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# Republic of the Philippines

## University of Southeastern Philippines

Bislig Campus
Maharlika, Bislig City

ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

(BSEE-IV)

Experiment No. 1

## TESTING A SELF-EXCITER DC MOTOR USING

BRAKE TEST METHOD

Submitted by:
Cuarto, Albert
Bartolare, Jaymark
Calaque, Jevan
David, Carl Anthony
Del Castillo, Eden Paul
Pana, Floirendo

Submitted to:
Engineer Lorenzo L. Moricho Jr.
Experiment No. 1

## TESTING A SELF-EXCITER DC MOTOR USING BRAKE TEST

METHOD

OBJECTIVES
The main objective of this activity is to demonstrate in testing a self-exciter DC motor
using Brake Test Method. In order to meet the general objective, the students must attain the
following objectives:
o Determine the Torque using the Brake test method.
o Determine the efficiency of the motor.

MATERIALS REQUIRED
1. Starter Motor

## 1. 12 Volt Motor Battery

2. Alligator Clip

3. Conductor Wires

For Testing

1. Ammeter

2. Digital Multitester

1. Wood Stand

2. Rope

## 4. 2kg object (optional if any available)

THEORY
In a self-excited DC motor, is connected from a single source of DC power to armature motor.
The principle of motor can be stated whenever a current carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic
field. The motor action results when an armature is placed in magnetic field and the winding is
supplied with current. Under this condition the magnetic field produces a magnetic field of its own
The generated Electromotive force (emf) in the armature is called the back emf. In self-exciter
motor with no field windings the following diagram show below.

𝑅𝑎

𝑀𝑎𝑔𝑛𝑒𝑡𝑠

𝑀𝑜𝑡𝑜𝑟

𝐸𝑏 = 𝑉𝑡 − 𝐼𝑎 𝑅𝑎

𝐼𝐿 = 𝐼𝑎

## 𝑆𝑃𝐿 = 𝑉𝑡 𝐼𝑎𝑛𝐿 − 𝐼𝑎𝑛𝐿 2 𝑅𝑎

𝑃𝑖𝑛𝑝𝑢𝑡 − 𝐿𝑜𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑠
𝑛= × 100%
𝑃𝑖𝑛𝑝𝑢𝑡
BRAKE TEST

It is a direct method and consist of applying a brake. The motor is running and the load
The following equations are used:

𝑇 = 𝑊(𝑟)

𝑂𝑢𝑡𝑝𝑢𝑡
𝑛= × 100%
𝐼𝑛𝑝𝑢𝑡

Where:

𝑇 = 𝑇𝑜𝑟𝑞𝑢𝑒

PROCEDURE

## 1) The circuit must be connected according to the diagram.

2) Connect the voltage source (12V Battery) to the positive and negative terminal of the DC motor

## using alligator clip.

3) Use the digital multitester set to voltage to get the voltmeter reading supplied by the voltage source

## connecting the DC motor

4) Use ammeter to get the line current reading supplied by the battery to the dc motor.

At Break test

## 1) The circuit must be connected according to the diagram.

2) Connect the voltage source (12V Battery) to the positive and negative terminal of the DC motor

## using alligator clip.

3) Place the load at the certain mass until the shaft of the motor will stop.

4) Use the digital multitester set to voltage to get the voltmeter reading supplied by the voltage source

## connecting the DC motor with the load at certain mass

5) Use ammeter to get the line current reading supplied by the battery to the dc motor with a certain

DIAGRAM

## At No Load Test Diagram

𝑅𝑎

𝑀𝑎𝑔𝑛𝑒𝑡𝑠

𝑀𝑜𝑡𝑜𝑟

𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟

𝐴𝑚𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟

𝑅𝑎

𝑀𝑎𝑔𝑛𝑒𝑡𝑠
𝑀𝑜𝑡𝑜𝑟

𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟

𝑘𝑔
𝐴𝑚𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟

𝐿𝑜𝑎𝑑
DATA RESULTS

At no load, since the gathered value of the armature we used is in rms (Amperes). So, we

## Trials Voltmeter Ammeter Line Armature SPL Copper Mass Radius

(A rms) (Watts)
1 12.73 V 24 16.97A 0.08 ohms 192.99 23.04 0 0.6

## 3 12.73 V 60 42.42 0.08 ohms 192.99 144 3 0.6

Using the gathered data as shown in the tabulated results to get the torque, total losses, and

efficiency. Since during the experiment the motor brakes or stop its rotation at 3 kg, therefore

consider trial 3.

