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# CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM

SECTION
STRAIGHT OBJECTIVE TYPE
4.1 In which reaction will an increase in the volume of the container favor the formation of products?
(A) C (s)  H 2O( g ) CO( g )  H 2 ( g )

## (D) 3O2 ( g ) 2O3 ( g )

4.2 In a lit. container following equilibrium is established with equal moles of NO2 ( g ) & N 2O4 ( g ).
184
N2O4 ( g ) 2 NO2 ( g ), at equilibrium M avg .  , them ratio of K C & total initial moles is.
3
(A) 3 (B) 3/2 (C) 27/4 (D) 6
4.3 PCI 5 is 10% dissociated at 1 atm. What is % dissociation at 4 atm. PCI5 ( g ) PCI3 ( g )  CI 2 ( g )
(A) 40% (B) 2.5% (C) 5% (D) 10%
4.4 The pressure of iodine gas at a particular temperature is found to be 0.111 atm, whereas the
expected pressure is 0.074 atm. the increased pressure is due to I 2 2 I . Calculate K p for this
equilibrium.
(A) 0.074 (B) 0.148 (C) 0.05 (D) None of these
4.5 The ratio of the rate of diffusion of a sample of N 2O4 partially dissociated in to NO2 to pure
hydrogen was found to be 1 : 5. Calculate the degree is dissociation of N 2O4 .
(A) 0.84 (B) 0.54 (C) 0.42 (D) 0.64
4.6 For the reaction 4 NO2 ( g )  O2 ( g ) 2 N2O5 ( g ), which of the following facts holds good?
(A) K p  Kc
(B) K p  Kc
(C) K p  Kc
(D) K p and K c cannot be corrected unless pressure of the system is provided
4.7 To 500 ml of 2.0 M AgNO3 solution, 500 ml of 1.0 M Fe2 solution were added & the reaction is
allowed to reach a equilibrium at 25 C, Ag  (aq)  Fe2 (aq) Fe3 (aq)  Ag (s). For 25 ml of the
solution 50 ml of 0.04 M KMnO4 required for oxidation in acidic condition. Calculate K c for
reaction.
(A) (3.6)1 (B) (5.6)1 (C) (36)1 (D) (4) 1
4.8 NH 4 HS (s) dissociates as follows NH 4 HS (s) NH3 ( g )  H 2 S ( g ). At 25 C the dissociation
pressure of pure solid is 200 1.75 mm of Hg. If the flask contains 300 mm of Hg of NH 3 ( g ) along
with solid NH 4 HS . cal the total pressure at equilibrium (in mm of Hg).
(A) 600 (B) 200 1.75 (C) 400 (D) 432.3
4.9 At a particular temperature the pressure of CO2 in equilibrium with CaCO3 & CaO is 6.25  103
atm. The equilibrium constant ( K P ) for reaction C (s)  CO2 ( g ) 2CO( g ) is 2.5. at the same
temperature solid carbon, CaO & CaCO3 are mixed & allowed to come to equilibrium in a closed
vessel. What is the pressure of CO(g) at equilibrium.
(A) 0.125 atm (B) 0.625 (C) 1.25 (D) 2.5
4.10 K p for equilibrium N2O4 2 NO2 is 0.25 at 15 C. If the system is allowed to expand & N 2 is
added at a constant pressure of 1 atm. What will be the degree of dissociation when partial
pressure of N 2 is 0.6 atm.
(A) 0.38 (B) 0.23 (C) 0.61 (D) 0.55
4.11 In an aqueous solution of volume 500 ml when the reaction
2 Ag  (aq)  Cu(s) Cu 2 (aq)  2 Ag (s) reached equilibrium, the [Cu 2 ] was ‘a’ M. If 500 ml
water is further added. at the equilibrium [Cu 2 ] will be :
(A) ‘a’/2M (B) ‘a’ M (C) Between ‘a’ and ‘a/2’M (D) Less than ‘a/2’
4.12 3 moles of ammonia is heated in presence of 1 mole of neon. At equilibrium the mole fraction of
hydrogen is found to be 0.5 the value of ' KC .V ' (V – Volume of container) at equilibrium.
1 3
NH 3 ( g ) N2 ( g )  H 2 ( g )
2 2
(A) 27 3 (B) 3 3 (C) 27 (D) 3 8
4.13 K P for CaCO3 (s) CaO(s)  CO2 ( g ) is 0.5 at 1000 K. 2 moles of CaO(s) & CO2 ( g ) each at 0.45
atm introduced in a 16.4 lit. vessel and heated upto 1000 K. The amount of CaCO3 (s) formed will
be.
(A) 2 mole (B) 0.01 mole (C) 1.9 mole (D) 1 mole
4.14 For the reaction N2O4 ( g ) 2 NO2 ( g ) H  57.49 kJ/mole, the vapour density of equilibrium
mixture……………with increase of temperature.
(A) Increases (B) Decreases (C) Remain same (D) Can not be predicted
4.15 5.1 g of solid NH 4 HS is introduced in a 16.4 lit. vessel & heated upto 500 K. K p for equilibrium

