You are on page 1of 90

5

Courses offered under Modules in B. E. Semester – I

Subject Code Subject Name Type Module

EC 2034 Mobile Computing Th A

EC 7034 Mobile Computing Lab A


EC 2044 Advanced Digital Th B
Signal Processing

EC 7044 Advanced Digital Lab B


Signal Processing

EC 2054 CMOS Analog & Th C


Digital Design

EC 7054 CMOS Analog & Lab C


Digital Design

Courses offered under Modules in B. E. Semester – II

Subject Code Subject Name Type Module

EC 2144 Telecommunicatio Th A
n Network &
Management

EC 7164 Telecommunicatio Lab A


n Network &
Management

EC 2154 Image Processing Th B


EC 7174 Image Processing Lab B
EC 2164 VLSI System Design Th C
EC 7184 VLSI System Design Lab C
Module A – Communication is offered to E&TC students.
Module B – Signal Processing is offered to Electronics and E&TC students.
Module C – Microelectronics is offered to Electronics.
Joint list of Elective I and III

Subject Code Subject Name Type

EC2064 Biomedical Electronics Th.


EC7064 Biomedical Electronics Lab.
EC2074 Artificial Neural Network Th.
EC7074 Artificial Neural Network Lab.
EC2084 Artificial Intelligence Th.
EC7084 Artificial Intelligence Lab.
EC2094 Advanced Power Electronics Th.
EC7094 Advanced Power Electronics Lab.
EC2104 Audio Video Engineering Th.
EC7104 Audio Video Engineering Lab.
EC2114 Advanced Communication Systems Th.
EC7114 Advanced Communication Systems Lab.
EC2124 Machine Vision Th.
EC7124 Machine Vision Lab.
EC2014: Embedded System Design

Objectives :
1. to study ARM7 architecture and learn its assembly language programming
2. to study wireless protocols
3. to study field bus protocols
4. To understand the meaning of embedded system and applications in which they
are used.
5. To understand embedded system (ES) Design metrics.
6. To study Hardware and Software architecture of ES.
7. To study architecture of Real Time Operating Systems (RTOS )
8. To study Digital Camera as ES case study
9. To study Smart card as ES case study
10. To study Car control as ES case study

Unit 1: ARM Processor (7 Hrs)


ARM Processor: Architecture and Programming:
RISC and CISC , ARM organization , ARM Programmers model , operating modes ,
Exception Handling , Nomenclature , Core Extensions .
ARM Assembly Language Programming : Introduction to ARM instruction set

Unit 2: Protocols (7 Hrs)


Bluetooth , IEEE 802.11 and IEEE 802.16 , GPRS, MODBUS
CAN and USB

Unit 3: Embedded System Introduction (7 Hrs)


History, Design challenges, Optimizing design metrics ,Time to market, NRE and UNIT
cost design metrics, Application of embedded systems and recent trends in embedded
systems.

Unit 4: Embedded System Architecture (7 Hrs)


Hardware and software architecture ,Processor selection for Embedded System,
Memory Architecture and IO devices , Interrupt Service Mechanism ,Context switching.
Device Drivers.

Unit 5: Real Time Operating System Concepts (7 Hrs)


Architecture of the kernel , Task scheduler , ISR , Semaphores , Mailbox , Message
queues , Pipes , Events , Timers , Memory Management .

Unit 6 : Case Study Of Embedded System (7 Hrs)


Digital Camera , Smart Card and Car Control
Outcomes: After completion of this course, student will be able to
1. draw ARM7 architecture
2. state 3 instructions in data manipulation , control flow , data transfer groups
3. state Arm7 operating modes and explain how mode can be changed
4. state interrupts in ARM7 with priority
5. identify processor architecture and features from its number
6 i. state difference between general purpose computer system and ES
ii state application of ES in various fields.
iii state difference between Hard Real time and Soft Real Time systems

7 i state difference between Bluetooth and other wireless protocols


ii application of Bluetooth protocol
8 draw hardware and software architecture of ES
9 select processor , memory , I/O devices for intelligent Washing Machine as
per the specifications.
10 i state difference between general OS and RTOS
ii Explain Serial port sharing using semaphore
iii Explain msg passing to display task from various tasks .
iv Explain priority inheritance problem and its remedy
iv state application of RTOS .

11. i draw block diagram of digital camera


ii explain digital camera interfacing with PC

12. i. Explain smart card hardware


ii Explain smart card information access

13 i state controllers used in various units in a CAR


ii Explain protocol used for communication among various controllers in a
CAR

Text Books :

1) Raj Kamal ,”Embedded Systems “ TMH.


2) Frank Vahid , “EmbeddedSystem Design.
3) Sloss etal ,”ARM Developers Guide”.

Reference Books :

1) Dr. K.V.K.K. Prasad “Embedded / Real Time Systems” Dreamtech


2) Iyer , Gupta “ EmbeddedReal systems programming “ TMH.
3) Steve Heath “ EmbeddedSystem Design “ Neuwans.
EC2024: VLSI DESIGN

Prerequisites : Knowledge of Basic digital combinational and sequential circuits, state


machines, MOS Transistor.

Objectives:
- To study behavior of MOS transistor in detail.
- To draw NAND, NOR, XOR gates using CMOS logic.
- To be familiar with CMOS fabrication process
- To study VHDL as EDA Tool
- To study testability methods in VLSI

Unit 1 : Mos Devices ( 6 Hrs )


Introduction to MOST, I – V Characteristics of NMOS and PMOS, Second order effects – CLM,
Body bias, Short Channel Effects – VT roll off, DIBL, Mobility Degradation, Transfer
Characteristics Of CMOS Inverter, Detailed analysis of CMOS Inverter with parasitics

Unit 2 : Cmos Design ( 8 Hrs.)


CMOS logic families - static, dynamic including their timing analysis and power consumption,
CPL, Pass Transistor Logic, Transmission gate, Circuits using CPL and Pass transistor logic

Unit 3 : Fabrication And Layout ( 6 Hrs.)


Basic CMOS Technology: Self aligned CMOS process, N well, P well, Twin tub, Layout of
CMOS Inverter, Design rules, Verification of Layout

Unit 4 : Introduction To Vhdl ( 6 Hrs.)


Introduction, EDA Tool- VHDL, Design flow, Introduction to VHDL, Modeling styles:
Sequential, Structural and data flow modeling, sequential and concurrent statements.

Unit 5 : Circuit Design Using FPGA & CPLD ( 8 Hrs.)


Function, procedures, Attributes, Test benches, synthesizable and Non-synthesizable statements,
Packages and configurations, Modeling in VHDL with examples such as counters, Registers and
Bidirectional bus. Introduction, study of Architecture of CPLDs and FPGAs.

Unit 6 : Testability ( 8 Hrs.)


Need of Design for testability, introduction to fault coverage, Testability, Design-for –testability,
controllability and absorbability, stuck-at Fault Model, stuck-Open and Stuck-short faults,
Boundary Scan check, JTAG technology, TAP controller and TAP controller state diagram, Scan
path, Full and partial scan.

Out comes.
- Students will be able to draw IV characteristics of PMOS and NMOS
- Students will be able to chalk out basic unit steps in CMOS fabrication process
- Students will be able to write code for counter and register in VHDL.
Text Books
1. N. Weste and K. Eshranghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI Design, Addison Wesley.
2. J. Rabaey, Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective, Prentice Hall India, 1997.
3. D. Perry, VHDL, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill International, 1995.
4. Kang S. M.,CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits,TMH 3rd 2003
5. Bushnell Agrawal Essentials of Electronic Testing for digital memory and mixed signal VLSI
circuits, Kulwar Academec Publisher

Reference Books
1. Boyce and Baker “CMOS” EEE Press.
2. Xilinx FPGA /CPLD Data Book
3. VHDL Primer Addison Wesley Longman,2000,J Bhaskar
EC2034 : Mobile Computing

Prerequisites :Digital Communication, Basic concepts of wireless communication

Objectives: To study -
1. Wireless standards
2. Mobile network layers
3. Wireless application protocol

Unit 1 : Introduction to telecommunication systems ( 7 Hrs )


Medium access control, Telecommunication Systems – SDMA, TDMA, CDMA, GSM
Satellite Systems – Basics, Routing Localization, Handover. Broadcast Systems –
Overview, Cyclic Repetition of Data, Digital Audio Broadcasting, Digital Video
Broadcasting,
Contents of Unit 1

Unit 2 : Wireless Standards (7 Hrs )


Wireless LAN – IEEE 802.11 – Infrared vs Radio Transmission, Infrastructure Networks,
Ad-hoc Networks, HIPERLAN, Bluetooth
Wireless ATM – Working group, Services, Reference Model, Functions, Radio Access
Layer, Handover, Location Management, Addressing Mobile Quality of Service, Access
Point Control Protocol.

Unit 3 : Mobile Network Layer ( 7 Hrs )


Mobile IP Goals, Assumptions and Requirements, Entities, IP packet Delivery
Agent Advertisement and Discovery, Registration. Tunneling and Encapsulation,
Optimization Reverse Tunneling, IPv6, DHCP. Ad-hoc Networks - Characteristics,
Performance Issues, Routing in mobile hosts

Unit 4: Mobile Transport Layer (7 Hrs )


Traditional TCP, Indirect TCP, Snooping TCP, Mobile TCP, Transmission / Timeout
Freezing
Selective Retransmission, Transaction oriented TCP
Unit 5 : Wireless Application Protocol ( 7 Hrs )
Architecture, Datagram Protocol, Transport Layer Security , Transaction Protocol,
Session Protocol , Application Environment , Wireless Telephony Application

Unit 6 : Application Issues ( 7 Hrs )


Dynamic DNS File System, Synchronization Protocol, Context aware applications,
Security
Analysis of existing wireless network

Outcomes: Upon completion of this course, student will be able to


• Use wireless standards, and apply wireless communication protocols.
• Implement TCP/IP
• Apply GSM in wireless communication

Text Books
1. J Schiller ,’Mobile Communication’ , Addison Wesley, 2000

Reference Books
1 John Wiley,’ Mobile Communication Design Fundamentals’, 1993.
2. Wireless Communication and Networks, Pearson Education, 2003

3. WAP-Wireless Application Protocol, Pearson Education, 2003


EC2044 : Advanced Digital Signal Processing
Objective:
• To provide inputs regarding multirate DSP
• To give inputs regarding adaptive filters and its applications
• To provide concepts of linear prediction
• To provide estimation of power spectra
• To learn basic architecture of a typical DSP processor

UNIT 1 : RANDOM SIGNALS (7 HRS)


Review of deterministic signals, random signals ; Correlation Function; Power spectra ;
DT domain random signals ; Time averages for DT random process

UNIT 2 : MULTIRATE DSP (7 HRS)


Decimation, Interpolation; Design of practical sampling rate conversion ; Software
implementation of sampling rate converters; Sample rate conversion using poly-phase
filter structure ; Efficient D/A conversion in Hi-Fi System

UNIT 3 : ADAPTIVE FILTERS (7 HRS)


Necessity ; Adaptive filters as noise cancellers ; Configuration of adaptive filters; main
components of adaptive filters ; Adaptive algorithms: LMS, RLS; adaptive filtering for
ocular artifacts from the human EEG; Adaptive telephone echo cancellation

