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Secondary coil (Ng turns) Primary coil f Ne (, turns) Iron core Ring pole Moveable ice coil (attached to speaker cone) / Central pole’ ‘Speaker cone Flexible leads Loudspeaker ‘suspension to coil A loudspeaker reproduces sourd waves by Tabular using the aerating current produced from ermanent the elecironic sound signal. This oscilating Coca asnet current causes a sympathetic akernating of “fn core the louckpeaker’s electromagnet. The alter- nating magnetic field reacts to the existing permanent magnet, resulting in oscilations inthe papercone. Ihe oszillations produce PP" ¢ pole plates Voice ceil Soft iron the lang tudinal sound wares we hear sound cone Frame A laud:peaker Current flow in voice coil Field lines of magnet Magnetic Recording Write data by magnetizing recording media (e.g., video tape, hard disk) using electromagnets. Data is read back using the induced current produced when magnetized media moves past receiver coils (reverse of writing data). arcia) SUSU. Dec 7, 2009 Physics | tHctlon drivor axle coiled wite 4 i soltiron coro {xed magnet spring contact, output = Induct coll inaea}! \ Mgneti High-frequency current soft-steel ring Oe -_—— contro \ - spring pointer / \ moving (( coil | pemmenent 7” pore magnets