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,, The law is the guarantee that citizens will be honest with each other”

Aristotel

The law affects every aspect of our lives; it governs our conduct from the cradle
to the grave and its influence even extends from before our birth to after our
death.We live in a society which has developed a complex body of rules to control
the activities of its members.
Law ? And that what so general in the law? What sense is in him and what is
he expressed? If in earnest to be thoughtful above, laws began to appear exactly
in time, when a human realized, what is fear! All, what people could not
understand or explain - frightened them. For the reason they are need something
or someone who was strong and would say them all about these undertook
things.
So people called them Gods!! God became similar the first law for a man, by a
law line of which they can not cross in spite of everything. Certainly there was
some religious norms and generally accepted rules whom appeared. Laws not
nearly changed since that to our days. Yes, they became more wider and
expressed a large responsibility, but sense remained former. Every country - has
this own laws, however said there are not in one of them, that you can put
someone to death, snaffle -in other wards - to do everything, you want!!Certainly
laws are legal acts which have a large responsibility on the shoulders of
everybody. That sense which was carried by the laws of primeval times saved the
laws of our time. it's like as it was before on each the gods accompanied motion
of human, just like laws are accompanied people nowadays. They are expressed
in every people act, in every motion exactly can see this world!
Laws haven`t changed since primeval times.

Throughout history humans were trying to establish the rules of behavior, which
controlled the relations in society. At first those were customs and traditions, and
then they were replaced by written laws.

These were carved into stone, fixed on clay tables, or written on parchment, and
later - on paper. These laws set up various norms and rules, both fair and unfair.
Only one law has always remained in force: the battle is to the strong (the
strongest is always right). This law was the basis of judicial duels of the past and it
is still in effect for all classes in modern society.

The difference is that in older times it was the physical force which mattered, and
now – it’s the force of MONEY.The law should be the force to fight crime, but for
this purpose it is necessary, that people should realize that it is easier to observe
the law, than to pay the price for non-observance.Only then people would be able
to leave the primitive law behind!The same thing also works when we’re talking
about laws, as they have kept their roots since primeval times.

"Tell a man there is 300 billion stars in the universe and he will believe you. Tell
him a bench has wet paint on it and he will have to touch it to make sure."
Murphy’s Law

One of the most famous Murphy’s laws which I have just quoted is the best
example to show the constants of human nature. Any time humans don’t believe
in the truthfulness of some fact or phenomenon, they tend to experiment on
themselves. That’s why thousands of years ago our ancestors created a set of
rules of behavior in self-protection. Most of these rules are still in force
nowadays. I am talking about the eternal law or the so-called natural law.This
school of law appeared in ancient Greece and Rome in the 5th century B.C.
Famous philosophers Plato and Aristotle thought that alongside with the positive
(human-made) law there was some eternal law. In other words, they taught their
disciples that this kind of law didn’t depend on people’s will.The Romans called it
jus naturale. But unlike the Greeks, Romans were sure that positive law inevitably
contradicted the eternal law. In their opinion, all men were equal eternally but
positively there existed a social class of slaves.Nowadays the eternal law is the
foundation of the contemporary laws. Unfortunately such rules as “don’t kill” and
“don’t steal” aren’t enough to regulate the complicated relations in our society,
and our lawmakers are doing their best to create sufficient laws.

But according to another Murphy’s law, “Before you find your princess, you’ve
got to kiss a lot of frogs!”

When people were already organized in tribes, they had some norms and rules of
behaviour. Based on Victoria Modina’s statement, “members of a community
were punished if they had done harm to other members of the same community,
if they had stolen something or if they had failed to perform their duties”. Already
from that time the term “repercussions” is applied and what’s interesting is that
it’s already effective. Nowadays the essence of such regulations of social life is
absolutely the same. Today people are responsible for all their deeds according to
contemporary laws.

For the purpose of getting a better life, without worries and in the same time
for the peaceful coexistence of humans, the law was created. The law has become
something that is now taken as a given. We can’t imagine the life without rules,
without some regulations.

First of all, the law introduced the concept what is right and what is not, the thing
that we call now “justice”, something that was not known in the past. But as I said
earlier that the law has reached the state of being almighty on this planet, for
sure it couldn’t have stayed the same all these decades, without someone
rebelling against it. It wouldn’t have gained so much authority if it hadn’t changed
periodically. The reason behind all these riots is also the law. And I can prove my
bold statement in the following sentence. Although the law is considered the
supreme power on the planet, it has a weak spot: the fact that it’s not perfect.

The society itself is developing at an unimaginable speed. The progress itself


demands new technologies, new visions, new regulations, new requirements,
new laws. There is no doubt that the laws from the primeval times could not be
able to handle this abundance of all these fresh things coming together and in
addition, all of them simultaneously. That’s the perfect time for a change when
you realize that you’re not keeping up with the needs of the society. It’s time for
new laws. And the thing that will always change from time to time is undoubtedly
the heart of the state – the legislation. It will provide new aspect according to the
needs of the society, making them happy, for the time being. Why for the time
being? That’s because I said that I believe that a perfect law does not exist and it
will not, so that’s why it needs to change.

