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REPUBLIC ACT 1425 CRITERIA FOR NATIONAL HEROES

® REPUBuC ACT NO.\ 1425. AN ACT T0 INCLUDE IN THE a Heroes are those who have a concept of
CURRIOuLA OF ALL PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOC)LS, nation and thereafter aspire and struggle for
COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES COURSES ON THE LtFE, the nation's freedom.
woRKs AND wRmNGs oF josE RIZAL, a Heroes are those who define and contribute
PARTICULARLY HIS NOVELS NOu ME TANGERE AND
EI FILtBUSTERISMC), AUTHORIZING THE PRINTING AND
fo a system or life of freedom ancl Order for
DISTRIBUTION THEREOF, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. a nation. Freedom without order will only
-Dec 31. t969 lead tQ anarchy. Therefore, heroes are those
who make the natlon's constitution and
laws.
r Heroes are thc>se who cc}ntribute to the
qualify of life and destiny of a nation.

ADDITlor`t.\L CRITERLi FOR HEROES AerlvlTy!


• Means a prominent or central • Think of a recent novel/story that
personage talchg an odmfable pat in you'veread.
any remcckoble ocfion or event: • What did you lean from the story?
• A person Of cE5thgLrfued valor or
• Apply this experience to Rizal' s writing.

#=fada-,arferfifLrfein • lto\^/ would reading R.E!al's novel


impgrt patfotism?
• A marl honaed dier decTth by puorK=
worship because Of exceptforra!
serviee to mankinc£.
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lt is Magellan who arrived in the


Philippines to head a Spanish
expedition searching for Spice Islands
in i 521. Magellan never completed
the journey by himself; he was killed in
an encountered with natives in the
Philippines after having clairned the
Philippines is for Spain.

Magellan's plans to claim the whole of


the Philippine Islands for Spain
encountered stiff resistance from other
natives, particularly from Lapu-Lapu,
the chieftain of neighboring Mactan
Island. In what is known as the Bathe of
Mactan that was fought on April 27,
1521, Magellan and his 100 soldiers
fought Lpu-Lapu and his 1,000 wam`c)rs.
Clearly outnmbered, Magellan and
most of his soldiers were killed .

a The Famous Blood Compact of In ]565, when Miguel Lapez de Legazpi


Legazpi with Sikatuna in Bohol concluded treaties of friendship with the
native chiefs or what we cdiled the Datus,
Spain's primarily aim and intention in the
Philippines was tQ spread their relidion, the
Roman Catholieism.

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LACUNA COPPERPLATE

Many missionary works in the Philippines


were pushed by the Spaniards, for the
to help the natives toward the
advancement of education, culture an
architecture. It was also at this point
when the Spanish missionaries triecl to
eliminate the ancient writings, in their
eagerness to erase the previous cultural
records of the Philippines, only the orally
transmitted literature has survived.

a The Philippine were named after King a The Residencia and the Vistador were
Philip 11 of Spain. the special courts that investigated on
I Dun.ng the coloniration of the Spaniards the conduct of the governor-general and
in the Philippines they centralizecl and other hieh ranking Spanish officiais. Local
form a government and divided into two Government fprovinces, cities, towns an
units; The Central Government in whieh barrios). The provincial provinces wer
the King entrusted the colony to the divided into two; Alcaldia, which
govemorgenaal, who had the hishest reeognired Spains' possession over the
position in the government. The Royal land. Corregimiento where the people
Audiencia was the Supreme Court of the had not succumbed to its ruling power.
Philippines. Ayuntamiento or the city government
was the center of the society, religion,
culture and business.

® The Pueblo was governed by the


governadorcillo, the highest possession
for Filipino politicians and the Cabeza de
Barangay governed the barrios. Q±±|±!m
the SDanish reaime, there was union of
church and state; the Governor-aeneral
had power over the church. The friars on
the other hand , Dlayed a verv imoortant
role in the aovernment.

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ECONOMIC RESULTS

a Opening of the Suez Canal on Philippines became closer to


November 17,1869 and Spain
• Connects Mideterranean and recl sea; g Encouraged European travellers to`
shortened distance between Europe come to our country
and Orient. Vvith this canal, the trip was • Exodus of literal ideas from Europe to
reduced to only 32 days. the Philippines
• More educated and young Filipinos
were able to study abroad.

Opening of I.he Phlllpplnes to the


lntemallonal Trade SOCIAL
-The country was opened to foreign
+ Socfdi +Sfradificafron
trade after the end of the 18th century
which resulted in the rapid rise of foreign
firms iri Manila. This stimulated agricultural inthisF±#e#:g#beleng
production and export of sugar, rice peninsuidres and the Friars.
hemp and tobacco.
-The opening of this canal in 1869 insE#Spanidrdswhowerebon
further stimulated the local econc>my Efigqure membersofany cendin+ +_
whieh give to the creation of the middle reifeieus cnders 6f prem
class Of mestizos and ilustrados in the 19th
centu

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EDUCATION
;p Mlddle Class- the people that I)elong Info this `^. The fuars controlled the educational rystem
class includes the natives, mest-H!os. during the Spanish times.
Natives+ the pure Filipinas • They ouned different schools, ranging from the
Mestizos- are the Filipino of mixed indigenous
Filipino or European or Chinese ancestry. primary level to the tertiary levels of education.

[owesl Class- this class includes the Filipinos only.


The lncllas are the poor people having the
pure blood Filipino which ruled by the Spaniards.

POLITICAL
Liberalism
The nrissionaries took chalge in teaching,
• The opening Of the Suez Canal facilitated the
controlling and maintaining the rules and
importalon Of backs, mngacines and newrspapems
regulations, and emphasized the teachings of
\vith liberal ideas from Europe and America whieh
the Catholic religion starting from the primary
cventlrallyT influenced the mind of Jose RIzal and
level to the tertiarv' level of education` other Filipino refomists. Political thonghts Of tiberal
thinkers like Jean Jacques Rousseau (Social
Contract), John I.ocke (Treatises Of Govemment},
Thous Pains.
I The sacial interaction with liberals has influenced the
thinking on politics and nationhood.