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WALLS UP

CREATING AND DESIGNING 3D WALLS


SITUATION
•  Now that you have the floor plan of your Uncle’s new
home, it’s time to translate the 2D plan into a 3D
model.
•  This will help you to better the potential of the space
in terms of interior design, furniture layout, and other
architectural features.
TARGETS
OBJECTIVE:
•  Learn about walls – their purpose, types, and different
materials or finishes

SKILLS
•  Create walls for enclosure and partition
•  Group different rooms within the condominium unit
“A building is a shelter from rain, sun, and wind.
This implies a roof, and walls to support it.
If the walls entirely enclose the space within,
there are doorways for access and windows for light.
Roofs and walls, doors and windows are the essential
features of a building.”

–William Robert Ware


WALLS
What are they?
WALLS
•  Building enclosure
•  Protection from weather
•  Division of space
•  Sound barrier
•  Fire protection
LOAD BEARING VS NON-LOAD BEARING

• Structural component • Carries only its own


of the building weight
• Carries its own • Can be demolished
weight, the upper during renoration
floors and roof
TYPES OF WALLS
Material Choices
CONCRETE HOLLOW BLOCK (CHB)

• Hollow masonry unit


• 2 or 3 cells or cores
• Water, Portland cement, and aggregates
(sand, gravel crushed stone)
CONCRETE HOLLOW BLOCK (CHB)
• 400 mm / 16”
• 100 mm / 4” *
150 mm / 6”
• 200 mm / 8”
CONCRETE HOLLOW BLOCK (CHB)
Steel bars to
reinforce
stability
PRECAST CONCRETE WALL
•  constructed outside the building site
•  Casted concrete in a mold
•  Transported into building site – lifted into place
PRECAST CONCRETE WALL
STONE WALL
•  Masonry construction used for thousands of years
•  Piling loose fields stones into dry stone wall
•  Later, mortar and plaster were used to bond
•  City walls, castles and fortifications
•  Limestone, flint, sandstone and granite
STONE WALL
BRICK WALL
•  Masonry unit of clay
•  Formed into rectangular prism
•  Hardened by drying in the sun or firing in the kiln
•  BRICKWORK – art of stacking or bonding bricks
•  8” x 3–5/8” x 2-¼”
BRICK WALL
DRY WALL
•  Used for interior walls
•  Constructed in a dry condition w/o mortar
•  Panels of gypsum board, fiber cement board,
plasterboard or simple plywood
•  8’ x 4‘ or 12’ x 4’
•  Thickness: 1/16”, 1/8”, ¼”, ½” or 5/8”
DRY WALL
DRY WALL
•  Fastened to wood or metal studs
•  Woods studs: 2” x 4” or 2” x 6”
•  Placed 16” from center of each
•  Metal studs width: 1-5/8”, 2-1/2”
3-1/2”, 3-5/8”
4”, 5-1/2”, and 6”

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