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ST THERESE MTC-COLLEGES

MAGDALO ST. LAPAZ, ILOILO CITY

HIGHSCHOOL DEPARTMENT

CIGARETTE SMOKING OF THE PREBACC 12 STUDENTS OF ST THERESE


MTC-COCLLEGES

ANCINO,

DELENA,

LASTIMOSA,

JEROSO,

LIBOON,

MATES,

REMIGIO,

SUDAYON,
ST THERESE MTC-COLLEGES

MAGDALO ST. LAPAZ, ILOILO CITY

HIGHSCHOOL DEPARTMENT

CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION

Tobacco leaves is the most utilized part of the plant and it could be used
naturally (fresh) or processed (dry) systematically into other forms of products as
it is being today, cigarette, snuffs, pipe, statistics so far show that 2/3 of
European, Asian and most African countries use this product in one form or the
other although data has show that makes (product) accessible for the end users.
Tobacco is a naturally occurring alkaloid has some forms of chemical component
which make it one of the world most solid natural occurring alkaloid, especially
when synthetically manufactured.

Tobacco smoke contains poisonous substances such as nicotine, alkaline carbon


monoxide, ammonia, prussic acid and a number of aldehydes and tars, in all
tobacco contain some 4,000 chemicals. Tobacco smoking was found to be one of
the most causes of cancer of the esophagus, nasopharynx, mouth, larynx, kidney,
lungs and bladders and well as causes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,
health disease, stroke and other cardiovascular disease. Smoking also increase
asks associated with oral conceptive use and exposure to occupational hazards
such as besties.
ST THERESE MTC-COLLEGES

MAGDALO ST. LAPAZ, ILOILO CITY

HIGHSCHOOL DEPARTMENT

The question that readily comes to our minds is “why do we smoke” the only answer is
that smoking has no physiological benefit, but emotional satisfaction. According to the
oxford concise medical dictionary, tobacco is the dried leaves of the plant niceties
bacum or related species, used in smoking. Once a smoker develop dependence on
smoking (cigarette) led to risk of emotional, physiological problems and health risk,
according to the surgeon generals advisory committee on health appointed by the us
public health service in 1964 proof that cigarette smoking is a serious health hazard
most especially cancer.

From numerous studies conducted over decades the committee draw evidence
and concluded that inhalation of tobacco smoke by smokers and non smokers alike has
been found to increase the risk of heart disease and respiratory problems. Usman and
Krasner (1962) view tobacco smoking in relation to society expectations of proper use,
Usman and Krasner explains that students acts in a way that is harmful and improper to
themselves and as a result this affects the academic performance. To most individual
social expectation usually implies that one can take (smoke) as many amount of tobacco
as long as it falls within the limit of tolerable behaviour in reality a smoker commonly
responds more to their tolerance level than to the social norm for tobacco use. Tobacco
smoking is characterized by behaviour and other responses that include compulsion to
take to tobacco in continuous or periodic basis in order to maintain its academic
performance and sometime to avoid discomfort. Tolerance may or may not be present
in students dependent on tobacco.

According to Sainberg and Byer (1973) were of the view that development of tolerance
is indicated when repeated administration of dosage of tobacco provide a decreasing
effect and an increasing higher dosage must be liken in order to obtain the original
effect, this lead to habituation to smoking i.e. the continuous desire to repeating the use
of tobacco continuously
ST THERESE MTC-COLLEGES

MAGDALO ST. LAPAZ, ILOILO CITY

HIGHSCHOOL DEPARTMENT

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The main intention of this research is to investigate the effects of tobacco


smoking among Prebacc 12 students of ST THERESE MTC COLLEGES, and the role
of parents and teachers on the use of or smoking of tobacco among students and
also the effects of tobacco smoking on their academic performance. The following
are the sub-problems

1. To find out if the Prebacc 12 students of ST THERESE MTC COLLEGES are aware
of the harmful effect of “tobacco smoking”.

2. To ascertain the various method or ways adopted by friends and teachers in


tobacco smoking among their freind and students respectively.

3. To investigate why students smoke

4. To find out the health and social implications of smoking.


ST THERESE MTC-COLLEGES

MAGDALO ST. LAPAZ, ILOILO CITY

HIGHSCHOOL DEPARTMENT

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study of the effect of tobacco smoking on academic performance among


Prebacc 12 students of ST THERESE MTC COLLEGES is of much significance and not
only to the Prebacc 12 students of ST THERESE MTC COLLEGES but also can be
applicable to other students in other higher level. The importance of carrying out
this study is that it could serve as a reading test to many who meant to gain
deeper knowledge about causes, effects and method or ways that can be
employed to control the uptake of tobacco by students. This study will encourage
both the school, student and community to aware themselves about the effect of
smoking to health.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS
These are the list of questions we provide.

1. Does tobacco smoking can lead to mental disorder which affects academic
performance of students?

2. Does Peer pressure lead to involvement or uptake of tobacco among students?

3. Does Poverty and family background led to tobacco smoking by student.

4. Does Schools and family problems encourage tobacco smoking among student?
ST THERESE MTC-COLLEGES

MAGDALO ST. LAPAZ, ILOILO CITY

HIGHSCHOOL DEPARTMENT

DEFINITION OF TERMS

CURRENT SMOKERS: Identified as those students who smoked every day or some
days each month.

NEVER SMOKERS: Identified as those student who never taste a cigarette.

OCCASIONAL SMOKERS: Those who only smoke occasionally.

FORMER SMOKERS: Identified as those students who stop smoking.

SELF RELATED HEALTH STATUS: Measures how individuals rate their general
health, typically from excellent to poor by the single question, “Would you say
that in general your health is excellent, very good, good, fair or poor?”

POOR HEALTH STATUS: Poor health status was defined as including those who
answered “fair” or “poor” to the above question.

GOOD HEALTH STATUS: Good health status was defined as including those who
answered “excellent”, “very good” or “good” to the above question.
ST THERESE MTC-COLLEGES

MAGDALO ST. LAPAZ, ILOILO CITY

HIGHSCHOOL DEPARTMENT

CHAPTER 2
LITERATURE REVIEW