NH 4 HS (s) NH3 ( g )  H 2 S ( g ) is 0.16. The maximum pressure developed in the vessel will be :
(A) 0.8 atm (B) 0.40 atm (C) 0.5 atm (D) None of these
4.16 A vessel contains x mole of A, y mole of B, z mole of C & n moles of an inert gas. The total pressure
due to reacting substances is P0 & vessel pressure is P. then K p for A( g ) B( g )  C ( g ) is
(A) P0 yz ( x2  xy  xz ) (B) Pyz ( x2  xy  zx  hx)
(C) (A) & (B) both (D) None of these
4.17 For the reaction N2 ( g )  3H 2 ( g ) 2 NH3 ( g ), H  93.6 kJ mol 1. The concentration of H 2 at
equilibrium will increase if
(A) The temperature is lowered (B) The volume of the system is decreased
(C) N 2 is added at constant volume (D) NH 3 is added
4.18 In the preparation of lime stone from the reaction CaCO3 ( s) CaO( s)  CO2 ( g ) between a
8500
temperature range of 950 C.K P values follow the following relation log K P  7.27  . In order
T
to decompose all limestone what minimum temperature would be predicted if reaction is carried
out in quiet air & atmospheric pressure is 1 atm.
(A) 896 C (B) 850 C (C) 950 C (D) 800 C
4.19 For the reaction 2 NH3 ( g ) N2 ( g )  3H 2 ( g )  x kcal, which is correct?
(A) Degree of dissociation will increase on decreasing temperature.
(B) On decreasing the volume of container degree of dissociation will increase.
(C) K C will decrease on increasing temperature.
(D) On adding inert gas at constant pressure the amount of ammonia will increase.
4.20 For a reversible reaction KC  K P & H  100 kJ the reverse reaction is favoured if :
(A) Both P & T are reduced (B) P increased & T decreased
(C) Both P & T are increased (D) P decreased & T increased
4.21 In a two step exothermic reaction
A2 ( g )  B2 ( g ) 3C ( g ) D( g ) ; H  ve, steps 1 & 2 are favoured
respectively by :
(A) High pressure, high temperature & low pressure, low temperature.
(B) Low pressure, low temperature & low pressure, low temperature.
(C) High pressure, low temperature & low pressure, low temperature.
(D) Low pressure, high temperature & high pressure, high temperature.
4.22 For the reaction CaCO3 ( s) CaO( s)  CO2 ( g ) the equilibrium amount of CO2 can be
increased by :
(C) Increasing volume (D) Adding inert gas at constant volume
4.23 Which one of the following changes would result in a darkening of the colour?
N2O4 ( g ) 2 NO2 ( g ) H  ve
(A) Increasing pressure (B) Increases in temperature
4.24 Solid ammonium cynide decompose in to NH 3 ( g ) & HCN(g) reversibly. The two gases are in
equimolar ratio at all moments. If K p for NH 4CN ( s) NH3 ( g )  HCN ( g ) is 4 atm. The increase
in moles of ammonia due to decomposition is 33.3% then maximum amount of solid decomposed
is:
(A) V/RT moles (B) 2V/RT moles (C) V/3RT moles (D) 3V/RT moles
4.25 For the following equilibrium, 2SO2 ( g )  O2 ( g ) 2SO3 ( g ) the total equilibrium pressure is P1. If
volume of the system is reduced to 1/2 of this initial volume then equilibrium is reestablished. The
new equilibrium total pressure will be :
(A) 2P1 (B) 3 P1 (C) 3.5 P1 (D) Less than 2 P1
4.26 For the reaction: 2A  B 3C at 298 K, Kc  49
A 3L vessel contains 2, 1 and 2 moles of A, B and C respectively.
The reaction at the same temperature:
(A) Must proceed in forward direction (B) Must proceed in backward direction
(C) Must be in equilibrium (D) Cannot be predicted
4.27 In a reaction mixture containing H 2 , N 2 and NH 3 at partial pressure of 2 atm, 1 atm and 3 atm
respectively, the value of K p at 725 K is 4.28  105 atm2 . In which direction the net reaction will
go?
N2 ( g )  3H 2 ( g ) 2 NH 3 ( g )
(A) Forward (B) Backward (C) No net reaction (D) Direction cannot be predicted
4.28 In the following reaction :
2SO2 ( g )  O2 ( g ) 2SO3 ( g )
the equilibrium is not attained. The rate of forward reaction is greater than that of backward
reaction. Thus, which of the following is the correct relation between K p and Qp ?
(A) K p  Qp (B) Qp  K p (C) Qp  K p (D) K p  Qp  1

