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Van der Waals:

 

P +

a

Van der Waals:    P + a v 2    ( v

v

2

 

(

v

b

)

=

RT

Van der Waals:

 

P

+

a

Van der Waals:    P + a v 2    ( v

v

2

 

(

v

b

)

=

RT

a =  

27

P + a v 2    ( v b ) = RT  a

64



2

2

R T

c

P

c

 1   b =     8 
1
b = 

 
8

RT

c

     2 2 R T c P c  1  

P

c

Berthelot:

 

P

+

a

Berthelot:    P + a Tv 2    ( v b )

Tv

2

 

(

v

b

)

=

RT

Redlich - Kwong (RK)

a =

b =

P =

RT

v

b

0.42748

2

2.5

R T

c

P

c

0.08664 RT

c

P

c

RK

=

a

RK

/

v v

(

+

T

b

)

Soave - Redlich - Kwong (SRK)

RT

v

P =

SRK

 

b

(

v v

+

b

)

+

1.55171

 

0.15613

0.42747

2

2

R T

c

a =

P

c

0.08664 RT

c

=

a

P

c

 

1

+

(

b =

0.48508

SRK

2

)(

1

0.5

r

T

)

 

2

Peng - Robinson (PR):

a =

b =

PR

P =

RT

v

b

PR

v

2

+

2

bv

b

2

0.45724

2

2

R T

c

P

c

0.07780 RT

c

= a

 

P c

1

+

(

0.37464

+ 1.54226

0.26992

2

)(

1

0.5

r

T

)

 

2

Forma General

P =

RT

(

v

b

)

 

v

2

+

v

+

 

Autor

Año

 

Ɵ

δ

ε

Van der Waals

1873

 

0

0

Berthelot

1899

/

0

0

Redlich-Kwong

1949

/

/

b

0

Soave

1972

Ɵ

s (T)

b

0

Peng-Robinson

1976

Ɵ

PR (T)

2b

-b 2

Forma General

2 Z 3 + Z + Z + = 0 EN FUNCIÓN DEL FACTOR DE
2
Z 3
+
Z
+
Z +
= 0
EN FUNCIÓN DEL FACTOR DE COMPRESIBILIDAD
 

Van der Waals

Soave – Redlich - Kwong

Peng - Robinson

α

-(1+B)

-1

-(1-B)

β

A

A-B-B 2

A-2B-3B 2

γ

-AB

-AB

-(AB-B 2 -B 3 )

Forma General

Z

B

A

Pv = RT bP = RT  P 2 Para las ecuaciones de VdW, SRK
Pv
=
RT
bP
=
RT
P
2 Para las ecuaciones de VdW, SRK y PR
(
RT )
= 
P
En la ecuación de estado de RW
2
2.5
(
R T
)

OTRAS ECUACIONES

Dieterici

P

a

b

=

RT

(

v

b

)

e

2

2

c

4 R T Pe

Pe

=

c

RT

c

2

c

2

=

 

a

RTv

 

Beattie - Bridgeman

Pv RT v B

=

+

2

0

 

1

b

v



 

1

C

vT

3

 

A

0

 

1

a

v

 

Benedict-Webb-Rubin (BWR)

P

=

RT

v

+

RTB A

0

0

C

0

T

2

v

2

+

RTb a + a v

3

C

 

+

6

3

2

v vT

1 +

v

2

 

e

   v  

2

Virial:

Pv

=

A

+

B

C

+ 2 v v
+
2
v
v

++

Autor

Año

Ɵ

ƞ

δ

ε

Δ

           

Van der Waals

1873

b

0

0

Clausius

1880

/

b

2c

c

2

/

 

( + )

Berthelot

 

/

b

   

/

1899

0

0

     

/

 

Redlich-Kwong

1949

/

/

b

b

0

( + )

           

( )

Soave

1972

Ɵ s (T)

b

b

0

( + )

Lee-Erbar-Edmister

1973

Ɵ L (T)

ƞ(T)

b

0

− ƞ( )

− ƞ( )

 

( )( + )

Peng-Robinson

1976

Ɵ PR (T)

b

2b

-b 2

 
Peng-Robinson 1976 Ɵ P R (T) b 2b -b 2  

+ + ( − )

+ + ( )

Patel-Teja

1981

Ɵ PT (T)

b

b+c

-cb

 
Patel-Teja 1981 Ɵ P T (T) b b+c -cb  

+ + ( − )

+ + ( )