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 Installation of RED HAT : -

By DVD: - Partition steps

 Create following partition step by step.

 “/” mount point in “ext3” format, of

10000MB .
 “/boot” mount point in “ext3” format,
of 1000MB.
 “/home” mount point in “ext3” format,
of 1000MB.
 Now create partition without mount
point in “swap” format, of three times
of RAM of system in MB (3*RAM
By Server: - Steps

 Insert CD.
 (2) boot: linux ks=nfs:<IP of
server>:/kickstart/rhel5.cfg↵ .
e.g.: linuc
 (3) Eject CD.
 <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<f1>……. <f6> Enter
command window.
Note: - <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<f1> and
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<f2> both are different terminal. So
we can work on six terminals with six different users.
 <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<f7> Exit command window.

 #init 0↵ shutdown.

 #init 6↵Restart.

 #date ↵ Display current date & time.

 #date MMDDHHMMYY↵ Change current date &

 #cal ↵ Display current year.

 #cal YYYY↵ Display specify year.

 #cal YYYY | less ↵ Display full calendar in one

 File create methods

• #touch file1 file2↵ Create blank file.

• #cat > file1 file2↵ Create n edit file. If file

exist then file will open for edit.
• <Ctrl>+<D> to Save and exit.

• So <Ctrl>+<D> To logout from user.

• #cat file↵ Display saved file content.

• Note: - if you again open file for edit then you

will be over write your text.
• #cat >> file1↵ Edit without over write.

• #vi file2↵ Create or open existing file.

Existing content display in Black & white
• #vim file2↵ Create or open existing file.
Content are coloured form and errors are
 File Editing

• Note: - if a file open then commands then

first open in command mode.
• Command mode: - where commands use to
edit in text file.
• < Esc >+<I> Switch command mode to
insert mode.
• <Esc> Switch insert mode to command
• Insert mode: - where can edit text of file with
• Note: - file must be in command mode to
save & exit.
• <shift>:wq↵ Save and exit.

• <shift>:wq!↵ forcefully save and exit.

• Commands for command mode

dd place curser on first letter of line

then press “dd” for delete a single line.
ndd place curser on first letter of line
then press “ndd” for delete n line from
curser line.
dw Place curser on letter for delete
that on letter.
yy Copy one line from curser.

myy Copy m line from curser.

p Paste line on curser.



h→ left, i→ Right, k→ up, j→ down.

<Ctrl>+<r> Redo.

<u> Undo.

 : set nu↵ Display serial numbers of lines.

 : set nonu↵ Remove serials of lines.

 : % s/<text1>/<text2>↵ Replace text1

by text2 .
 #vim –o file1 file2↵ Open
simultaneously two.
 <Ctrl>+ww to switch b/w two
simultaneously open files for editing.
 Create Directory

• #mkdir <path>dirname↵ Create

directory according path.
e.g.: - #mkdir /rishabh↵ create rishabh
dir in “/”.
• #mkdir dirname↵ Create directory
where user is current present.
 #ls↵ Display content where user is
currently present.
 #ls <path>↵ Display content according path.
e.g.: - #ls /root↵ display content of root

 #ls –p↵ Display content of home (with suffix

 #ls –a <path>↵ Display content of <path>
with hidden content (hidden with prefix “.”).
 #ls –l <path>↵ Display full information of
content of <path>.
 Note: - These commands also can run in
combine form.
o ex: - #ls –la↵ display full information with
hidden content.
 #ll Path↵ Display full information of
 #mkdir /dir/subdir/subdir↵ create multiple
 #cd <path>↵ then current position of
user will change according to path.
 #pwd↵ Display user’s position.

 #cd .. Switch Out one dir.

 #cd\ ↵↵ to complete out (switch in “/”).

 #mv file1 file2↵ Rename file or directory,
file1 will rename by file2. For same file location
and file2 doesn’t exist .
 #mv file1 file2↵ file1 will over write by file2.
For same file location and file2 exist .
 #mv file1 <path>↵ If location are not same
than work as cut. File1 is cut and it will paste in
 #cp -r <sourcefile> <targatefile>↵ To copy
 #cp -rf <sourcefile> <targatefile>↵ To copy
file forcefully.
 #rm –r <path of file or dir>↵ to delete one or
more files and directories.
 #rm –rf <path of file or dir>↵ to delete one or
more files and directories forcefully.
#reset↵ to refresh system. Refresh is process
for clean cache memory.