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ISSN No: 2309-4893

International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Global Technology

I Vol-04, Issue-03, May 2016

Digital Image Processing in Medical Palmistry

Maduguri Sudhir E.V.Narayana
Department of ECE Department of ECE
KITS College, TS, India KITS College, TS, India
sudhirkmm@gmail.com eluri.narayana@gmail.com

In this paper, an application of
digital image processing is discussed which can
KEY WORDS: Image Processing And
be useful in healthcare domain to predict
Analysis (IPAA) Digital Image Processing;
some major diseases. The application is an
Segmentation; Symbol Detection; Pattern
image processing system, which works on
Matching; Medical Palmistry; Mounts and
the basis of medical palmistry. The images
Symbols in Human Palm
of human palm form input to the system.
Then, system applies digital image 1. Introduction
processing and analysis techniques on input
images to identify certain features in the Segmentation is a digital image
image. By using knowledge base of medical processing and analysis technique which
palmistry it analyzes certain features in divides the spatial domain, on which the
image and predicts probable disease. This image is defined, into “meaningful” parts or
paper is focused on development and regions. This meaningful part may be a
implementation of an algorithm to segment complete object or may be a part of it. There
the human palm into several meaningful are several areas where study of different
regions. Segmentation of the palm is needed regions of palm is done. Palmistry requires
for automatic symbol detection, pattern several features of human palm to be studied
matching, and object identification by the very carefully. This includes study of finger
computer .Highlighting feature of the prints, patterns and symbols present in
algorithm is that, it does not include human human palm.
intervention throughout the process. The
fields like criminology, fingerprint 2. Medical Palmistry
recognition, security, medical science, and Medical science studies the palm for
palmistry need careful study of different various coloration of different region to get
sections of palm. Now days, all these fields assistance in decision making. Different
are computerized, but still there are some colors seen at different regions in palm are
steps where human intervention is needed. based on blood circulation at that region as
The developed algorithm removes the role well as presence of disease in human body.
of human in all above mentioned processes. By observing these colors carefully medical

1930 www.ijaegt.com
ISSN No: 2309-4893
International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Global Technology
I Vol-04, Issue-03, May 2016

science has derived several conclusions,

based on which medical practitioners get
primary idea about the health of patient

Since ancient time, in many

civilizations like Indian, Chinese, Persian,
Egyptian, Roman and Greek, people were
used to get guidance about their present and
future by means of palmistry. It describes
attributes of human, like, health,
psychology, intelligence, and lifestyle and
other related entities. Medical palmistry is
Figure 1 mounts in the palm
one branch of palmistry, which works on
identification of probable diseases by 3. SOME SYMBOLS IN HUMAN
observing some symbols in human palms. PALM THAT INDICATE
According to principles of medical CERTAIN DESEASES
palmistry, there are some symbols like Figure 2 shows various symbols which
Iceland, cross, star, square, grill, spot, and could be found in human palm on certain
circle. If one or more of them is/are found mounts.
on specific region of palm, or on specific
line of palm, it indicates probability of
disease of respective organ of body.

As shown in figure 1, there are eight

mounts in human palm namely, Jupiter,
Saturn, Sun, Mercury, Moon, Venus, Upper
Mars, and Lower Mars. One should note that
these names are not related in any sense with
astrological palmistry

Figure 2 symbols in the palm

Island: 1. Island on the line of heart denotes

heart disease inherited.
Spot: 1. Bright-red spot on the line of head
indicates a shock or injury from some blow
or fall.
Square: 1. Square is called a mark of
preservation, because it shows that the
subject is protected at that particular point
from whatever danger menaced.

1931 www.ijaegt.com
ISSN No: 2309-4893
International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Global Technology
I Vol-04, Issue-03, May 2016

Star: 1. Star on the mount of moon indicates work products, and system generates final
probability of ascites, or urinal diseases. output, that is
Grille: 1. Grille on the mount of Venus prediction. Steps specified in each module
indicates probability of problems with are as follows.
reproductive system.