UNIT 4 : LINEAR PREDICTION AND OPTIMUM LINEAR FILTERS (7 HRS)


Lattice structures; Innovation representation of random signals ; Rational power spectra,
AR, MA, ARMA; Forward and backward linear prediction ; Wiener filter for filtering
and prediction ; Solution of the normal equation – Levinson – Durbin Algorithm

UNIT 5 : POWER SPECTRUM ESTIMATION (7 HRS)


Correlation and Correlogram; Estimation of spectra from finite duration observation of
signals ; Estimation of autocorrelation and power spectrum of random signals ; Non-
parametric methods for power spectrum estimation – Bartlett & Welch method

UNIT 6 : ARCHITECTURES FOR DSPs (7 HRS)


Basic generic architectures, Harward Architecture; Introduction to SHARC, pipelining,
MAC ; Special instructions, on-chip memory; Fixed and Floating point DSPs ; Case
study of TMS320C54XX or TMS320C6XXX ; Implementation of basic DS algorithms
Decimation and Interpolation
Outcomes:- upon learning the course the student will be able to
• learn the concepts of decimation and interpolation
• Apply the concept of adaptive filtering
• Implement the principles of linear prediction
• Indicate the typical blocks in a DSP and explain its applications

Text Books
1. E C Ifleachor and B W Jervis “Digital Signal Processing – A practical
approach”, 2nd edition, Pearson education
2. John G Proakis, Monolakis “Digital Signal Processing – Principles,
Algorithms and Applications ”, Pearson education
Reference Books
1. P P Vaidyanathan “Multirate systems and filter banks”, PHI
2. B Venkatramani, M Bhaskar, “Digital Signal Processors, Architecture, Programming &
Applications”, TMH
3. Simon Haykin, “Adaptive Filter Theory”, 4th edition Pearson Education
EC2054 : CMOS Analog and Digital Design

Objectives

• To study concepts of CMOS Analog & Digital Design

Unit 1 CMOS Technology & Device Modelling 6 Hrs

The PN Junction, The MOS transistor, Passive Components, Integrated Circuit layout,
Matching Concepts, MOS transistor layout, Resistor layout, Capacitor layout, Simple
MOS large signal model (SPICE LEVEL 1), MOS large signal model parameters, Small
signal model for the MOS transistor, Computer simulation Model (SPICE LEVEL3),
Subthreshold MOS Model.

Unit 2 Analog CMOS sub circuits 6 Hrs

MOS Switch, Calculation of charge feed through error, MOS diode, Current Sink and
Sources, Designing cascade current sink for a given Vmin, Designing the self biased high
swing cascade current sink for a given Vmin, Current Mirrors, Aspect ratio errors in current
amplifiers, Reduction of the aspect ratio error in current amplifier, Current and voltage
references, Bandgap reference, Design of a Bandgap voltage reference.

Unit 3 CMOS Amplifiers 8 Hrs

CMOS Amplifiers, Inverters, Active load Inverter, Current Source Inverter, Push pull
inverter, Noise analysis of inverter, Differential amplifier, Large Signal analysis,
Calculation of the worst case input common mode range of the N channel input
differential amplifier, Small signal analysis of differential amplifier, Slew rate and noise,
Current source load differential amplifier, Design of a CMOS differential amplifier with
a current mirror as a load, Cascode amplifier..

Unit 4 Designing Combinational Logic Gates in CMOS 8 Hrs

Static CMOS Design, Complementary CMOS, Pass-Transistor Logic, Dynamic CMOS


Design, Dynamic Logic: Basic Principles, Performance of Dynamic Logic, Noise
consideration in Dynamic logic, Cascading dynamic gates. Power consumption in CMOS
gates, switching activity of logic gates, Glitching in static CMOS circuits, short circuit
current in static CMOS circuits, Analysing Power consumption using SPICE.
Unit 5 Designing sequential logic circuits in CMOS 6 Hrs

Static sequential circuits, Bistability, Flip flop classification, Master slave and edge
triggered flip fliops, CMOS static flip flops, Bipolar static flip flops, Dynamic two phase
flip flop, C2MOS latch.

Unit 6 Timing Issues in Digital Circuits 6 Hrs

Clock skew and sequential circuit performance, Single phase edge triggered clocking,
Two phase master slave clocking, Other clocking style, Self timed concept,
Synchronizers, Arbiters.

Outcome:
After successfully completing the course, students will be able to
• Apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering in the design,
analysis and modeling of digital integrated circuits.
• Design and conduct experiments using SPICE to characterize and
optimize digital integrated circuits.
• Design, Verify, Analyze and Evaluate the performance (speed, Power,
Area, Noise margins) of different MOS digital integrated circuits for different
design specifications.
• Use CAD tool in the design and verification of digital integrated circuits.
• Function as an effective team member in digital integrated circuits design
projects.
• Document and communicate the design efforts effectively using written
reports.

Text Books:-

1. Digital Integrated Circuits by Jan M Rabaey PHI Publications New Delhi-


110001.
2. CMOS by RJ Baker - 2004 - Wiley-IEEE Press

Reference Books:-

1 CMOS Analog Integrated Circuit Design by Allen (PHI Publications)


2 Analog Integrated Circuit Design by Ken Martin (PHI Publications)
EC2064 : Biomedical Electronics

Objectives:
A large number of electronic equipments are being used in hospitals for patient care and
diagnosis or carry out advanced surgeries. This subject will enable the students to learn
the basic principles of different instruments used in medical science.

UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION TO BIOMEDICAL SYSTEM (06 HRS)

Introduction to Biomedical System, Man Machine Interface, Bio-electric Signals, Types


of Electrodes, Electrodes for ECG, EMG, EEG, Transducers and sensors related to
biomedical measurements including respiration, Skin contact impedance, Motion
artifacts.
UNIT 2 : CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM (08 HRS)
Basics of Cardiovascular System, Heart Anatomy, Functioning of System, ECG
Amplifiers, ECG Machine, B. P., Heart Rate, Heart Sound, Blood Flow Measurements.
UNIT 3 : ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY (06 HRS)
Electrocardiography ,Phonocardiography, Echocardiography, Vector Cardiography,
Stress Testing System, Beside Monitors, Central Monitoring System, Pacemakers,
Defibrillators, Grounding and Shielding, Patient Safety
UNIT 4 : LABORATORY EQUIPMENTS (08 HRS)
Colorimeter, Spectrophotometer, Autoanalyser, Flamephotometer, PH/Blood Gas
Analyzer, Pulse Oximeter, Hemodialisis, Blood Cell Counter.
UNIT 5 : ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY ( 07 HRS )
Nervous System-Anatomy, Human Brain Recording of EEG Signal, EEG Amplifier,
Analysis of Diseases using EEG Electromyography
UNIT 6 : MEDICAL IMAGING ( 07 HRS )

Diagnostic Medical instruments such as CT Scan, MRI, Ultrasonic Doppler Machine,


Lasers in Medicine- Vision Correction, Dermatological.
Learning Outcomes

After completion of the course, the candidate shall:


• Learn the basic principles of different instruments used in Hospitals like ECG,
Pacemaker, and Defibrillators etc.
• Attain the skills to operate the medical equipment used in Hospitals/ Nursing
Homes/ Diagnostic centers.
• Undertake research of these medical equipment.

TEXT BOOKS

1. Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement”, PHI.

2. R. S. Khandpur, “Biomedical Instrumentation”.


3. Carr and Brown, “Biomedical Instrumentation”.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1 Webster, “Application and Design of Medical Instruments".


EC2074 : Artificial Neural Networks

Objectives:
• To introduce characteristics of neural network and to know basic learning rules
• To learn the need and theory of adaptive networks, Modular neural networks
• To understand Stochastic Networks & Stimulated Annealing
• To understand Unsupervised Learning Networks
• To recognize the architecture of pattern recognition
• To elaborate the applications of neural networks

Unit 1 : Introduction ( 7 Hrs)


Biological Neural Networks, Characteristics of Neural Networks, Models of Neuron,
Basic Learning Rules, Stability & Convergence

Unit 2 : Supervised Learning Neural Networks ( 7 Hrs)


Adaptive networks, Adaline and madaline, Single layer and multi layer perceptrons
Radial basis function networks, Modular neural networks

Unit 3 : Feedback Neural Networks ( 7 Hrs)


Analysis of linear auto adaptive feed forward networks, Analysis of pattern storage
Networks, Stochastic Networks & Stimulated Annealing, Boltzman machine

Unit 4 : Unsupervised Learning Networks ( 7 Hrs)


Competitive learning, Kohonen self-organizing maps, Learning vector quantization
Principal component analysis of Hebbian Learning, Adaptive Resonance Theory

Unit 5 : Architectures For Pattern Recognition ( 7 Hrs)


Associative memory, Pattern mapping, Stability – Plasticity dilemma, ART, temporal
patterns, Pattern visibility: Neocognitron

Unit 6 : Applications Of Neural Networks ( 7 Hrs)


Pattern classification, Associative memories, Optimization, Applications in Image
Processing, Applications in decision making
Outcomes:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
• Explain characteristics of neural network and to know basic learning rules
• Interpret need and theory of adaptive and Modular neural networks
• Draw architecture of pattern recognition
• Explain applications of neural networks

Text Books
1. B. Yegnanarayana, “Artificial Neural Networks”, PHI
2. James A Freeman, David M Skapura, “Neural Networks-Algorithms,
Applications and Programming Techniques,” Person Education

Ref Books
1. Haykin, “Neural Network a comprehensive Foundation”, PHI
2. Mohan, Ranka, “Elements of Artificial Neural Networks”, Penram International
3. Anderson, “An introduction to Artificial Neural Networks”, Prentice Hall
4. William J Palm III, “Introduction toMATLAB 7 for Engineers,” TMH
EC2084 : Artificial Intelligence

Objectives:
• To understand AI representations and applications
• To study ISA Hierarchy
• To get familiar with Statistical and Probabilistic Reasoning
• To understand neural network architecture
• To realize expert system using architecture and case studies

Unit 1 : Introduction To Artificial Intelligence ( 7 Hrs)


Definition, AI Applications, AI representations, properties of internal representations
Heuristic Search Techniques, Best File Search, Mean and End Analysis, A* and AO*
Algorithms

Unit 2 : Game Playing & Predicate Logic ( 7 Hrs)


Minimax search procedure, Alpha-beta cut-offs, Waiting for Quiescence, Secondary
Search, Predicate Calculus, Predicate and arguments, ISA Hierarchy, Frame Notation,
Resolution, Natural Deduction

Unit 3 : Knowledge Representation Using Non-Monotonic Logic ( 7 Hrs)


Truth Maintenance System, Statistical and Probabilistic Reasoning, Semantic-net
Frames, Script, Conceptual Dependancy.

