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1. Note the information below!

SO3 + O2- → SO42-
Which species acts as a Lewis acid?

2. Determine the conjugate base formula of NH4 +?

3. The advantages of Bronsted - Lowry acid base theory, which can explain. . . .

4. Know the reaction:

HCl + H2O ==> H3O ++ Cl-

According to Bronsted - Lowry Cl- and H3O + ions in these reactions respectively are as. .

1. According to Lewis:

• Acid: a substance / compound that can accept electron pairs free from other substances /

• Bases: substances / compounds that can donate free pairs of other substances /
compounds.If the reaction above is described by the Lewis formula, then the SO3
compound will act as Lewis acid:

2. Because the requested conjugate base means NH4 + is an acid, then the conjugate base
formula is:

NH4 + → H + + NH3 (conjugate base)

3. Bronsted Acid - Lowry = binding H + (proton donor)

Bonsted Base - Lowry = captures H + (proton acceptor)

The specialty of the theory of bronsted lowry acid is that it can explain the nature of acid
base in a reversible reaction, as happens in the ionization of CH3COOH weak acids.

CH3COOH + H2O <==> H3O + + CH3COO-

The above reaction is a reversible reaction where reactants can form products while the
product can immediately form reactants.

Right reaction

CH3COOH + H2O ==> H3O + + CH3COO-

In the above reaction, which binds H + to the other is CH3COOH so that it changes to
CH3COO- (you can see that 1 CH3COOH atom is lost so it becomes CH3COO-). Then
CH3COOH is acidic. Whereas H2O is a species that accepts H + released by acid, so it
changes to H3O + (you can see that H H2O atoms increase by one so that it becomes H3O
CH3COOH + H2O ==> H3O + + CH3COO-

Base Acid Conjugated Base Conjugated Acid

1. base acid 1 acid 2 base 2

Leftist reaction

H3O + + CH3COO- ==> CH3COOH + H2O

In this second reaction, it can be seen that H3O + gives H + to CH3COO - so that it
changes to H2O while CH3COO - which receives H + changes to CH3COOH. Then
CH3COOH is still acidic and H2O remains the same base when the reaction is right.

4. Because H3O + and Cl- are located in the product, they are both acid and conjugate bases.

to determine which acid and conjugate base we will use how to give:

1. Look for pairs of species, namely HCl paired with Cl- and H2O in pairs with H3O +.

2. determine which H + decreases and increases.

HCl changes to Cl-, meaning H + from HCl has been donated so that HCl is acid and Cl- is
the conjugate base. whereas H2O the number of H + has increased so that it forms H3O +,
then H2O is alkaline and H3O + is the conjugate acid.