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Component Locations RENR9108-02

Part Machine Schematic May 2008 FLUID POWER SYMBOLS


Description
Number Location Location BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS
Attachment: Return Filter with One Way Flow
Filter Gp - Oil 224-1687 1 E-4 FWD MAIN AUX.
PUMP: VARIABLE and
PUMP or MOTOR FLUID CONDITIONER SPRING CONTROL VALVES RESTRICTION LINE RESTRICTION 2-SECTION PUMP PRESSURE COMPENSATED
Standard 320D & 323D (FIXED)

Accumulator Gp - Pilot Manifold Note B 20 B-4 47


Block Note B 21 C-7 VARIABILITY SPRING LINE RESTRICTION PRESSURE HYDRAULIC PNEUMATIC LINE RESTRICTION ATTACHMENT
(ADJUSTABLE) (VARIABLE) COMPENSATION ENERGY TRIANGLES VARIABLE and PRESSURE
Cylinder Gp - Boom Note A 22 F-1 COMPENSATED

Cylinder Gp - Bucket Note A 23 F-2 VALVE ENVELOPES


VALVES
VALVE PORTS
Cylinder Gp - Stick Note A 24 E-2 48
Filter Gp - Case Drain Note B 25 A-4
Filter Gp - Pilot Hydraulic Note B 26 A-3, A-4 B ONE POSITION TWO POSITION THREE POSITION TWO-WAY THREE-WAY FOUR-WAY

Filter Gp - Return Oil Note B 27 A-5, B-5 CONTROL VALVES CHECK VALVES
Manifold Gp - Control Note B 28 B-4, B-5 AB AB

Motor Gp - Swing Note B 29 F-5


P T P T
BASIC SPRING SHUTTLE PILOT
Motor Gp - Left Travel Note B 30 F-3 NORMAL POSITION SHIFTED POSITION INFINITE POSITION

Motor Gp - Right Travel Note B 31 F-2


TOP VIEW FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS
SYMBOL LOADED CONTROLLED

Pump Gp - Main Hydraulic Note B 32 B-2


Sensor As - Left Pump Pressure Note B 33 B-2
VENTED PRESSURIZED RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL
Sensor As - Right Pump Pressure Note B 34 A-2
Switch As - LH Travel Pressure Note B 35 E-7 MEASUREMENT ROTATING SHAFTS

Switch As - Pilot Pressure


Switch As - RH Travel Pressure
Note B
Note B
36
37
A-7
E-6
320D & 323D Excavator
CC
Hydraulic System - Attachment
PRESSURE TEMPERATURE FLOW UNIDIRECTIONAL BIDIRECTIONAL
Swivel Gp Note B 38 E-3
COMBINATION CONTROLS
Tank Gp - Hydraulic Oil Note B 39 A-5 48
Valve Gp - Cooler Bypass Note B 42 B-6
320D: 323D:
Valve Gp - LH Joystick Note B 44 B-7
Valve Gp - Load Control Boom Cylinder Note B 45 D-2
A6F1-UP LFL1-UP SOLENOID SOLENOID
or MANUAL
SOLENOID
and PILOT
SOLENOID and
PILOT or MANUAL
SERVO THERMAL DETENT

Valve Gp - Load Control Stick Cylinder Note B 46 D-5 A8F1-UP MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS
Valve Gp - Main Control Note B 47 C-1 thru C-5 A9F1-UP
Valve Gp - Negative Flow Control Note B 48 E-1 DD DHK1-UP
Valve Gp - Pilot (Foot Pedal Press. & Flow) Note B 49 F-6
CXY1-UP PUSH-PULL LEVER MANUAL SHUTOFF GENERAL MANUAL PUSH BUTTON PEDAL SPRING

Valve Gp - Pilot Travel Note B 50 F-6, F-7 VIEW B PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS
Valve Gp - Pressure Reducing Boom/Swing Note B 51 B-4 32 RELEASED PRESSURE REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

Valve Gp - Relief Note B 52 E-4


Valve Gp - RH Joystick Note B 53 B-6 EXTERNAL RETURN INTERNAL RETURN SIMPLIFIED COMPLETE INTERNAL
SUPPLY PRESSURE
Valve Gp - Shuttle Note B 54 A-6, A-7
ACCUMULATORS CROSSING AND JOINING LINES HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS
Valve Gp - Swing Cushion Note B 56 E-5
Valve Gp - Travel LT Counterbalance Note B 57 E-3
Valve Gp - Travel RT Counterbalance Note B 58 E-2
48 SPRING LOADED GAS CHARGED LINES CROSSING LINES JOINING SINGLE ACTING DOUBLE ACTING

Note A: Refer to parts manual for specific cylinder information.