Unit 4 : Planning ( 7 Hrs)


Block world, strips, Implementation using goal stack, Non-linear planning using goal
stacks, Hierarchical planning, List commitment strategy

Unit 5 : Neural Networks ( 7 Hrs)


Learning by training neural networks, Introduction to neural networks, Neural net
architecture & applications, Natural language processing & understanding & paragmatic,
Syntactic, Semantic, Qualities, finite state machines, RTN, ATN, understanding sentences

Unit 6 : Expert Systems ( 7 Hrs)


Utilization and functionality, Architecture of expert systems, Knowledge representation,
Two case studies on expert systems
Outcomes:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
• Explain AI representations and applications
• Classify ISA Hierarchy
• Elucidate expert system using architecture and case studies

Text Books

1. Elain Rich and Kerin Knight, “Artificial Intelligance”

Reference Books
1. Eugane. Charniak, Frew, “Introduction to Artificial Intelligance”, McDermott
2. Kishan Mehrotra, Sanjay Rawika, K. Mohan, “Arificial Neural Network”
3. Rajendra Akerkar, “Introduction to Artificial Intelligance”, Prentice Hall
Publication
EC2094 : ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS

Prerequisites : Basics of Power devices, Basics of Power Conversion systems,


Basics of AC/DC Motors, Fourier series for analytical approach

Objectives: To explain the necessity of power factor improvement & techniques


To discuss use of converters & inverters for speed control of motors
To explain harmonic control techniques power conversions
To discuss various measurement techniques in power electronics.

Unit 1: Pf Improvement And Instrumentation (6 HRS)


• Series and Parallel Operation of Power Devices, Analysis of different techniques
of Power Factor Improvement (SAC, EAC, PAC, Sequence Control of Series
Connected Converter), Sensing and measurement of (Sinusoidal and non-
sinusoidal) Voltage and Current, Speed, Power Factor etc.

Unit 2: Converters (8 HRS)


• Analysis of performance of three phases Line Commutated Converter (LCC),
Effect of Source Impedance (1 ph converter), Single /Three Phase Dual
Converters (Ideal and Practical), Analysis of circulating type dual converter.

Unit 3: Inverters (8 HRS)

• Three Phase Transistorized Voltage Source Inverter(VSI)- 120 and 180 degree
mode of operation and analysis, PWM Inverters- Techniques and comparison,
Voltage Control and Harmonic Reduction in inverters, Space Vector Modulation.

Unit 4: DC Motor Control (8 HRS)

• LCC fed separately excited DC Motor speed control, Different braking


techniques, Stepper Motor Control

Unit 5: AC Motor Control (8 HRS )

• Speed Control techniques of 1ph/3ph Induction Motor (Stator Voltage,


Frequency, V/F), Protection Circuit for AC/DC Motor drives.

Unit 6: Power Quality (4 HRS)

• Types of Power line disturbances, Sources and Measurement of power line


disturbances, Preventive Techniques, Energy Audit
Outcomes:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
- build various industrial controlled AC/DC Motor drives
- analyze power line transmission, energy consumption (audit) etc.
- work on new control strategies for different motor drives (research projects)

Text Books

1 M. H. Rashid, “Power Electronics”, 3 edition, Pearson Education, 2004

2 Mohan, Undeland & Robbins, “Power Electronics”, 3 edition, John Wiley, 2003

3 B. K. Bose, “Modern Power Electronics & AC Drives”, Pearson Education, 2002

Reference Books

1 Dubey, Doralda, Joshi & Sinha, “Thyristorised Power Controllers”, New Age

International, 1986

2 Singh & Khanchandani, “Power Electronics”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998

3 P. C. Sen, “Thyristor DC Drives“, John Wiley, 1981


EC2104 : AUDIO VIDEO ENGINEERING
Objectives:
To study
• Concepts of Color Television (CTV) Transmitter and Receiver.
• Working Principle of Digital Television (DTV) and High Definition Television
(HDTV).
• Implementation of Comparison Techniques.
• Direct to Home (DTH) Receiver, Digital Video Disc (DVD) player, Digital
Satellite Radio (DSR), Public Address (P.A.) system.

Unit 1 : Basics of Television ( 06 Hrs. )


Scanning process, Composite Video Signal, Horizontal Blank and Sync standard,
Vertical Blank and Sync standard, Vestigial Sideband Transmission, TV Channels and
Bands, CCIR-B standards, Negative modulation, Inter-carrier Sound System

Unit 2 : TV Transmission and Reception ( 06 Hrs. )


High Level modulated TV Transmitter , IF modulated TV Transmitter, Transmitting
Antenna, Receiving Yagi Antenna, Block Diagram of Monochrome Receiver, Pattern
Generator, Wobbuloscope

Unit 3 : Color TV Systems (10 Hrs.)


Color fundamentals, Mixing of colors, Color perception, Color Characteristics,
Chromaticity diagram, Color TV camera, Frequency Interleaving Principle, Color
Bandwidth, Chroma Signal Generation, Color Burst, Simple PAL & PAL-D System,
PAL Encoder, PAL Decoder, CTV Receiver Block Diagram, Monochrome and Color
Picture Tubes, NTSC, PAL, SECAM systems, Remote control

Unit 4 : Digital Television ( 08 Hrs. )


Merits of DTV, Digitization of TV Signal, Digitized Video Parameters, Source Coding :
Compression of Video and Audio Signals, Source Multiplexing, Scrambling and
Conditional Access, Channel Coding, Modulation by Digital Signal, Reception of Digital
TV Signal, Digital TV Receiver block diagram, Digital TV Recording Systems and
Storage, LCD and Plasma Displays

Unit 5 : High Definition Television ( 06 Hrs. )


HDTV Standards and Systems, HDTV Transmitter and Receiver, Video on Demand,
Closed Circuit Television (CCTV), Cable Television (CATV), DTH system
Unit 6 : Sound Recording And Reproduction ( 06 Hrs. )
Audio Standards – MPEG, Methods of Sound Recording and Reproduction, Magnetic
Recording, CD Recording, CD/DVD/MP3 Player, Camcorder, DSR, PA System

Outcomes:
At the end of this course, the students will be able to
• Describe CTV Transmitter and Receiver
• Distinguish between Analog and Digital Television
• Interpret Comparison Techniques
• Explain DTH, DSR, DVD Player and P.A. system

Text Books
1. R.R.Gulathi, “Modern TV Practice”, New Age International.
2. R.G. Gupta, “Audio Video Systems”, Technical Education.

Reference Books
1. A. M. Dhake, “Television and Video Engineering”, TMH Publication.
2. Herve Benoit, “Digital Television”, Focal Press.
3. S. P. Bali, “Color TV Theory and Practice”, TMH.
4. Bernard Grobb & Charles E., “Basic TV and Video Systems”, McGraw Hill.
5. Michael Robin & Michel Poulin“Digital Television Fundamentals”, McGrawHill.
6. Danny Briere & Pat Hurley, ”HDTV for Dummies”, Wiley Publishing, Inc.
EC2114 : Advanced Communication Systems

Prerequisites : Analog Communication, Digital modulation Techniques

Objectives: To Study Basics of


- Microwave Communication,
- Optical Fiber Communication,
- Mobile Communication, Satellite and RADAR

Unit 1 : Microwave Techniques & Communication ( 8 Hrs )


Rectangular waveguides, microwave components, T junction, directional coupler, joints,
bends, cavity resonator, Faraday devices, Phase shifters, Attenuators.
Microwave sources: principles of operation & application of 2 cavity klystron, Reflex
klystron, TWT, Magnetrons.
Solid State microwave devices: MESFET, Varactor diode, PIN diode, Tunnel Diode,
TEDs & ATTDs
Microwave Antenna: Horn, Parabolic, Reflector, Slot, Lens & Micro strip Antennas.

Unit 2 : Optical fiber communication ( 8 Hrs )


Optical Review: Nature of light, Ray theory, Acceptance angle, critical angle, acceptance
Cone, Numerical aperture.
Building blocks of optical fiber link: Frequencies used, modulation techniques, Optical
fiber modes & types, Signal degradation in optical fiber.( Attenuation, absorption etc…)

Unit 3 : Mobile Cellular Telecommunication ( 8 Hrs )


Basic Cellular System, overview of analog & digital cellular system, frequency reusing,
hand-off mechanism, Co-channel interference, frequency channel assignment, frequency
spectrum utilization, fixed & non fixed channel assignment.
Introduction to digital technology, ARQ techniques, Digital speech, Digital Mobile
Telephony, Global system for mobile.

Unit 4 : RADAR ( 8 Hrs )


Radar Fundamentals, types of radar, radar equation, frequency & history. Radar range,
prediction, minimum detectable signal, system losses etc..

Unit 5 : Satellite Communication ( 6 Hrs )


Satellite orbits, geostationary satellites, look angles, satellite system, link model satellite
system parameters, and link budgets.

Unit 6 : Internet Technologies ( 4 Hrs )

Internet Applications, Internet Transmission Systems, Storage-Area Networks, Internet


Security.

Outcomes:

After Completion of this course student will be able to


• Classify different microwave components
• Explain fundamentals, losses & Modulation techniques for OFC
• Explain Basics of Mobile Communication & GSM
• Realize Satellite Communication & Internet Technology

Text Books
1 Lio-‘ Microwave Devices & Circuits’– Tata Mc-Graw Hill.

2 WilliamLee-Mobile Cellular Telecommunication- Tata Mc-Graw Hill.

3 Kaiser -Optical Fiber Communication- Tata Mc-Graw Hill.

Reference Books
1. Skolink - Radar System –Tata Mc-Graw Hill.

2. Wayne Tomasi- Electronic Communication System- Pearson Edition.

3. Frenzel. - Electronic Communication Systems- l. Tata Mc-Graw Hill


EC2124: Machine Vision

Objectives:
• To recognize role of machine vision
• To understand point, morphological operators
• To identify optimization technique and fuzzy system
• To understand image restoration
• To know various machine vision applications

Unit 1 : Introduction ( 7 Hrs)


Role of machine vision, applications, relation to natural vision, basic properties of image

Unit 2 : Operations on image ( 7 Hrs)


Point operators, Morphological operators, Neighborhood operators

Unit 3 : Object Reorganization ( 7 Hrs)


Knowledge representation, statistical pattern representations, synthetic and neural nets,
Reorganization as graph matching, optimization technique and fuzzy system, template
matching, feature matching, texture matching, models for object recognition

Unit 4 : Image Understanding ( 7 Hrs)


Control strategies, active control model, point distribution models, pattern recognition
method, Hidden Markov models

Unit 5 : Image Restoration ( 7 Hrs)


MMSE restoration, least square error restoration, constrained LS restoration, restoration
by singular value decomposition, restoration by max a posterior estimation, restoration
homomorphism filtering

Unit 6 : Applications ( 7 Hrs)


Fingerprint matching, Face reorganization, medical imaging, motion detection, intelligent
vision.
Outcomes:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
• To elucidate role of machine vision
• To explain point, morphological operators
• To give details of optimization technique and fuzzy system
• To give explanation image restoration
• To give details of various machine vision applications

Text Books
1. Milan Sonka, Vaclav Hlavac, Roger Boyle, “Image processing analysis and
machine vision” , 2nd edition, Thomson Learning
2.Galbiati, “Machine Vision”

Ref Books
1.IEEE / Elsevier Journal Papers on Machine Vision
EC7014: Embedded System Design

Objectives :
To perform practicals on ARM7 processor using ‘C’ language for various on-
chip and Off-chip peripherals with and without RTOS.

