAD. Not assigning these
permissions can cause AutoCAD and
third-party applications to perform in-
Windows 2000
correctly. See Windows Help for infor-
mation about assigning user permis-
Processor Pentium 233 (minimum) sions.

Pentium 450 or higher (recommended)

Equivalent processor

RAM 32 MB (minimum)64 MB (recommended)

Video 800 x 600 VGA with 256 colors (minimum)

1024 x 768 SVGA with 64 thousand colors (recommended)

Requires a Windows-supported display adapter

Hard disk Installation 130 MBSwap space 64 MBSystem folder 60 MB (minimum)

75MB (recommended)Shared files 20 MB

Pointing device Mouse, trackball, or other device


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 2 uuuGef
CD-ROM Any speed (for installation only)

Optional Open GL-compatible 3D video cardPrinter or plotterDigitizerModem or

hardware access to an Internet connectionNetwork interface card The OpenGL driver that

comes with the 3D graphics card must have the following:Full support of OpenGL

or later. An OpenGL Installable Client Driver (ICD). The graphics card must

have an ICD in its OpenGL driver software. The "miniGL" driver provided with

some cards is not sufficient for use with AutoCAD.The network interface card

must be compatible with existing Ethernet network infrastructure and is required

for installing and running the network version of AutoCAD.

Web browser Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0Netscape Navigator 4.5 or later Internet

Explorer 5.5 is installed with AutoCAD

c udk 0ifa&muftoHk;jyKjcif;/

1/ Windows Start Menu rS Programs ud k a½G ; cs,f N yD ; AutoCAD 2002


udkzGifh vdkufygu AutoCAd 2002 splash screen jzwfueJay:vmNyD; aysmufoGm;um
AutoCAD 2002 Today Window ay:vmrnfjzpfonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 3 uuuGef
2/ AutoCAD 2002 Today Window wGifatmufyg Menu rsm;yg0ifygonf/
(u) My Workplace

(1) Open Drawings

rdrd uGefysLwmwGif ½SdNyD;jzpfaom Drawing yHk rsm;udk ½SmazG


toHk;jyK vdkvQif oHk;onf/
(2) Creat Drawings
Drawing yHkrsm; topfqGJvdkvQif Quit Setup (or) Wizards
rsm; toHk;jyK qGJom;&mwGif oHk;onf/
(3) Symbol Libraries
AutuCAD 2002-Sample-DesignCenter xJ r S toif h
a&;qGJxm; aom yHkrsm;udk rdrdyHk wGif xnfUoGif; &mwGifoHk;onf/
( c) The Web

(1) News & Views


(2 ) Product Support
(3) Industry Resources
( 4) Catalogs
(5) Productivity Center
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 4 uuuGef
AutoCAD 2002 Preview
3/ AutoCAD wGif jrifuGif; (2) ck½Sdonf-

(u) yHkqGJjrifuGif; Drawing Screen (or) Graphic Screen


( c ) rdrd jyKvkyfcJhaom Command rsm;udkjyaom Text Screen wdkYjzpfonf/
4/ tqdkyg jrifuGif; (2) ckudk tjyeftvSef ul;ajymif;vdkygu (F1) cvkwfudkESdyfyg
4if;cvkwfonftjyeftvSeful;ajymif;EdkifaomaMuifh Toggle Key[kac:onf/
5/ AutoCAd wGif toHk;rsm;aom Toggle Key tcsdKUrSm atmufygwdkYjzpfygonf-
(u) (F6) = Coordinate on / off
( c) (F7) = Grid on / off
( *) (F8) = Ortho on / off
(C) (F9) = Snap on / off
( i) (F10) = Tablet on / off wdkUjzpfonf/
yHkqGJjrifuGif;(Graphic Screen)
6/ yHkqGJjrifuGif;wGif jrifawGY&rnfht&mrsm;rSm atmufygwdkYyg0ifonf/ yHk(1) -
(u) Drawing Area
( c) Command prompt Area
( *) Status line (odkY) Status bar (odkY) Status Area
(C) Side menu (odkY) Right side menu (odkY) On-Screen menu
( i) Pull-down menu
( p) UCSICON (User Coordinate System Icon)
(q) Cross hair wdkYjzpfMuonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 5 uuuGef

Title bar Menu bar Standard toolbar


Object Properties bar

Modify toolbar
Drawing area
Modify toolbar
Status bar

yHk(1)
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 6 uuuGef
tcef;(2)
yHkqGJ&eftultnDrsm; (DRAWING AIDS)
GRID

7/ yH k w pf y H k q G J & mwG i f taxmuf t ul j zpf a p&ef ZumuG u f r sm;csívnf ;


a&;qG J E d k i f o nf / ,if ; ZumuG u f r sm;ud k GRID [k a c:ygonf / 4if ; GRID
rsm;toHk;jyKyHkrSm-
Command: GRID
On/Off/Snap/Aspect/<Grid Spacing>:<0.000>ON

vufESdyfuGufay:rSm GRID [k½dkufxnhfay;NyD; ON [k½dkufxnhfay;yg/


8/ xdktcg jrifuGif;wGif tpufuav;rsm;jrifvm&rnf/ 4if;wdkYonf GRID
rsm;jzpfonf/ 4if;wdkYudk rjrifvdkygu Command jzpfaom GRID udk½dkufxnfhNyD; OFF
[k ½ d k u f y g/ ,if ; uJ h o d k Y GRID rsm;ay:jcif ; ^ azsmuf j cif ; ud k F 7 cvk y f
tjyeftvSefESdyfjcif;jzifh jyKvkyfEdkifygonf/
9/ 4if; F 7 cvkyfonf GRID udk ON / OFF omvkyfay;Edkifonf/ 4if;\
tuGmta0;udk csdefvdkygu GRID Command wGifudef;*Pef;wpfckckay;vdkufyg/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 7 uuuGef

4if;yrmPtwdkif; tpuftajymuf (Grid) rsm;ay:vmygvdrhfrnf/ Horizontal ESifh


Vertical tpufuav;rsm; tuGmta0;rwlnDvdkvQif Aspect udka&G;íay;Edkifonf/

A udk½dkufay;vdkufyg/

SNAP
10/ Mouse udk Screen ay:wGif vIyf&Sm;ay;Munfhyg? xdktcg Cross Hair onf

ajyajyjypfjypf oGm;aeygu 4if;tajctaeudk Snap Off aeonf[kac:onf/


Command wGif-
Command: SNAP

On/Off/Aspect/Rotate/<Snap Spacing><1.0000>:ON [k ½ d k u f x nh f

ay;vdkufygu Mouse onfwpf,lepf tuGmta0;twkdif; ckefíoGm;aeonfudk


awGY&rnf/ tuGmta0;udk ajymif;vdkygu udef;*Pef;wpfckudk ½dkufay;yg/ Mouse udk
yHkrSeftwdkif; vIyf&Sm;vdkygu Snap udk OFF vkyfyg/
11/ 4if; Snap On / Off vkyf&eftwGuf F 9 cvkyfudk tjyeftvSefESdyfay;yg/ As-
pect onf Grid rS o abmES i f h t wl w l y if j zpf o nf / tu,f í Grid wG i f Snap

[k a ½G ; cJ h y gu Grid uG u f r sm;onf Snap yrmPajymif ; onh f t wk d i f ;

ajymif;oGm;onfudkawGY&rnf/
Command : SNAP

Snap spacing or ON / OFF / Aspect / Rotate / Style<current>:

Number = rdrday;vdkaom Mouse a&GUvsm;vdkaomyrmP


ON = Mouse onfyrmPwpfcktwdkif;ckefía&GU&Sm;ap&ef

OFF = a&GUvsm;rIajyjypfpGm&Sdap&ef
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 8 uuuGef
Rotate = a&G U vsm;rI p wif o nf h a e&mud k owf r S w f a y;&ef E S i f h
apmif;aeaom Snap udkzefwD;&ef
Aspect= a&GUvsm;rIonf Horizontal ESifh Vercital rwlnDap&ef

Style Iso = Isometric yHkrsm;a&;qGJ&ef


Style Standard = yHkrSeftaetxm;twdkif;a&;qGJ&ef

ORTHO (ON / OFF)


12/ Mouse \vIyf&Sm;rIudk Horizontal ESifh Vercital omvQif a&GUvsm;apvdkygu

Ortho Mode udk On xm;&rnf/ 4if;udk On / Off vkyfvdkygu F8 cvkyfudkESdyf&rnf/

COORDINADE (ON / OFF)

13/ oufqdkif&mtrSwfrsm;\ae&mudk Polor Coordinate jzifhjyvdkvQif F6 cvkyfudk


(2)cgESdyfyg/ 4if;onf Coordinate On / Off udkazmfjyrnf/

BLIPMODE (On / Off)

14/ jrifuGif;ay:&Sd Object rsm;udkzsufypfaomtcg Screen ay:wGif t&mav;rsm;


usefaewwfonf/ 4if;wdkYudk Blip [kac:onf/
Blipmode rsm;rjrifawGYvdkygu Command wGif-

Command : BLIPMODE
ON / OFF <current>Off [k½dkufxnhfvdkufygu Blip rsm;udkrjrifawGY&
awmhay/ &SdNyD;om; Blip rsm;udk &Sif;ypfvdkygu F 7 udkESpfBudrf &dkufay;jcif;jzifhvnf;
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 9 uuuGef
jyKvkyfEdkifygonf/ wpfjcm;enf;rSm Command wGif Redraw udk&dkufay;jcif;jzifhvnf;
jyKvkyfEdkifygonf/
tcef;(3)
(LINE TYPE)
rsOf;rsm;\yHkpHa½G;cs,fjcif;
LINE TYPE

15/ rsOf;aMumif;rsm;a&;qGJ&mwGif wpfcgwpf&Hü Hidden Linersm;ponfjzihf


a&;qGJvdkaom tcgrsm;&Sdwwfonf/ xdktcgrsm;wGif Linetype command udkoHk;&ef
vdkwwfonf-
Command : LINETYPE
?/Create/Load/Set:

16/ ? onf rnfonfhrsOf;aMumif;rsm; &&SdEdkifoenf;udk pHkprf;&efokH;onf/ Line

type rsm;onf rnfonfhyHkpH&Sdoenf; odvdkvQifoHk;onf/ Oyrm- rnfonhf Line type


rsm;&&SdEdkifonfudk odvdkygu atmufygtwdkif;&SmMunfh&rnf jzpfonf-
Command: LINETYPE

?/Create/Load/Set: ?
xdktcg- File Dialog Box ay:vmrnf/ 4if;t"dyÜg,frSm rnfonhfzdkifrS
Munfhvdkonfudk ar;jcif;jzpfonf/
17/ Create - onfrdrdpdwfBudKuf rsOf;(Line type) rsm;zefwD;&efoHk;onf/ Oyrm-
TEST [l a om Linr type topf w pf c k u d k toH k ; jyKvd k y gu 4if ; ud k
atmufwGifazmfjyxm;onfh twdkif; Create vkyf&rnfjzpfonf-
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 10 uuuGef
Command: LINETYPE
?/Create/Load/Set: C (or) Create

xdktcg File Dialog Box ay:vmrnf/ 4if;\t"dyÜg,frSm File topfwpfck


zefwD;&ef(odkYr[kwf) &SdNyD;om; File wGif xyfxnfh&efteufrS BudKuf&ma&G;cs,fEdkifonf/
Name of Linetype to Create: TEST

Creating new file ... Descriptive text: ___.___.___.___.___

Enter pattern , A , .5,-.15,-0,-.15


18/ Load - onf uG e f y sLwmES i f h "gwf j ym;twG i f ; ü &&S d E d k i f a om Line type

rsm;udkaemiftoHk;jyK&eftwGuf uGefysLwmay:odkY ac:wif&ef twGuf oHk;onf/ Oyrm-


Hidden Line type udk toHk;jyK&efvdkygu 4if;udk Load vkyf&rnfjzpfonf/
Command: LINETYPE

?/Create/Load/Set: L

Linetype(s) to load: HIDDEN


xdktcg File Dialog Box ay:vmrnf/ 4if;\t"gyÜg,frSm rnfonfh File wGif
4if;rsOf;yHk&Sdoenf;[k pufrSar;jcif;jzpfonf/
19/ Set - onf r d r d t oH k ; jyKvd k a om Line type ud k vuf & S d t aetxm;od k Y
a&muf&Sdap&efoHk;onf/ Oyrm- Center Line type udktoHk;jyKvdkygu 4if;udk Load
jyKvkyf&rnf-
Command: LINETYPE
?/Create/Load/Set: S

New entity linetype (or) <current>: CENTER


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 11 uuuGef
oifcef;pm(4)
yHkqGJ&eftajccH Setting rsm;csrSwfjcif;
20/ yHkqGJ&eftajccH Setting rsm;csrSwfvdkygu atmufygwdkYudk toHk;jyK&ygrnf-
(u) Units (odkYr[kwf) Setting Menu rS Units Controls
(c) Limits (odkYr[kwf) Setting Menu rS Drawing Limits

( *) Zoom \ All option

(C) Grid / Snap / Ortho / Coordinate rsm;udkvdktyfovdkcsdefxm;&rnf/

Units (odkYr[kwf) Setting Menu rS Units Controls

21/ yHw
k pfyq
kH &JG mwGif ta&;Bu;D qH;k rSm 4if;yHk \ Units yifjzpfonf/ rdryd EkH iS o
hf ifah vQmf
aom Units udkpwifxm;oifhonf/ 4if;toHk;jyKyHkrSm-
Command: UNITS

(1) Decimal 1.55


(2) Engineering 1'-3.5"

(3) Architectural 1' - 3 1/2"

(4) fractional 15 1/2


(5) Scientific 1.55E+01

Enter Choice (1-5)<2>:

4if;wGifrdrdBudKuf&m ,lepfudk a&G;yg/ < > jzifhazmfjyxm;onfrSm 4if;\ De-


fault (rl&if;),lepfyifjzpfonf/ vufcHvQif Enter cvkyfudkESdyf½Hkom&Sdonf/ rSwf&efrSm

trSwfpOf
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 12 uuuGef
(3) ESifh (4) wdkYrSvGJí usef,lepfrsm;onf vGwfvyfaom Free Units rsm;jzpfMuonf/
Free Units rsm;onf rdrdBudKuf&m ,lepftjzpfajymif;vJEdkifonf/

xdktqifhNyD;vQif rdrd oifhavQmf&mwdusrI (Precision) udkcsdefyg/ 4if;aemuf


Degree pepfudka&G;cs,fyg/
(1) Decimal Degrees 42.5

(2) Deg / Min / Sec 42d 30' 0.0"

(3) Grads 47.2222 g


(4) Radians 0.7418 r

(5) Surveyor's units N 47d 30' 0" E

4if;aemuf 0 Degree udkrnfonfht&yfwGifxm;&efay;yg/ rajymif;vJvdkygu


Enter udkom¼½dkufyg/ em&DvufwHajymif;jyeftwdkif;(odkYr[kwf) em&DvufwHtwdkif;?

wdkif;wmrIudka&G;yg/
Limits (odkYr[kwf) Setting Menu rS Drawing Limits
22/ yHk\twdkif;twmudkay;aom Command jzpfonf/ Auto CAD \tusdK;
aus;Zl;rSm Scale udk 1 : 1 twdkif;qGJEdkifjcif;jzpfonf/ rdrdyHk\twdkif;twmudk Limit
jzifhay;Edkifonf/ On onfrdrdyHkudkay;xm;aomtwdkif;twmxuf ausmfírqGJapvdkvQif
oHk;onf/ Off onf twkdif;twmxufausmfvGefqGJcGifhjyKonf/ yHk\twdkif;twmudk
owfrSwfay;vdkygu atmufygtwdkif;jyKvkyfyg-
Command: LIMITS
ON / OFF / <Lower left corner> <current>:

4if;onfyHk\ atmufa'gifhudkowfrSwfay; jcif;jzpfonf/ yHkrSeftm;jzifh 0,0 wGif


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 13 uuuGef
xm;jcif;onf oifhawmfygonf/ 4if;udkvufcHvdkygu Enter udkESdyfyg/
xdt
k cg <Upper Right Corner> udak wmif;rnf/ 4if;wGirf rd yd \
kH twdik ;f twmudk
ay;yg/ Oyrm- yHkonf 1200,900 &Sdygu 4if;twdkif;½dkufvdkufyg/ xdktcg rdrdykH\twdkif;
twmonf tvsm;1200ESifh teH 900 &SdoGm;NyDjzpfonf/ odkYaomf rdrdykH\ twdkif;twm
tjynfhtwdkif; rjrif&ao;yg/ jrifap&ef atmufygtwdkif; ½kdufxnfhay;yg/
Command:LIMITS

ON/OFF/<Lower left corner><current>:0,0


<Upper right corner> :12000,900

Command:ZOOM

All/Extent/Center/Left/windows/<scale>:A
xdktcgrS rdrdykHudk tjynfhtpkHjrif&rnfjzpfonf/
Today windows rS Advanced Setup udktoHk;jyKí Seting udkowfrSwf

ay;&efvdkonf/ Setting rsm;udkowfrSwf&ef atmufygtwdkif;aqmif½Gufyg/


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 14 uuuGef
File Menu rS New udk Click vkyfygu AutoCADToday windows

aygvmrnf / xd k t cg Create Drawings- Wizards- Advanced Setup


udka½G;cs,fygu atmufygyHkay:vmrnf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 15 uuuGef
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 16 uuuGef

tcef;(5)
2 Dimensional Drawing qJGjcif;tajccHrsm;
rsOf;ajzmifhrsm;qJGjcif;
CommandwGif Line[lí ay;jcif;jzifhvnf;aumif;? Draw MenyrS Line=>

Segment onf rsOf;jzwfwpfckom qJGí &onf/


Command : L

From point : (yHkpíqJGvdkaom ae&mudk ay;yg) 1

To point : (rsOf;jywftqkH;ae&mudk ay;yg) 2


To point : (rsOf;jywftqkH;ae&mudk ay;yg) 3

To point : (rsOf;jywftqkH;ae&mudk ay;yg) Enter


2

1 3
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 17 uuuGef
vufjzifh Free Hand qJGvdkygu Sketchudk ay;yg/
Command: SKETCH

Record increment<current>:rsOf;jzwfi,fwpfckpD\ tvsm;udkay;yg/

Sketch.Pen eXit Quit Record Erase Connect.


Subcommands:

P : pen ud k jr§ i f h j cif ; ^ES d r f h j cif ; / (tjcm;wpf e nf ; rS m Mouse

\b,fzufcvkyfudk tjyeftvSefESdyfay;jcif;jzpfonf/)
X : ,m,DrsOf;jzwfuav;rsm;udk rSwfom;xm;cJhNyD; Sketch rSxGufjcif;/

R : ,m,DrsOf;jzwfuav;rsm;udk rSwfom;xm;cJhaomfvnf; SketchrSmyif

qufvuf&Sdaejcif;/
E : ,m,D r sOf ; jzwf u av;rsm;ud k owf r S w f x m;aomae&mrS aeí

tqkH;trSwfxd zsufypfjcif;/
C : Connect:sketch udk aemufqkH;NyD;cJhaom qkH;rSwfrS jyefvnfpwifa&;
qJaG pjcif;/ rsO;f aMumif;udk qk;H rSwrf S aeí vuf&adS &mufaeaom trSwf
txdqJGjcif;/ (pen up)
Q : ,m,DrsOf;jzwfuav;rsm;udk tqkH;½IH;cHí sketchrSxGufjcif;/

SLPOLY

4if;\ wefbdk;onf (0)jzpfygu rsOf;jzwfi,frsm;onf tpdwftpdwftydkif;ydkif;


tjzpfjzifh &Sdaernf/ (1)jzpfygu qJGvdkufaom rsOf;jzwfi,frsm;onf 0wåKwpfckwnf;
taejzifh &Sdaernf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 18 uuuGef
puf0kdif;rsm;a&;qJGjcif;
23/ puf0dkif;rsm;a&;qJG&efrSm Circle[k ½kdufxnfhay;&efvdkonf/ odkYr[kwf Draw
Menu rS Circleudk okH;&efvdkonf/4if;udk &&SdEdkifaom rsKd;uJGrsm;rSm-

Oyrm(1) tcsif;0uf 2,lepf&Sdaom puf0dkif;onf 3.3 ae&mwGif&Sdygu-


Command: CIRCLE

2p/3p/TTR<Center Point>: 3,3

Diameter/<Radius>:2
R2

Oyrm(2) tcsif;2,lepf&Sdaom puf0dkif;onf5,5 ae&mwGif&Sdygu-


Command:CIRCLE
2p/3p/TTR<Center Point>:5,5

Diameter/ <Radius>:D

Diameter:2

R2

Center Point
5,5
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 19 uuuGef
Oyrm(3) puf0dkif;\A[dkrSwfudk rodyJ tcsOf;rsOf;tpGef;ESpfbufudkodygu-
Command:CIRCLE

2p/3p/TTR<Center Point>:2p

First Point : P1
Second Point : P2

(tpGef;ESpfbufudk ay;yg/)

P1 P2

Oyrm(4) puf0dkif;onf trSwf(3)udkjzwfoGm;ygu


Command:CIRCLE

2p/3p/TTR<Center Point>:3 Point


First Point : P1

Second Point : P2

Third Point : P3 Click jyKvkyfokH;yg/

P2

P1

P3
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 20 uuuGef
Oyrm(5) puf0dkif;onf tjcm;Object(2)ckudk tamgent jzpfaeNyD; 4if;\
Radiusudkodygu Command:CIRCLE

2p/3p/TTR<Center Point>:TTR udk okH;yg/

P1
P2

ARCrsm;a&;qJGjcif;
24/ Command rS Arc[k ½kdufxnfhay;½kHyifjzpfí 4if;\ rsKd;uJGrsm;rSm

- Three point on the Arc

Command: ARC
First Point : P1
P1
Second Point : P2

End Point : P3
P2

P3
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 21 uuuGef
- Start point, center, end point
Command: ARC

Start Point : P1

Center Point : P2
End Point : P3

Start point
P1 P3

End point
P2
Center point

- Start point center included angle

Command : Arc

Start Point : P1
Center/ End/ <Start Point> : Center P2

Angle / Length of chord/ <End Point> : Angle

Include angle: 90

P1

P3 P2
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 22 uuuGef
- Start point center, length of chord
Command : Arc

Center/ End/ <Start Point> : P1

Center/ End/ <Start Point> : Center P2


Angle / Length of chord/ <End Point> : L

Length of chord : 4.5


P1

P2

P3

- Start point end point, radius

Command : Arc
Center/ End/ <Start Point> : P1

Center/ End/ <Start Point> : E

End Point Of : P2
Angle / Direction / Radius/ <Center Point> : Radius : 3
P1

R=3

P2
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 23 uuuGef
- Start point end point, included angle
Command : Arc

Center/ End/ <Start Point> : P1

Center/ End/ <Start Point> : E


End Point Of : P2

Angle / Length of chord/ <End Point> : A

Included Angle : -75

E=75
P1
P1
P1

- Continuation pf previous line or Arc


Option: A= included Angle E= End point

C= Center L= Length of chord

D= starting Direction R= Radius


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 24 uuuGef
tcef;(6)
OSNAP(Object Snap)

25/ uG e f y sLwmyk H q J G j cif ; onf vuf j zif h qJ G j cif ; xuf o maom tcsuf r sm;wG i f
wdusjcif;[l aom tusKd;udk xif&Sm;apvdkygu Object Osanpudk okH;&rnfjzpfonf/
okH;&mwGif t"du enf;vrf;(2)rsKd;&Sdonf/
(u) Mum;jzwfay;jcif;(Overriding OSNAP)
( c ) Osnapudk BuKdwifay;xm;jcif;(Running Osnap)
Mum;jzwfay;jcif; (Overriding OSNAP)
26/ Mum;jzwfay;&mwGif oHk;Edkifaomenf;vrf;(4)rsdK; &Sdygonf/ ,if;wdkYrSm-
(u) vufESdyfpufjzifh ½dkufay;jcif;(Typing Method )(Oyrm- puf0dkif;wpfck\
A[dktrSwfudkoGm;vdkygu -CEN [k½dkufay;yg/
( c) Shift cvkyfESifh Mouse \nmbufcvkyfudk wGJíESdyfay;jcif;/
( *) Status Menu ud k E S d y f í 4if ; rS r d r d v d k t yf a om Setting Osnap
udka&G;ay;jcif;/
(C) Assist Menu rS Object Snap udkoHk;jcif;/

Osnap udkBudKwifay;xm;jcif; (Running OSNAP)

27/ toH;k rsm;Edik af om Osnap udBk uKd wifay;xm;ygu wpfcgpDay;p&m rvdak wmhojzifh
tcsdefukefoufomapygonf/ toHk;jyKyHk(2)rsdK;&Sdygonf-
(u) vufESdyfpufjzifh ½dkufay;jcif;(Typing Method )(Oyrm- puf0dkif;wpfck\
A[dktrSwfudkoGm;vdkygu -CEN [k½dkufay;yg/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 25 uuuGef
( c) Shift cvkyfESifh Mouse \nmbufcvkyfudk wGJíESdyfay;jcif;/

(1) vufESdyfpufjzifh½dkufay;jcif;(Typing Method)


Command wGif OSNAP [k½dkufay;yg/ Oyrm- Center ESifh Inter-
section udk vdkcsifygu-

Command : OSNAP

Object Snap Mode : CEN,INT


(2) Setting menu rS Object Snap udkoHk;jcif;/ (DDOSNAP) (odkY)

(RUNNING OBJECT)
Mouse ud k Setting Menu od k Y a &G U í Object Snap ud k a &G ; vd k u f y g/
vdktyfonfrsm;udkay;vdkufyg/ Cross jyxmaom Osnap onf tvkyfvkyfrnfh OSnap
jzpfonf/
Object Snap \ t"dyÜg,frsm;rSm-
CENter - puf0dkif;wpfck\A[dkdrSwf

ENDpoint - rsOf;wpfaMumif;\tpGef;rSwf
INSertion - (Block)tkyfpkwpfpk\tpm;xdk;rnhftrSwf
INTersection - ypönf;(2)ckESifhtxufwdkY\ jzwfrSwf? qHkrSwf
MIDpoint - rsOf;wpfaMumif;\tv,frSwf
NESrest - ypönf;wpfckESifhteD;qkH;odkYcsOf;uyfjcif;
NONc - BudKay;xm;aom Object Snap udkroHk;jcif;
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 26 uuuGef
PERpendicular - rsOf;wpfaMumif;ay:odkYaxmifhrSefusvdkaomtcg
QUAdrank - puf0dkif;wpfck\ 90, 180, 270, 360 degree
rsm;odkYcsOf;uyfvdkaomtcg
QUlck - OD;qHk;awGUaomae&mudk,lrnfjzpfaomfvnf;?
4if;onf teD;qHk;ae&mr[kwfyg/
TANgent - puf0ikd ;f wpfc^k Are wpfco
k Ykd Tangent jzpfvakd omtcg

Aperture Size

28/ Osnap \xda&mufrItuGmta0;yrmPudk tBuD;tao;csdefvdkaomtcgwGif

4if;udkoHk;yg/
Command : APERTURE

Object snap target height (1-50 pixels) <10> : *Cancle

1rS 50 twGif; owfrSwfítoHk;jyKvkyfEdkifonf/


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 27 uuuGef
oifcef;pm(7)
trSm;t,Gif;rsm;&SdcJhaomfjyKjyifjcif;
Cencle jyKvkyfjcif;

29/ tu,fí rdrdvkyfaeaom tvkyfwpfckudk &yfwefYNyD; 4if;tvkyfudka&SUquf


rvkyfvdkawmhygu Control cvkyfESifh C udkwGJíESdyfyg/
Undo jyKvkyfjcif;

30/ jyKvkyfNyD;om; taMumif;t&mwpfckudk aemufxyfrvkyfcsifawmhygu U cvkyfudk


ESdyfjcif;jzifh &&SdEdkifonf/ wpfBudrfjyKvkyfygu wpfBudrfpmaemufjyefa&mufoGm;rnf/
Command : U

Undo \tjcm; Command wpfckrSmwGif Undo [lítjynfhtpHk½dkufay;jcif;


jzpfonf/
Command : UNDO

Make/Control/Group/End/<number>10
tu,fí 11 Budrfpmrvkyfapvdkawmhygu 10 [k½dkufxnfhay;½Hkyifjzpfonf/
Command : UNDO

Make/Control/Group/End/<number>Make
Mark - vufve
G Nf y;D rvdt
k yfonfrsm; Undo xJwiG yf groGm;ap&efumuG,o
f nhf
taejzifh trSwftom;vkyfxm;jcif;jzpfonf/
Command : UNDO
Make/Control/Group/End/<number>Control

Control - Undo \pGrf;aqmifEdkif&nfudk xdef;csKyfvdkygu 4if;udkoHk;yg? olYwGif-


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 28 uuuGef
All / None / One / <Auto> [lí&Sdonf/
All- Undo \pGrf;&nftjynfhoHk;onf/

None - Undo udkvHk;0oHk;ír&ap&efjzpfonf/

One - Undo udktBudrfta&twGuf wpfckxufydkoHk;ír&ap&efoHk;onf/


Auto - Undo \rlvta&taoG;wdkif;yifjzpfonf/

Group ESifh End wdkYonf Undo vkyf&mü tkyfpkwpfckzGJUxm;jcif;jzpfonf/

Redo
31/ Undo jyKvkyfírSm;oGm;cJhaomf Redo udkoHk;jcif;tm;jzifh Undo udkjyefvnf

acszsufEdkifonf/ odkYaonf Redo onfwpfcgo oHk;cGifh&Sdonf/


Command : REDO
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 29 uuuGef
tcef; (8)
Construct Command rsm;

ARRAY

Object wpfckudk 4if;udkt½G,ftpm;twdkif; trsm;tjym;zefwD;&efoHk;onf/


4if;wGif Rectangular ESifh Polar [lí(2)rsdK;&Sdonf/ Rectangular onf tvsm;vdkuf
(odkYr[kwf) a'gifvdkufyg rdrdvdkcsifaom tuGmta0;ESifh ta&twGuftwdkif; yHkpHwl
trsm;tjym; zef w D ; jcif ; jzpf o nf / Polar onf t rS w f w pf a e&mud k A[d k j yKí
owfrSwfxm;aom ta&twGufESifh rdrdvdkcsifaom angle yrmPwGif yHkpHwlul;jcif;
jzpfonf/
Command (1)
Command : ARRAY

Select Object (s) : (vdkcsifaom Object udka&G;ay;yg/)