4.29 The equilibrium constant K c for the reaction P4 ( g ) 2 P2 ( g ) is 1.4 at 400 C. Suppose that 3
moles of P4 ( g ) and 2 moles of P2 ( g ) are mixed in 2 litre container at 400 C. What is the value of
reaction quotient (Q)?
3 2
(A) (B) (C) 1 (D) None of these
2 3
4.30 For the reaction A( g )  3B( g ) 2C ( g ) at 27 C , 2 moles of A, 4 moles of B and 6 moles of C are
present in 2 litre vessel. If K c for the reaction is 1.2, the reaction will proceed in :
(A) Forward direction (B) Backward direction
(C) Neither direction (D) None of these
4.31 When sulphur (in the form of S8 ) is heated at temperature T , at equilibrium, the pressure of S8
falls by 30% from 1.0 atm, because S8 ( g ) is partially converted into S2 ( g ).
Find the value of K p for this reaction.
(A) 2.96 (B) 6.14 (C) 204.8 (D) None of these
4.32 In the presence of excess of anhydrous SrCl2 , the amount of water taken up is governed by
K p  1012 atm4 for the following reaction at 273 K

## SrCI 2 .2H 2O(s)  4H 2O( g ) SrCI 2 .6H 2O(s)

What is equilibrium vapour pressure (in torr) of water in a closed vessel that contains
SrCI 2 .2H 2O(s)?
(A) 0.001 torr (B) 103 torr (C) 0.76 torr (D) 1.31 torr
4.33 At 87 C , the following equilibrium is established.
H 2 ( g )  S ( s) H 2 S ( g ); Kc  0.08
If 0.3 mole hydrogen and 2 mole sulphur are heated to 87 C in a 2L vessel, what will be the
concentration of H 2 S at equilibrium ?
(A) 0.011 M (B) 0.022 M (C) 0.044 M (D) 0.08 M
4.34 At 27 C and 1 atm pressure, N 2O4 , is 20% dissociation into NO2 . What is the density equilibrium
mixture of N 2O4 and NO2 at 27 C and 1 atm ?
(A) 3.11 g/litre (B) 11 g/litre (C) 4.5 g/litre (D) None of these
1
4.35 AB3 ( g ) dissociation as AB3 ( g ) AB2 ( g )  B2 ( g ),
2
When the initial pressure of AB2 is 800 torr and the total pressure developed at equilibrium is 900
torr. What fraction of AB3 ( g ) is dissociated?
(A) 10% (B) 20% (C) 25% (D) 30%
4.36 At a certain temperature the equilibrium constant K c is 0.25 for the reaction
A2 ( g )  B2 ( g ) C2 ( g )  D2 ( g ),
If we take 1 mole of each of the four gases in a 10 litre container, what would be equilibrium
concentration of A2 ( g )?
(A) 0.331 M (B) 0.033 M (C) 0.133 M (D) 1.33 M
4.37 A system at equilibrium is described by the equation of fixed temperature T.
SO2CI 2 ( g ) SO2 ( g )  CI 2 ( g )
What effect will an increases in the total pressure caused by a decrease in volume have on the
equilibrium?
(A) Concentration of SO2CI 2 ( g ) increases (B) Connection of SO2 ( g ) increases
(C) Concentration of CI 2 ( g ) increases (D) Concentration of all gases increases
4.38 For the reaction at 300 K
A( g ) V (g)  S(g)
 r H  3 J/mol,  r S  0.1kJ .K 1.mol 1
What is the value of equilibrium constant ?
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 10 (D) +RT
4.39 Two solid compounds X and T dissociates at a certain temperature as follows
X ( s) A( g )  2B( g ); K p1  9  103 atm3