List of Practicals

1 Interfacing 4 × 4 matrix keyboard and writing a program to display a pressed


key on the 7 segment LED Display.

2 Interfacing 16 × 2 character display to microcontroller/ microprocessor and


writing a program to display a message in various ways

3 Interfacing 4 × 4 matrix keyboard and 16 × 2 character display to


microcontroller/ microprocessor and writing a program using RTOS functions
to display a pressed key.

4 Interfacing RTC and PC UART to the microcontroller/ microprocessor and


writing a program to display real time on the Hyper Terminal on PC.

5 Interfacing ADC to the microcontroller/ microprocessor and writing an ISR to


read data from the ADC and display it on the LCD/ Hyper Terminal on PC.

6 Writing a program using RTOS functions to schedule 4 tasks with priority. The
Tasks may be keyboard, LCD,LED ADC etc.

7. Implement a semaphore for any given task switching using RTOS on


microcontroller/ microprocessor.

8 Write a program to introduce timer based events for microcontroller using RTOS.

9 Write a program to implement I2C protocol on the available


microcontroller/microprocessor board.

10 Implementation of algorithm /program for the microcontroller for low power


mode

Outcomes: After completion of this course, student will be able to


1. Make use of I/O ports
2. get input from keyboard and display messages on the Text LCD
3. Get data from the ADC and manipulate it.
4. Use of RTC
5. Use of RTOS in task management and intertask communication.
6. Operate Microcontroller in low power mode.
Text Books :

1. Raj Kamal ,”Embedded Systems “ TMH.


2. Frank Vahid , “EmbeddedSystem Design.
3. Sloss etal ,”ARM Developers Guide”.

Reference Books :

1. Dr. K.V.K.K. Prasad “Embedded / Real Time Systems” Dreamtech


2. Iyer , Gupta “ EmbeddedReal systems programming “ TMH.
3. Steve Heath “ EmbeddedSystem Design “ Neuwans.
EC7024: VLSI DESIGN

Prerequisites :
Knowledge of Basic digital combinational and sequential circuits, state machines , MOS
Transistor.

Objectives:
- To study behavior of MOS transistor in detail.
- To draw NAND,NOR,XOR gates using CMOS logic.
- To study VHDL as EDA Tool
- To implement designed circuits on CPLD or FPGA

List of Practicals

1. Simulate NMOS and PMOS characteristics ,CMOS transfer curve

2. To simulate CMOS NAND gate.

3 To simulate CMOS inverter in CMOS layout editor.

4. To simulate CMOS Combinational logic circuit in CMOS layout editor.

5. To simulate transient characteristics for CMOS combinational circuit with minimum


three inputs.

6. To write VHDL code for


A) 8:1 Multiplexer B) 2:4 Decoder
C) 4- bit comparator D) 1- bit Adder
Simulate and implement above the same on universal kit.

7. To write VHDL code for


A) Flip-flop(s) B) Shift register
C) 4-bit binary counter D) 4-bit BCD Counter

8 . To write VHDL code for traffic Light controller. Simulate and implement above the
same on Universal kit.

9 . To write VHDL code for RAM with chip enable, W-R functions.
Simulate and implement the same on the kit.

10. To write VHDL code for FIFO (Array 8*4)


Simulate and implement the same on Universal kit.
Outcomes:
• Students will be able to draw IV characteristics of PMOS and NMOS.
• Students will be able to write code for counter and register in VHDL.
• Students will be able To implement designed circuits on CPLD or FPGA

Text Books
1. N. Weste and K. Eshranghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI Design, Addison Wesley.
2. J. Rabaey, Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective, Prentice Hall India,
1997.
3. D. Perry, VHDL, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill International, 1995.
4. Kang S. M.,CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits,TMH 3rd 2003
5. Bushnell Agrawal Essentials of Electronic Testing for digital memory and mixed
signal VLSI circuits, Kulwar Academec Publisher

Reference Books
1. Boyce and Baker “CMOS” EEE Press.
2. Xilinx FPGA /CPLD Data Book
3. VHDL Primer Addison Wesley Longman,2000,J Bhaskar
EC7034: Mobile Computing

Objectives: To study
• Mobile network layers
• Wireless application protocol
• Mobile transport layers

List of Practicals

1. Study of GSM system


2. Performance analysis of CDMA system in MATLAB
3. Implementation of code for cyclic repletion of data using ‘C’
4. Study of different wireless standards
5. Implementation of TCP/IP using ‘C’ / Linux
6. Study of DHCP
a. Configure given server as DHCP server
b. Connectivity of different clients to DHCP server and allocation of dynamic IP
addresses
7. Implementation of Encryption and Decryption algorithms
8. Study of Bluetooth communication
9. Study of different sections of wireless telephony (cordless)
10. Implementation of selective retransmission technique
11. Study and implementation of wireless application protocol

Outcomes: Upon completion of this course student will be able to implement


• wireless application protocol
• selective transmission technique
• encryption ,decryption algorithms
• TCP/IP

Text Books
1. J Schiller, Mobile Communication, Addison Wesley, 2000
Reference Books
1 John Wiley,’ Mobile Communication Design Fundamentals’, 1993.
2. Wireless Communication and Networks, Pearson Education, 2003

3. WAP-Wireless Application Protocol, Pearson Education, 2003


EC7044: Advanced Digital Signal Processing
Objective:
• To provide inputs regarding multirate DSP
• To give inputs regarding adaptive filters and its applications
• To provide concepts of linear prediction
• To provide estimation of power spectra
• To learn basic applications of a typical DSP processor in filtering

List of Experiments
1. Random signal Generator
2. Implementation of LMS algorithm
3. Implementation of lattice structure
4. Program to convert direct form coefficients to lattice form
5. Program to convert Lattice form coefficients to direct form
6. Implementation of Levinson-Durbin algorithm
7. Implementation of FIR filter using Backward prediction method
8. Implementation of FIR filter using forward prediction method
9. Implementation of Decimation
10. Implementation of Interpolation
11. Power spectrum estimation
12. Introduction to TMS 320C6713 DSP processor
13. Implementation of convolution using DSP Processor
14. Implementation of IIR filter using DSP Processor
15. Implementation of FIR filter using DSP Processor

Outcomes:- Upon learning the course the student will be able to


• learn the concepts of decimation and interpolation
• Apply the concept of adaptive filtering
• Implement the principles of linear prediction
• Indicate the typical blocks in a DSP and explain its applications

Programs should be implemented in C / MATLAB or CCS


Text Books
1. Ingle, Proakis , Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB’ ,
Brooks/coleman , 2000
2. E C Ifleachor and B W Jervis “Digital Signal Processing – A practical
approach”, 2nd edition, Pearson education
3. John G Proakis, Monolakis “Digital Signal Processing – Principles,
Algorithms and Applications ”, Pearson education
Reference Books : -
1. P P Vaidyanathan “Multirate systems and filter banks”, PHI
2. B Venkatramani, M Bhaskar, “Digital Signal Processors, Architecture,
Programming & Applications”, TMH
3 Simon Haykin, “Adaptive Filter Theory”, 4th edition Pearson Education
EC7054: CMOS Analog and Digital Design
Objectives

• To study concepts of CMOS Analog & Digital Design

List of Practicals

1) Simulate NMOS and PMOS characteristics using SPICE3 or Cadence Analog


Design Environment with spectre simulator or HSPICE.
2) Simulate the I-V characteristics of an N-Channel transistor operating as a switch.
3) Simulate current mirror.
4) Simulate Wilson current mirror
5) Simulate the active load inverter
6) Simulate CMOS differential amplifier
7) Simulate static CMOS NAND and NOR gates
8) Simulate Pseudo NMOS four input NAND gate.
9) Simulate CMOS SR FLIP FLOP
10) SIMULATE C2MOS Latch

Outcome:
After successfully completing the course, students will be able to
• Apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering in the design,
analysis and modeling of digital integrated circuits.
• Design and conduct experiments using SPICE to characterize and
optimize digital integrated circuits.
• Design, Verify, Analyze and Evaluate the performance (speed, Power,
Area, Noise margins) of different MOS digital integrated circuits for different
design specifications.
• Use CAD tool in the design and verification of digital integrated circuits.
• Function as an effective team member in digital integrated circuits design
projects.
• Document and communicate the design efforts effectively using written
reports.

Text Books:-

1. Digital Integrated Circuits by Jan M Rabaey PHI Publications New Delhi-


110001.
2. CMOS by RJ Baker - 2004 - Wiley-IEEE Press

Reference Books:-

1 CMOS Analog Integrated Circuit Design by Allen (PHI Publications)


2 Analog Integrated Circuit Design by Ken Martin (PHI Publications)
EC7064: Biomedical Electronics

Objectives:
This will enable the students to learn
• Basic principles and working of ECG, Defibrillators, Pacemakers, BP Machine
with their specifications.
• How these instruments are operated on patients after the visit to hospital

List of Practicals
1. To study and check specifications of an ECG Recorder.
2. To Design and implement QRS Detector
3. To measure Blood Pressure using Sphygmomanometer,
4. Study of Pacemaker,
5. Study of defibrillators
6. To design a Clinical Thermometer.
7. To implement Heart rate Meter.
8. Study of EEG/EMG Machine.
9. Study of Bedside Monitor (Mediscope)
10. Study of Dialysis System.
11. Study of Clinical Lab Instrumentation.(Spectrophotometer/Colorimeter)
12. Study of Laser Treatments in Medicines.
13. Visit to Hospital.

Outcomes:
After completion of this course students will be able to
• Operate ECG Machine and analysis of Electrocardiogram
• Operate Defibrillator
• Design of QRS Detector and Heart rate meter
• Measurement of B.P. and design of automatic B.P. Machine
• Operate ICU related biomedical equipments
Text Books

1. Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement”, PHI.

2. Carr and Brown, “Biomedical Instrumentation”.

Reference Books

1. R. S. Khandpur, “Biomedical Instrumentation”.

2. Webster, “Application and Design of Medical Instruments".


EC7074 : Artificial Neural Networks

Objectives:
• To introduce characteristics of neural network and to know basic learning rules
• To learn the need and theory of adaptive networks, Modular neural networks
• To understand Stochastic Networks & Stimulated Annealing
• To recognize the architecture of pattern recognition
• To elaborate the applications of neural networks

List of Practicals
1. Design and implement artificial neural network to compute XOR for the two
inputs using feedback artificial neural network
2. Simulate Adaline Algorithm
3. Implement back propagation simulator
4. Implement ART1 Simulator
5. Mini-Project : Simulate a complete neural network architecture for any pattern
recognition application (group activity)

Outcomes:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
• Explain characteristics of neural network and to know basic learning rules
• Interpret need and theory of adaptive and Modular neural networks
• Explain architecture of pattern recognition
• Simulate applications of neural networks
EC7084 : Artificial Intelligence

Objectives:
• To understand AI representations and applications
• To study ISA Hierarchy
• To get familiar with Statistical and Probabilistic Reasoning
• To understand neural network architecture
• To realize expert system using architecture and case studies

List of Practicals
1. Implement the game ‘Tic-Tac-Toe’ by using intelligent algorithm ( or magic
square method )
2. Implement A* algorithm to solve the problem of 8-puzzle (consider any initial
state and final state)
3. Shoe the working of A0 algorithm
4. Implement the game using 8 tile puzzle using depth first search technique
5. Implement the game using 8 tile puzzle using Bredth first search technique
6. Implementation of simple neural network architecture for any pattern recognition
application.
7. Implement the prolog for Family history management
8. Implement the authentication program
9. Implement the program for graphics (Individual)
10. Implement the expert system (Mini project : Group task)

Outcomes:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
• Explain AI representations and applications
• Classify ISA Hierarchy
• Elucidate expert system using architecture and case studies

Text Books

1. Elain Rich and Kerin Knight, “Artificial Intelligance”


2. Roberts, “Artificial Intelligance”
EC7094: Advanced Power Electronics

Objectives:
• To verify theoretically designed power converter systems for different types of
loads
• To gain hands on experience on different AC / DC motor drives & it’s protection
Systems
• Use of simulation software for analysis of power systems.