Figure 3 modules of the system

4.1. Image Processing and Analysis

An algorithm is designed and implemented
4.1.1 Image Formation
for segmentation of human palm in such a
Image formation means conversion
fashion that each of the above mentioned
of radiant energy emitted from source into
mount is separated. After isolating each
2D image. In this system, digital camera is
mount the developed prototype searches
used for good quality of image. This module
each mount for certain health indicator
forms input to
symbol on respective mount. Pattern
the system.
matching techniques are used in the process
4.1.2 Digitization
of symbol detection.
Since we are using digital camera,
4. MODULES OF THE SYSTEM we don‟t have to perform digitization
As shown in the figure 3, the system techniques like sampling and quantization.
includes Image processing module and The input image itself is in digital form.
knowledge management & prediction 4.1.3 Image enhancement
module Image processing module deals with This step will improve the quality of
operations on image up to pattern image by applying enhancement techniques
recognition. The knowledge about medical like contrast intensification, noise cleaning
palmistry is fed into the system in second and edge sharpening. To determine certain
module. In this module, sample patterns (as patterns as shown in fig 1, we are
shown in fig.1) are fed into knowledge base. performing this step as primary requirement.
At last these two modules combine their 4.1.4 Segmentation

1932 www.ijaegt.com
ISSN No: 2309-4893
International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Global Technology
I Vol-04, Issue-03, May 2016

In this step system will divide the <Pattern_type>_<LINE/MOUNT>_<Palm_

spatial domain into „meaningful‟ parts or Type>
regions, which are of our interest. Specific According to palmistry, there are
patterns will be searched according to these major lines named life, heart, and head
segments. Image can be divided into four dominating the characteristics of palm.
quadrants, because all mounts in the palm There are also other minor lines in palm. We
image can be easily identified [6]. are interested in the position of identified
4.1.5 Edge, line detection and color symbol on one of these lines. Mounts are
processing plateaus at different positions in human
In this step, palm image is processed palm. The names of mounts are Jupiter,
for identification of edges and lines, which Saturn, Mercury, Sun, Mars, Venus, and
are usually found in human palm. For Moon. According to palmistry, there are
example, the heart line, the life line and so seven types of palms namely elementary,
on. Color of palm is also identified in this square, speculated, philosophical, conic,
step. Moreover, shape of palm is also psychic, and mixed. Special cases will be
decided in this step [6]. considered afterwards.
4.1.6 Feature Extraction 5. ALGORITHM TO DISTINGUISH
This step will extract specific LINES AND SPECIAL SYMBOLS
features like patterns of star, grille, Iceland, FROM REST OF THE PALM
square, and spots from the image [6]. Precondition: The image of palm should be
taken on white background. [RGB value
4.1.7 Image Description (255,255,255)]
This step will identify the pattern and The steps of algorithm are as follows:
its exact location in the image. The partial 1) Segment the image.
algorithm is shown in following section. 2) Remove the portions of fingers and
4.2 Knowledge Management & Prediction thumb, by changing pixel color values to
module (255,255,255)
Knowledge Engineer will prepare 3) Repeat the following steps until RGB
Knowledge Base using knowledge of value of pixel is (255,255,255).
medical palmistry. Knowledge base is the 4) Start getting pixel color values of image
backbone of the system. Using patterns from any side. If started from left to right or
identified by IPAA module and knowledge right to left, then scan image vertically. If
base, system predicts the probable diseases started from top to bottom or bottom to top,
of a palm holder. then scan horizontally.
The knowledgebase is created with 5) Get pixel color value for each pixel.
the help of medical palmistry. The sample 6) Count number of pixels for each color.
design of knowledge base is discussed in Color value is considered same if the
APPENDIX – A. The syntax of table name difference is (±α, ±β, ±γ) with the previous
is as follows: color value. (This is to limit number of

1933 www.ijaegt.com
ISSN No: 2309-4893
International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Global Technology
I Vol-04, Issue-03, May 2016

colors we will get. Values of α, β and γ may

be case specific.)
7) Color of palm = the color with highest
number of pixels.
8) Line or Special symbol = the pixels
whose color value is less than the pixels
with palm color
(According to RGB color model)
This paper spotlight on combination
of digital image processing and analysis
techniques, and concept of medical
palmistry. Using these concepts a prototype
model is designed which predicts diseases
that may occur to the human The proposed
system can be very useful to human being to
get indication of disease in advance. It can
save cost of treatment as well as physical
and psychological suffering of the person.
Also, an algorithm to distinguish lines and
special symbols from rest of the palm is

1. R. C. Gonzalez and R. E. Woods
“Digital Image Processing”, 2nd edition,
Pearson Education, 2004
2. Hardik Pandit and Dipti Shah, “Decision
Support System for Healthcare Based on
Medical Palmistry”, presented in ICISD
– 2011, GCET Engineering College,
Vallabh Vidyanagar.
3. Hardik Pandit, Dipti Shah, “ Application
of Digital Image Processing and
Analysis in Healthcare based on Medical
Palmistry”, International Conference on
Intelligent Systems and Data Processing
(ICISD) 2011, Special Issue published
by International Journal of Computer
Applications® (IJCA),

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