Throughout history humans were trying to establish the rules of behavior,


which controlled the relations in society. At first those were customs and
traditions, and then they were replaced by written laws. These were carved into
stone, fixed on clay tables, or written on parchment, and later - on paper. These
laws set up various norms and rules, both fair and unfair. Only one law has always
remained in force: the battle is to the strong (the strongest is always right). This
law was the basis of judicial duels of the past and it is still in effect for all classes in
modern society. The difference is that in older times it was the physical force
which mattered, and now – it’s the force of MONEY.

If the strong and the weak were equal, this could change a lot!
First of all, the law introduced the concept what is right and what is not, the thing
that we call now “justice”, something that was not known in the past. But as I said
earlier that the law has reached the state of being almighty on this planet, for
sure it couldn’t have stayed the same all these decades, without someone
rebelling against it. It wouldn’t have gained so much authority if it hadn’t changed
periodically. The reason behind all these riots is also the law. And I can prove my
bold statement in the following sentence. Although the law is considered the
supreme power on the planet, it has a weak spot: the fact that it’s not perfect.

The society it self is developing at an unimaginable speed. The progress itself


demands new technologies, new visions, new regulations, new requirements,
new laws. There is no doubt that the laws from the primeval times could not be
able to handle this abundance of all these fresh things coming together and in
addition, all of them simultaneously. That’s the perfect time for a change when
you realize that you’re not keeping up with the needs of the society. It’s time for
new laws. And the thing that will always change from time to time is undoubtedly
the heart of the state – the legislation. It will provide new aspect according to the
needs of the society, making them happy, for the time being. Why for the time
being? That’s because I said that I believe that a perfect law does not exist and it
will not, so that’s why it needs to change. That’s what I think now, judging from
the current state of the world. But who knows, maybe someday I will change my
opinion. Anyway, no matter how much the legislation will change, it won’t be able
to erase some of the basic instincts of justice, the ones that people developed by
themselves, again, from the primeval times. Its purpose will remain the same - to
make people responsible for their deeds, something that originated as well, from
the primeval times.
Generally speaking, laws have not changed since primeval times. They’ve kept
their basic awareness of the existence of evil in this world, their power of making
order, and their supremacy towards anything, on this planet at least. In short, the
law has kept its roots, the ones from the primeval times. But that’s it, nothing
more, just the basic ideas from the past. Now I want to express my opinion on
why I think the law has really changed since those times.

Bibliography

1. http://ru4.ilovetranslation.com/L0SSdYfQLqS=d/
3. http://www.just-english.ru/2005.htm
4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law

1. Law-the principles and regulations established in a community by some


authority and applicable to its people, whether in the form of legislation or of
custom and policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision. (Lege)
2. Amnesty- An act of forgiveness granted to a large group of individuals by a
government, especially for political offences. (Amnistia).
3. Balance- An even distribution of weight enabling someone or something to
remain upright and steady. (Balanță)
4. Criminal law or Penal law- is the body of law that relates to crime. It regulates
social conduct and proscribes whatever is threatening, harmful, or otherwise
endangering to the property, health, safety, and moral welfare of people. (codul
penal).
5. Contract- A written or spoken agreement, especially one concerning
employment, sales, or tenancy, that is intended to be enforceable by law.
(Contract).
6.Code- a set of laws or regulations (Coduri).
7. Constitution- The system of fundamental laws and principles that prescribes
the nature,functions, and limits of a government or another insitution and
according to which a state is governed.(Constituție).
8. Death-the act of dying; the end of life; the total and permanent cessation of
all the vital functions of an organism.(Moarte).
9. Declaration-A formal statement or announcement, proclamation. The ruling of
a judge or court on a quetion of law,esp in the chancery division of the high court.
(Declarație).
10. Freedom-The ability to do what you want because you have no obligations or
responsibilities. (libertate)
11. Fact- A thing that is known or proved to be true. (Fact)
12. Government- Body of people that sets and administers public policy ,and
exercises executive ,political,and sovereign power through customs,institutions,
and laws within a state.(Guvern)
13. Influenced- he power to change or affect someone or something : the power
to cause changes without directly forcing them to happen (Influenta).
14. Instinct - the way people or animals naturally react or behave, without having
to think or learn about it (instinct)
15. Judicial- pertaining to courts of law or to judges (Judiciar).
16.Justice-The process or result of using laws to fairly judge and punish crimes
and criminals (Justitie).
17. Act- A bill which has passed through the various legislative steps required for
it and which has become law. (Act)
16. Members- someone or something that belongs to or is a part of a group or an
organization (Membri).
17.Precedent- A judicial decision that serves as an authority (Precedent)
18. To develop - to bring out the capabilities or possibilities (a manifesta, a evolua,
a crește ).

19. Protocol- The official procedure or system of rules governing affairs of state or
diplomatic occasions. (Protocol)
20.Problem-A matter or situation regarded as unwelcome or harmful and needing
to be dealt with and overcome. (Problema)
21.Rules - instruction that states the way things are or should be done, and tells
you what you are allowed or are not allowed to do (regulă).
22. Referendum- A vote in which the people in a particular country are all asked
to say whether they agree or disagree with a particular policy. (Referendum).
23. Society-The community of people living in a particular country or region and
having shared customs, laws, and organizations. (Societate)
24. Statement - declaration in speech or writing, setting forth facts (afirmație).
25. Punishment- A Punishment is meted out by the Authority as an imposition of
an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon a group or individual, in response
and deterrent to a particular action or behaviour that is deemed unacceptable,
threatening to some norm and/or breaks the rules or laws by which the social
group is governed. (Pedeapsa).