List of Practicals

1. Study of 3 Φ VSI (180º or 120º).


2. Study of Chopper fed DC Drive.
3. Study of Stator Voltage Control of IM Drive
4. Power factor improvement techniques(SAC or EAC or PWM)
5. Study of VVVF 3 Φ IM Drive.
6. Sensing and Protection circuits for AC and DC Drives
7. Simulation of 3 phase LCC(HCB or FCB or dual Converter).
8. Simulation of 3 phase VSI(180º or 120º).

Outcomes:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
• build different power conversion(Rectifier/ Inverter) systems
• operate various industrial controlled AC/DC Motor drives
• use of simulation software for analysis of power systems.

Text Books

1. M.H.Rashid, “Power Electronics”, 3e, Pearson Education, 2004


2. Mohan, Undeland & Robbins, “Power Electronics”, 3e, John Wiley, 2003

Reference Books

1. Dubey, Doralda , Joshi & Sinha “Thyristorised Power Controllers”, New Age

International, 1986.

2. Singh & Khanchandani, “Power Electronics”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998


3. P.C.Sen, “Thyristor DC Drives”, John Wiley, 1981

4 B.K.Bose, “Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives”, Pearson Education, 2002

EC7104: AUDIO VIDEO ENGINEERING


Objectives:
To Study
• Equipment like Pattern Generator, Wobbuloscope which can be used for Color
TV servicing
• To study different sections in Color TV receiver
• To study TV transmitter, DTV, HDTV, DTH, DVD player and DSR block
schematics

LIST OF PRACTICALS

1. Study of Pattern Generator.


2. Study of Wobbuloscope.
3. Tracking of Block schematic for Color TV.
4. Voltage and Waveform Analysis for Color TV.
5. Study of Direct to Home system.
6. Visit to TV Transmitter, Sinhgad
7. Visit to Doordharshan Studio.
8. Simulation of Video Compressing Technique.
9. Study of CD/DVD/MP3 Player.
10. Study of Digital TV.
11. Study of High Definition TV.
12. Study of Digital Satellite Radio.

Outcomes:
Students will be able to
• Explain different amplifier’s frequency response of Color TV.
• Identify important waveforms, voltages and faults in Color TV Receiver.
• Explain the function of different blocks of DTH, DVD player, DTV, HDTV, and
DSR.
• Describe Commercial setup of TV Transmitter and Studio.
Text Books
1. R.R.Gulathi, “Modern TV Practice”, New Age International.
2. R.G. Gupta, “Audio Video Systems”, Technical Education.
Reference Books
1. A. M. Dhake, “Television and Video Engineering”, TMH Publication.
2. Herve Benoit, “Digital Television”, Focal Press.
3. S. P. Bali, “Color TV Theory and Practice”, TMH.
4. Bernard Grobb & Charles E., “Basic TV and Video Systems”, McGraw Hill.
5. Michael Robin & Michel Poulin“Digital Television Fundamentals”, McGrawHill.
6. Danny Briere & Pat Hurley, ”HDTV for Dummies”, Wiley Publishing, Inc.

EC7114 : Advanced Communication Systems

Objectives: To Study Basics of


- Microwave Communication,
- Optical Fiber Communication,
- Mobile Communication, Satellite and RADAR

List of Practicals

1. To study GPS Trainer Kit.


2. To study Satellite Receiver System
3. Study of Port Parameters for Microwave components.
4. Study of GSM Trainer Kit
5. Study of CDMA Trainer.
6. Study of Mobile Communication Receiver Trainer.
7. Setting of Analog & Digital link using Fiber Optic
8. Study of Eye Pattern for Digital Optical Link.
9. Study of Optical Time Domain Reflectometer
10. Study of Characteristics of Reflex Klystron.
11. Study of Gun Diode Characteristics.

Outcomes:
After Completion of this course students will be able to
• Measure Port Parameters for Microwave components
• Draw & explain the block diagram GPS & GSM System
• Explain Digital & Analog Links in OFC
• Explain OTDR.
Text Books
1. Lio-‘ Microwave Devices & Circuits’– Tata Mc-Graw Hill.

2. WilliamLee-Mobile Cellular Telecommunication- Tata Mc-Graw Hill.

3. Kaiser -Optical Fiber Communication- Tata Mc-Graw Hill.

Reference Books
1. Skolink - Radar System –Tata Mc-Graw Hill.

2. Wayne Tomasi- Electronic Communication System- Pearson Edition.

3. Frenzel. - Electronic Communication Systems- l. Tata Mc-Graw Hill

EC7124: Machine Vision


Objectives:
• To recognize role of machine vision
• To understand point, morphological operators
• To identify optimization technique and fuzzy system
• To understand image restoration
• To know various machine vision applications

List of Practicals:
1. Study of various file formats
2. Simulation of morphological operators
3. Comparison of Template matching and feature matching
4. Simulation of HMM model
5. Mini-Project : (group activity)

Outcomes:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
• To elucidate role of machine vision
• To make use of point, morphological operators in various applications
• To give details of optimization technique and fuzzy system
• To give explanation image restoration
• To simulate HMM model

Text Books
1. Milan Sonka, Vaclav Hlavac, Roger Boyle, “Image processing analysis and
machine vision” , 2nd edition, Thomson Learning
2. Galbiati, “Machine Vision”

Ref Books
1. IEEE / Elsevier Journal Papers on Machine Vision

EC7134: Project
Objectives:
• To select and work on real life application in the field of Electronics and
Telecommunication.
• To support students’ learning and engagement with principles of undergraduate
education.
• To apply and enhance the knowledge acquired in the related field.

Guidelines:
1. The project work will be carried by a group of students. Optimum group
size is three students. However, if project complexity demands a
maximum group size of four students, the coordinating committee should
be convinced about such complexity and scope of the work
2. Topic of the project work should be in the field of Electronics and
Telecommunication related to real life application OR investigation of the
latest development OR Microcontroller based application OR Software
development project with the justification for techniques
used/implemented.
3. Interdisciplinary projects should be taken up only with the justification for
techniques used and the coordinating committee should be convinced
about such complexity and scope of the work
4. The abstract of the project should be submitted before the evaluation of.
Project work during first semester.
5. A certified copy of project work carried out in the first semester is
required to be presented to internal guide at the time of evaluation.
6. Group should maintain a logbook of activities in a year. It should have
entries related to the work done, problems faced, solutions evolved, etc.,
duly signed by internal and external guides.
7. Final project report must be submitted in the prescribed format only. No
variation in the format will be accepted. One guide will be assigned
maximum three project groups.
Outcomes:
Upon completion of this course student will be able to :
• Apply various aspects of the curriculum which support students’ increasing
mastery of
Competencies in technicality.
EC7144 : Technical Seminar

• A seminar based on relevant disciplinary or inter disciplinary topic is to be


presented by every candidate during the semester.
• The selection of the topic should be based on references from magazines,
transactions, reference books and other technical literature.
• The approval of the Department Head/ Coordinator prior to
commencement of work and presentation is essential.
• The student is expected to produce a report based on the work carried out.
The presentation, report, work done during the term supported by the
documentation forms the basis of assessment
EC2134: Electronics System Design & Modeling

Objectives :
To understand
• Important considerations in developing a particular electronic product.
• Modeling – Hardware & software
• Integration of hardware & software

Unit 1 : Analysis Of Electronics System (7 Hrs)

Product development stages & constraints. System specifications. Study of techno-


commercial feasibility of specifications. Functional requirements, Environmental
constraints. Commercial, industrial & military standards, Ergonomic & aesthetic design
considerations. Thermal management, Enclosure design

Unit 2 : Hardware Modeling (7 Hrs)

Modeling of switching power device, analog device, small signal amplifier, digital
device, gates, current swings, charging-discharging constraints, timing issues in hardware
circuits, voltage swing analysis, noise consideration while modeling.

Unit 3 : Noise (7 Hrs)

Noise & Interference, noise reduction & interference eliminating methods, grounding &
shielding techniques, ground loops; EMI, EMC, ESD concepts. Design rules for analog &
digital PCBs.

Unit 4 : Reliability (7 Hrs)

Introduction, Considerations, reliability & quality, definition & related terms like MTBF,
MTTR etc. availability, maintainability, bath tub curve, assessment of reliability,
reliability expression, fail safe & redundancy techniques, repairable & non-repairable
systems, concepts of failure analysis, sampling, System reliability improvement.

Unit 5 : Software Modeling (7 Hrs)

Object oriented design, software design methodology, fundamental, abstractions,


refinement modularity, Design information flow, Entity relationship diagram, Design
process considerations, transform flow, transaction flow, data flow diagram, control flow
diagram.
UNIT 6 : Software – Hardware Integration (7 Hrs)
Verification techniques, testing at block diagram level, circuit level, selection of
components, ICs, cost estimation, PCB layout, PCB designing issues & constraints,
operating instructions. Case studies.

Outcome:

Students will be able to


1. Design analog circuit, analyze & test it.
2. Design digital circuit, analyze & test it.
3. Have a complete knowledge of designing mixed circuits.

Text Books:
1. Paul Horowitz. Hill , The Art of Electronics:, Cambridge
2. Roger S. Pressman, Software Engineering:, McGraw Hill
3. Kim Fowler, Electronics Instrument Design, Oxford

Reference Books:

1. Henry Ott ,Noise reduction techniques in electronics circuits:, Wiley


2. E. Balguruswamy , Reliability Engineering:
3. E F.F.Mazda , Electronics Engineers Reference Book, Butterworth Publication
EC2144 : Telecommunication Networks And Management

Prerequisites :
Analog Communication, Digital Communication, Fundamentals of Fiber optics,

Objectives:
To study
• The existing telecommunication networks
• Broadband Technologies
• ISDN
• SS7 Protocol
• Optical Networks
• Quality issues and Network management

Unit 1 : Introduction To Telecommunication Networks (7 Hrs.)


Introduction to Telecommunication Networks,
Switching Technologies: circuit switching, Routing for Circuit switched
Networks,packet switching, Multirate circuit switching,Frame Relay, Cell Relay.
Broad Band Access Technologies: DSL, ADSL,Cable Modems, WLL, Leased Lines,
Optical and Wireless.

Unit 2 : Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN) (7 Hrs.)


