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Taleeyah K. Painter

Professor Dunham

English 1201

17 March 2019
Annotated Bibliography

Within my essay, I am going to answer the question “Should the HIPPA be applied to patients in

critical care”? Using the information provided in the link attached, I will provide information on

scenarios when HIPAA has been violated, how so many lawsuits have been proceeded since the

HIPPA Act. The pharmacists explain that some violations can be very serious and others not

serious. A explanation of how HIPAA is protecting the patients privacy.

Sederstrom, Jill. “Protect Patient Privacy: Common Mistakes Pharmacies Make That Could

Violate HIPPA.” Drug Topics, no. 11, 2018, p. 35. EBSCOhost, sinclair.ohionet.org:80/login?

Medpage today, provides specific information on the value of HIPPA, my favorite use of

this article is that it gives ten situations that HIPAA may not apply, which will help

support my topic. Patients in critical care are often not conscious. A example given is if a

family member of the patient calls and asks for the status of the patient. Multiple

examples and rules are given to support the claim.

MD, Jesse Pines. “10 Times HIPAA May Not Apply.” Medpage Today, Medpage Today, 8 Sept.

2015, www.medpagetoday.com/blogs/epmonthly/53455.

Health Information Privacy, gives more general explanation of HIPPA, the use of

HIPPA, why it was created and what is applied to. I found that this source is more

general, and just gives a overall look of HIPPA. This will help my essay, by explaining
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the HIPPA act and what it is used for. I like to usually start my essays off with the basic,

explanatory information.

HHS Office of the Secretary,Office for Civil Rights, and Ocr. “Your Rights Under HIPAA.”

HHS.gov, US Department of Health and Human Services, 1 Feb. 2017, www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-


The article gives out information of cases, that either information was given out, and

HIPPA was violated, or odd situations which HIPAA was hard to work through, such as

patients in critical care. I am going to use the case informations towards the body of my

essay. I feel it is important to have real-life examples of complex situations, that HIPAA

has caused problems in.

“20 Catastrophic HIPAA Violation Cases to Open Your Eyes.” MedPro Medical Waste

Disposal, Pine Bluff Police Department, 7 Jan. 2019, www.medprodisposal.com/20-catastrophic-


The next source, is an addition to orginical working bibliography. I found this article

after, researching further. I feel this article is very explanatory on the benefits and cons of

HIPPA. The article gives both sides of HIPPA. I will be using these statements to

compare and contrast, how the negatives override the positives, when it comes to a life of

a human. The article shows how HIPPA even changed how the patient receives their

personal status. HIPAA does not require consent for billing. Ayres, Crystal. “22 Pros and

Cons of HIPAA.” Vittana.org, vittana.org/22-pros-and-cons-of-hipaa.

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The health portability act of 1996, shows the changes that are constantly being made to

HIPAA. Some of the changes are not in the best, of the patient. HIPAA is not always

trying to help the patient. Often, the family is not aloud to receive the patients


Codington-Lacerte, Céleste. “Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.”

Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2013. EBSCOhost,



Tri-Medical Care, gives information for each situation. How medical care, billing,

information is given, and operations are processed using the HIPAA act. I will use this

information to support my claim that the HIPPA act should not be applied to the patients

in critical care. When a patient is not responsive, the patient does not have the ability to

make valuable decisions.

“HIPAA | Tri-Med Ambulance | BLS, Bariatric, Critical Care & Wheelchair Transport.” TriMed,