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BRIDGE DESIGN (SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT CALCULATION)

INPUT VARIABLES:

CLEAR SPAN: 5.5 m


BEARING WIDTH: 400 mm
FOOTPATH WIDTH: 1 m
WEARING COAT: 100 mm
NO. OF LANES: 2
CONCRETE GRADE: 25 N/mm2
STEEL GRADE: 415 N/mm2
CLEAR COVER: 30 mm
CURB HEIGHT: 225 mm

1) DESIGN DATA AND CONSTANTS:

8.3
200
m= 10
k= 0.29
j= 0.903
Q= 1.09

2) DEPTH DETERMINATION:

O/D FOR 5.5m SPAN = 440 mm …(Assuming 80mm depth required for 1m span)
EFFECTIVE DEPTH = 397.5 mm …(Assuming 25mm dia bars to be used)
EFFECTIVE SPAN (Maximum of):
I) ln+d = 5.8975 m
II) C/C dist. b/w supports = 5.9 m

= 5.9 m

3) dead load bending moment and dead load shear force:

D.L OF SLAB = 10.56 KN …(Assuming unit wt. of concrete 24 KN/m3)


D.L OF WEARING COAT = 2.2 KN …(Assuming unit wt. of wearing coat 22 KN/m3)
TOTAL= 12.76 KN

BENDING MOMENT = 12.76 X 5.9^2/8 = 55.52 KNm/m


SHEAR FORCE = 12.76 X 5.5 /2 = 35.09 KNm/m

IRC CLASS AA TRACKED VEHICLE:


4) LIVE load bending moment and shear force CALCULATION:

EFFECTIVE LENGTH OF DISPERSION = 3.6+2 x (440+100)/1000 = 4.68 m

EFFECTIVE BREADTH OF DISPERSION FOR SINGLE WHEEL (MAX BENDING MOMENT CRITERIA):

TOTAL BREADTH OF CARRIAGEWAY = 7.5 m


ASPECT RATIO = 1.61
VALUE OF α FOR ASPECT RATIO 1.61 FROM CHART IS = 2.88
x= 2.95 m
b1= 1.05 m
2.88x2.95x(1-2.95/5.9)+1.05= 5.3 m

TOTAL EFFECTIVE BREADTH OF DISPERSION :


Bf = 2.625+2.05+2.65= 7.325 m
2.625 2.05 2.65

EFFECTIVE BREADTH OF DISPERSION FOR SINGLE WHEEL (MAX SHEAR FORCE CRITERIA):

ASPECT RATIO = 1.61


VALUE OF α FOR ASPECT RATIO 1.61 FROM CHART IS = 2.88
x= 2.34 m
b1= 1.05 m
2.88x2.34x(1-2.34/5.9)+1.05= 5.12 m
2.625 2.05 2.56
TOTAL EFFECTIVE BREADTH OF DISPERSION :
Bf = 2.56+2.05+2.56= 7.17 m

5) impact factor:
IMPACT FACTOR = 0.21625
TOTAL LIVE LOAD = 851.375 KN
0.61 4.68
6) CALCULATION OF MAXIMUM BENDING MOMENT :
24.84
TOTAL DISPERSION AREA = 7.325 X 4.68 = 34.281 m2
UNIT LIVE LOAD = 851.375 / 34.281 = 24.84 KN/m2
5.9
MAX BENDING MOMENT(L.L)= (24.84x4.68/2X5.9/2)-(24.84x4.68/2x4.68/4)
= 103.46 KNm/m
TOTAL BENDING MOMENT AT MID-SPAN (DL+LL)= 103.46 + 55.52 = 158.99 KNm/m

6) CALCULATION OF MAXIMUM SHEAR FORCE :

TOTAL DISPERSION AREA = 33.56 m2


UNIT LIVE LOAD = 851.375 / 33.56 = 25.37 KN/m2

MAX SHEAR FORCE (L.L) = 24.84x4.68x(5.9-4.68/2)/5.9 4.68


70.145 KN/m
TOTAL S.F AT SUPPORT (DL+LL) = 70.14 +35.09 = 105.24 KN/m 24.84

5.9
IRC CLASS AA TRACKED VEHICLE:

WEIGHT PER WHEEL = 350 KN


NO. OF WHEELS = 2
BREADTH OF WHEEL = 0.85 m
350
LENGTH OF WHEEL = 3.6 m
C= BREADTH OF CARRIAGEWA 7.5
VALUE OF "C" = 1.2 m
DIST. B/W C/L OF WHEELS = 2.05 m C
IMPACT FACTOR :
FOR SPAN UPTO 9m:
SPAN = 5.9 m