ISDN Overview, Principles, standards, ISDN Interfaces and functions, Protocol
architecture, Internetworking
Signaling System Number7(SS7): SS7 Architecture, Signaling at datalink level, link
level, Network level, and signaling at connection control part, ISDN User part.

Unit 3 : Optical Networks (7 Hrs.)


Introduction, Principles of optical networks, Optical network components, Standards,
Optical interface layers, concepts of multiplexing and synchronization.
DWDM Networks: Introduction, architecture, Optical packet switching/ Routing.

Unit 4 : Quality Of Service And Reliability Issues In


Telecommunication Networks (7 Hrs.)
Delay, Jitter, Throughput/ Bandwidth, cross talk/interference, Relaibility and
survivability issues, Network protection mechanisms.

Unit 5 : Telecommunication Network Planning (7 Hrs.)


Introduction , Principles of telecommunication network planning, traffic planning, Tariff
planning, congestion control planning.

Unit 6 : Telecommunication Network Management (7 Hrs.)


Telecom network operation and maintenance, Traffic management, management of
transport network, configuration management, Fault management .
Outcomes:
After completion of this course the students will be able to
• Understand Switching Technologies used in Telecommunications
• Configure broad band devices and Use broadband technologies
• Install and Use Fiber optics networks
• Plan and manage the Telecommunication Networks

Text Books
1. William Stallings, ‘ISDN and Broadband ISDN with Frame Relay and ATM’,
Prentice Hall .

Reference Books
1 W. Gorlaski, ‘Optical Networking and WDM’, TMH
2 Lakshmi Raman, ‘Fundamentals of Telecommunication Network
Management’, IEEE press, PHI
EC2154 : Image Processing

Objectives:
• To familiarize the student with the basic concepts about image, its formation, human
visual system and it’s limitations
• To understand various image enhancement approaches
• To apply the basic morphology principles
• To understand image segmentation
• To learn basic ideas of image compression
• To prepare the background for student to apply principles learnt to practical cases

Unit 1 : Digital Image Fundamentals (4 Hrs )


Elements of visual perception, Image sampling & Quantization, co lour fundamentals,
colour models, pseudo colour image processing
Unit 2 : Image Enhancement (6 Hrs )
Basic grey level transformations, histogram processing, enhancement using arithmetic
and logic operators, spatial filtering – smoothing and sharpening filters. Smoothing and
sharpening frequency domain filters
Unit 3 : Morphological Image Processing (6 Hrs )
Neighbourhood concepts, adjacency and distance measures, dilation & erosion, opening
& closing operations, basic morphological operations such as region filling, thinning,
thickening, skeletons, pruning for binary and gray scale images.
Unit 4 : Image Segmentation ( 8 Hrs )
Detection of discontinuities, edge linking and boundary detection, thresholding, region
based segmentation, use of watersheds, image representation- chain codes, boundary
descriptors & regional descriptors
Unit 5 : Image Transforms & compression ( 10 Hrs )
Coding, interpixel and image redundancy; 2-D Discrete Fourier Transform, Discrete
Cosine Transform – its application in Baseline JPEG , Walsh Hadamard Transform, Fast
Walsh Transform, sub band coding Haar Transform – it’s application as a Wavelet, multi
resolution expansions, 1-D Wavelet Transform, Fast Wavelet Transform; Introduction to
Gabor Transform, Introduction to Radon Transform
Unit 6 : Image Processing Applications ( 6 Hrs )
Applications of transforms in fingerprinting, Medical applications such as tumour
detection, Magnetic Resonance Imaging analysis using transforms, Morphological
applications. Study of IEEE reference papers covering basic ideas of Transforms and
their applications
Outcomes:
Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to
• Comment about color models, human visual systems

• Apply a suitable enhancement logic to an image

• Use morphological operator set for an application

• Apply segmentation algorithm such as watershed in requires cases

• Learn and apply image transforms

Text Books:

1. Gonzalez, Woods, ‘Digital Image Processing’ – PHI , 2nd edition


2. Milan Sonka ‘Image Processing , Analysis & Machine Vision’ Thomson Publication.

Reference Books:-

1. Pratt W.K. , ‘ Digital Image Processing’, John Wiley, 2001

2. Jain A.K., ‘ Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing’, PHI, 1997


EC2164 : VLSI System Design

Objectives:

• The aim of the course is to provide a clear understanding of the concepts that
support two dominant themes in system design viz. decomposition and
assembly.
• To study Decomposition of a System into simpler subsystems: mechanisms
and algorithms for breaking a system into simpler interconnected components.
• To study Memory sub-systems in System Design: different memory
technologies, organizations and architecture that have been used in System
Design.
• To learn Transmission of information between components of a system: the
problem of interconnect design for reliable and fast communication in a
system.
• To study Interconnection Networks in Systems

Contents:
Unit 1: Decomposition of a system into data and control paths ( 8 Hrs )
(a) Mealy/Moore state machines
(b) register-transfer-level descriptions
(c) Implementation using a single clock positive-edge-triggered paradigm

Unit 2 : Decomposition of the control path ( 5 Hrs )


(a) additive decomposition, state machine re-use
(b) multiplicative decomposition, control synchronization, control deadlocks

Unit 3 : Parallelism and system decomposition ( 7 Hrs )


(a) Pipelines: control-flow and data-flow pipelines.
(b) Communication between sub-systems
(c) Queuing models of systems and performance modeling
(d) Deadlock revisited
Unit 4 : Memory Sub-systems ( 6 Hrs )
(a) Memory architecture
(b) Shared memory data hazards and consistency, mutual exclusion
Unit 5 : Interconnect Issues ( 8 Hrs )
(a) signal interconnect models: lumped, distributed, transmission-line
(b) Delay and crosstalk
(c) Signaling
(d) Power and clock distribution

Unit 6 : Important Alternative Paradigms ( 6Hrs )


(a) level-triggered circuits
(b) Asynchronous systems

Outcome:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
• Decompose a simple digital system into simpler subsystems
• Identify the data path and control path
• Identify the type of deadlock

Text Books
1. J. M. Rabaey, Digital Integrated Circuits, A Design Perspective Prentice-Hall India,
New Delhi, 1997

Reference Books
1. W. J. Dally, J. W. Poulton, Digital Systems Engineering, Cambridge University Press,
1998
2. H. G. Cragon, Memory Systems and Pipelined Processors, Narosa, 1996
EC2174: Electronic Automation

Objectives: To understand
- Components of automation systems
- automation systems in industries, buildings, offices etc.
- automation tools

Unit I : Elements Of Automation (4 HRS)


History, Need of automation, Basic building blocks : Review
of sensors, sensors in industrial and process automation,
signal conditioning, actuators, control valves.

Unit II : Process Instrumentation (8 HRS)


Control system fundamentals, control elements, Pneumatic,
Hydraulic and electronic controllers, Process variables, control
communication, computers and industrial control.

Unit II : Automation Tools (8 HRS)


HMI , DCS, PLC, SCADA, Field Bus Instrumentation etc.

Unit IV : Automation I – Process And Industrial ( 8 HRS)


Power plant automation, Manufacturing automation, Industrial
control network, Robotics, Cybernetics.

Unit V : Automation II – Case Studies (8 HRS)


Office automation, Building automation, Home automation,
Data base automation, Automation in defense, etc.

Unit VI : Safety, Maintenance, Fault Finding (6 HRS)


System Failure, Fault finding instruments, Environmental effects,
Maintenance philosophies, Safety- Health and safety, Legislations,
The six pack etc.

Outcomes: At the end of this course, students will be able to


• design & build industrial automation systems
• apply automation tools
• do work study of any industry environment, design automation & apply
safety measures
Text Books
1. D.M.Considine -Process/Industrial instruments and control Handbook
2. Andrew Parr -Industrial Control Handbook

Reference Books:
1. Hordeski M-.Transducers for automation
2. Horn-Home remote control and automation
3. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engg.
EC7154: Electronics System Design & Modeling

Objectives :
To understand
• Important considerations in developing a particular electronic product.
• Modeling – Hardware & software
• Integration of hardware & software

List of Practicals:
Part A.
1. Modeling of hardware circuit : Analog circuit.
2. Analysis of Analog circuit
3. Assembling of the circuit & its testing.
4. Analysis of assembled circuit. (AC analysis, DC analysis, Monte Carlo
Analysis etc)
Part B
5. Modeling of hardware circuit :Digital circuit.
6. Analysis of Digital circuit
7. Assembling of the circuit & its testing
8. Analysis of assembled circuit. (AC analysis, DC analysis, Monte Carlo
Analysis etc)
Part C
9. Environmental testing of a circuit. (EMI / EMC, temperature effects)
10. Case study. System design, Analysis of its constraints, observations &
conclusions

Comment: all modeling practicals will be conducted in Lab view or any other similar
simulation software.

Software Requirements:

1. Lab view
2. Handle C
3. MultiSim
4. Esterel

Outcome:

Students will be able to


1. Design analog circuit, analyze & test it.
2. Design digital circuit, analyze & test it.
3. Have a complete knowledge of designing mixed circuits.
Text Books:
1. Paul Horowitz. Hill , The Art of Electronics:, Cambridge
2. Roger S. Pressman, Software Engineering:, McGraw Hill
3. Kim Fowler, Electronics Instrument Design, Oxford

Reference Books:

1. Henry Ott ,Noise reduction techniques in electronics circuits:, Wiley


2. E. Balguruswamy , Reliability Engineering:
3. E F.F.Mazda , Electronics Engineers Reference Book, Butterworth Publication
EC7164: Telecommunication Networks And Management

Prerequisites :
Knowledge of Computer networking, Broad band Technologies, Fiber Optics

Objectives:
Configuration of various Telecommunication devices
Configuration of various Broad Band devices
Implementation of Optical Networks

List of Practicals

1. Establishing Broad Band connectivity between two or more computers using


ADSL Router.
2. To configure the cable modem and establish high speed internet communication
using Cable modem
3. To establish high speed data transfer between computers using ISDN connection
4. To implement video conferencing between computers Using ISDN emulated
lines.
5. To establish point to point and point to multi point connections in ISDN.
6. To implement peer to peer networking using Fiber optic Networking
7. To implement Client /Server Network using fiber optic networking.
8. To study analyse telecommunication network performance.
9. To study the traffic management and implement congestion control algorithms .
10. To study the SS7 protocol and implement routing algorithms.

