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Annotated Bibliography

Fair Trade World Wide

Hannah Clark

February 17, 2019

De Pelsmacker, Patrick, et al. "Do consumers care about ethics? Willingness to pay for fair-trade
coffee." Journal of Consumer Affairs, vol. 39, no. 2, 2005, p. 363+. Academic OneFile,
74&sid=AONE&xid=b41aad0c. Accessed 13 Feb. 2019.

This article shows that consumers do not care about whether or not a company is being
ethical. The consumer will still buy the products. Though consumers will buy unethical
products it it is a growing statistic for them not to. The study showed that Americans are
trying to buy more environmentally friendly products and researching products that are
humanly unethical. One of the biggest studies that they took statistics for was the fair
trade in coffee. This article gives examples of fair trade and how it works.

Linn, Craig. “FAIR TRADE: FACTS and ISSUES.” Bm Food Blue Mountains Food Co-Op
Research Group, Blue Mountains Food Co-Op Research Group, 22 Mar. 2017,

This article is significant because it details on what fair trade is and what they have
accomplished. The article shows the positives that will come from fair trade. The article
can give another side to my paper rather than the negatives of fair trade. The article also
shows how consumers know if an item is a fair trade product. There is a section that
shows the importance of free trade. The article shows how fair trade is trying to expand
companies in Australia. The article will give me a bright side to a negative topic.
Utting, Karla. "Assessing the Impact of Fair Trade Coffee: Towards an Integrative Framework."
Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 86, 2009, pp. 127-149. ProQuest,
958?accountid=10163, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-008-9761-9.

This article shows the positives and the negatives of fair trade. It also focuses on if
companies are ethical or unethical. It also focuses on the impact of local businesses and
how social, environmental, and political issues account to the topic of fair trade. This
article focuses on these topics with using the example of coffee grown in Nicaragua. The
article shows conflicts with tradeoffs, developmental changes, human rights and
innovations techniques that are in the works.

Haight, Colleen. “The Problem with Fair Trade Coffee.” Stanford Social Innovation Review,
Leland Stanford Jr. University, 2011, ssir.org/pdf/2011SU_CaseStudy_Haight.pdf.

This article shows negative impacts that fair trade made have. The article claims that the
coffee industry in fair trade is not doing what they promised to reduce poverty. The
also claims that fair trade is only a benefit of the farmer rather then the consumer. The
article shows the problems that are faced with fair trade in the coffee industry. How the
trade industry was started is also said in the article. America's intake of coffee and how
americans affect the industry of fair trade is also written.

“Child Labor and Slavery in the Chocolate Industry.” Peeling Back the Truth on Bananas | Food
Empowerment Project, Food Empowerment Project ,

This article shows the negative aspects of fair trade chocolate industry. The article shows
the worst forms of child labor slavery in Western Africa. They are tricked to work on
these cocoa farms by traffickers telling them it is a well paying job. Other children are
sold onto the farm. The article shows that the cocoa industry would not be such a
growing industry without the child labor slavery. The article ask the question of whether
chocolate labels are truthful.
“Bitter Brew: The Stirring Reality of Coffee.” Peeling Back the Truth on Bananas | Food
Empowerment Project, Food Empowerment Project, www.foodispower.org/coffee/.

This article shows the negatives of the coffee industry in fair trade. It does this by
explaining child labor laws that are broken within the industry. The coffee industry also
takes adults into slavery to work to pay for their debts. This is the case in Brazil where
go thru slave like conditions. Another topic that is in the article is animal exploitation.
This is development of concern in the coffee fair trade is the practice of feeding coffee
beans to animals and then using the excreted beans for consumption. There is also a
concern if coffee labels are not trustworthy and it is said in the article.

Lyon, Sarah. "Fair Trade Coffee and Human Rights in Guatemala." Journal of Consumer Policy,
vol. 30, no. 3, 2007, pp. 241. ProQuest,
674?accountid=10163, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10603-007-9040-7.

This article searched the coffee fair trade of in Guatemala and whether it was ethical or
It also showed consumer habit and how fair trade affected consumers in community
development. Consumer actions was found to affect fair trade as a growing demand.
Human rights now plays a bigger role for the consumer because of fair trade. This
article also shows the importance of coffee in the Guatemala society.

Davies, I. A., & Ryals, L. J. (2010). The role of social capital in the success of fair trade. Journal
Business Ethics, 96(2), 317-338. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-010-0468-3

This article focuses on the company aspect of fair trade and how companies have done
great jobs at keeping fait trade regulations a top priority. It also focuses on data and
that the companies have to take into their minds. These statics help with choosing the
farms and right goals.
Wielechowski, Michal. ACTA, Warsaw University of Life Science , 2012,

This article supports fair trade is a very important issue because it will bring
countries to make money. This article also talks about the biggest fair trade organizations
and their part into the industry. It focuses on the biggest countries that but fair trade
products, the United States and United Kingdom. These products are bananas, coffee,
coaco, and sugar cane. It also focuses on the developing countries within Africa.