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Experiment – 2

1. Building and Analyzing Multi-block systems


Use * and + operators to
connect four subsystems in the
series/parallel arrangements
show in Diagram 1. Verify that
the overall poles of the transfer
function are the union of the
poles of the individual transfer functions. Also, verify that the zeros of the overall transfer function do not
include the zeros of G1(s), G2(s) or G3(s), but do include the zero of G4(s). Plot the step response of the
overall transfer function as Figure 1. Compute the DCGAIN. What is your observation in relation to step
response?
2𝑠+3 2𝑠+6 𝑠+4
𝐺1 (𝑠) = 5𝑠2 +2𝑠+1, 𝐺3 (𝑠) = 𝑠2 +𝑠+8 𝐺4 (𝑠) = (𝑠+1)(𝑠2 +4𝑠+1), G2(s) has a zero at s = -2 and poles at s = -8,

and -0.5 and a gain of 5.


2. Use MATLAB to create a negative feedback system
4𝑠+1
shown in Diagram 1 where G(𝑠) = 5𝑠2 +2𝑠+1, H(𝑠) =
𝑠+6
. Give closed-loop transfer function as a ratio of
𝑠2 +4𝑠+11

polynomials and determine its zeros, poles and gain.


Compare the poles of the closed loop transfer function T(s) to the poles of G(s) and H(s).
Determine the stability of T(s). Also, verify that the zeros of T(s) are zeros of G(s) and poles of H(s)
3. State space Analysis
Use MATLAB to compute and plot the impulse and step response of the state space model
  2  2 .5  0 .5  1 

A 1 0 
0  B  0 C  0 1.5 1
 0 1 0  0
D  0
Then simulate and plot the state response x(t )  x1 (t ) x 2 x3 
1 
 2 0  t  2
When the input is u (t )    and initial condition is x (0)  0 
 0.5 t2 
 2
4. Root Locus method
Use MATLAB to draw the root locus for the feedback system whose open loop transfer function is
K ( s  5)
GH ( s )  and comment on the applicability of various properties of root locus. Find
( s  1)( s  3)( s  12 )
the break-away point, and determine the value of closed loop poles for this K.