Outcomes:
After completion of the above course students will be able to:
Configure various Telecommunication devices and establish communication
Configuration of various Broad Band devices to have high speed data access
Implementation of Optical Networks

References:
1. William Stallings, ‘ISDN and Broadband ISDN with Frame Relay and ATM’,
Prentice Hall .
2. W. Gorlaski, ‘Optical Networking and WDM’, TMH
3. Lakshmi Raman, ‘Fundamentals of Telecommunication Network Management’,
IEEE press, PHI
EC7174: Image Processing

Objectives:
• To familiarize the student with the basic concepts about image file formats
• To understand various image enhancement approaches
• To apply the basic morphology principles
• To understand image segmentation

List of Practicals
1. Study of BMP file format
2. Conversion of 24 bit color image to 8 bit , 4 bit, 1 bit image
3. Image negation, power Law correction
4. Histogram mapping & equalisation, stretching
5. Image smoothing , sharpening
6. Edge detection – use of Sobel, Prewitt and Roberts operators
7. Morphological operations on binary images
8. Morphological operations on Gray scale images
9. Pseudo coloring
10. Chain coding
11. Image statistics
12. DCT/IDCT computation
13. Transform application assignment.
Outcomes:
Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to
• Apply a suitable enhancement logic to an image

• Use morphological operator set for an application

• Apply boundary searching algorithms

• Learn and apply image transforms

Comments :
C / C++ and MATLAB may be used for the Practical

Text Books:

1. Gonzalez, Woods, ‘Digital Image Processing’ – PHI , 2nd edition


2. Milan Sonka ‘Image Processing , Analysis & Machine Vision’ Thomson
Publication.

Reference Books:-

1. Pratt W.K. , ‘ Digital Image Processing’, John Wiley, 2001

2. Jain A.K., ‘ Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing’, PHI, 1997


EC7184: VLSI System Design

Objectives:

• To decompose a System into simpler subsystems


• To find out data and control path
• To assemble the decomposed system
• To design and implement a dual port memory
• To simulate a wire

List of Practicals

1. Design sequence recognizer for detecting three successive 1s using Moore


Machine
2. Design Pipelined adder
3. Design right shift only barrel shifter.
4. Design FIFO.
5. Design sequential binary multiplier
6. Design SRAM with controller
7. Design carry look ahead adder
8. Design a synchronizer circuit when the width of the asynchronous input pulse is
greater than the period of the clock
9. Design a synchronizer circuit when the width of the asynchronous input pulse is
less than the period of the clock
10. Design UART transmitter ASM chart
Outcome:

Students will be able to generate and characterize a MOS device in specific


technology.
Text Books
1. Plummer, Deal , Griffin , Introduction to semiconductor fabrication , Prentice Hall
publication – 2001. ISBN No 0130224049
EC7134: Project

Objectives:
• To select and work on real life application in the field of Electronics and
Telecommunication.
• To support students’ learning and engagement with principles of undergraduate
education.
• To apply and enhance the knowledge acquired in the related field.

Guidelines:
1. The project work will be carried by a group of students. Optimum group
size is three students. However, if project complexity demands a
maximum group size of four students, the coordinating committee should
be convinced about such complexity and scope of the work
2. Topic of the project work should be in the field of Electronics and
Telecommunication related to real life application OR investigation of the
latest development OR Microcontroller based application OR Software
development project with the justification for techniques
used/implemented.
3. Interdisciplinary projects should be taken up only with the justification for
techniques used and the coordinating committee should be convinced
about such complexity and scope of the work
4. The abstract of the project should be submitted before the evaluation of.
Project work during first semester.
5. A certified copy of project work carried out in the first semester is
required to be presented to internal guide at the time of evaluation.
6. Group should maintain a logbook of activities in a year. It should have
entries related to the work done, problems faced, solutions evolved, etc.,
duly signed by internal and external guides.
7. Final project report must be submitted in the prescribed format only. No
variation in the format will be accepted. One guide will be assigned
maximum three project groups.
Outcomes:
Upon completion of this course student will be able to :
• Apply various aspects of the curriculum which support students’ increasing
mastery of Competencies in technicality.
EC7194: Project - Seminar

Objectives:
To evaluate student on the basis of -
• His / her performance in carrying out the project work.
• presentation skill

Guidelines:
1. Seminar is based on the project work. It consists of Literature Survey and detailed
project work.
2. The examination is conducted by two examiners. The examiners appointed for
seminar must have minimum 5 years of experience with UG qualification and 3
years with PG qualification.
3. At the time of examination, the student will have to give the presentation.
Seminar assessment is based on Innovative Idea, Depth of understanding,
Applications, Individual contributions, and presentation, and the grade given by
the internal guide, which is based on the work carried out in a year.

Outcomes:
After completion of this course, student will be able to:
• Present any of his / her innovative ideas to outside world.
Elective 2 : Interdisciplinary Elective
( for Computer / Instrumentation / Information Technology )
EC 2184 : Advanced Digital Signal Processing
Objective:
• To provide inputs regarding multirate DSP
• To give inputs regarding adaptive filters and its applications
• To provide concepts of linear prediction
• To provide estimation of power spectra
• To learn basic architecture of a typical DSP processor

UNIT 1 : RANDOM SIGNALS (7 HRS)


Review of deterministic signals, random signals ; Correlation Function; Power spectra ;
DT domain random signals ; Time averages for DT random process

UNIT 2 : MULTIRATE DSP (7 HRS)


Decimation, Interpolation; Design of practical sampling rate conversion ; Software
implementation of sampling rate converters; Sample rate conversion using poly-phase
filter structure ; Efficient D/A conversion in Hi-Fi System

UNIT 3 : ADAPTIVE FILTERS (7 HRS)


Necessity ; Adaptive filters as noise cancellers ; Configuration of adaptive filters; main
components of adaptive filters ; Adaptive algorithms: LMS, RLS; adaptive filtering for
ocular artifacts from the human EEG; Adaptive telephone echo cancellation

UNIT 4 : LINEAR PREDICTION AND OPTIMUM LINEAR FILTERS (7 HRS)


Lattice structures; Innovation representation of random signals ; Rational power spectra,
AR, MA, ARMA; Forward and backward linear prediction ; Wiener filter for filtering
and prediction ; Solution of the normal equation – Levinson – Durbin Algorithm

UNIT 5 : POWER SPECTRUM ESTIMATION (7 HRS)


Correlation and Correlogram; Estimation of spectra from finite duration observation of
signals ; Estimation of autocorrelation and power spectrum of random signals ; Non-
parametric methods for power spectrum estimation – Bartlett & Welch method

UNIT 6 : ARCHITECTURES FOR DSPs (7 HRS)


Basic generic architectures, Harward Architecture; Introduction to SHARC, pipelining,
MAC ; Special instructions, on-chip memory; Fixed and Floating point DSPs ; Case
study of TMS320C54XX or TMS320C6XXX ; Implementation of basic DS algorithms
Decimation and Interpolation
Outcomes:- upon learning the course the student will be able to
• learn the concepts of decimation and interpolation
• Apply the concept of adaptive filtering
• Implement the principles of linear prediction
• Indicate the typical blocks in a DSP and explain its applications

Text Books
E C Ifleachor and B W Jervis “Digital Signal Processing – A practical approach”, 2 nd
edition, Pearson education
John G Proakis, Monolakis “Digital Signal Processing – Principles, Algorithms and
Applications ”, Pearson education
Reference Books : -
1. P P Vaidyanathan “Multirate systems and filter banks”, PHI
2. B Venkatramani, M Bhaskar, “Digital Signal Processors, Architecture,
Programming & Applications”, TMH
3. Simon Haykin, “Adaptive Filter Theory”, 4th edition Pearson Education
EC 2194 : Image Processing

Objectives:
• To familiarize the student with the basic concepts about image, its formation, human
visual system and it’s limitations
• To understand various image enhancement approaches
• To apply the basic morphology principles
• To understand image segmentation
• To learn basic ideas of image compression
• To prepare the background for student to apply principles learnt to practical cases

Unit 1 : Digital Image Fundamentals (4 Hrs )


Elements of visual perception, Image sampling & Quantization, co lour fundamentals,
colour models, pseudo colour image processing
Unit 2 : Image Enhancement (6 Hrs )
Basic grey level transformations, histogram processing, enhancement using arithmetic
and logic operators, spatial filtering – smoothing and sharpening filters. Smoothing and
sharpening frequency domain filters
Unit 3 : Morphological Image Processing (6 Hrs )
Neighbourhood concepts, adjacency and distance measures, dilation & erosion, opening
& closing operations, basic morphological operations such as region filling, thinning,
thickening, skeletons, pruning for binary and gray scale images.
Unit 4 : Image Segmentation ( 8 Hrs )
Detection of discontinuities, edge linking and boundary detection, thresholding, region
based segmentation, use of watersheds, image representation- chain codes, boundary
descriptors & regional descriptors
Unit 5 : Image Transforms & compression ( 10 Hrs )
Coding, interpixel and image redundancy; 2-D Discrete Fourier Transform, Discrete
Cosine Transform – its application in Baseline JPEG , Walsh Hadamard Transform, Fast
Walsh Transform, sub band coding Haar Transform – it’s application as a Wavelet, multi
resolution expansions, 1-D Wavelet Transform, Fast Wavelet Transform; Introduction to
Gabor Transform, Introduction to Radon Transform
Unit 6 : Image Processing Applications ( 6 Hrs )
Applications of transforms in fingerprinting, Medical applications such as tumour
detection, Magnetic Resonance Imaging analysis using transforms, Morphological
applications. Study of IEEE reference papers covering basic ideas of Transforms and
their applications
Outcomes:
Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to
• Comment about color models, human visual systems

• Apply a suitable enhancement logic to an image

• Use morphological operator set for an application

• Apply segmentation algorithm such as watershed in requires cases

• Learn and apply image transforms

Text Books:

Gonzalez, Woods, ‘Digital Image Processing’ – PHI , 2nd edition

Milan Sonka ‘Image Processing , Analysis & Machine Vision’ Thomson Publication.

Reference Books:-

1. Pratt W.K. , ‘ Digital Image Processing’, John Wiley, 2001

2. Jain A.K., ‘ Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing’, PHI, 1997


EC 2204 : Mobile Computing

Prerequisites :Digital Communication, Basic concepts of wireless communication

Objectives: To study -
1. Wireless standards
2. Mobile network layers
3. Wireless application protocol

Unit 1 : Introduction to telecommunication systems ( 7 Hrs )


Medium access control, Telecommunication Systems – SDMA, TDMA, CDMA, GSM
Satellite Systems – Basics, Routing Localization, Handover. Broadcast Systems –
Overview, Cyclic Repetition of Data, Digital Audio Broadcasting, Digital Video
Broadcasting,
Contents of Unit 1

Unit 2 : Wireless Standards (7 Hrs )


Wireless LAN – IEEE 802.11 – Infrared vs Radio Transmission, Infrastructure Networks,
Ad-hoc Networks, HIPERLAN, Bluetooth
Wireless ATM – Working group, Services, Reference Model, Functions, Radio Access
Layer, Handover, Location Management, Addressing Mobile Quality of Service, Access
Point Control Protocol.