If = 0.21625 ...(FOR ALL BRIDGE TYPES)

FOR SPAN OVER 9m:

If = 0.1 …(FOR SPAN UPTO 40M FOR RC BRIDGE)


0.1 …(FOR ALL SPANS FOR STEEL BRIDGE)

If= 0.21625
350 350
3.6

0.85
IRC 70R TRACKED VEHICLE:

WEIGHT PER WHEEL = 350 KN


NO. OF WHEELS = 2
BREADTH OF WHEEL = 0.84 m
LENGTH OF WHEEL = 4.57 m
C= BREADTH OF CARRIAGEWAY= 7.5 m
NO. OF LANES = 2
VALUE OF "C" = 1.2 m
DIST. B/W C/L OF WHEELS = 2.06 m
IMPACT FACTOR :
FOR SPAN UPTO 9m:
SPAN = 5.9 m

If = 0.21625 ...(FOR ALL BRIDGE TYPES)

FOR SPAN OVER 9m:

If = 0.1 …(FOR SPAN UPTO 40M FOR RC BRIDGE)


0.1 …(FOR ALL SPANS FOR STEEL BRIDGE)

If= 0.21625
350 350 4.57

C 0.84
IRC CLASS AA WHEELED VEHICLE:

TOTAL WEIGHT = 400 KN


NO. OF WHEELS = 8
BREADTH OF WHEEL = 0.3 m
LENGTH OF WHEEL = 0.15 m
C= BREADTH OF CARRIAGEWAY= 7.5 m
VALUE OF "C" = 1.2 m

IMPACT FACTOR :
SPAN= 5.9 m 37.5
If= 0.25

1200
1050

300 300
2.2

62.5 62.5 37.5

150

300 700 300 300 300


IRC CLASS A WHEELED VEHICLE:

TOTAL WEIGHT = 554 KN


NO. OF WHEELS = 16

VALUE OF LENGTH & BREADTH:


LOAD B W 1.1 3.2
27 0.15 0.2
68 0.2 0.38 27 27
114 0.25 0.5

B
VALUE OF "C" = 0.15 m

WIDTH OF CARRIAGEWAY = 7.5 m

GAP BETWEEN TWO TRAINS OF VEHICLE = 1.2 m


W
IMPACT FACTOR :
SPAN = 5.9 m
FOR R.C BRIDGE,
If= 0.378
1.2 4.3 3 3 3

114 114 68 68 68 68

1.8
IRC 70R WHEELED VEHICLE:

0.91 3.96 1.52 2.13

80 120 120 170

COLUMN "l":

TOTAL WEIGHT = 1000 KN


NO. OF WHEELS = 28

C= BREADTH OF CARRIAGEWAY= 7.5 m


NO. OF LANES = 2
VALUE OF "C" = 1.2 m
0.41

IMPACT FACTOR :
SPAN= 5.9 m
If= 0.25

COLUMN "m":

TOTAL WEIGHT = 1000 KN


NO. OF WHEELS = 28

C= BREADTH OF CARRIAGEWAY= 7.5 m


NO. OF LANES = 2
VALUE OF "C" = 1.2 m
0.41

IMPACT FACTOR :
SPAN= 5.9 m
If= 0.25

COLUMN "n":

TOTAL WEIGHT = 1000 KN


NO. OF WHEELS = 56

C= BREADTH OF CARRIAGEWAY= 7.5 m


NO. OF LANES = 2
VALUE OF "C" = 1.2 m

0.23
IMPACT FACTOR :
SPAN= 5.9 m
If= 0.25
1.37 3.05 1.37 0.91

170 170 170

2.79

0.61

0.04

2.79

0.61

0.385 0.38

2.79
0.51

0.05
0.25 0.76
DETAILING:
1

100mm thick wearing coat


12mm dia @200mmC/C

20mm dia @140mm C/C


12mm dia @185mm C/C

9.5

CROSS SECTION ALONG BREADTH

20mm dia @280mm C/C

12mm dia @185mm C/C

0.85l 20mm dia @140mm C/C

5.9

CROSS SECTION ALONG LENGTH


2 - 12mm dia bars

a @200mmC/C

a @140mm C/C 16mm dia @170mm C/C

12mm dia @200mmC/C


0.1

0.44

a @185mm C/C

a @140mm C/C

NOTE:
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN metres