Rectangular or Polar array (R/P) <R> : (R or P udk½dkufxnhfay;yg/


Oyrm-R jzpfcJhvQif -
Number of Row : 4

Number of Coloum : 4
Unit Cell or Distance between Row : 1
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 30 uuuGef
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 31 uuuGef
Unit Cell or Distance between Coloum : 1
32/ rS w f & ef r S m - twef ; ( Row )twd k i f ; tay:ok d Y w uf v Qif taygif ; ?
twkdif;(Column) twkdif;? nmbufokdYoGm;vQif taygif;jzpfí 4if;rSatmuf? (okdY)
b,fbufokdYoGm;vQif tEIwfjzpfonf/
Command (2)

Command : ARRAY

Select Object (s) : (vdkcsifaom Object udka&G;ay;yg/)


Rectangular or Polar array (R/P) <R> : Oyrm-P jzpfcJhvQif -

enter Point of array : vdkcsifaomae&mudka½G;ay;yg/

Number ofitems : 8 (rdrd vdktyfaom ta&twGuf)


Angle to Fill ( +ccw , -ccw ) <360>: 360

Rotate Object(s) as they are copies <Y> : Y (yHk\taetxm;twdkif;)

Copy
33/ rdrdvdkcsifaom yHkpHwckudk ul;,lyGm;rsm;jcif;jzpfonf/ vdktyfygu trsm;tjym;
yGm;Edkifonf/

Command (1)

Command : copy

Select Object (s) : (rdrdul;,lcsifaom Object rsm;udka&G;ay;yg/)

(vdkcsifonfrsm;&ygu Enter udkESdyfyg/)


<Basic Point or displacement>/ Multiple : Copy jyKvkyf&mwGifudkifwG,f
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 32 uuuGef
,l rnfhae&m udka½G;cs,f&ef -
Second Point of displacement : (rdrdxm;vdkaomae&mudka½G;cs,f&ef)

(jyD;ygu Enter udkESdyfyg/)


tu,fí Copy trsm;tjym; jyKvdkvQif
Command (2)

Command : copy

Select Object (s) : (rdrdul;,lcsifaom Object rsm;udka&G;ay;yg/)

(vdkcsifonfrsm;&ygu Enter udkESdyfyg/)


<Basic Point or displacement>/ Multiple : M

(Copytrsm;tjym; jyKvdkvQif ae&m udka½G;cs,f&ef -)

Basic Point or displacement : Copy jyKvkyf&mwGifudkifwG,f ,l rnfhae&m


udka½G;cs,f&ef -
Second Point of displacement : (rdrdxm;vdkaomae&mudka½G;cs,f&ef)

(jyD;ygu Enter udkESdyfyg/)


Move

Object wpfckudkjzpfap? trsm;udkjzpfap? wae&mrSwae&modkU a½GUajymif;&ef

toHk;jyKonf/
Oyrm - puf0dkif;wckudk rlvae&mrS 4if;ae&mrS 3,lepftuGmodkU a½GUvdkygu

Command : Move

Select Object (s) : (rdrda½GU,lcsifaom Object rsm;udka&G;ay;yg/)


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 33 uuuGef
(vdkcsifonfrsm;&ygu Enter udkESdyfyg/)
<Basic Point or displacement> : Move jyKvkyf&mwGifudkifwG,f

,l rnfhae&m udka½G;cs,f&ef -
Second Point of displacement : (rdrdxm;vdkaomae&mudka½G;cs,f&ef)
(jyD;ygu Enter udkESdyfyg/)

Offset

34/ yHkqGJ&mwGif vQmxm;aomtuGmta0;twdkif; owfrSwftoHk;jyK&efoHk;onf/


Oyrm - rsOfaMumif;wckudk nmzuf 3,lepftuGmwGif aemufwaMumif;qGJ&ef
Command : Offset

offset distance or Through <aemufqHk;wefzdk;> : 3

Select object to offset : ( rsOf;aMumif; udka½G;&ef)


Side to offset : nmzufwGif rnfonfUae&mrqdk Click jyKvkyfyg

Select object to offset : wpfMudrfru vkyfEdkifap&efjzpfonf/

(jyD;ygu Enter udkESdyfyg/)


tu,fí tuGm;ta0;onf yHrk eS rf [kwb
f J rdrx
d m;vkad omae&mwGi½f adS pvkyd gu
Through ukdokH;yg/ þenf;jzifh puf0kdif;rsm;ukdvnf;? A[kdwpfckwnf;rS rdrdxm;vkdaom

tuGmta0;üjzpfap? wlnDaomtuGmta0;üjzpfaprsm;pGmzefwD;&efokH;Ekdifonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 34 uuuGef
tcef;(9)
t&m0x¬Krsm;udka½G;cs,fjcif;
(Selection)

35/ tu,fíoifonf SELECT OBJECT(S)[k


uGefysLwmrSawmif;qdkaejcif;udk awGUBuHK&ygu? atmufygwdkYteufrS
wpfckckudkoHk;Edkifonf-
(u) Pick point -Mouse jzihf wpfckjcif;a&G;cs,fay;jcif;/

(c) W (for window selection)- Mousejzif h pwk * H a bmif c wf í


4if;twGif; &Sd t&m0w¦Krsm;udka&G;ay;jcif;/

P1

P2
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 35 uuuGef
( *) C (for crossing selection)- pwk * H a bmif c wf í 4if ; twG i f ; &S d
t&m0w¦ K rsm;omru 4if ; ES i f h x d p yf o G m ;aomt&m0w¦ K rsm;
udkyga&G;cs,fay;jcif;/

P3

P2

P1
P4

P6 P5
(C) WPOLY (for polygonal window selection)- A[k * H w pf c k q G J í

4if;twGif;&Sdt&m0x¬Krsm;udka½G;ay;jcif;/

P3

P2

P1

P4

P5
P6
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 36 uuuGef
(i) CPOLY (for crossing window selection)- A[k * H w pf c k q G J í
4if;xdpyfoGm;aom0w¦Krsm;udkyg a&G;ay;jcif;/

P2

P1

(p) F (for fence selection) - rsO;f ajzmifw


h pfaMumif;qGí
J 4if;ESix
hf pd yfaom
t&m 0w¦Krsm;udk a&G;ay;jcif;/
Command: select
Select objects: f
First fence point:
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]:P1
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]:P2
4 found
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 37 uuuGef
(q) L (for last selection)- aemufqHk;jyKvkyfcJhaom t&m0w¦Kudka&G;ay;jcif;/
Command: select
Select objects: L
1 found

(Z) P (for previous object)- aemuf q H k ; a&G ; cs,f c J h a om t&m0w¦ K rsm;ud k

jyefvnfa&G;ay;jcif;/
Command: select
Select objects: f
4 found
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 38 uuuGef
( ps) ALL (for all object)- tm;vHk;aomt&m0w¦Krsm;udka&G;ay;jcif;/
Command: select
Select objects: All
8 found
(n) Single (for only one object)- t&mn0w¦Kwpfckwnf;oma&G;ay;jcif;/

xdu
k o
hJ aYkd &G;cs,cf ahJ om t&m0w¦Krsm;xJrS jyefvnfz,fxw
k v
f ykd gu 'kw,
d tBurd f
Select Object (s) awmif;vQif atmufygtwdkif; ½dkufESdyfay;yg-
Command: select
Select objects: f
4 found
Select objects : R
R (Remove) [k ½ k d u f a y;í rvd k t yf o nf h t&m0w¦ K rsm;ud k jyef v nf

a&G;ay;vdkufyg/ ,if;rSz,fxkwfí vdktyfaom0w¦Krsm;udkrSm;,Gif;pGm z,fxkwfrdcJhaomf-

Command: select
Select objects: p
7 found
Select object : A
Select object: P1
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 39 uuuGef
Select object :p2
A (Add) [k ½ d k u f a y;í vd k t yf o nf h t &m0w¦ K rsm;ud k jyef v nf a ygif ; xnf h

ay;vdkufyg/ tu,fí rnfonfhjyKjyifajymif;vJrIrjyKao;cif BudKwifa&G;cs,fvdkygu


Select object wGif atmufazmfjyygenf;jzifh a&G;ay;vdkufyg/
Command : SELECT

a&G;cs,frI Setting udkBuKdwifcsdefxm;jcif;


SETTING MENU => SELECTION SETTING (DDLSELECT)
ENTITY SELECTION SETTING

Selection Modes

36/ (u) Noun / Verb selection = Object udkOD;pGma&G;cs,fcGifhay;onf/


( c) Press and drag = Mouse ud k zd N yD ; rS q G J í a&G ; cs,f
Edkifonf/
( *) Impling Windowing = a&G;cs,f&mwGif Window ac:ypönf;
tajrmuf t rsm;ud k wpf N yd K if w nf ;
a&G ; cs,f E d k i f o nf h Box wpf c k
ay:aygufaponf/
(C) Default Selection Mode = Acasd \rl v a&G ; cs,f r I j zpf a om

(1)ESifh(2)udk cGifhay;onf/
( i) Pickbox Size = Mouse ESifhwpfckcsif;a&G;Edkifaom
Box\yrmPudk owfrSwfay;Edkif

onf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 40 uuuGef
tcef;(10)
jyefvnfjyKjyifjcif;( THE EDITTING COMMANDS)
TRIM

37/ tpGe;f xGurf sm;ukd jzwfawmufjcif; jzpfonf/ Object (2)wko


Yd nf tcsi;f csi;f jzwf
oG m ;cJ h a om twd t usjzpf a p&ef ? tpG e f ; rsm;uk d j zwf a y;&rnf / yxrOD ; pG m
rdrdjzwfypfvkdaom Object ukd ra&T;ay;&yg/ 4if ;uk d jzwf oef ;oG m ;onf atmif
tjzpf & S d a eaom Object uk d a &T ; &rnf / 4if ; abmif r sma&T ; NyD ; rS
rdrdjzwfypfvkdonftpGef;xGufukd a&T;í jzwfypfvkdufyg/ rSm;íjzwfrdaom U(Undo)
ukd½kdufay;yg/ 4if;ukdjyefvkyfcGifhjyKygvdyfrnf/
Command: trim
Current settings: Projection=UCS, Edge=None

Select cutting edges ...

Select objects: 1 found


Select objects: 1 found, 1 total

Select objects: 1 found, 2 total

Select objects:
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Project/Edge/Undo]:P1

P1 P2

Before After
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 41 uuuGef
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Project/Edge/Undo]:P2
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Project/Edge/Undo]:Enter

BREAK

wpf c gwpf & H rnf o nf h y pö n f ; ud k r Q abmif t jzpf o H k ; ír&yJ ? 4if ; Object


wpfckwnf;udkyif csdK;ypfvdkonfrsm;&Sdwwfonf/ xdktcg csdK;ypfvdkaomae&mESpfckudk
em&DvufwHajymif;jyef twdkif;ay;vdkufyg/ 4if;trSwf(2)ckMum;wGifusdK;jywfoGm;rnfudk
awGU&rnf/
Command: Break

Select object:

Specify second break point or [First point]: f


Specify first break point: P1

Specify second break point: P2

P1 P2

CHANGE

38/ &SdNyD;om; Object wpfck\ ta&mif (Color )? rsOf;trsKd;tpm;(Linetype)?


txltyg;(Thickness)? tvTm(Layer)wdkYudkajymif;vdkaomtcg (odkYr[kwf) puf0dkif;
wpfck\t&G,ftpm; ponfrsm;udk ajymif;vdkaomtcgrsm;wGif 4if; Command
udkoHk;onf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 42 uuuGef
Command: change
Select objects: 1 found

Select objects:

Specify change point or [Properties]: p


Enter property to change [Color/Elev/LAyer/LType/ltScale/

LWeight/Thickness]: c

Enter new color <ByLayer>: red


Enter property to change [Color/Elev/LAyer/LType/ltScale/

LWeight/Thickness]: Enter

Properties ta&mif? tjrifh? tvTm? rsOf;yHkpH? txlrsm;udk ajymif;&efoHk;onf/


<Change Point>:<ENTER>

Line - rsOf;\taetxm;udkajymif;vJ&ef

Cricle- puf0dkif;\ Radius udkajymif;vJ&ef


Text - pmaMumif;\ Style udkajymif;vJ&ef

Block - block wpfck\xnfhoGif;xm;aomae&mESifh tvSnfhtajymif;

'D*&Dudkay;&ef
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 43 uuuGef
CHPROP
rlv Change \ Properties ESifhtwlwlyifjzpfonf/
Command : CHPROP

Slect Object : (a&G;ay;yg/)


Change what property (Color/Elev/LAyer/LType/Thinkness)?

wjcm;enf;rSm-
MODYFY MENU rS => CHANGE PROPERTIES
udka&G;&efjzpfonf/ (DDCHPROP)
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 44 uuuGef
ERASE
39/ rvdktyfaom Object rsm;udkzsufypf&ef Erase udkoHk;onf/
Command : ERASE

Slect Object : (zsufvdkonfrsm;udk a&G;ay;yg/)

OOPS

40/ rSm;ízsuyf pfrad om Object rsm;udk csucf si;f jyefvnf&&S&d ed o


f ;kH onf/ aemufusrS
oHk;vQifr&awmhyg/
Command : OOPS

rSm;zsufrdonfrsm; jyefvnfay:vmrnf/

STRETCH

41/ Object rsm;udk qGJqefU&ef (odkU) wdkypf&eftwGuf oHk;onf/ odkUaomf Extend


ESifhuGmjcm;csufrSm oGm;xd&rnfhabmif&Sdp&mrvdkjcif;yifjzpfonf/ odkYaomf Object udk
a&G;ay;&mü Windows (odkUr[kwf) Crossing udkoHk;rS&rnf-

Command: _stretch

Select objects to stretch by crossing-window or crossing-polygon...

