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# 4

Module 61

## Science and Health

EARTH’S REVOLUTION

A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development
To the Learner

The sun is very far away. As the earth travels around the sun, it
keeps the same distance away from the sun. How long does it take for
the earth to revolve around the sun?

## Illustrate a model that the earth takes one year or 12 months or

365 days to make a complete revolution.

## 1. What is the shape of the sun?

round flat oblong

## 2. What is the shape of the earth?

flat oblong round

3. Which is bigger?
sun Earth Moon

## 4. How many months are there in one year?

1 month 6 months 12 months

around the sun.

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Let’s Study This

## The Earth makes two movements: rotation and revolution.

The earth rotates on its axis and, at the same time, revolves
around the sun.
The Earth follows a definite path called orbit. It does not
leave the orbit because of gravity.
The Earth completes it travel around the sun in 12 months
or one year. One year has 365 days.

Orbit

Let’s Do This

## Orbit 365 days Rotation Sun

Revolution 12 months

## 3. The definite path of the earth.

4. How many months does it take for the Earth to revolve around
the Sun?

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Let’s Do More

## Pair Activity (Teacher-assisted) Show how the earth rotates

and revolves. You will act as the Earth and your classmate will act
as the Sun.

## 1. Draw a large circle on the ground.

2. Your classmate as the Sun will stand at the center of the circle.
3. You as the Earth will stand on the circle.
4. You (the Earth) will rotate. Then as you rotate, walk along the
circle or Orbit around your classmate (the Sun).
5. Can you rotate and revolve at the same time?

SUN

EARTH

## Rotation is the movement of the earth on its own axis.

Revolution is the movement of the Earth around the sun.
The Earth rotates and at the same time revolves around
the sun.
It takes 365 days or one year for the earth to complete
one revolution.

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Let’s Test Ourselves

## 1. Place the arrows to show the path of the earth as it travels

around the sun.

2. Which is bigger?

## Science Fact File

The distance of the Earth from the sun will vary according to its
position in its elliptical orbit. At perihelion, its nearest approach to the
sun – the earth is some 3 million miles (4.8 million kilometers) closer
to the sun that at aphelion, when it is farthest away.

## According to a commonly accepted figure, the mean distance of

the earth from the sun is 93 miles (149.6 million kilometers).

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1. round 5.
2. round
3. sun
4. 12 months

## Let’s Do This Let’s Do More

1. rotation The Answers may vary. Let
3. Orbit
4. 12 months
5. 365 days

1.

2. sun
3. round
4. round
5. 12 months

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