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# EGB323 Tutorial 1 Solutions

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Question 1

Some unknown fluid is occupying a space of 4 m3 and weighs 6500 kg. Determine the
fluids:

• Specific weight

• Density

• Specific volume

• Specific gravity

## First find the density

mass 6500
ρ= = = 1625 kg/m3
volume 4
Then the specific weight is

## The specific volume is the inverse of density

1 1
v= = = 6.15 ∗ 10−4 m3 /kg
ρ 1625
The specific gravity is relative to the density of water

ρf luid 1625
SG = = = 1.625
ρwater 1000

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Question 2

An SAE 30 oil has a relative density of 0.897 and a dynamic viscosity of 380 centiPoise
at 16◦ C. At this temperature determine:

10−3 Pa s.

## µ = 380 cP = 380 ∗ 10−3 = 0.38 P a s

The kinematic viscosity is the dynamic viscosity divided by the density, in SI units this is
measured in m2 /s but is often given in terms of the unit Stoke (St)

µ 0.38
ν= = = 4.24 ∗ 10−4 m2 /s = 424 cSt
ρ 0.897 ∗ 1000

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Question 3

Gas of specific volume 0.6 m3 /kg is in a cylindrical vessel of diameter 400 mm and length
1600 mm.

## • Determine the mass of gas in the vessel.

• If a further 0.5 kg of the same gas is added to the vessel what will now be the specific
volume and density?

## First we need to find the volume of the cylinder,

d 400 ∗ 10−3
V = 2πr ∗ h = 2π ∗ h = 2π ∗ 1600 ∗ 10−3 = 0.20 m3
2 2
Then the mass of the gas can be find by dividing the volume by the specific volume,
V 0.20
m= = = 0.33 kg
v 0.6
Adding 0.5 kg, m = 0.33 + 0.5 = 0.83 kg. The volume has not changed; hence,
V 0.20
v= = = 0.24 m3 /kg
m 0.83
The density is therefore,
1 1
ρ= = = 4.15 kg/m3
v 0.24

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Question 4

Glycerin has a surface tension, σs , of 0.063 N/m and a density of 1261 kg/m3 . In order
to have a meniscus of less than 0.1 mm in a perfectly round tube, what should the diameter
of the tube be? (assuming that φ = 0)

Force balance, the weight of the liquid is opposed by the surface tension force.

W = FST
2
ρg(πr h) = 2πrσs cos φ
2πrσs cos φ
r2 =
ρgπh
2σs cos φ
r =
ρgh
2 ∗ 0.063
r =
1261 ∗ 9.8 ∗ 0.0001
r = 0.1 m

## Therefore, the diameter of the tube must be at least 0.2 m, 20 cm.

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Question 5

Impure water at 20◦ C has a meniscus of height 4.5 mm in a 5 mm diameter tube. If the
surface tension is 0.073 N/m, what is the contact angle?

Force balance, the weight of the liquid is opposed by the surface tension force.

W = FST
2
ρg(πr h) = 2πrσs cos φ
ρg(πrh)
cos φ =
2πσs
!
−1 ρg(πrh)
φ = cos
2πσs
1000 ∗ 9.8 ∗ 0.0025 ∗ 0.0045
 
φ = cos−1
2 ∗ 0.073

φ = 41