Select objects: c
Specify first corner: Specify opposite corner: P1 to P2

6 found
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 45 uuuGef
Select objects: Enter
Specify base point or displacement:

Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displace-

ment>: 2

P1

P2

FILLET

42/ axmifhpGef;rsm;udk vHk;0ef;&efoHk;onf/ OD;pGmyxr rdrdvdktyfonfh Radius


udkay;&efvdkonf/ Polyline jzpfygu P [k½dkufay;&rnf/
Command: Fillet
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.5000

Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]: p

Select 2D polyline: select Object


4 lines were filleted

Before After
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 46 uuuGef
CHAMFER

43/ axmifhpGef;rsm;udk jzwfypf&efoHk;onf/ OD;pGmyxr rdrdvdktyfonfh Distance


rsm;udkay;xm;&efvdkonf/ Polyline jzpfygu P [k½dkufay;&rnf/
Command: _chamfer

(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist1 = 1.0000, Dist2 = 2.0000


Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method]: d

Specify first chamfer distance <1.0000>:

Specify second chamfer distance <2.0000>: 1


Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method]: p

Select 2D polyline:

4 lines were chamfered

Before After

ROTATE
44/ Object jzpfap? trsm;jzpfapudk vSnfhíoHk;onf/ vnfvdkaomtwdkif;twmudk

'D*&DESifhjzpfap? wpfckckESifhEdIif;,SOfíjzpfap ay;Edkifonf/


Command: rotate
Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 47 uuuGef
ANGBASE=0
Select objects:All

Specify opposite corner: 6 found

Select objects:Enter
Specify base point: P1

Specify rotation angle or [Reference]: 45

Before

45
P1
After
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 48 uuuGef
MIRROR
&Hzef&Hcg acgufcsdK;nDaom yHkrsm;qGJygu wpfjcrf;omqGJí aemufwpfjcrf;udk
qG&J efrvdak wmhyJ rSecf aH y;jcif;jzif&h Edik o
f nf/ rlvtjcrf;udt
k vdrk &Sad wmhvsif Delete Old
Object ESifh Y udk½dkufay;yg/
Command: mirror

Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 6 found

Select objects:(a&G;ay;yg/)
Specify first point of mirror line: (prSwfudkay;yg/)

Specify second point of mirror line: (qHk;rSwfudkay;yg/)

Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>:(Yes,No, or RETURN) Y


(rlv0wåKudkrvdktyfawmhygu Y [k½dkufay;yg/)

Before

After
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 49 uuuGef
SCALE
Object wpf c k ( od k Y r [k w f ) trsm;ud k t&G , f t pm;tBuD ; tao; tcsd K ;us

vdktyfovdk ajymif;vJ&efoHk;onf/ wpfcgwpf&H tcsdK;udk wdkuf½dkufray;Edkifygu Refer-


ence jzifhay;Edkifonf/
Command :Command: scale

Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 6 found

Select objects: Enter


Specify base point: P1

Specify scale factor or [Reference]: 1.5

After

P1

Before
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 50 uuuGef
tcef;(11)
GRIP rsm;udktoHk;csíjyKjyifjcif;
46/ 0wå K wpf c k c k u d k rnf o nf h Command rS r ay;yJ E S i f h a&G ; ay;cJ h o nf & S d a omf
4if;0wåKay:wGif tjyma&miftuGufi,fuav;rsm; ay:aygufvmvdrfhrnf/ 4if;wdkYudk
GRIP [kac:onf/

47/ 4if; Grip rsm;tenf;odkY Mouse udkcsOf;uyfygu Cursor onf Grip tv,foYkd
ckefuyfoGm;rnfudk awGY&rnf/ ,if;odkYjzpfae&jcif;\ t"dyÜg,frSm ,if;wdkYudk udkifwG,fí
Editing vkyfEdkifap&eftwGufjzpfonf/ 4if; Grip wpfckudkxyfrHía&G;cs,frdygu xdk

Grip onfteDa&mifodkYajymif;í Command Prompt area wGifatmufygtwdkif;

jrif&rnf-
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 51 uuuGef
**STRETCH**
<Stretch to point>/ Base Point / Copy / Undo / eXit :

rsOf ; rsm;ud k qG J q ef Y ^ csKH U Ed k i f & ef t wG u f rsOf ; \tpG e f ; wpf z uf z uf r S Grip


udka&G;ay;&rnf/ tv,fudka&G;ay;rdygu qGJqefYjcif;(Stretch)vkyf&mra&mufyJ? a&GUjcif;
(Move)jyKvkyf&moma&mufonf/
<Stretch to point> rd r d v d k t yf a omtpG e f ; \ae&m? puf 0 d k i f ; jzpf v Qif

tcsif;0uf \twdkif;twmudkae&mcsyg/
Base Point rdrdxm;vdkaomtajcjyKtrSwf
Copy rlvypönf;tjyif trsm;tjym; zefwD;xm;vdkygu C [k
BudKwifay;xm;&rnf/
Undo rSm;,Gi;f íjyKvyk cf ahJ omf Undo tjzpf U udak y;Edik o
f nf/
eXit X udk½dkufvsif Grip Edititng rSxGufoGm;rnf/

tu,fí **STRETCH** ay:aecsdefwGif Mouse\nmbufrScvkwfudESdyfay;ygu


aemufxyf Prompt wrsdK;ay:vmrnf/4if;rSm

**MOVE**

< Move to point>/Base Point/Copy/Undo/eXit : (t&m0x¬ K rsm;ud k

a½GU&eftwGufoHk;Edkifonf/ usefonfrsm;rSm **ATRETCH** ESifhtwlwlyifjzpfonf/


nmbufcvkyfudk qufwdkufESdyfoGm;ygu-
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 52 uuuGef
**ROTATE**
<Rotation angle>/Base Point/Copy/Undo/eXit: (,cif

RotateESifhtwlwl yifjzpfonf/)

**SCALE** ESihf **MIRROR** wdu


Yk v
kd nf; 4if;nmbufcvkyu
f Ekd ydS af y;jcif;
jzifh&Edkifonf/

tusOf;csKyfíqdk&aomf-
48/ (u) tpGef;&Sd Grip rsm;ay:wGif (Click) vkyfygu Stretch vkyfjcif;udk
oabmaqmifonf/
( c) tv,frSwf Grip rsm;udka&G;cs,f (Click) vkyfygu Move vkyfjcif;udk
oabmaqmifonf/
( *) tu,fí 0wåKESpfckwdkYonf tpGef;trSwfESpfckjcif;qHkawGUaeMuNyD;
4if;wdkY\ qHkrSwfjzpfaom Grip udkda&G;cs,fNyD; (Click) vkyfygu Grip
rsm;udk wpfNydKifeufa&G;NyD;jzpfonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 53 uuuGef
tcef;(11)
Double Line udktoHk;csía&;qGJjcif;
49/ Command: _mline

Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 1.00, Style = STAN-


DARD

Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:

Specify next point:


Specify next point or [Undo]:

Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:

Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: c


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 54 uuuGef
tcef;(12)
POLYLINE uJhodkYobm0&Sdaom Command rsm;ESifh
oufqdkifaom Command rsm;
50/ POLYLINE tpdwftydkif;rsm; rsm;jym;pGmyg0ifapumrl 0wåKypönf;wpfckwnf;
tjzpfom&Sdaom Object jzpfonf/
Command : Pline

Specify start point:


Current line-width is 0.0000

Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: a

Specify endpoint of arc or


[Angle/CEnter/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second pt/Undo/Width]:

Specify endpoint of arc or


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 55 uuuGef
POLYGON
51/ Command : POLYGON

Nunber of Sides<default>: 5 (or) 6 (tem;ta&twGufudkay;yg/)

Edge/<Center of Polygon> : P1 (tem;wpfbuf\prSwo


f v
d sif (od)Yk A[k*\
H
A[dktrSwfudkodvsif 4if;wdkYudkae&mcsay;yg/)
Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle(I/C)<default>:

(puf0dkif;wGif;us A[k*H(odkY)puf0dkif;xdA[k*HBudKuf&ma&G;yg/)
Redius of cicle : 2

ELLIPSE

52/ Command: _ellipse

Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]:P1


Specify other endpoint of axis: 2

Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: 3

2
P1 3
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 56 uuuGef
RECTANGLE
Command: _rectang

Current rectangle modes: Chamfer=1.0000 x 0.5000

rlvowfrSwfxm;aom Chamfer wefzdk; rSm 1 , .5 jzpfaMumifjyaeonf/


Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/

Width]: c

rlvowfrSwfwefzdk; udkajymif;vJowfrSwf&ef Chamfer (or) c udka½G;yg/


Specify first chamfer distance for rectangles <1.0000>: 1

Chamfer wefzdk; X twGuf 1 owfrSwf&ef

Specify second chamfer distance for rectangles <0.5000>: 1


Chamfer wefzdk; Y twGuf 1 owfrSwf&ef

Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/

Width]:
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions]: P1 , P2

Polygon Dimensions twGuf P1 , P2 udk owfrSwf&ef

P1

P2
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 57 uuuGef
EXPLODE
53/ Object rsm;udk wpfppDjyefvnfcGJypf&efoHk;onf/

Command : EXPLODE

Select Object : rdrd jzdKcGJvdkaom object udka½Gay;yg/

SOLID ESifhoufqdkifaom Command rsm;


54/ FILL- ta&mifjznfhjcif;^rjznfhjcif;udk rdrdoabmtwdkif;xm;Edkifonf/
On qdkvsif ta&mifjznfhí Off qdkvsifta&mifrjznfhyg/

Command : Fill

ON / OFF <Current>:
SOLID Command : SOLID P1 P2

First point : (point) P1

Second point : (point) P2


Third point : (point) P3 P3 P4
Forth point : P4 (point, or RETURN fortriangular section)
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 58 uuuGef
55/ DOUGHNUT
\DONUT

Command: DONUT

Specify inside diameter of donut <0.5000>: 5


Specify outside diameter of donut <1.0000>: 1

Specify center of donut or <exit>: P1

Specify center of donut or <exit>: ENTER

Inside diameter

Outside diameter

56/ TRACE
Command : TRACE
Trace width<current> .1

From point : (point) P1

To point : (point) P2
To point : (RETURN to end trace entry) P3
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 59 uuuGef
tcef;(13)
tvTmrsm;wnfaqmufjcif; (LAYER)
57/ AutoCAD jzify
h pkH &JG mwGif 4if;\oabmrSm azmufxiG ;f jrif&aom puúLtqifq
h ifh
jzifah &;qGo
J nfo
h abmjzpfonf/ 4if;puúLtvTmrsm;udk Layer [kac:onf/ Layer rsm;\
*kPfowådrsm; ay;xm;jcif;jzifh rdrdqGJvdkaomt&m0wåKrsm;udk 4if; Layer \*kPfowåd
twdkif;jzpfaponf/ rjrifvdkaom Layer rsm; toHk;rcsvdkaom Layer rsm;udkz,fxm;
Edkifonf/
Command : LAYER

?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/LType/Frceze/Thaw/Lock/Unlock

? rnfonfh Layer rsm;&Sdoenf;? 4if;wdkY\tajctaeudk rnfodkY&Sdoenf;


pHkprf;&efoHk;onf/
Make Layer topfwpfckzefwD;NyD; 4if;Layer udktvkyfvkyfaom Layer

tjzpfzefwD;Edkifonf/
Set &S d N yD ; om; Layer rsm;teuf r S tvk y f v k y f a om Layer

udka&G;cs,f&efoHk;onf/
New Layer topfwpfckzefwD;aomfvnf; 4if;udktvkyfvkyfaom Layer
tjzpfrxm;&Sdyg/
ON Layer rsm;udkjrifap&efoHk;onf/

OFF Layer rsm;udkrjrif&ap&efoHk;onf/


Color Layer rsm;\ta&mifudkowfrSwf&efoHk;onf/

LType Layer rsm;\ Linetype udkowfrSwf&efoHk;onf/


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 60 uuuGef
Freeze &SNd y;D om; Layer rsm;teufrS vH;k 0tvkyr
f vkyv
f akd omLayer udo
k ;kH onf/
Thaw Freeze vkyfxm;aom Layer rsm;udkjyefoHk;&efoHk;onf;/

LOck 4if; Layer ay:&Sd Object rsm;udkudkifwG,fjyifqifír&ap&ef


oHk;onf/
Unlock Lock vkyfxm;aom Layer ay:&Sd Object rsm;udkjyefvnf

udkifwG,fjyifqif&efoHk;onf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 61 uuuGef

(DDLMODES) SETTING MENUE => LAYER CONTROL

NEW Layer topfwpfckzefwD;&efoHk;onf/

Current &S d N yD ; om; Layer rsm;teuf r S tvk y f v k y f v d k a om Layer


udka&G;cs,f&efoHk;onf/
Rename &SdNyD;om; Layer rsm;teufrS trnfajymif;vdkaom Layer udk
ajymif;&efoHk;onf/
Layer Name Edit Box

Filters/ON &SdNyD;om; Layer rsm;teufrS oD;oefYa&G;cs,fvdkaom Layer

rsm;udk a&G;cs,f&efoHk;onf/
Filters/Set oD;oefYa&G;cs,fvskaom Layer rsm;udkowfrSwf&efoHk;onf/
Select All &SdNyD;om; Layer rsm;tm;vHk;udka&G;cs,f&efoHk;onf/
Clear All a&G;NyD;om; Layer rsm;tm;vHk;udk ra&G;cs,fawmh&efoHk;onf/
tcef;(14)
PATTERN (yHkpHtuGufrsm;) xnfhjcif;
HATCH
58 /&Hzef&cH g owfrw
S x
f m;aom t0ef;t0dik ;f abmifwpfct
k wGi;f wGif rdrv
d ckd siaf om
Pattern wpfcjk zifh jznfah y;&efvt
kd yfonf/ xdt
k cg toif&h NdS y;D om; Pattern rsm;udjk zpfap
rdrdpdwfBudKufyHkpHudkjzpfap oHk;Edkifonf/ Oyrm- eH&HwpfckwGif tkwfpDxm;aomyHkpH?
Murf;jyifwGif ygau;uGufcif;xm;aom yHkpHrsm; Section Line jzwfjyvdkaomtcgrsm;ü
oHk;Edkifonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 62 uuuGef
MENUE rSoHk;vdkygu DRAW MENU=>BHATCH (BOUNDARY
59/ HATCH

Command : HATCH

Pattern(? or name / U style)<default>


? rnfonfh Pattern rsm;&Edkifoenf;pHkprf;&efoHk;onf/
U (User Style) rdrdvdkcsifaomyHkpHtuGuf

style rlvay;xm;aom yHkpHtuGuf\trnfay;&ef


Style codes Example

N- Normal BRICK , N or U , N

O- Outermost Area only BRICK , O or U , O


I- Ignore internal structure BRICK , I or U , I
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 63 uuuGef
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 64 uuuGef
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 65 uuuGef
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 66 uuuGef
Command: _bhatch
Select internal point: Selecting everything...
Selecting everything visible...
Analyzing the selected data...
Analyzing internal islands...
Select internal point:
<Hit enter or right-click to return to the dialog>

Before

After
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 67 uuuGef
tcef;(15)
yHkwGifpmrsm;a&;xnfhjcif;(TEXT)
60/ TEXT ESifh DTEXT [lí Command ESpfrsdK;&Sdygonf/ DTEXT onf TEXT

xuf (2)rsdK;ydkrdkaumif;rGefonf/ ,if;wdkYrSm-


(u) ½d k u f x nf h v d k u f a ompmvH k ; rsm;ud k jrif u G i f ; ay:wG i f
wpfvHk;jcif;jrifae&jcif;/
( c) pmaMumif;wpfaMumif;xufru pmydkufyHkpHjzifh ½dkufí&jcif; wdkYjzpfonf/

Command : TEXT (odkYr[kwf) DTEXT

Justify/Style/<Start Point> : <Point> prSwf(odkYr[kwf)J & S udka&G;&ef/


Height<default>:(value or two point) pmvHk;tjrifh(odkY)trSwfESpfck

udkay;&ef/
Rotation angle<default>:(angle or point)pmvHk;udktapmif;a&;&ef/
Text:(text string to be drawn) rdrda&;vdkaompmrsm;½dkufxnfh&ef/

