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Table of Contents

01)

Introduction

…………………………………

2

02)

Overview of 2.5G/GPRS ……………………

3

03)

SGSN ………………………………………….

3

04)

GGSN ………………………………………….

4

05)

Interoperate ability with 2G ………………….

4

06)

Interoperate ability with 3G ………………….

5

07)

Common Protocol Stacks …………………….

5

08)

Hardware Types ……………………………….

6

09)

Ericsson Releases ……………………………

9

10)

Current Customers ……………………………

9

11)

CLI Commands ………………………………

10

1.

Introduction

This document is a “warm up” course on SGSN as product. The idea behind writing this document is that, by spending 15-20 minutes in going through it, reader should have basic idea about,

GPRS or 2.5G

Basic functionalities of SGSN

Network connections with other equipments in 2G and 3G

Ericsson Hardware Architecture for different types

Different boards of SGSN hardware types

Ericsson Releases for SGSN

At the end of document, a set of “list” commands have been written in order to practice on the SGSN box itself.

Note: This document is for internal use only.

2.

Over view of 2.5G/GPRS (General Packet Radio System)

General packet radio service (GPRS) is a packet oriented used for data services as, compared to circuit switching used for voice services, available to users of the 2G and 3G.

GPRS is often called as 2.5G, when combined with 2G network to provide data services. TDMA channels are used to provide different rates for data services. The data transfer in GPRS is charged per megabytes for the traffic which is transferred, while in circuit switching for data communication, it is charged per minute for the time, the connection is alive. This is why, GPRS service is based on “best effort” principle where QoS is not as much guaranteed as in circuit switching.

GPRS technology is comprised of two network nodes: SGSN and GGSN

3. SGSN (Serving GPRS Support Node)

The SGSN is a primary component in the GSM/GPRS (2G) and in WCDMA (3G) architecture. It’s primary task is to forward incoming and outgoing IP packets addressed to/from a mobile station that is attached within the SGSN G and SGSN W area. It provides following

Packet routing for GPRS subscribers that are physically located within the

geographical SGSN G and SGSN W area. The packets are routed to/from BSC/RNC

to the mobile MS via BTS/Node B.

It provides security over Radio Access by ciphering algorithms and through

authentication process.

Session and Mobility Management.

Logical Link Management towards MS.

Connections to HLR, MSC/VLR, BSC, RNC, PLMN, GGSN and other SGSNs.

Collects CDRs (Charging Data Rates) for billing purposes.

Supports prepaid Services via CAMEL (Customized Application For Mobile Enhanced

Logic).

4.

GGSN (Gateway GPRS Support Node)

GGSN is another main component in GPRS network. As compared to SGSN which is responsible for number of actions mentioned above, GGSN is responsible for the inter working between GPRS network and external packet switched networks: Internet and X.25. Thus it means that GGSN is router to a sub-network.

When GGSN receives data for a specific user, it checks whether that user is active or not. If user is active then GGSN forwards the data to the SGSN serving the mobile user otherwise data is discarded.

GGSN converts the GPRS packets coming from SGSN into the appropriate packet data protocol (PDP) format: IP or X.25 and sends out on the corresponding packet data network. If traffic is coming from external networks then GGSN converts the IP or X.25 packets into right format of GSM/WCDMA and sends packets to the SGSN.

GGSN is responsible for IP address assignment and is the default router for the connected user equipment. It also performs authentication and charging functions.

5. Interoperability with 2G SMS SCP AUC FNR EIR Gd Gs GMLC Gf HLR Lg
5. Interoperability with 2G
SMS
SCP
AUC
FNR
EIR
Gd
Gs
GMLC
Gf
HLR
Lg
IP
N/Ws
SGSN
Gr
Gn
Gn
MSC/
Gs
MSC Server
SGSN
GGSN
Gn
Gb
GoM
GoM
A bis
BTS
BSC
O & M
Gp
Gp
MS
PLMN