HYDRAULIC PUMPS HYDRAULIC MOTORS INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS
Note B: Part numbers are located on the main Hydraulic System Schematic according to
the effectivity of the machine.
FIXED VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT FIXED VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT INFINITE THREE TWO
DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED POSITIONING POSITION POSITION
Tap Locations
Pressure, Sampling, and Sensor
UNIDIRECTIONAL UNIDIRECTIONAL
Tap Schematic
Description
Number
CC Left Pump Negative Flow Signal Pressure
Location
E-1
RIGHT SIDE VIEW BIDIRECTIONAL BIDIRECTIONAL
FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION
PARALLEL
FLOW
CROSS
FLOW
FLOW ALLOWED IN
EITHER DIRECTION

DD Right Pump Negative Flow Signal Pressure E-1 Return Filter for One Way Flow
EE Left Pump Delivery Pressure B-2
FF Right Pump Delivery Pressure A-2 © 2008 Caterpillar Printed in U.S.A.
GG Pilot Pump Delivery Pressure A-4 NEGATIVE FLOW VALVE GROUP All Rights Reserved
HH Left Pump Power Shift Pressure B-2
JJ Case Drain Pressure B-2
KK Right Pump Power Shift Pressure B-2
SOS Hydraulic Oil Sampling Port A-3

Electrical Symbols Table


30 57 42 53 44 21 36 Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

54 35 37
G M
1 45 49 50
Transducer Transducer Generator Electric Motor
46 47 48 (Fluid) (Gas / Air)

(Dimensions: 34 inches x 28 inches)


22
24
20

RENR9108-02
27 Electrical Wire
Pressure Switch Pressure Switch Temperature Switch
28 51 (Adjustable)

Electrical Symbols (Electrical)

32 23
22 T

33 34 KK 32 JJ EE Pressure Temperature Level Flow


Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol

31 25 29 38 HYD. Wire Number Identification Codes


TANK
Electrical Schematic Example Hydraulic Schematic Example
58 26 27 39 52 56 25 Current Standard Current Standard
Harness identification code
This example indicates
wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire

24 Page
Circuit Number Wire Color
Identification

325-AG135 PK-14
42 1 45 39 44 325-PK
Circuit Identification Wire Color Wire Gauge
Number

20 46 47 48 53
Previous Standard
GG
28 51 24 Wire
Wire Color

325-PK-14
B A
Circuit Number Wire Gauge
Identification
32 (EXAMPLE VALVE)

FF 34 HH 33 26 SOS
33 34
22

25
26 27
23

30 31 29 21 35 37
57 58 52 56 38 36 54 49 50

MACHINE COMPONENT LOCATIONS MAIN PUMP and FILTER CIRCUITS


7 6 5 4 3 2 1

VALVE GP
PILOT
(FOOT PEDAL
RP RT PRESSURE & FLOW) MOTOR GP
MOTOR GP
VALVE GP TRAVEL LEFT TRAVEL RIGHT
PILOT TRAVEL SWING MOTOR MOTOR GP
SWING TRAVEL MOTOR (LEFT) TRAVEL MOTOR (RIGHT)
BUCKET BOOM BOOM
F CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER F
PG

DR
TP TT 1 3 2

TRAVEL(L) TRAVEL(R)
SINGLE SINGLE Pp3 Pp3
MU
aR2 T1
T1
R.C.V-C BG AG
μ μ μ μ
T2 T2 AR3 BR3 AR4 BR4
VALVE GP
B1 A1 RELIEF
DR STICK
CYLINDER
BACK FWD FWD BACK
AG BG BG AG
T1 T5 T2 T4 T6 T3
FILTER GP
aL1 bL1 bR1 aR1 OIL
224-1687
CC
SWITCH AS.
LH TRAVEL SWITCH AS. A B B A HL HR
PRESSURE RH TRAVEL B A
VALVE GP AL3 BL3
E PRESSURE SWING VALVE GP
A1 E
BL2 AL2
CUSHION TRAVEL LT VALVE GP A2
COUNTERBALANCE TRAVEL RT
R.C.V-D BL1 AL1 BR1 AR1 COUNTERBALANCE
B1
VALVE GP
NEGATIVE FLOW
CONTROL P B2
SWIVEL GP
T