S yHko@ef(Style)rwlnDaompmvHk;rsm;a&;&efoHk;onf/
Align pmvHk;rsm;udkowfrSwfxm;aom tuGmta0;wpfckwGif tcsKd;
tpm;nDrQpGm tjynfhjznfhvdkvsifoHk;onf/
Fit pmvHk;rsm;udk owfrSwfxm;aom tuGmta0;wpfckwGif tjrifh
rajymif;vJapyJ? tjynfhjznfh&efvdkvQifoHk;onf/
Center pmvHk;rsm;udk owfrSwfxm;aomae&mwpfckwGif b,fnmnd§í
a&;vdkvQifoHk;onf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 68 uuuGef
Middle pmvHk;rsm;udk b,f? nm? txuf? atmuf owfrSwfxm;aom
ae&mtwdkif; n§día&;om;&eftwGufoHk;onf/
Right pmvHk;rsm;udk nmn§da&;om;&eftwGufoHk;onf/
TL owfrw
S x
f m;aomprSwu
f kd top-left portion taejzifo
h wfrw
S f
xm;jcif;/
TC pmvH;k rsm;\tay: trSww
f pfcu
k kd A[drk w
S t
f jzpf ae&mowfrw
S f
xm;jcif;/
TR pmvHk;rsm;\tay: trSwfwpfckudk tqHk;trSwftjzpf ae&m
owfrSwfxm;jcif;/
ML pmvH;k rsm;\b,fbuftay: trSww
f pfcu
k kd owfrw
S x
f m;aom
ae&mwGiftpjyKxm;jcif;/
MC pmvH;k rsm;\tv,ftrSww
f pfcu
k kd owfrw
S x
f m;aomae&mwGif
A[dkjyKxm;jcif;/
MR pmvHk;rsm;\tay:trSwfwpfckudk owfrSwfxm;aomae&mwGif
tqHk;jyKxm;jcif;/
BL pmvHk;rsm;\atmufajcb,fbuftrSwfwpfckudk owfrSwfxm;
aomae&mwGif tpjyKxm;jcif;/
BC pmvHk;rsm;\atmufajcrSwfudk owfrSwfxm;aomae&mwGif
A[dkjyKxm;jcif;/
BR pmvH k ; rsm;\atmuf a jcrS w f w pf c k u d k owf r S w f x m;aom
ae&mwGif toHk;jyKxm;jcif;/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 69 uuuGef
QTEXT
61/ oifhyHkwGif pmvHk;^pmydk'frsm; rsm;pGmyg0ifaeNyD; ,if;wdkYudkvG,fulvsifjrefpGm
jyifqif&mwGif atmufazmfjyyg Command udktoHk;jyK&rnf/ xdkodkYtoHk;jyK&mwGif
RegenAuto udk Off jyKvkyfxm;ygu pmvHk;rsm;udk av;a'gifhtuGufi,fav;rsm;jzifhom
azmfjyNyD;? Regen Command udk ON xm;rSom pmvHk;rsm;tjzpfazmfjyrnfjzpfonf/
Command : QTEXT

ON/OFF<Current>: ON
STYLE rdrda&;vdkaompmvHk;\ yHko@eft&G,ftpm;udk pdwfBudKufay;xm;NyD;
vdktyfvsif jyefvnfa&G;cs,ftoHk;jyK&efjzpfonf/
Command : STYLE
Text style name (or ?)<current>: (rdrdoHk;vdkaomtrnfudkay;&ef)

font file <default>: (rdrdoHk;vdkaom pmvHk;yHkpH&Sdaom file udkay;&ef)

Height<default>:(vaule) (rdrdoHk;vdkaompmvHk;\tjrifh)
Width factor<default>: (Scale factor) (rdro
d ;kH vdak ompmvH;k tus,t
f csKd ;)
Obliquing angle<default>:(angle)(pmaMumif;\tapmif;'D*&Dudkay;&ef)

Backwards?<Y/N>(pmvHk;rsm; aemufjyefa&;vdkygu Y udka&G;ay;yg/)


Upside-down?<Y/N>(pmaMumif;rsm;atmufrStxufodkYwufvdkyg Y

udka&G;yg)
Vertival?<Y/N) (pmvHk;rsm;udkwpfvHk;jcif;txufrSatmufodkYa'gifvdkuf
oGm;vdkygu Y udka&G;ay;yg/)
4if; Style udkpma&;vdkaomf Text ESifh Dtext ü Style udkac:vdkufyg/53/53/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 70 uuuGef
pmomrsm;udkjyefvnfjyifqifvdkjcif;
62/ pmom;rsm;udk jyefvnfjyifqif&eftwGuf atmufygwdkYudk toHk;jyKEdkifygonf-
(u) Change (point) Command

( c) DDEDIT Command
( *) DDMODIFY (odkYr[kwf) MODIFY menu=>Entity....

Change (point) Command


63/ pmvHk;rsm;tm;ae&mcsay;jcif;? pmvHk;rsm;\yHkpH(Style)ajymif;jcif;? pmvHk;rsm;
t&G,ftpm;( Height )ajymif ; jcif ; ? vS n h f j cif ; ( Rotation)? pmjyef j yif a &;jcif ; wd k Y u d k
toHk;jyKygonf/
DDETIT

Command : DDETIT

pmjyefjyifa&;jcif;udktoHk;jyKygonf/

DDMODIFY

Command : DDMODIFY
64/ pmvHk;rsm;tm;ae&mcsay;jcif;? pmvHk;rsm;\yHkpH(Style)ajymif;jcif;? pmvHk;rsm;
t&G,ftpm;(Height)ajymif;jcif;? vSnhfjcif;(Rotation)? pmjyefjyifa&;jcif;wdkYudk toHk;jyK
Edkifonfomru ta&mif(Colour)?tvTm(Layer)?txl(Thickness)?tus,f(Width)?
tapmif;(Rotation)? b,fnm nSdjcif;(Justify)ponf wdkUudk jyKjyifcGifhay;onf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 71 uuuGef

tcef;(17)
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 72 uuuGef
tcef;(16)
MAKING MULTIPLE USE OF OBJECTS

Block & Wblock toHk;jyKjcif;

65/ t&m0x¬Krsm;udktMudrfrsm;pGmjyefvnftoHk;jyKEdkif&efjyKvkyfjcif;HBock
t&m0x¬K wpfckudkjzpfap?trsm;udkjzpfap tBudrfrsm;pGmjyefvnf toHk;jyK&eftwGuf
HBlock tkyfpk av;rsm;zGJUay;xm;&rnf/ OyrmResister,Didote,Transistor
rsm;udjyKvkyfxm;&rnf/
Command : Block

Block names (or) ? : (aemiftcg jyeftoHk;jyK&ef trnfwpfckay;&ef)

½SdjyD;om;trnfrsm;od½Sd&ef ? udkac:Munfhyg/
Insertion base point : aemiftcg jyefvnftoH;k jyKvQif udi
k w
f ,
G ,
f al qmifrnft
h rSwf
Select object : tkyfpkwGif yg0ifapvdkaom t&m0x¬Krsm;udka½G;ay;&ef

Select object : vdktyfaom t&m0x¬Krsm;udka&G;jyD;u Enter udkESdyfyg/

Command: block

Select objects: w
rdrd a½G;cs,frnfh objectd udk a½G;&eftwGuf window ( w) udkay;yg/
Specify first corner: Specify opposite corner: P1 , P2

Block name = win udk½dkufxnfhjyD; p1 , p2 twdkif;a½G;jyD; ok udkESdyfyg/


Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 6 found

Select objects:
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 73 uuuGef

P1

P2
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 74 uuuGef

4if; Block udkjyefvnftoHk;jyK&ef twGuf Insert Command udkoHk;yg/


Command : Insert

Block name or ? :Browse..rrSwfrd ygu ? udka&G;yg/

X scale factor : 1
Y scale factor (default=x ) : 1

Z scale factor (default=x ) : 1

Rotation angle : < 0 > : Enter


4if; Block rsm;udk wpfppD jyefvnf cGJxkwfvdkygu Explode Command udkoHk;yg/
aemufwenf;rSm Draw Menu rS Insert udkoHk;yg/
4if;enf;onf Block rsm;udkomru File rsm;udkyg ac:xnfhEdkifojzifh
Command :Explode

Select object : (cGJxkwfvdkaom Block udka&G;yg/)


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 75 uuuGef
Wblock (Write Block)
66/ Block rsm;onf oufqdkif&m Drawing File wpfckESifh oufqdkifaeonf/

yxryHkwGif vkyfcJhaom Block rsm;onf aemuftjcm;aom Drawing File rsm;wGif


yg0ifvmjcif;r&Sad wmhyg/ yxr Drawing file wpfc\
k tpdwt
f ydik ;f rsm;udk jzpfap? Draw-
ing file wpfckvHk;udkjzpfap ,laqmifíaemufxyfyHktopfwpfyHkjyKvkyfvdkaomf Wblock

Command udktoHk;jyK&rnf/

Command: wblock
Select objects:

tcef;(18)
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 76 uuuGef
tcef;(17)
trSwfi,frsm;ae&mcsjcif;? 0wåKwpfckudk4if;wdkYjzifhydkif;jcm;jcif;
POINT

67/ trSwif ,fwpfcak e&mcsjcif;jzpfonf/ Sereen ay:&Sd Blip rsm;udk &Si;f íMunfyh g/
4if;trSwfav;udkjrif&rnfjzpfonf/
Command : POINT

point : (wpfae&m&mudk Pick vkyfMunhfyg/)


odkYaomf,if;trSwfuav;onf tpuftao;wpfcktjzpfom jrifae&onfrSm
Point Display Mode (PDMODE) aMumifhjzpfonf/ 4if;udkcsdefEdkif&ef twGuf For-

mat Menu rS Point Styles udkac:vdkufyg/ rdrdvdkcsifaomyHkpHudka&G;í POINT Com-


mand udkjyefay;Munhfyg/ 4if; Point Styles onf atmufyg Command rsm;twGuf

ygtoHk;0ifonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 77 uuuGef
DIVIDE
68/ t&m0wåKwpfckckudk tpdwftydkif;tnDtrQydkif;ay;jcif;jzpfonf/ Point style rS
Cross udk a½G;xm;onfqdkygpdkU-

Format Menu : rS Point style udk t&ifa½G;cs,fxm;jyD; Point size


udkygajymif;xmyg/
Command : DIVIDE

Slection object to divide : rdrdydkif;cGJ vdkaom t&m0x¬Kudka&G;cs,fyg/


Number of segment < Block> : 5

4if;trSwfav;rsm;qDodkU csOf;uyfvdkygu Objec Snap rS Node udka½G;yg/


tu,fí rdrdu e*dkvkyfxm;cJhaom Block udkoHk;vdkvQif-B udk&dkufay;yg/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 78 uuuGef
Command : DIVIDE
Slect objects to divide :

<Numbear of segment > /Block : B

Block name to insert : (Block \trnfudk ay;&rnf/)


Alige block with object <y> : xdt
k qifw
h iG f <Enter> udk ESyd v
f Qif Block rsm;onf
Object rsm;apmif;onfhtwdkif;apmif;onf/

MEASURE

69/ DIVIDE COMMAND ESiq


hf ifwo
l nf/ uGmjcm;onfrmS tnDtrQyikd ;f jcif;rsKd ;
r[kwfbJ twdkif;twmwpfckESifh ydkif;ay;jcif;jzpfonf/

COMMAND : MEASURE

Slect object to divide : ydkifjyapvdkaom t&m0x¬Kudk a&G;ay;yg/


<segement length > Block : B

Block name to insert : (Block \trnfudk ay;&rnf/)

Alige block with object <y> : xdt


k qifw
h iG f <Enter> udk ESyd v
f Qif Block rsm;onf
Object rsm;apmif;onfhtwdkif;apmif;onf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 79 uuuGef
tcef;(18)
FILTERS rsm;

70/ t&m0x¬Krsm;rS rdrdvdktyfaom tcsuftvufrsm;udka&G;xkwfjcif;ppfxkwfa&G;


cs,fjcif; (3) rsdK;½Sdonf
(u) Point Filter - trSwfrsm\ X,Y,Z

wef;zdk;rsm;ppfxkwfjcif;
(c) Object Filter - t&m0x¬Krsm;udkppfxkwfjcif;
(*) Layer Filrer - tvTmrsm;udkppfxkwfjcif;wdkUjzpfonf/

Point Filter - trSwfrsm\ X,Y,Z wef;zdk;rsm;ppfxkwfjcif;

trSwfrsmudkppfxkwfa&G;cs,f&mwGif -2 Dimension wGifoHk;jcif;ESifh 3


Dimension wGif oHk;jcif; [lí (2)rsdK;½Sdonf/ Oyrm- 3 Dimensin wGifoHk;vQif

B 1 A

D
C

trSwf (A) onfa'gifvdkuf½Sdaom rsOfaMumif;ESifh


puf0dkif;\tay:ESIwfcrf;wdkU qHk&mtrSwfyifjzpfonf/,if;odkUqHk&mwGif
trSwfudka&G;cs,f&mwGif Point Filter udk a½G;cs,f&efvdktyfonf/ xdkUaMumifh A
udkowfrSwf&mwGif a'gifvdkufrsOf;\ X wef;zdk; ESifh (Quardrant) \ Y
wefzdk;wdkUudk wGJay;&rnf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 80 uuuGef
Oyrm-
Command : Line
From point : .X of
Endpoint of a'gifvdkuf½Sdaeaom rsOf;udka½G;yg/ Endpoint
tpm; Near, Mid wdkUudkoHk;Edkifonfxdktcg trSwf A twGuf
X wefzdk;udk &jyDjzpfNyD; Y wef;zdk;udkay;&OD;rnfjzpf\/
(Need YZ) : QUA of puf0dkif;\tay:EIwfcrf;udk Pick vkyfyg
xdktcg trSwf A twGufjynfhpHkoGm;NyDjzpfí trSwf B twGuf
To point : @ -1,0
To point : trSwf C udkay;&ef twGuf - trSwf C onf B \tpGef; X
wefzdk; puf0dkif;\ atmufEIwfcrf; wdkUqHk&m trSwfjzpfí
atmufygtwdkif;ay;yg/)
.X of
Endpoint of ( AB rsOf;\ B zuftpGef;udka&G;ay;yg/)
(Need YZ) : QUA of (puf0dkif;\atmufEIwfcrf;odkY Pick vkyfvdkufyg/
xdktcg trSwf C twGufjynfhpHkoGm;rnfjzpfonf/ trSwf D
udkrl ½dk;½dk;twkdif; Prependicular to a'gifvdkuf&Sdaeaom
rsOf;omay;vdkufyg/
To Point : PERP to(a'gifvdkuf&SdaeaomrsOf;ay:odkY pick vkyfvdkufyg/)
To Point : C (tNyD;owfydwf&eftwGuf - Close udkokH;yg/)

.X = trSwfwpfck\ X wefbdk;udkppfxkwfa&G;cs,fjcif;/
.Y = trSwfwpfck\ Y wefbdk;udkppfxkwfa&G;cs,fjcif;/
.Z = trSwfwpfck\ Z wefbdk;udkppfxkwfa&G;cs,fjcif;/
.XY = trSwfwpfck\ XY wefbdk;udkppfxkwfa&G;cs,fjcif;/
.YZ = trSwfwpfck\ YZ wefbdk;udkppfxkwfa&G;cs,fjcif;/
.ZX = trSwfwpfck\ ZX wefbdk;udkppfxkwfa&G;cs,fjcif;/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 81 uuuGef
Object filter - ppfxkwfa&G;,lvdkaom 0wåKrsm;udkowfrSwfay;jcif;
71/ Assist Menu rS Object filter udka&G;vdkufyg/ (odkYr[kwf) Command
prompt rS Filter [k½dkufay;vdkufyg/ xdktcg atmufyg Dialog box ay:aygufvm
vdrfhrnf/