6. Interoperability with 3G

SGSN

SMS SCP AUC FNR EIR Gd GMLC Gf Ge Lg HLR Gr IP N/Ws SGSN
SMS
SCP
AUC
FNR
EIR
Gd
GMLC
Gf
Ge
Lg
HLR
Gr
IP
N/Ws
SGSN
Gn
Gn
MSC/
Gn
MSC Server
SGSN
GGSN
Iu
GoM
GoM
Iub
Node B
RNC
O & M
Gp
Gp
MS
PLMN
SGSN

7. Common Protocol Stacks

Following are different protocol stacks for different interfaces.

a) Gb Interface: LLC, SNDCP, Frame Relay, BSSGP

b) Iu-C Interface: MM/SM, L1,L2, MTP-L3, SCCP, RANAP, Frame Relay, ATM

c) Gr Interface: MAP,TCAP,SCCP, MTP-L3,L2,L1,SCTP,IP,MTP-L2,AAL5,ATM

d) Gn Interface; L1, L2, IP, UDP, GTP

e) GoM Interface: L1, L2, IP, IPSec/GRE, UDP/TCP, O&M

8.

Hardware Types

In this section, hardware architecture of MKIV, MKV and MKVI is shown for SGSN R8. Regardless of the SGSN release, Ericsson SGSN comes in three MK types as mentioned in above.

a) MKVI: In MKIV, all boards are of version 3

in above. a) MKVI: In MKIV, all boards are of version 3 Fig: SGSN R8 Dual

Fig: SGSN R8 Dual Access MKIV

GPB (General Purpose Board): GPB is used for node management, processing and signaling. It is an AP (Application Processor) board.

FSB (File Server board): FSB acts as File and Boot Server and can be Node Controller Board (NCB) in MKIV.

PEB: PEB supplies the magazine with power, which is distributed from power connectors on the PEB front panel.

IBAS: Interface board for ATM Single- mode fiber.

IBTE: Interface board for E1/T1.

IBS7: Interface board for SS7 over E1/T1.

b) MKV: In MKV, all boards are either of v3 or v4.

b) MKV : In MKV, all boards are either of v3 or v4. Fig: SGSN R8

Fig: SGSN R8 Dual Access MKV

PEB: Power and Ethernet Board.

FSB: File Server Board.

IBEN: Interface Board for Ethernet

IBAS: Interface Board for Single-Mode Fiber.

IBTE: Interface Board for E1/T1.

IBS7: Interface Board for SS7.

c)

MKVI: All boards on MKVI are of version 4.

c) MKVI: All boards on MKVI are of version 4. Fig: SGSN R8 Dual Access MKVI

Fig: SGSN R8 Dual Access MKVI

PEB: Power and Ethernet Board.

FSB: File Server Board.

IBEN: Interface Board for Ethernet

IBAS: Interface Board for Single-Mode Fiber.

IBTE: Interface Board for E1/T1.

IBS7: Interface Board for SS7.

9.

Ericsson Releases for SGSN

To support the functionality of SGSN ie,

Routing of data to/from physically connected subscribers.

Session and Mobility management.

Security over Radio Access.

CDR Collection for charging.

Pre paid services etc,

Different Releases for SGSN have been released for MKIV, MKV and MKVI. Some of them are mentioned below

1. SGSN Release 6

2. SGSN Release 7

3. SGSN Release 8

4. SGSN Release 2009A

5. SGSN Release 2009B

6. SGSN Release 2010A

On top of these releases, CP or Correction Packages are released to meet customized requirements.

Each release provides a feature called Tool Box, which provides different commands for Troubleshooting,

10. Current Customers

1. O2 – UK:

2. Cable and Wireless: 1 x SGSN

3. Orange: 2 x CGSN

4. Manx: 1 x CGSN

5. Vodafone: 10 x SGSN

16 x SGSN (currently upgrading to MKVI)

11. CLI Commands

List_alarms: To display different alarms on SGSN

List_events: To display current most events

List_ip_service_address: To list all ip addresses in SGSN, being used by different cards

Get_sgsn: To get SGSN id

List_nodeprops: To list down all parameters of configured values for different interfaces