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Quest for Space Experiment #1: Heat, Humidity, and Radiation High Tech High Chula Vista 1945 Discovery Falls Dr, Chula Vista, CA 91915 Ms. Meghan White and Ms. Kara Quinlan Project Manager: Angelica Luceo Mechanical Engineer: Jordi Molina Computer Programmer: Iker Reyes Astrobiologist/Electrical Engineer: Cesar Monarrez Documentarian: Hana Suiter

Space is a vast void with a lot of discoveries waiting to be found. Heat, Humidity, and Radiation are all affected and spread in different ways while in space due to many factors. Some of these factors include the lack of conduction, convection, and more assets to assist th

Our Research

1. What is heat transfer? What is the difference between conduction, convection, and radiation?

Heat transfers when an object of a higher temperature meets with an object with a lower temperature. The heat from the higher temperature spontaneously flows to the colder one. The flow continues until both objects reach the same temperature or thermal equilibrium. The difference between conduction, radiation, and convection is the way heat is the way heat is transferred from object to object. In conduction, the heat is transferred from direct contact while convection and radiation transfers heat without direct contact. Convection uses air molecules or liquids to transfer heat while radiation uses waves and particles.

1. How is heat transferred in space?

Since there is almost no convection and conduction in space, the heat moves throughout space mostly from radiation, making radiation the main cause of heat transferring in space. This is due to the molecules in the atmosphere not being able to spread and conduct through each other, making heat transfers throughout space almost

impossible through conduction or convection which leaves the heat waves to create warmth in that area from radiation.

1. How are spacesuits engineered to retain/expel heat and transfer energy?

Without spacesuits astronauts wouldn’t be able to live for more than fifteen seconds in space. This is why space suits are designed to keep the astronauts safe while completing extravehicular activities (activities astronauts perform outside of a spacecraft and out of Earth’s atmosphere). Seeing that space’s temperature varies in different locations, the suits are able to insulate heat with heating elements built into them. They also are supplied with water to insure that the astronauts stay hydrated while on a mission.

3. Does black or white best absorb heat? Why?

Black colored objects absorb more heat than white objects. This is caused by the light spectrum and electromagnetic radiation that light has. When light hits an object, the object is actually absorbing a select amount of colors and reflecting the rest and our eyes detect the colors that are being reflected. Black is created when all of the colors are being absorbed, storing more energy in the object and thus absorbing more heat. White is created when all of the colors are being reflected, causing most of the heat in the object to be reflected as well.

2.

What is the black body radiation theory? How does it apply to our experiment?

Black body radiation theory states that all objects and substances absorb all frequencies of light. Due to sciences thermodynamic laws, the amount of light that the object absorbed must be equal to the amount it emits/radiates. This applies to our experiment because our experiment

will calculate the amount of energy an object will absorb from light, so acknowledging this theory

is crucial to understanding the results of our experiment.

3. What are the heat transfer coefficients? How does it apply to our experiment?

Heat transfer coefficients are the factors when calculating the difference the solid object

will have on the convection of a fluid and the affect a liquid’s heat will have on the conduction of

a solid object. This information is important to our project because we have to make sure the conduction from the resistors or wires don’t fry anything in the circuit.

4. What is Planck’s law? How does it apply to our experiment?

Planck’s law states that radiation isn’t distributed continuously, but is

Part 2: Why our Research Matters

1. Why is our research of how heat moves on Earth and in Space needed? What is the relevance of our experiment (heat and humidity) to humans, our lives, the earth?

Our research of how heat moves on Earth and in Space is needed because it allows us to understand the way energy moves throughout space. This can teach us th

2. What will be the impact of our research? For our school? HTHCV Pueblo? Community? Scientific Community?

Our research impacts

Works Cited

Directions: For each source, cite in MLA format and explain what information you learned from the source

 Your Sources MLA Works Cited What I used/learned from this resource 1 Sixth Edition Giancoli Physics Giancoli, Douglass, Sixth Edition Physics, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005 Conduction, convection, and radiation 2. How Astronauts Forbes: We found out how astronauts space suits are able to insulate warmth within using heaters Stay Warm And Safe In The Deep Cold Of Space 3. NASA/Marshall NASA: How heat travels through space. Conduction, convection, radiation, and diffusion Space Processing Headline: Chuck - heat transfer
 4. Temperature Northwestern University: System 5 6 7 8 9 10 Directions: Electrical Engineer/Computer Programmer

1. Use your check off sheet to take out all of your electrical materials and make sure you have

everything

2. Set-up your Time Lapse Filming of your process with the Computer Programmer

3. Use your circuit board lab sheet to build your circuit board

4. Draw/Model out your circuit board below and make sure your model has the following items:

A. Voltage, Resistance, and Current Identified

B. Resistors, Light Bulbs, male/female wires, switches

5. Explain each step of your process with electronics you used and how it works