Oyrm- rd r d a &;qG J x m;aomt&m0wå K rsm;teuf r S puf 0 d k i f ; rsm;ud k o m


a&G;cs,fvdkonf qdkygpdkY/ xdktcg Select Filter \atmufwGif&Sdaom Popup List
&Sdjr§m;acgif;av;udk ESdyfvdkufyg/ atmufygtwdkif;xyfay:vmygrnf-
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 82 uuuGef
,if;odkYay:vmaom Popup List xJrS rdrdvdkcsifonfrSm Circle jzpfí 4if;odkY
a&mufatmif atmufodkY OD;vSnhfaeaom jr§m;acgif;udkwpfcsufjcif;ESdyfí Circle
odkYa&mufatmifoGm;Edkifonf/ odkYr[kwfygu ydkíjrefqefap&ef C udkESdyfyg/ xdktcg C
ESifh tp&Sdonfhrsm;udkawGY&rnf/ ,if;rS Circle udka&G;vdkufyg/
xdkYaemuf4if;udk Add to List wGifxnfhvdkufyg/ NyD;aemuf,if; filter
udkoHk;Edkif&ef twGuf Apply udkESdyfyg/ xdktcg dialog box aysmufoGm;NyD; Com-
mand prompt wGif atmufygtwdkif;ay:vmrnf-
Select object : ALL [ Enter] [lítm;vHk;udka&G;ayg;yg/
Select object : [ Enter ]
xdktcg tjcm;aomt&m0wåKrsm;teufrS rdrdvdkcsifaom Cicle rsm;udkom
a&G ; ay;rnf u d k a wG Y & rnf / tu,f í Command wpf c k c k u d k o H k ; ae&if ; rS Filter
udkoHk;vdkygu Select Object : 'Filter [k½dkufay;yg/ Oyrm- Cicle rsm;udkoma&G;zsuf
apvdku -
Command : ERASE
Select Object : 'Filter

ppfxkwfa&G;,lvdkonfh0wåKrsm;udkjyefvnfjyifqifjcif;
72/ a&G;,lvdkaom Object rsm;rS Cicle tpm; Line rsm;tjzpfjyefvnfowfrSwf
vdkygu ,if; Dialog box udkjyefac:yg/ tay:rS Filter List wGif Cicle udk Select
vkyfvdkufyg/ xdkYaemuf Edit Item udkESdyfyg/ Popup list wGif tay:qHk;ü Cicle
tjzpfajymif;oGm;onfudk awGY&rnf/
Popup list rS Line udka&G;yg/ xdkYaemuf Substitute udkESdyfyg/ tay:qHk;&Sd
List xJwGif Cicle tpm; Line tjzpfajymif;vJoGm;onfudk awGY&rnf/

ppfxkwfa&G;,lonhfpm&if; List rsm;udkjyefzsufjcif;


73/ tay:qHk;&Sd List xHrS Filter rsm;udk rvdktyfawmhí jyefvnfzsufypfvdkygu
4if; Filter wpfckcsif;udka&G;í Delete vkyfypfEdkifonf/ tm;vHk;udk&Sif;ypfvdkyfu Clear
List udkoHk;yg/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 83 uuuGef
Filter rsm;udkrdrdpdwfBudKufowfrSwfí odrf;xm;jcif;? jyefac:jcif;? zsufypfjcif;
74/ tay:qHk; List twGif;&Sd rdrdowfrSwfay;xm;onfrsm;udk aemiftoHk;vdkygu
tvG,fwuljyefac:Edkif&eftwGuf Fileter List wpfcktaejzifh odrf;xm;cJhEdkifonf/
List wGifrdrdpdwfBudKuf owfrSwfay;NyD;vQif atmufygtwdkif;vkyfyg-

75/ Layer Filter


(u) tvTmrsm;udk ppfxkwfa&G;cs,fjcif;
tvTmrsm;teufrS rdrdvdktyfaomtvTmrsm;\ tajctaeudk wpfNydKifeuf
csdefwG,f&eftwGuf trsm;tjym;a&G;cs,f&efvdkonf/
Oyrm-
trnftm;jzifh W ESifh tpcsDaom tvTmrsm;udka&G;,l&ef atmufygtwdkif;
ay;vdkufyg-
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 84 uuuGef
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 85 uuuGef
tcef;(19)
EDITING THE POLYLINES AND SURFACE MESHINE
76/ Pedit onf Polylines rsm;udkomru oHk;bufjrif rsufESmjyif (Mesh)
rsm;udkjyKjyifjcif; vkyfEdkifonf/
Command : PEDIT
Select Polyline : (select)
Close, Open (prSwfESifh qHk;rSwfudk jyefydwfapvdkvQif Close^prS wf ES if h
qHk;rSwfudkjyefzGifhapvdkvQif Open )
Join (wpfckpDjzpfaeaom 0wåKrsm;udk wpfckwnf;tjzpfaygif;vdkvQif
oHk;yg/ 0wåKrsm;onftwdtus xdpyfae&rnf/)
Width (rsOf;rsm;\txludkajymif;ay;&ef/)
Edit Vertex (xdyfrSwfrsm;udkjyefvnfjyifqif&ef?)
Command: pedit
Select polyline or [Multiple]:
Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/
Ltype
gen/Undo]: fit
Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/
Ltype gen/Undo]: Enter

Before After
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 86 uuuGef

Command: pedit
Select polyline or [Multiple]:

Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/

Ltype
gen/Undo]: s

Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/

Ltype gen/Undo]:

Before After

Edit Vertex (Polyline \axmifhxdyfrsm;udkjyKjyifjcif;)


Command: pedit

Select polyline or [Multiple]:

Enter an option [Open/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/


Ltype

gen/Undo]: e

Enter a vertex editing option


[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/Tangent/Width/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 87 uuuGef
eXit] <N>:
Enter a vertex editing option

[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/Tangent/Width/

eXit] <N>:
Enter a vertex editing option

[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/Tangent/Width/

eXit] <N>: b
Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit] <N>:

Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit] <N>:

Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit] <N>:


Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit] <N>: g

Enter a vertex editing option

[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/Tangent/Width/
eXit] <N>:

Enter a vertex editing option

[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/Tangent/Width/
eXit] <N>: x

Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/

Ltype
gen/Undo]: *Cancel*
eXit
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 88 uuuGef
Mclose, Nclose
Mooen, Nopen
Smooth, surface
Desmooth
Edit Verte

Vertex (m,n) : Next / Previous / ....


.... Left / Right / Up / Down / Regen / eXit < N> :
Next - "X " trSwfi,fudktjcm;ae&modkUa½GUjcif;/
Previous - "X " trSwfi,fudkjyD;cJhaom ae&modkUa½GUjcif;/
Left - "X " trS w f i ,f u d k N direction twd k i f ;
a½SUwpfckodkUa½GUjcif;/
Right - "X " trSwfi,fudk N direction twdkif; aemufwpfckodkU
ae&modkUa½GUjcif;/
Up - "X " trSwfi,fudk M direction twdkif; txufwpfck
odkUa½GUjcif;/
Down - "X " trSwfi,fudk M direction twdkif; atmufwpfck
odkUa½GUjcif;/

Before Break

Before Insert
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 89 uuuGef
Move - "X " trS w f i ,f j zif h j yxm;aom Vertex ud k t jcm;
ae&modkUjyefvnfajymif;ay;jcif;/
Regen - polygon mesh - ud k ½ S i f ; vif ; pG m jrif & ap&ef
jrifuGif;udkjyefvnftopfjyKvkyfay;jcif;/
eXit - mesh editing command - rSxGufjcif;/

tcef;(21)
HOW CAN YOU KNOW ABOUT YOUR DRAWING
(t&m0x¬Krsm;\ tajctaeudk pHkprf;jcif;)

77/ (ID) onftrSwfwpfck\ X , Y wefbdk;udkpHkprf;jcif;jzpfonf/


Command: id
Specify point: <Osnap on> P1
X = 2.8413 Y = 9.9487 Z = 0.0000
Point : ( rdrd odvdkaom trSwfudk Click vkyfyg/)

P1
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 90 uuuGef
78/ DIST onftrSwfESpfck\tuGmta0;yrmPudk pHk;prf;jcif;jzpfonf/
Command: dist
Specify first point: P1
Specify second point: P2
Distance = 13.9049, Angle in XY Plane = 0, Angle from XY Plane = 0
Delta X = 13.9049, Delta Y = 0.0000, Delta Z = 0.0000

P1 P2

79/ AREA onftrSwfrsm;\ abmifcwfxm;aomtuGmta0;


tprStqHk;txd ydwfvQuf&Sdaom e,fajrwpfck\
{&d,mudkpHkprf;jcif;jzpfonf/
Command:AREA
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract]: o
Select objects: P1
Area = 7.3899, Perimeter = 11.4961

P1
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 91 uuuGef
Add yxr&NyD;aom{&d,mwGif aemufwpfckESifhaygif;apvdkuoHk;&ef/
Subtract yxr&Ny;D aom{&d,mwGif aemufwpfcEk iS hf EIwaf pvdu
k oH;k onf/
Entity tprStqHk;xdydwfvQuf&Sdaom e,fajrwpfck\{&d,m (Circle,
Polyline rsm;twGuf)
Command:AREA
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract]: a
Specify first corner point or [Object/Subtract]: o
(ADD mode) Select objects: P1
Area = 68.1268, Perimeter = 37.6088
Total area = 68.1268
(ADD mode) Select objects: P2
Area = 30.1692, Perimeter = 40.7126
Total area = 98.2960

P2
P1
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 92 uuuGef
LIST
80/ 0x¬ K wpf c k j zpf a p? trsm;jzpf a p 4if ; wd k U \t½G , f t pm;?wnf a e&m?{&d , m
ponfwdkUudkpHkprf;jcif;jzpfonf/
Command: list
Select objects: 5 found
Select objects:P1

P1

HATCH Layer: "0"


Space: Model space
Color: 32 Linetype: "BYLAYER"
Handle = 96
Hatch pattern AR-BRSTD
Hatch scale 0.1500
Hatch angle 0
Press ENTER to continue:
Associative
LWPOLYLINE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 93 uuuGef
Handle = 99
Closed
Constant width 0.0000
area 30.1692
perimeter 40.7126
at point X= 9.6699 Y= 17.8795 Z= 0.0000
at point X= -0.2825 Y= 14.8482 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 19.6224 Y= 14.8482 Z= 0.0000
Press ENTER to continue: Enter
LWPOLYLINE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 9A
Closed
Constant width 0.0000
area 68.1268
perimeter 37.6088
at point X= 2.7175 Y= 14.8482 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 16.6224 Y= 14.8482 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 16.6224 Y= 9.9487 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 2.7175 Y= 9.9487 Z= 0.0000
LWPOLYLINE Layer: "0"
Press ENTER to continue:Enter
Space: Model space
Handle = 98
Closed
Constant width 0.0000
area 7.3899
perimeter 11.4961
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 94 uuuGef
at point X= 5.7175 Y= 9.9487 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 3.7762 Y= 9.9487 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 3.7762 Y= 13.7555 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 5.7175 Y= 13.7555 Z= 0.0000

LWPOLYLINE Layer: "0"


Space: Model space
Press ENTER to continue:
Handle = 97
Closed
Constant width 0.0000
area 18.3769
perimeter 20.2862
at point X= 7.2175 Y= 13.7555 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 14.9989 Y= 13.7555 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 14.9989 Y= 11.3938 Z= 0.0000
at point X= 7.2175 Y= 11.3938 Z= 0.0000
DBLIST
81/ Screen ay:&S d j rif a e&aom 0xå K tm;vH k ; wd k Y \ t&G , f t pm;wnf a e&m?
{&d,mponfwdkYudk pHkprf;jcif;jzpfonf/
Command : DBLIST
STATUS
yHk\tajctae? uGefysLwm\tajctaeponfwdkYudkpHkprf;jcif;jzpfonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 95 uuuGef
tcef;(21)
VIEWING YOUR DRAWING
(yHkudkjrifuGif;trsdK;rsdK;jzifhMunfhjcif;)
82/ Zoom
number 0wåKrsm;tm;rlvtaetxm;rS Munf½h v I v kd Qif (1)xufBu;D aom*Pef;udk
ay;í csKHUMunfhvdkvQif (1)xufi,faom*Pef;udkay;yg/
numberX 0wåKrsm;tm; vuf&Sdtaetxm;rS csJUMunfhvdkvsif (1)xufBuD;aom
*Pef; udkay;í csKHUMunfhvdkvsif (1)xufi,faom*Pef;udkay;yg/
numberXP Paper space wGif 0wåKrsm;tm;rlvtaetxm;rS csJUMunfhvdkvsif
(1)xufBuD;aom*Pef;udkay;í csKHUMunhfvdkvsif (1)xufi,faom
*Pef;udkay;yg/
All Limits onfyHkxufBuD;ygu? Limits tjynfhjyí? Limits onfyHkxuf
i,fygu yHkudktjynfhjyrnf/
Center jrifuGif;\tv,fwGif jrifvdkaomae&mudkay;&ef? wpfqufwnf; yHk
tBuD;? tao; tuGmta0;udkygcsdefEdkifonf/
Dynamic Zoom Window xufomvGeaf umif;rGec f surf mS jrifuiG ;f \taetxm;
udkygcsdefEdkifonf/
Extent jrifuGif;wGifrdrdyHk twdkif;twmtjynfhjzifhjyrnf/ rvdktyfaom Space
rsm;udkz,fxkwfvdkufrnf/
Left jrifuGif;wGifb,fvufatmufaxmifh jzpfapvdkaomae&mudk ajymEdkifí
wpfqufwnf; yHk\tBuD;tao;? tuGmta0udkygcsdefEdkifonf/
Previous NyD;cJhaom,cifjrifuGif;udkjyefjrifap&efoHk;onf/
Window jrif u G i f ; wG i f j rif v d k a om Area ud k a v;axmif h u G u f u av;jzif h
owfrSwfay;Edkifonf/
Vmax jrifuGif;udktus,fjyefYqHk;jrif&aomaMumifh rlv0wåKudkao;i,fpGm
jrif&rnf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 96 uuuGef
83/ PAN (jrifuGif;\ taetxm;udk ajymif;vJa&GUajymif;Munhfjcif;)
Command : PAN
Displacement : ( ralative coordinates)p1
Second point : p2 [ RETURN ]

P1
P2

84/ VPOINT
Command : VPOINT
Rotate/<View point><current X, Y, Z>:
tjcm;wpfenf;rSm-
DDVPOINTS (odkYr[kwf)
VIEW MENU => SET MENU => VIEDWPOINT PRESETS

0,1,1
-1,1,1 1,1,1

-1,0,1 1,0,1

-1,-1,1 1,-1,1
0,-1,1
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 97 uuuGef
PLAN
85/ yH k w pf y H k u d k tay:wnf h w nf h r S jrif & aomtaetxm;a&muf v d k v sif
4if;udkdoHk;onf/ ,if;taetxm;wGif ucsicon \taetxm;rSm atmufygtwdkif;
jzpfonf/

Command : PLAN
<current UCS>/UCS/Word :
current UCS = vuf&Sda&muf&Sdaeaom UCS \taetxm;onf Plan
View udkjyonf/
UCS = save vkyfxm;cJhaom ucs rsm;&SdcJhvsif ,if;\trnfudkay;í
4if;\ Plan view udkjyEdkifonf/
Word = Word Ucs \ Plan View udkjyonf/

