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SPHERICAL TRIGONOMETRY PROBLEMS

1. Solve the other sided c of the spherical triangle whose given parts are: a = 72ᵒ 27’, b = 61ᵒ 49’
and C = 90ᵒ.
2. Solve the other side the given isosceles spherical triangle with given A = B = 64ᵒ 38’ and side b =
81ᵒ 14’.
3. Solve the angles of the spherical triangle whose given sides are the following: a = 120ᵒ, b = 73ᵒ
and c = 63ᵒ.
4. Find the area of the spherical triangle in preceding problem, if R = 6,400 km.
5. Find the difference in time between manila (14ᵒ36’ N, 121ᵒ 05’E) and Tokyo (35ᵒ39’N, 139ᵒ45’E).
6. Find the distance between Manila (14ᵒ36’N, 121ᵒ05’E) and Tokyo (35ᵒ39’N, 139ᵒ45’E).

PROBABILITY

1. In tossing a die what is the probability of getting a prime number?

A. 1/3 C. 1/2
B. 3/5 D. 2/3
2. A group of three people enter a theatre after the lights head dimmed. They are shown to the
correct group of 3 seats by the usher. Each person holds a number stub. What is the probability
that each is in the correct seat and stub?
A. 1/6 C. 1/8
B. ¼ D. ½
3. A number between 1 and 1000 (inclusive) is randomly selected. What is the probability that will
be divisible by 4 and 5?
A. 0.05 C. 0.075
B. 0.025 D. 0.010
4. An urn contains 5 white, 3 black, 2 red balls. In getting one ball, what is the probability that it is
not red ball.
A. 0.50 C. 0.80
B. 0.30 D. 0.20
5. If two dice are tossed, what is the probability of rolling a sum of 6 or 9?
A. 1/4 C. 2/3
B. ¾ D. 3/8
6. If one card is drawn from a standard pack of 52 playing cards, what is the probability of drawing
an ace or a heart card?
A. 5/13 C. 3/4
B. 4/13 D. 1/3
7. An urn contains 3 white balls and 1 black ball. Determine the probability of drawing two white
balls in succession from the urn without replacing the ball after each drawing.
A. ½ C. ¼
B. 2/3 D. 3/2
8. Two cards are drawn at random from an ordinary deck of 52 cards. Find the probability P that
one is spade and one is a heart.
A. 3/51 C. 13/102
B. 1/26 D. 2/51
9. The probability that both stages of a 2-stage missile will function correctly is 0.95. the
probability that the first stage will function correctly is 0.98. what is the probability that the
second stage will function correctly given that the first one does?
A. 0.99 C. 0.95
B. 0.98 D. 0.97
10. A class has 12 boys and 4 girls. If three students are selected at random from the class, what is
the probability that they are all boys?
A. 0.3928 C. 0.3543
B. 0.4357 D. 0.6554
11. What is the probability that no two people in a group of seven having the same birthday?
A. 0.056 C. 0.92
B. 0.43 D. 0.94
12. Two students are working independently on a problem. Their respective probabilities of solving
a problem are 1/3 and ¼. What is the probability that at least one of them will solve the
problem?
A. ½ C. 2/3
B. 5/8 D. 5/6
13. On a shooting practice, the probability of three trainee cops to hit the target is 30%, 40% and
45%, respectively. If each fired their guns aiming to the target, what is the probability that only
one cop hit the target?
A. 0.442 C. 0.323
B. 0.452 D. 0.224
14. A coin is tossed 10 times. What is the probability of getting head exactly 6 times?
A. 0.4042 C. 0.354
B. 0.2073 D. 0.2051
15. Find the probability that a couple having 3 children will have at least one girl.
A. 1/8 C. 5/8
B. 3/8 D. 7/8
16. If seven fair coins are simultaneously tossed in the air, what is the probability that at least one
A. 0.144 C. 0.971
B. 0.286 D. 0.992
17. A manufacturer has determined that a certain machine averages one defective bolt for every
1000 it produces. What is the probability that an order of 200 bolts will have one or more
defective?
A. 0.352 C. 0.181
B. 0.245 D. 0.345
18. In a multiple choice test, each question is to be answered by selecting 1 out 4 different
proposed answers of which only one is right. If there are 10 questions in the test, what is the
probability of getting 7 right of pure guess work?
A. 0.0025 C. 0.0031
B. 0.0076 D. 0.0045
19. A provincial chapter of PSME held a lottery to raise funds for their organization, with 10,000 top
prize and 2,000 tickets printed and sold. What is the mathematical expectation of a member if
he bought 10 tickets?
A. P50* C. P50
B. P76 D. P55

STATISTICS

There are 100 random samples were taken from the large population. A particular numerical
characteristics of sampled items was measured. The results of the measurements were as follows:
45 measurements were between 0.859 and 0.900
0.901 was observed once
0.902 was observed three times
0.903 was observed twice
0.904 was observed four times
The smallest value was 0.859 and the largest value was 0.958. The sum of all the 100 measurements was
91.170. Except those noted, no measurement occurred more than twice.

20. What is the mean of the given problem above?

A. 0.9029 C. 0.9055
B. 0.9050 D. 0.9117
21. What is the median of the given problem above?
A. 0.904 C. 0.9025
B. 0.901 D. 0.903
22. What is the mode of the given problem above?
A. 0.904 C. 0.9025
B. 0.901 D. 0.903
23. What is the range of the given problem above?
A. 0.099 C. 0.097
B. 0.098 D. 0.095
24. What is the sample variance of the following numbers: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14
A. 4.32 C. 8.00
B. 5.29 D. 18.7
25. What are the mean and sample standard deviation of the following numbers: 71.3, 74.0, 74.25,
78.54, 80.6.
A. 74.3, 2.7 C. 75.0, 2.7
B. 74.3, 3.7 D. 75.7, 3.8
26. From the following tabulation, calculate the correlation coefficient between x and y:
X: 80 84 88 92 98 104
Y: 4 8 10 8 12 14