## Torque Power Input Total Losses Overall

Mass (kg) Weight (N) Radius (cm) (N-cm) (Watts) (Watts) Efficiency

## 3 29.43 0.6 17.658 540 336.99 37.6%

CONCLUSIONS

In conclusion with the experiment we conducted. By using the brake-test method that

involves different suspended weight until the motor stop running we found out that the motor we

used stop at a load that has a suspended weight of 3kg and the motor draws w a line current of

42.42 A through a voltage source of 12.73 V it found out that the motor we used has a torque of

## 17.658 N-cm, Total losses of 336.99 W and efficiency of 37.6%.

COMPILATION OF EXPERIMENTS IN
ENERGY CONVERSION 1 LAB

A Module
Presented to the Engineering Department
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHEASTERN PHILIPPINES
Bislig Campus

In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Course
Bachelor of Science
In
Electrical Engineering

Presented by:
BSEE-IV

In Collaboration with:
Engr. Lorenzo L. Moricho Jr
December 2018
COMPILATION OF EXPERIMENT IN
ENERGY CONVERSION 1 LAB

ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHEASTERN PHILIPPINES
Bislig Campus
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The success of this compilation of Energy Conversion 1 Lab experiments will not be

possible without the help of our Almighty God who become our strength in time of our

weaknesses. To our family for their unending love, guidance, and assistance morally and

financially aspects. To our respected instructor Engr. Lorenzo L. Moricho for his valuable

## guidance and sharing his knowledge, ideas and time.

With heartfelt gratitude, we, the fourth year Electrical Engineering student acknowledge

and thank you for all of your concerns, support and prayers. This compilation will not be possible

RATIONALE

## This compilation is intended to provide institutional comprehensive and thorough aid of

different experiment on a generator and motor testing. The goal is to imply more knowledge to the

engineering students and to better understand how to perform the following experiments.

## This compilation contains experiment enlisted in the Energy Conversion 1 Laboratory

syllabus. It contains relevant lessons not only in electrical engineering field, but not all related to

## those areas of applied engineering courses.

This compilation focuses only in generators and motors. This involves the characteristics

of generator and motor, including theories and principles, diagrams, formulas and documentations.

Starting with generator, generator is machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical

energy this machine is commonly and needy in used at different powerplants. Generators have

## three characteristics namely; Open circuit Characteristics, Internal characteristics, and

External characteristics. Every generator must generate an Electromotive force which can be

used to supply as power to a certain load. In other side Motor is the vice-versa of generator it main

function is to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy this machine is commonly and

needy in used at different industry. Calculation of torque, losses and efficiency are important in

the motor in order to measure the following two DC machine testing methods are used this test is

not only applicable to dc motor but also in dc generators. These two tests are the following; Brake-

test and Swinburne test. The first one used weighing scale to measure the force or the weight

suspended and it mostly involve at the external part of the motor and the latter used ammeter,

## voltmeter and mostly involves at the internal aspect of the motor.

Furthermore, the instructor has the flexibility to choose this material as an additional

reference to accommodate his or her students need. The instructional tool is made for students to

## get good foundation in the field of electrical engineering field.

GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTION FOR THE STUDENTS

Read this section carefully before you perform the following any experiment in the

## 1. While performing experiments in Electrical Engineering Laboratory, you must follow

certain safety rules and precautionary measures for your own safety as well the safety of

## serious mal operation and hazards

4. Always maintain sufficient distances from live objects to avoid electrical shock due to

induction.

5. Before taking entry in the laboratory, always double checked that all the apparatus and

## equipment are disconnected from the supply and properly grounded.

6. Use the ground rod to earth all apparatus before putting hands on them.