86/ DVIEW
View point xufydkí tqifhjrifhaom Command jzpfonf/
Command : DVIEW
Select object : (select entities)
CAmera = Camera \nGefaxmifhudkaz:jyí 4if;ae&mrSMunhfvdkygu oHk;onf/
Target = Target \nGefaxmifhudkazmfjyí 4if;ae&mudkMunhfvdkyguoHk;onf/
Distance = Camera ESifh Taeget \tuGmta0udkd az:jyvdkygu oHk;yg/ (Per-
spective view)
POint = Camera ESifh Taeget \ae&mudkaz:jyvdkyguokHyg/ (Perspective
view)
Pan = dview oHk;aepOf pan udkoHk;vdkyguoHk;yg/
Zoom = dview oHk;aepOf Zoom udkoHkvdkyguoHk;Edkifonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 98 uuuGef
TWist = jrifuGif;twGif;½IaxmifhudkvSnfhywfMunfvdkyguoHk;onf/
CLip = 0wå K \a&S U rS j zpf a p aemuf r S j zpf a p rMunf h v d k a omt&mrsm;ud k
jyifnDwpfcktjzpfjzwfcsypfvdkygu 4if;udktoHk;jyKEdkifonf/
Back/Front/<Off> Back = 0wåK\aemufrS jyifnDudkowfrSwfay;jcif;
Front = 0wåK\a&SUrSjyifnDudkowfrSwfay;jcif;
Off = 0wåK\a&SUrSjzpfap? aemufrSjzpfap jyifnDudktoHk;rvdkawmhvQif
tvkyfrvkyfcdkif;jcif;
Hide = dview oHk;aepOf Hide udkoHk;vdkuoHk;&ef/
eXit = dview rSxGufvdkygu X udkESdyfyg/
VIEWPOINT\VPORTS
87/ jrif u G i f ; trsm;tjym;cG J x m;í Munf h v d k y gu 4if ; ud k o H k ; &ef j zpf o nf /
odkYaomf4if;twdkif; point out xkwfygu vuf&SdtvkyfvkyfvQuf &SdaomjrifuGif; Cur-
rent viewpoint wpfckwnf;udkxkwfay;vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ 4if;onf Model space
wGifoHk;aom Command jzpfonf/
Command : VIEWPOINT
Save/Restore/Dilete/Join/Single/?/2/<3>/4:
Save = vuf&SdjrifuGif;rsm;udk aemifjyefac:Edkif&eftwGufodrf;xm;&ef/
Join = odrf;xm;aomjrifuGif;rsm;udkjyefac:&ef/
Single = jrifuGif;rsm;udktrsm;rSwpfckwnf;odkYjyefajymif;&ef/
? = odrf;xm;aomjrifuGif;rsm;\trnfudk&SmMunfh&ef/
2 = vuf&SdjrifuGif;udk(2)ckcGJMunfh&ef/
3 = vuf&SdjrifuGif;udk(3)ckcGJMunfh&ef/
4 = vuf&SdjrifuGif;udk(4)ckcGJMunhf&ef/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 99 uuuGef
MVIEW
88/ jrifuiG ;f trsm;tjym; cGx
J m;íMunfv
h ykd gu 4if;udt
k oH;k jyK&efjzpfonf/ 4if;twdik ;f
Point out xkwfygu jrifuGif;tm;vHk;udkxkwfay;vdrfhrnfjzponf/ 4if;onf Paper
space wGifoHk;aom Command jzpfonf/
Command : MVIEW
ON/OFF/Hideplot/Fit/2/3/4/Restore/<first point>:
ON/OFF = jrifuGif;rsm;udk ay:&ef^azsmuf&efoHk;onf/ Off vkyfxm;cJhvQif
Model space rS View udk ON rvkyfrcsif;rjyawmhyg/
Hideplot = Paper space rS Plot vkyfaomtcgwGif jrifuGif;twGif;yg0ifonf
rsm;udk Hissen Line z,fxkwfjcif;udpövkyfrvkyf nGefMum;aom
Command jzponf/
Fit = jrifuGif;udk graphic screen wGiftH0if*Gifusjzpfap&ef t&G,ftpm;
csdefxm;&efoHk;onf/
<First point> = jrifuGif;abmif\axmifhwpfzufudkay;jcif;jzpfonf/

89/ VIEW name


vuf&jdS rifae&aomjrifuiG ;f taetxm;udk aemiftwGut
f oH;k csvv
kd Qio
f ;kH onf/
Command : VIEW
?/Delete/Restore/Save/Window :
View name : jrifuGif;\trnfudkay;&ef/
? = odrf;xm;aomjrifuGif;rsm;\trnfudkMunfh&ef/
Delete = odrf;xm;aomjrifuGif;rsm;udkzsuf&ef/
Restore = odrf;xm;aomrsOf;uGif;rsm;udkjyefac:&ef/
Save = aemifjyefoHk;&efjrifuGif;rsm;udkodrf;xm;&ef/
Window =aemifjyefo;kH &efjrifui
G ;f rsm;udk vdo
k nft
h ydik ;f omuGuí
f odr;f xm;Edik &f ef/
(tjcm;wpfenf;rSm-)
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 100 uuuGef
DDVIEW (odkYr[kwf)VIEW MENU rS NAME VIEW udkoHk;jcif;jzifh VIEW
CONTROL udk&Edkifonf/
VIEWRES
90/ Zoom vk y f a omtcg jref q ef a p&ef E S i f h puf 0 d k i f ; ? puf 0 d k i f ; jywf r sm;\
jrifawGY&onfhtaetxm; (resolution) nufanmrI&Sdap&efoHk;onf/
Command : VIEWRES
Do you want fast zoom?<Y>
Enter circle zoom percentd (1-20000)<100>:

VIEWING SLIDE PRESENTING


91/ Slide file ac:aomjrifuGif;rsm;udk tcsdeftuefYtowfESifh tpDtpOfay;í
yHkt&Sifrsm;udk o½kyfaz:jyo&ef oHk;Edkifonf/
MSLIDE
rdrdvdktyfaomjrifuGif;wpfckodkYa&mufvsif þ Command udkay;yg/
Command : MSLIDE
Slide file<current>: file name (trnf)ESifh Directory, Drive udkay;yg/
Oyrm- trnfudk A 1 [kay;yg/
SH/SHELL
DOS Command jzpfaom Edit udkoHk;&ef4if;udkay;&rnf/
Command : SHELL
OS Command : Edit
EDIT
vdktyfaom File trnfESifh Directory udkay;yg/ odkYr[kwfygu Enter
cvkyfudk½dkufyg/
(u) VSLIDE
Command : VSLIDE trnf(oifjyKvkyfxm;cJhaom Slide file
\trnf)
Oyrm- VSLID A1
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 101 uuuGef
( c) DELAY
Command : DELAY
Oyrm- DELAY 10 (Miliseconds)
( *) RSCRIPT
Slide file rsm;tqHk;a&mufoGm;cJhvsif tprSjyefpEdkif&ef4if;udkoHk;yg/
SAVE
Editer jzifha&;xm;aom File udk * SCR jzifhodrf;yg/

SCRIPT
Script file tvkyfvkyfEdkif&ef 4if;udkoHk;í oHk;rnhf script file \trnfESifh Di-
rectory, Drive udkazmfjy&rnf/
tcef;(22)
twdkif;twmrsm;udkxnfhoGif;jcif;
Dimension your drawing
Dim (or) Dim1
92/ Command promptwGif Dimudk½dkufxnfhay;jcif;jzifhyHkwpfyHk\twdkif; twm
rsm;udkxnfhoGif;ay;Edkifonf/
aemufwpfenf;rSm Dim1 udktoHk;jyKjcif;jzpfjyD; Dim1 rSmwpfMudrfom Dime
-nsion toHk;jyKcGifh½Sdonf/
Dimension wpfckwGifyg0ifaomtpdwftydkif;rsm;rSm
(u) Dimension Text - Object \twdkif;twm,lepf
( c ) Dimension Line - Object \ twdkif;twmudkjyrnfh vdkif;
( * ) Extension Line - Dimension jy&mwGif ab;em;uGyfvdkif;

Dimension Line
Dimension Text

5 Extension Line
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 102 uuuGef
Dimension Commands
93/ Dimension Command rsm;rSm
(u) HORizontal

( c) VErtical

( *) Baseline

(C) COntinue
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 103 uuuGef

( i) ANgular

( p) LEAder

(q) Diameter
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 104 uuuGef
( Z) CEnter

(ps ) RADius

(n) ROtated
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 105 uuuGef
Dimensioning rSxGufí½dk;½dk; Command prompt odkY jyefoGm;vdkygu Exit
(odkUr[kwf) CTR-C udkay;yg/
Dim : Exit
command:
94/ tjcm;aom Dimension Command rsm;rSm-
(u) ORdinate- trSwfwpfck\ X (or) Y wef;bdk;udkjyay;&efoHk;onf/
command : dim
dim : ord (enter)
Select a feature
2.0000

3.0000
Y Dataum

( 6,3)
( 2,3)

6.0000
3.0000
X Dataum

( c) REDraw- DimensionwyfqifaecsdefwGif jrifuGif; udk½Sif;vif;


&eftwGuftoHk;jyKonf/
(* ) STAtus - Dimension variable rsm;\tajcaeud k o d v d k v Qif
toHk;jyKonf/
(C) STYle - Dimension pmom;\pmvH k ; yH k p H r sm;ud k a jymif v nf ;
toHk;jyKvdkvQiftoHk;jyKonf/

(i) SAve - Dimension variable rsm;udr


k rd pd w
d Mf uKd uf Dimension
Style wpfcktaejzifhaemiftcg jyefvnfac:toHk;jyK&efodrf;xm;
vdkvQiftoHk;jyKonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 106 uuuGef
(p) REStore - odr;f xm;cJah omrdrpd w
d Bf uKd uf Dimension Style rsm;udk
jyefvnfac:,ltoHk;jyKvdkvQif oHk;onf/

(q) Undo -Dimension rSm;wyfrdygu Undo jyefvnfjyKvkyf &efoHk;onf/


4if;wGif Redo jyefvnfjyKvkyf&yg/

(Z) OVeride - rd r d j yef v nf w yf q if v d k a om Dimension rsm;ud k


jyefvnfjyKjyif&ef oHk;onf/

(ps) UPdate - Dimension variablersm;tm;vH k u d k


vuf½Sdtaetxm; twdkif; a&muf½SdapvdkvQifoHk;onf/

Tedit ( Dimension Text Edit)

HOMetext

NEWetext

TRotate
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 107 uuuGef
DIMENSION VARIABLES
95/ SCALE
Dimscale Dimension tpdwftydkif;tm;vHk;\ t&G,ftpm;udk tcsdK;us
tBuD;tao;jyKvkyf&mwGif toHk;jyKonf/
Dim : Dimscale
Current value : <1.0000> New value : 2

Dimscale = 1 Dimscale = 2

96/ Dimtxt(Dimension text) pmvHk;\t&G,ftpm;udk wdkuf½dkuftBuD; tao;


ajymif;vJ&eftoHk;jyKonf/
Dim : Dimtxt
Current value <1.0000>New value: .3

Dimtxt = .18 Dimtxt = .3

97/ Dimasz (Arrow Size) rQm;acgif;\t½G,ftpm;udk wdkuf½dkuftBuD; tao;


ajymif;vJ&eftoHk;jyKonf/
Dim : Dimasz
Current value <0.1800>New value: .5

Dimasz = .18 Dimasz = .5


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 108 uuuGef
98/ Dimtsz (Tick size) jrSm;acgif;tpm; Tick jzifhjyvdkvQifoHk;onf/
Dim : Dimtsz
Current value <0.0000>New value: .3

Dimtsz = 0 Dimtsz = 3

99/ Dimcen (CENter mark size) puf0dkif;twGif;½Sd CENter mark


\t½G,f tpm; udkwdkuf½dkuftBuD;ao;ajymif;vJ&eftoHk;jyKonf/oknjzpfygu
tpufi,fjzifhomjyrnfjzpfonf/ (-) udef;jzpfygu CENter line jzifhjyrnf/
yuwdwef;bd;k onf tv,f CENter mark uav;\ t½G,t f pm;yifjzpfonf/
RADIUS, DIAMETER,CENTER Command wdkUESifhoufqdkifonf/
Dim : Dimcen
Current value <0.0000>New value: .2

Dimcen = 0.09 Dimcen = 0 Dimcen = 0.2 Dimcen =- 0.2


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 109 uuuGef
100/ Dimlfac (Linear scale FACtor) twd k i f ; twmrsm;ud k t
pwpfckajr§mufí udef;*Pef;wefbdk;u dkajymif;vJjyapvdkvsif oHk;onf/ Oyrm-
wpf,lepftpm; 4if;wefbdk;wdkif;wmí&aomyrmPudk 2 q ajr§mufjyapvdkygu
Dimlfac udk 2 ay;yg/
Dim : Dimcen
Current value <0.0000>New value: 2

Dimlfac=1 Dimlfac=2

101/ Dimexo (EXtension line's Offset) extension line


udkowfrSwfwdkif;onfh ae&mrS rnfrQcGgxm;rnfudkowfrSwfonf/
Dim : Dimexo
Current value <0.0625>New value: .5

Dimexo=0.0625 Dimexo=0.5
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 110 uuuGef
102/ Dimexe (EXtension line's Offset) extension line \tpGef;xGufudk
owfrSwfonf/
Dim : Dimexe
Current value <0.1800>New value: 1

Dimexe=0.1800 Dimexe=1

103/ Dimdli (Dimension Line's Increment) Dimension Line


wpfckESifh wpfcktuGmta0;udkowfrSwfonf/ 4if;onf BASE LINE dimen-
sion ESifh CONTINUE dimension wdkYwGiftoHk;0ifonf/
Dim : Dimexe
Current value <0.3800>New value: .5

Dimexe = 0.3800 Dimexe = 0.5


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 111 uuuGef
TOLERANCES
104/ Dimtol Tolerance udkxnfhjyvdkygu 4if;udk On ay;&rnf/
Dim : Dimtol
Current value <Off>New value: .ON

Dimtol = Off Dimtol = On

105/ Dimtp(Tolerance Plus) Tolerance \ taygif;buf&Sd


tajymif;tvJ (Variance) udk xnfhjyvdkygu 4if;\wefbdk;udkay;&rnf/
Dim : Dimtol
Current value <0.0000>New value: .002

Dimtp = .002

106/ Dimtm (Tolerance Minus) Tolerance \


tEI w f b uf & S d t ajymif ; tvJ (Variance) ud k x nf h j yvd k y gu
4if;\wefbdk;udkay;&rnf/
Dim : Dimtm
Current value <0.0000>New value : .003

Dimtm = .003
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 112 uuuGef
107/ Dimlim(LIMit) Tolerance udk ( Upper limit, Lower limit) yHpk jH zifh
jyapvdvk Qif 4if;udk On ay;&rnf/ rlvtwdik ;f twmyrmPü Dimtp, Dimtm
wefbdk;rsm; xnfh aygif;ay;rnf/
Dim : Dimlim
Current value < Off > New value : ON

Dimlim = Off Dimlim = On

ROUNDING
108/ Dimrnd twdkif;twmrsm;udk teD;pyfqkH;wefbdk;,lapvdkygu okH;yg/
Oyrm / Dimrnd ud k .25[k a y;xm;yguwd k i f ; wmí&aom wef b d k ;
rsm;onf 1.25, 1.5,1.75ponf j zif h .25yrmP teD ; qk H ;
,l&vdrfhrnf/

Dimrnd =.0000 Dimrnd =.2500


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 113 uuuGef
109/ DinZinoknwefbdk; xnfhjy^rjyudk xdef;csKyfay;onf/ 4if;\ rlvwefbdk;rSm
0jzpfonf/ tu,fíDecimal ,lepfjzpfygu-
0 jzpfaevQif okHntm;vkH;udk jyaeNyD;
8 jzpfvQif aemuf&Sd rvdktyfaom oknrsm;udk azsmufxm;rnf/
4 jzpfvQif 'ora&SU&Sdoknudk azsmufxm;rnf/
For Decimanl Units