## Y ( s) 2B( g )  C ( g ); K p 2  4.5  103 atm3

The total pressure of gases over a mixture of X and Y is :
(A) 4.5 atm (B) 0.45 atm (C) 0.6 atm (D) None of these
4.40 Calculate the change in pressure (in atm) when 2 mole of NO and 16 g O2 in a 6.25 litre originally at
27 C react to produce the maximum quantity of NO2 possible according to the equation.
1
(Take R  ltr. Atm/mol K)
12
2 NO( g )  O2 ( g ) 2 NO2 ( g )
(A) 1 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 2
4.41 n mole of PCI 3 and n mole of CI 2 are allowed to react at constant temperature T to have a total
equilibrium pressure P, as :
PCI3 ( g )  CI 2 ( g ) PCI5 ( g )
If y mole of PCI 5 are formed at equilibrium, find K P for the given reaction.
(2n  y ) y y (n  y ) 2 .P (n  y ) 2 (2n  y ) P
(A) (B) (C) (D)
(n  y ) 2 .P (n  y )2 (2n  y ) P (2n  y _ y y
4.42 At a certain temperature, the equilibrium constant ( K c ) is 4/9 for the reaction :
CO( g )  H 2O( g ) CO2 ( g )  H 2 ( g )
If we take 10 mole of each of the four gases in a one-litre container, what would be the equilibrium
mole percent of H 2 ( g )?
(A) 20 (B) 40 (C) 60 (D) 80
4.43 For A( g ) 2 B( g ), equilibrium constant at total equilibrium pressure p1 is K p1 & for

## C( g ) D( g )  E (g), equilibrium constant at total equilibrium pressure p2 is K p 2 . If degree of

dissociation of A & C are same, then the ratio K p1 K p 2 , if 2 p1  p2 , is :
(A) 2 (B) 1/8 (C) 1/2 (D) 8
4.44 Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists : (Take
reactants to be in stoichiometric proportions in case of two reactants)
List-I List-II
Reaction Degree of dissociation of reactant in terms of
(Homogeneous gaseous equilibrium constant
phase)
(A) A B 2C (p)  K  1  K 
(B) 2A BC (q)  K  2  K 
(C) A B CD (r) 2K (1  2K )
(D) 1 1 (s) 2 K
Ab A2  B2
2 2 1 2 K
(A) (B) (C) (D) (A) (B) (C) (D)
(A) p s q r (B) p r q s
(C) q s p r (D) q r p s
4.45 Match List I (equilibrium) with List II (condition for reaction) and select the correct answer using the
option below the lists-
List-I List-II
(Equilibrium) (Condition for reaction)
(A) A2 ( g )  B2 ( g )
endothermic
2 AB( g ) (p) High Temperature
(B) 2 AB2 ( g )  B2 ( g )
exothermic
2 AB3 ( g ) (q) Low Temperature
(C) 2 AB2 ( g )  B2 ( g )
exothermic
A2 ( g )  3B2 ( g ) (r) High Pressure
(s) Low Pressure
(t) Independent of Pressure
(A) (B) (C) (A) (B) (C)
(A) p&r q&r q & r (B) q&r p&s p&r
(C) p&t q&r q & s (D) q&s p&t p&r