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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of

human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all
regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly
in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all
nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and
it has been translated into over 500 languages.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is consisting of 30 articles describing civil, political,
cultural, economic and social rights that all human beings should enjoy. Human rights are the
basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world. Our human rights are
protected by the law.

What are Human Rights?

Human rights are standards that allow all people to live with dignity, freedom, equality, justice,
and peace. Every person has these rights simply because they are human beings. They are
guaranteed to everyone without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language,
religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status.
Human rights are essential to the full development of individuals and communities.

Many people view human rights as a set of moral principles that apply to everyone. Human
rights are also part of international law, contained in treaties and declarations that spell out
specific rights that countries are required to uphold. Countries often incorporate human rights
in their own national, state, and local laws.

Protection of Human Right Act, 1993

India introduced The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 which provided for the constitution
of a National Human Rights Commission at the Union level, which steers State Human Rights
Commission in States and Human Rights Courts for better protection of Human Rights and for
matters connected therewith.

According to me below is susceptible violation of human rights of employees in an organization:

 Disability

Disability discrimination occurs when an employer or an entity treats a qualified individual with
disability who is an applicant or employee unfavorably due to that person being disabled. This
unfavorable behavior can be experienced during hiring, pay, promotion, etc.

India, being a party to U.N convention on the Rights of Persons with disabilities made an
International commitment for promoting, protecting and ensuring the rights recognized in that
convention. The Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995 (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights
and Full Participation) made it compulsory for all government establishment to reserve not less
than six percent of vacancies arising against all posts and in promotion of all persons with
disabilities.

 Discrimination on the basis of sex

Discrimination on the basis of sex can happen when an employee or a probable candidate is
discriminated on the grounds of a person belonging to a particular sex. Discrimination on the
basis of sex might be seen in the areas of hiring, conditions of employment, promotion,
benefits, dividing work tasks based on whether staffs are male or female. No citizen shall on the
grounds of sex, caste , place of birth be ineligible for or discriminated against in respect of ,any
employment or office . Discrimination on the basis of sex is not prohibited under the law for
those involved in the private sector.

 Sexual harassment at the work place

The right of every woman to be safe and secure at workplace environment. Hence, the right of
all women working or visiting any workplace whether in the capacity of regular, temporary, daily
wage basis is protected under the Act. All offices, hospitals, institutions and other
establishments should set up an internal complaint committee. The employer should nominate
the committee members and constitute the committee. The committee should also include a
senior woman as a member, two other employees as members and a non-governmental
member. Provide a safe working environment at the workplace which shall include safety from
the persons coming into contact at the workplace.

 Emotional harassment:

Unlike physical harassment, emotional harassment is unnoticeable and also viewed as being
more socially acceptable. Naturally, emotional harassment in the workplace gets less attention
than physical harassment in the workplace, which perpetuates the issue of emotional
harassment in the workplace. , Emotional harassment can be defined as the hostile verbal and
nonverbal behaviors that are not explicitly tied to sexual or racial content yet are directed at
gaining compliance from others. In short, emotional harassment is manipulation of people's
actions through social behaviors. One common form of emotional abuse in workplace
is bullying. Also known as mobbing, workplace bullying is a long lasting, escalated conflict with
frequent harassing actions systematically aimed at a target person.
 Timely and Fair Salary

The whole point of providing service for an employee is fair and appropriate remuneration.
Organization should provide for equal pay for equal work. The laws under The Equal
Remuneration Act, The Payment of Wages Act mandate that timely and fair remuneration of an
employee. If an employee is not receiving his/her remuneration as per the employment
agreement, can approach the labor Commissioner or file a civil suit for arrears in salary. An
employee cannot be given wages less than the legal minimum wages, as per law. A more
detailed look into the remuneration under the Equal Remuneration Act is available in
this article.

Human rights are an important part of our lives. In fact, they are so much a part of everyday
living that we can often take them for granted. Consider how often you drink clean water, eat
food, go to school, say or write what you think; get treated by a doctor, practice a religion (or
not) or expect to be treated fairly by others. All of these everyday activities depend on the
adequate protection of your human rights, as well as those of others. Promoting and protecting
human rights is everyone’s responsibility