DD

VALVE GP BR4 VALVE GP


BL3 AL3 LOAD CONTROL
LOAD CONT.
STICK CYL. SP3 SPi SP2 AR4 BP3 BPi BP2 BOOM CYLINDER
SDr BDr
aL2 aL1

aR4
R.C.V-A AL2 AL1 AR1 BR1 BR3 AR3 R.C.V-B
D D
BL2 BL1 aR1 aR2 aR3
T AL4 aL4 SP1 ST aL3 Di4 Pi4 BR2 AR2 Pi1 BP1 BT aR5 R3
HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS (UP) BL3 R2 (IN) (L) (BACK) (BACK) (CLOSE) (DOWN) BR4 R1 BR5 (IN)
RIGHT MAIN PUMP OUTPUT AR5
PILOT PUMP OUTPUT
LEFT MAIN PUMP OUTPUT
TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL CIRCUIT
SUPPLY LINE
DRAIN / RETURN LINE
LEFT & RIGHT MAIN PUMP POWERSHIFT CIRCUIT
ATTACHMENT CONTROL CIRCUIT
RIGHT TRAVEL MOTOR CONTROL CIRCUIT
LEFT TRAVEL MOTOR CONTROL CIRCUIT
SWING MOTOR CONTROL CIRCUIT
BOOM CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
BUCKET CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
STICK CYLINDER CONTROL CIRCUIT
(Dimensions: 34 inches x 28 inches)

SWING BRAKE CONTROL CIRCUIT


BOOM(2)

TRAVEL(R)
SWING

ATCH

BOOM(1)
BUCKET

STICK(2)
TRAVEL(L)
STICK(1)
RENR9108-02

(OUT) (R) (FWD) (FWD) (OPEN) (UP) (OUT)


C C
Di2 Pi2 Pi3 Di3 DST bR2 Di1 bR5

PL bR1 bR3 bR4 HR


BLOCK HL bL4 bL3 bL2 bL1
PR
VALVE GP
MAIN CONTROL

EE PUMP GP
VALVE GP P2 Pi1 P-IN PSA2 DR1 PSA1 MAIN HYD.
VALVE GP RH JOYSTICK SENSOR
LH JOYSTICK AS LEFT G2 M2
24 Page

JLP JLT JRT JRP DR2 PUMP


B1 A1 B2 A2 PRESSURE
(TRAVEL)

(SWING)

STICK SWING BUCKET BOOM T-OUT2 Pn2


HH
NO.1

NO.2

MANIFOLD GP PL
Ps2
(LOCK)

CONTROL
NO.3

μ μ μ μ μ μ μ μ
A2
B T
PsM2 B
OUT IN R L OPEN CLOSE DOWN UP R.C.V-B R.C.V-C G4
JL1 JL3 JL2 JL4 JR4 JR2 JR3 JR1 P1 P2
S3
P1
VALVE GP Dr2 JJ
PAC PRESS S1 Dr1
REDUCING
DR3 DR4 Pi2 DR6 BOOM/SWING
DR5 T-OUT1 DrM
G
G3
ACCUMULATOR GP PsM1 NOTES
A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 E F Ps1 R.C.V : RETURN CHECK VALVE

A1 KK LINE PATTERNS
R.C.V-A R.C.V-D OUT IN
Pn1 Pressure Line
VALVE GP PR
SHUTTLE Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure

A3 Pi Drain / Return Lines


B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 T
PG PC
VALVE GP Component Group
FILTER GP G1 M1
COOLER BYPASS PILOT Attachment
HYDRAULIC Pm
aR3 aR4 bR3 bR4 bL3 bL2 bL4 aL2
TANK GP Air Line
SWITCH AS.
FILTER GP
RETURN OIL HYDRAULIC FILTER GP GG SOS SENSOR FF
A OIL CASE DRAIN AS RIGHT CALLOUTS A
PILOT PRESS
PUMP
PRESSURE YY Taps (Pressure, Sampling,Sensor) by letter

52 Components by number

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 320D & 323D


Attachment: Return Filter for One Way Flow
PART #: 259-7482 HE CHG 01
Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine
with the key and engine off and transmission shifter in neutral.
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting,
Specifications and Systems Operations
7 6 5 4 3 2 1