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1. Education is the process of living through a continuous reconstruction of

experiences. It is the development of all those capacities in the individual which will
enable him to control his environment and fulfill his potentialities.

— John Dewey (1950)

2. Education is the deliberate and systematic influence, exerted by the mature person
upon the immature through instruction, discipline and harmonious development of
physical, intellectual, aesthetic, social and spiritual powers of the human being,
according to individual and social need and directed towards the union of educant
with his creator as the final end.
— Redden (1954)

3. The aggregate of all the processes by which a person develops abilities, attitudes
and other forms of behavior of practical values in the society in which s/he lives; the
social process by which people are subjected to the influence of selected and
controlled environment (especially that of the school), so that they may obtain social
competence and optimum individual development.

Dictionary of Education (C.V Good, 1973)

Narrow Meaning of Education

Education in the narrow sense does not include self-culture and the general
influences of one’s surroundings, but only those special influences which are
consciously and designedly brought to bear upon the youngster by the adult persons
of the community whether through the family, the church or the state.
— Thomas Reymont (1906)
Broader Meaning of Education
i. Whatever broadens our horizon, deepens our insight, refines our reactions,
and stimulates our thoughts and feelings educates us. — Lodge
ii. It is really life that educates us. — Thomas Reymont (1906)

LiberaLists’ Views On educatiOn

Education means the bringing out of the ideas of universal validity which are latent in the
mind of every man.


Education is the capacity to feel pleasure and pain at the right moment. It develops in the
body and in the soul of the pupil all the beauty and all the perfection which he is capable of.


Education is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body. It develops man’s faculty,
especially his mind so that he may be able to enjoy the contemplation of supreme truth,
goodness and beauty of which perfect happiness essentially consists of.


The central task of education is to implant a will and facility for learning; it should
produce not learned but learning people. The truly human society is a learning society,
where grandparents, parents, and children are students together
—Eric Hoffer

No one has yet realized the wealth of sympathy, the kindness and generosity hidden in
the soul of a child. The effort of every true education should be to unlock that treasure.
—Emma Goldman

The only purpose of education is to teach a student how to live his life-by developing his
mind and equipping him to deal with reality. The training he needs is theoretical, i.e.,
conceptual. He has to be taught to think, to understand, to integrate, to prove. He has to
be taught the essentials of the knowledge discovered in the past-and he has to be
equipped to acquire further knowledge by his own effort.
—Ayn Rand

The aim of education should be to teach us rather how to think, than what to think—
rather to improve our minds, so as to enable us to think for ourselves, than to load the
memory with the thoughts of other men.
—Bill Beattie

The one real object of education is to leave a man in the condition of continually asking
—Bishop Creighton

The central job of schools is to maximize the capacity of each student.

—Carol Ann Tomlinson

Education is the manifestation of perfection already in man. Like fire in a piece of flint,
knowledge exists in the mind. Suggestion is the friction; which brings it out.
—Swami Vivekananda

The highest education is that which does not merely give us information but makes our life in
harmony with all existence.
—Rabindranath Tagore

Education is something, which makes a man self-reliant and self-less.


Education is that whose end product is salvation.


Education is the child’s development from within.


Education is enfoldment of what is already enfolded in the germ. It is the process through
which the child makes the internal-external.


Education is the harmonious and progressive development of all the innate powers and
faculties of man- physical, intellectual and moral.

Education is the development of good moral character.


Education is the complete development of the individuality of the child so that he can make
an original contribution to human life according to the best of his capacity.

Education in the Narrower Sense

The culture which each generation purposefully gives to those who are to be its successors,
in order to qualify them for at least keeping up, and if possible for raising the level of
improvement which has been attained.
—John Stuart Mill

In narrow sense, education may be taken to mean any consciously directed effort to develop
and cultivate our powers.
—S. S. Mackenzie

Education is a process in which and by which knowledge, character and behavior of the
young are shaped and molded.
—Prof. Drever

The influence of the environment of the individual with a view to producing a permanent
change in his habits of behaviour, or thought and attitude.
—G. H. Thompson

Education in the Broader Sense

In the wider sense, it is a process that goes on throughout life, and is promoted by almost
every experience in life.
—S. S. Mackenzie

By education, I mean the all-round drawing out of the best in child and man’s body, mind and
—M. K. Gandhi

Education in its widest sense includes all the influences, which at upon an individual during
his passage from cradle to the grave.

Education, in its broadest sense, is the means of the social continuity.

—John Dewey

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