Dimzin = 0 Dimzin = 8

Dimzin = 0 Dimzin = 4

tu,fí Architect ,lepfjzpfygu-


0jzpfvQif oknay? oknvufrtm;vkH;udk rjybJ
1jzpfvQif oknay? oknvufrtm;vkH;udk jyrnf/
2jzpfvQif oknayudk jyí oknvufrudk azsmufxm;rnf/
3jzpfvQif oknvufrudk jyíoknayudk azsmufxm;rnf/
For Arhitectural Unit

Dimzin = 0
Dimzin = 1

Dimzin = 2 Dimzin =3
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 114 uuuGef
DIMENSION TEXT ORIENTATION
110/ Dimgap Dimension line ESihf pmvk;H tMum;&Sd uGuv
f yfyrmPudk owfrw
S af y;
onf/
Dim:Dimgap
Current value <0.0900>New value:.5

Dimgap = 0.0900 Dimgap = 0.5

111/ Dimtfac toreance dimension rsm;oHk;aomtcg rlv Basic Dimen-


sion, Tolerance Dimension wdkU\ t½G,ftpm; tcsdK;udkowfrSwfay;onf/ 1
onf4if;wdkUt½G,ftpm; wlonf[kqdkvdkonf/ Basic Dimension, Tolerance Di-
mension wdUk \ t½G,tf pm; wpf0ufom½Sad pvdyk gu Dimtfac = 0.5 omay;½ygrnf/

Dimtfac =1 Dimtfac = 0.5

112/ Dimtad (Text Above Dimension Line)Dimension pmvkH;rsm;udk Di-


mension line \ tay:bufwGif xm;&Sdrnf[k BuKdwifcsdefxm;jcif;jzpfonf/ Di-
mension Line ES i f h pmvk H ; tv,f A [d k \ tuG m ta0;rS m pmvk H ; \
tjrifhyrmPtwdkif;&Sdonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 115 uuuGef
Dim:Dimtad
Current value <0> New Value: 3

Dimtad = O Dimtad = 3

EXTENSION LINE CONTROL


113/ Dimse 1 [Suppress Extension Line no(1)]yxrqkH;qJGrnfhbufrS
Extension Line udk azsmufypfrnf[k qdkvdkjcif;jzpfonf/
Dim:Dimsel
Current Value<Off> New Value:On

Dimse 1 = Off Dimse 1 = On

114/ Dimse 2 [Supperss Extension Line no (2)]tqkH;bufrS Exten-


sion Lineudk azsmufypfrnf[k qdkvdkjcif;jzpfonf/
Dim:Dimse 2
Current Value <Off> New Value:On

Dimse 2 = Off Dimse 2= On


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 116 uuuGef
115/ Dimtofl [Text Outside Force Line]tu,fí pmvkH;rsm;onf Ex-
tension LinetjyifbufodkY xGufoGm;cJhygu Dinension Line udk Extension Line
ESpfckMum;wGif;wGif xnfhoGif;a&;qJGxm;rnf[k qdkvdkjcif;jzpfonf/
Dim:Dimtofl
Current value <Off> New value:On

Dimtofl = Off Dimtofl = On

116/ Dimsoxd (Suppress Outside Line) Dimension pmvk;H rsm;onf Ex-


tension LinetwGif;0ifaecJhygu tjyifbufwGif Dimension Line&Sdaejcif;udk
rvdkvm;[k BuKdwifcsdef;xm;jcif;jzpfonf/ ta&;BuD;qkH;rSm Dimtixudk On xm;&rnf/
Dim: Dimsoxd
Current value<Off> New Value: On

Dimsoxd = Off Dimsoxd = On


Contents
AutoCAD 2002 117 uuuGef
ALTERNATIVE DIMENSION OPTIONS
117/ Dimalt ( ALTernative ) wcgw&H Dimension ukd,lepf(2)rsdK;jzihf
jyvkdaomtcgrsm;&Sdwwfonf/ xkdtcgrsdK;wGif Dimalt ukd On xm;&rnf/
Dim : Dimalt
Current value <Off> New value : On

Dimalt = Off

Dimalt = On
118/ Dimaltd ( ALTernative Decimal places ) uGif;twGif;&Sd Alter-
native Dimension ukd 'órae&mrnfrQjyvkdonfukd owfrSwfay;jcif;jzpfonf/
ykHrSeftm;jzihf (2)ae&mjyonf/
Dim : Dimaltd
Current value <2> New value : 4

Dimaltd = 2

Dimaltd = 4
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 118 uuuGef
119/ Dimaltf ( ALTernative Factor ) twGif;&Sd Alternative Dimen-
sion twGuf oufqkdif&m ,lepfukd jyEkdif&eftwGuf rlvtwkdif;twmESifh ajr§mufay;&rnfh
ajr§mufaz:udef;ukdowfrSwfay;jcif;jzpfonf/ ykHrSeftm;jzihf (25.4)jzihf ajr§mufay;onf/
Dim : Dimaltf
Current value <25.4> New value : 2.54

Dimaltf = 25.4

Dimaltf = 2.54

120/ Dimpost Dimension \aemufwiG f rnfonhpf mom;ukw


d í
GJ a&;apvko
d nfudk
ajymonf/ Oyrm- Dimension pmom;\aemufwGif Inch [ka&;vkdygu - Dimpost
wGif Inch [ka&;ay;&rnf/ 4if;ukd jyefazsmufvkdygu Dimpost wGif (Full stop) (.)
uk½d u
dk x
f nhaf y;vku
d yf g/
Dim : Dimpost
Current value <> New value : Inch

Dimpost = .

Dimpost = Inch
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 119 uuuGef
121/ Dimapost Alternative Dimension \aemufwiG f rnfonhpf mom;ukd wJí
G
a&;ap vkdonfukdajymonf/ Oyrm - Alternative Dimension pmom;\aemufwGif
Cm [ka&;vkdygu Dimapost wGif Cm [k a&;ay;&rnf/ 4if;udkjyefazsmufvkdygu ?
Dimapost wGif (Full stop) (.) ukd½kdufxnhfay;vkdufyg/
Dim : Dimapost
Current value <> New value : Cm

Dimpost = .
Dimapost = .

Dimpost = Inch
Dimapost = Cm

CUSTOMIZING ARROW HEADS


(jrm;acgif;rsm;ukdrdrdpdwfBudKufzefwD;jcif;)

122/ wcgw&HwGif jrm;acgif;rsm;ukd rdrdpdwfBudKufzefwD;vkdaomtcgrsm; &Sdvmvdrfhrnf/


xkdtcgrsdK;wGif atmufyg tpDtpOftwkdif; jyKvkyfyg/
(u) rdrdzefwD;vkdonhf jrm;acgif;ykHukdqJGyg/
( c) 4if;ukd Block vkyfyg/ Insertion Point ukdjrm;\xdyfukday;yg/
Oyrm - Block Name = A

Insert Point
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 120 uuuGef

( *) Dim okdY0ifí Dimblk wGif Block vkyfpOfu rdrday;cJhaomtrnfukd


ay;vkdufyg/ xkdtcgjr§m;acgif; onf rdrdqJGcJhaom ykHtwkdif;&ygvdrfhrnf/

123/ Dimblk rdrdzefwD;cJhonf jrm;acgif;\trnf/


Dim : Dimblk
Current value <> New value : A
wcgw&HwGif rdrdpdwfBudKufzefwD;vkdufaom jrm;acgif;rsm;udk wzufpGef;ESihfwzufpGef;
rwlnDapvkdygu - jrm;acgif;ykH(2)ykHqJGí Block vkyfvkdufyg/
Oyrm -A1 ESihf A2 [lí Block (2)vkyfxm;cJhonf qkdygpkdY atmufygtwkdif;
jyKvkyfyg/

(u) Dimblk1 rdrdzefwD;cJhonhf yxrjrm;acgif;\trnf/ rlvjrm;acgif;twkdif;


jyefxm;vkdu- (Full stop)(.) ukday;yg/
Dim : Dimblk 1
Current value <> New value : A1

( c) Dimblk 2 rdrdzefwD;cJhonhf 'kkwd,jrm;acgif;\trnf/ rlvjrm;acgif;twkdif;


jyefxm;vkdu- (Full stop)(.) ukday;yg/
Dim : Dimblk 2
Current value <> New value : A2

124/ Dimsah ( Separate Arrow Head ) jr§m;acgif;(2)ckvkyfxm;apumrl 4if;ukd


On rxm;ygu 4if;jr§m;acgif;(2)ckonf tvkyfrvkyfao;yg/ xkdYaMumihf4if;ukd On ay;&rnf/
Dim : Dimsah
Current value <off> New value : On
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 121 uuuGef
COLORS
125/ Dimclrd( CoLoR of Dimension Line ) wcgw&H Dimension Line
ESihf jrm;acgif;wkdYukd ta&mifwckckESihf jyvkdaomtcgrsdK;wGif Dimclrd üta&mifwckck\
trnfukd oufqkdif&m*Pmef;jzihfjzpfap ta&mif\trnfjzihfjzpfap ay;xm;&rnf/
Dim : Dimclrd
Current value <Byblock> New value : Red (Or) 1

Dimclrd = Red

Dimclrd = Green

126/ Dimclre( CoLoR of Extension Line ) wcgw&H Extension Line,


Center MarkwkdYukd ta&mifwckckESihf jyvkdaomtcgrsdK;wGif Dimclre üta&mifwckck\
trnfukd oufqkdif&m*Pmef;jzihfjzpfap ta&mif\trnfjzihfjzpfap ay;xm;&rnf/
Dim : Dimclre
Current value <Byblock> New value : yellow (Or) 2

Dimclrd = Green
Dimclre = yellow
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 122 uuuGef
127/ Dimclrt ( CoLoR of Text ) wcgw&H dimension pmvkH;wkdYukd ta&mif
wckckESihfjyvkdaom tcgrsdK;wGif Dimclrt üta&mifwckck\trnfukd oufqkdif&m*Pmef;jzihf
jzpfap? ta&mif\trnfjzihfjzpfap ay;xm;&rnf/
Dim : Dimclrt
Current value <Byblock> New value : Blue (Or) 5

Dimclrt = Blue

By using AutoCAD 2002 MENU FEATURE


DIMENSION yHkpHrsm;owfrSwfjcif;
128/ DDIM
SETTING MENU ==> DIMENSION ==> STYLES
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 123 uuuGef
Line and Arrow yHkpHrsm;udk a&G;cs,fowfrSwfvdkygu atmufygtwdkif; a&G;cs,f
owfrSwfEdkifygonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 124 uuuGef

Text pmvH k ; yH k p H r sm;ud k a&G ; cs,f o wf r S w f v d k y gu atmuf y gtwd k i f ; a&G ; cs,f


owfrSwfEdkifygonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 125 uuuGef

Dimension Units twGuf a&G;cs,fowfrSwfvdkygu atmufygtwdkif; a&G;cs,f


owfrSwfEdkifygonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 126 uuuGef

Text pmvHk;yHkpHrsm;udk a&G;cs,fowfrSwfvdkygu atmufygtwdkif; a&G;cs,f


owfrSwfEdkifygonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 127 uuuGef
Dimension Tolerance a&G;cs,fowfrSwfvdkygu atmufygtwdkif; a&G;cs,f
owfrSwfEdkifygonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 128 uuuGef

pmrsm;udk Dimension Alternate Units twGuf a&G;cs,fowfrSwfvdkygu


atmufygtwdkif; a&G;cs,f owfrSwfEdkifygonf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 129 uuuGef
tcef;(23)
Printing & Ploting
129/ a&;qGJjyD;aomyHkrsm;udk Printer jzifhyHkxkwfjcif;
Setting Up a Plot
Toolbar : Standard
Menu : File > Print
Command : Plot
Printer jzifh yHkxkwf&eftwGuf Print / Plot Configuration dialog
box ay:vm&ef txufygtwdkif;jyKvkufygu atmufygtwdkif;az:jyrnf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 130 uuuGef
Device and Default Selection
rdrdowfrSwfxm;vdkaom Printer Or Plotter udkaz:jy&eftwGuf Plot
Device rS Plotter configuration wGif rdrdowfrSwfxm;vdkaom Printer or
Plotter udk Name ae&mwGif a½G;cs,fay;&rnf/ yHkwGif HP LaserJet 2100
Series Ps udak ½G;cs,x
f m;jy;D 4if; Printer twGuS
f etting rsm;udak jymif;vJowfrw
S f
ay;&eftwGuf 4if;\ab;rS Properties udka½G;cs,fyg/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 131 uuuGef

wdktcg atmufaz:jyygtwdkif; HP LaserJet 2100 Printer twGuf Plotter


Configuration Edittor Dialog box ay:vmrnf/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 132 uuuGef
4if; Dialog box rS Device and Document Settings rS Custom
Properties udka½G;cs,fyguatmufwGif Custom Properties jyKvkyf&ef twGuf
Custom Properties Button udka½G;cs,fygu HP LaserJet 2100 Series
PS Document Properties Dialog box ay:vmvQif Layout rS Orentation
wGif Portrait, Landscape, Rotated Landscape wpfckckudka½G;cs,fyg/ Pa-
per Order wGifvnf; Front to Back, Back to Front wpfckckudka½G;cs,fyg/
Layout Dialog box rS Advance udkxyfrHa½G;cs,fygu HP LaserJet 2100
Series PS Advanced Options Dialog box ay:xGufvmrnf/ ,if;wGif
Paper / Output rS rdrdtoHk;jyKrnfh pm½Guft½G,ftpm;udka½G;cs,fay;yg/
xd k t cg rd r d o wf r S w f x m;onf h Printer , Paper Size wd k U onf Defaut
tjzifhowfrSwfjyD;jzpfaernf/
jyD;vQif Plot Settings rsm;udkowfrSwfay;&rnfjzpfygonf/ 'gaMumifh Plot
Settings udk a½G;yg/ Paper size wGif rdrd owfrSwfxm;vdkonfh Paper Size
udkxm;yg/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 133 uuuGef
Drawing orentation wGif rdrd rS owfrSwfvdkonfh twdkif; Portrait
(or) Landscape udk yHkygtwdkif;owfrSwfay;yg/
jyD;vQif Plot scale wGif rdrd owfrSwfay;xm;vdkonfh Scale udk yHkwGif
jyxm;onfhtwdkif; a½G;cs,fay;yg/

jyD ; vQif Plot area wG i f rd r d uG e f y sLwmwG i f az:aeonf h


taetxm;twdkif;xkwf,lvdkygu yHkygtwdkif; Display udka½G;yg/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 134 uuuGef
rdrdyHk\ owfrSwfxm;aom Limits rsm;twdkif; yHkpHxkwf,lvdkvQif yHkygtwdkif;
Plot area wGif Limits udk a½G;cs,fay;yg/

rdrdyHk\ tMuD;qHk;csJUjrifEdkifonfh yHkpHxkwf,lvdkvQif yHkygtwdkif; Plot area wGif


Extents udk a½G;cs,fay;yg/
Contents
AutoCAD 2002 135 uuuGef
rdrd Computer Display wGijf rif&onf;h twdik ;f yHpk x
H w
k ,
f v
l v
kd Qif yHyk gtwdik ;f
Plot area wG i f Display ud k a½G ; cs,f a y;yg/ jyD ; vQif OK ud k ES d y f y gu
rdrda&G;cs,fxm;onfhyHkudk Plotting jyKvkyfay;rnfjzpfygonf/

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