Unit 3 : Mobile Network Layer ( 7 Hrs )


Mobile IP Goals, Assumptions and Requirements, Entities, IP packet Delivery
Agent Advertisement and Discovery, Registration. Tunneling and Encapsulation,
Optimization Reverse Tunneling, IPv6, DHCP. Ad-hoc Networks - Characteristics,
Performance Issues, Routing in mobile hosts

Unit 4: Mobile Transport Layer (7 Hrs )


Traditional TCP, Indirect TCP, Snooping TCP, Mobile TCP, Transmission / Timeout
Freezing
Selective Retransmission, Transaction oriented TCP
Unit 5 : Wireless Application Protocol ( 7 Hrs )
Architecture, Datagram Protocol, Transport Layer Security , Transaction Protocol,
Session Protocol , Application Environment , Wireless Telephony Application

Unit 6 : Application Issues ( 7 Hrs )


Dynamic DNS File System, Synchronization Protocol, Context aware applications,
Security
Analysis of existing wireless network

Outcomes: Upon completion of this course, student will be able to


• Use wireless standards, and apply wireless communication protocols.
• Implement TCP/IP
• Apply GSM in wireless communication

Text Books
1. J Schiller ,’Mobile Communication’ , Addison Wesley, 2000

Reference Books
1. John Wiley,’ Mobile Communication Design Fundamentals’, 1993.
2. Wireless Communication and Networks, Pearson Education, 2003

3. WAP-Wireless Application Protocol, Pearson Education, 2003


EC 2214: Coding & Data Compression
Prerequisites :
Basic knowledge of Digital Communication , Matrix algebra

Objectives :
• To give inputs regarding coding techniques. Understand the structures of the
codes through the practical and appreciate the applications in signal processing.
• To understand the basics of Data compression and quantization techniques
• To know the transform coding basics

Unit I : Information Theory, models & coding (7 Hrs.)


Entropy – definition, Properties, joint and conditional entropy; Information sources,
Models – Probability models, Markov models; coding – Uniquely decidable codes, Prefix
codes

Unit II : Huffman Coding (8 Hrs.)


Basic Idea, minimum variance Huffman codes, optimality of Huffman Codes, length of
Huffman codes, Extended Huffman codes, adaptive Huffman coding, Golomb codes,
Rice codes; Applications of Huffman coding – Lossless image compression, text
compression, Audio Compression

Unit III : Arithmetic Coding (6 Hrs.)


Generation & deciphering a tag, generation of a binary code, comparison of Huffman &
arithmetic coding, adaptive arithmetic coding, applications of arithmetic coding

Unit IV : Dictionary Techniques (6 Hrs.)


Static dictionary, Adaptive Dictionary – Lempel Ziv Approaches; applications in file
compression, image compression – Graphic Interchange Format(GIF) , Portable Network
Graphics (PNG) format, Compression over modems

Unit V : Scalar & Vector Quantization (8 Hrs.)


Uniform Quantizer, Adaptive Quantizer – Forward adaptive, Backward adaptive, Jayant
quantizer; non-uniform quantization, Entropy coded quantization; concept of vector
quantization, advantages of vector quantization over scalar quantization; Linde-Buzo-
Gray (LBG) algorithm, application of LBG algorithm to image compression, Trellis
coded quantization
Unit VI : Transform coding (7 Hrs.)
Necessity of transforms, DCT, DST, DWT, KL transform; Quantization and coding of
transform coefficients, JPEG image compression, application in Audio Compression –
Modified Discrete Cosine Transform (MDCT)

Outcomes :
Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to
• Implement basic ideas about Markov models
• Learn Huffman coding, its applications and its derivatives alongwith its
limitations
• Apply arithmetic coding in typical cases of skew probability
• Learn and implement dictionary techniques for intelligent compression
approaches
• Learn quantization techniques useful in data compression
• Apply transform coding in various 1-D and 2-D compression areas such as
speech, audio and imaging

Text Books :

1. Khalid Sayood , ‘Introduction to Data Compression’, Elsvier publication, 3rd


edition,
2. Graham Wade, ‘Coding Techniques – Introduction to compression & Error
control’,
Palgrave Publications

Reference Books :
1. Saloman D, ‘Data compression – Complete reference ‘ , springer verlag, 3rd
edition
2. Levis W.J. , ‘Data compression ‘ . Springer , 2nd edition
3. Nelson Mark . Gaily . Jean , Loup , ‘Data Compression book’ , BPB publication,
2nd edition
EC 2224 : Telecommunication Networks And Management

Prerequisites :
Analog Communication, Digital Communication, Fundamentals of Fiber optics,

Objectives:
To study
• The existing telecommunication networks
• Broadband Technologies
• ISDN
• SS7 Protocol
• Optical Networks
• Quality issues and Network management

Unit 1 : Introduction To Telecommunication Networks (7 Hrs.)


Introduction to Telecommunication Networks,
Switching Technologies: circuit switching, Routing for Circuit switched
Networks,packet switching, Multirate circuit switching,Frame Relay, Cell Relay.
Broad Band Access Technologies: DSL, ADSL,Cable Modems, WLL, Leased Lines,
Optical and Wireless.

Unit 2 : Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN) (7 Hrs.)


ISDN Overview, Principles, standards, ISDN Interfaces and functions, Protocol
architecture, Internetworking
Signaling System Number7(SS7): SS7 Architecture, Signaling at datalink level, link
level, Network level, and signaling at connection control part, ISDN User part.

Unit 3 : Optical Networks (7 Hrs.)


Introduction, Principles of optical networks, Optical network components, Standards,
Optical interface layers, concepts of multiplexing and synchronization.
DWDM Networks: Introduction, architecture, Optical packet switching/ Routing.

Unit 4 : Quality Of Service And Reliability Issues In


Telecommunication Networks (7 Hrs.)
Delay, Jitter, Throughput/ Bandwidth, cross talk/interference, Relaibility and
survivability issues, Network protection mechanisms.

Unit 5 : Telecommunication Network Planning (7 Hrs.)


Introduction , Principles of telecommunication network planning, traffic planning, Tariff
planning, congestion control planning.

Unit 6 : Telecommunication Network Management (7


Hrs.)
Telecom network operation and maintenance, Traffic management, management of
transport network, configuration management, Fault management .
Outcomes:
After completion of this course the students will be able to
• Understand Switching Technologies used in Telecommunications
• Configure broad band devices and Use broadband technologies
• Install and Use Fiber optics networks
• Plan and manage the Telecommunication Networks

Text Books
1. William Stallings, ‘ISDN and Broadband ISDN with Frame Relay and ATM’,
Prentice Hall .

Reference Books
1. W. Gorlaski, ‘Optical Networking and WDM’, TMH
2. Lakshmi Raman, ‘Fundamentals of Telecommunication Network Management’,
IEEE press, PHI
EC 2234: Optical and Microwave Communication

Prerequisites :
Basic Communication Engineering concepts.

Objectives :
• To study Basics of optical fiber communication system.
• To study different optical fiber cable manufacturing techniques
• To study Light source and detectors
• To study signal dispersion and attenuation in OFC.
• To study Microwave Wave-guides and Components
• To study Microwave Tubes & Solid-State Microwave Devices

Unit I : Introduction to OFC & its components (08 Hrs.)


Basic block diagram of Optical Fiber Communication system, Overview of OFC,
Advantages of optical fibers over co-axial cables, basic principles, types of fibers, fiber
materials, fiber fabrication (double crucible method) and their mechanical properties,
Fiber cable, Basics of construction and characteristics of light sources (LED and
LASER), light detectors (PIN and APD), Numericals based on above topics.

Unit II : Signal Degradation in Optical Fiber (08 Hrs.)


Various degradation mechanisms: Attenuation, Distortion, Pulse broadening in GI fibers,
Mode coupling, Coupling losses, Material dispersion (Intermodel and Intramodel
dispersion), Concept of fiber splicing, coupling methods and their losses, OTDR
(Principle, concept & applications), Numericals based on above topics.

Unit III : Fibre Optic Communication System (06 Hrs.)


Analog: Overview of analog links, Carrier to Noise Ratio, Multi channel transmission
technique.
Digital: Point-to-point links, system consideration, Link power budget, Rise time budget,
Correlation of concept of line coding and error correction for optical fiber, Principle of
Wavelength Division Multiplexing, Passive components, Optical Amplifier, Optical
networks: SONET/SDH, Photonic switching and sensor applications, Numericals based
on above topics.

Unit IV : Microwave Wave-guides and Components (06 Hrs.)


Rectangular wave-guide, Modes (TE and TM), Excitation of modes, Power transmission
and losses, Microwave cavity resonator, Wave guide Tees (E, H, Magic), Circulators,
Isolators, Bends, Twists, Matched termination, Attenuators, Phase shifters, Co-axial to
wave guide transitions, microwave filters, concept of Scattering parameters, S-matrix of
above components, Numericals based on above topics.
Unit V : Microwave Tubes (07 Hrs.)
Introduction to conventional vacuum tubes (triode, Tetrode, Pentode), High frequency
limitations, Klystrons (multi cavity, reflex): velocity modulation, bunching process,
applications, TWT: slow-wave structure, wave modes, gain, and applications, Magnetron
oscillator, types, Numericals based on above topics.

Unit VI : Solid-State Microwave Devices (07 Hrs.)


Principle of operation, construction, characteristics, parameters with analysis of
Microwave transistor, Varactor Diode, Tunnel, PIN Diode, Gunn Diode, Construction
and applications of strip line, Introduction to terrestrial microwave link and its
applications.

Outcomes :
After end of this course students will be able to :
• Draw Different Building Blocks of optical fiber communication system.
• Draw typical diagrams of optical fiber cable manufacturing techniques
• Measure the characteristics of LED,LASER source and Photo detectors
• Measure dispersion and attenuation in OFC.
• Preparation of splicing and connectorization of ofc cables.
• Know principles of microwave waveguides, tubes and microwave devices.

Text Books :
1. John Senior, ‘Optical Fiber Communication’, Prentice Hall
2. M. Kulkarni, ‘Microwave and radar Engineering’, Laxmi

Reference Books :
1. G. Keiser, ‘Optical Fiber Communication’, McGraw Hill
2. D. C. Aggarwal, ‘Fiber Optical Communication’.
3. S. Y. Liao, ‘Microwave Devices & Circuits’, Prentice Hall
4. Peter Rizzi. ‘Microwave Engineering’, McGraw Hill.
EC2184: Microcontroller Applications

Prerequisites :
• Basic concept of digital electronics
• Basics of C language programming

Objectives :
To study
• Architecture of microcontroller
• Interfacing of peripherals using Assembly language and embedded C language
Programming
• Implementation of Inter Integrated circuit (I2C) protocol
• Comparison between various microcontrollers

Unit I : Introduction to P89V51RD2 (10 Hrs.)


Features, Architecture, Addressing modes, Instruction set, Assembly language
programming, Introduction to software and hardware tools

Unit II : On-chip peripherals (06 Hrs.)


Port Structure, Timers and Counters, Serial Port , Interrupt Structure

Unit III : Interfacing and assembly language programming (08 Hrs.)


Different display devices like LED’s, Seven Segment and LCD , Serial communication

Unit IV : Interfacing and Programming using embedded C (06 Hrs.)


Data types, variables, constructs, Loops, function, structures and union. Introduction to
Assembly Embedded in C, “C “coding for Interfacing of devices like Keypad, DAC,
ADC, stepper motor,

Unit V : Buses and protocols (06 Hrs.)


Recommended Standards (RS) : RS232, RS485, I2C, Serial Peripheral Interface(SPI)

Unit VI : Minimum system design (06 Hrs.)


Memory interfacing, Introduction to RISC microcontrollers like PIC 16F877A and AVR
Atmega32, Theoretical System design using microcontrollers
Outcomes :
Students will be able to
• Differentiate between microprocessor and microcontroller
• Design hardware and software for minimum system
• Implement I2C protocol
• Select best suited microcontroller for specified application

Text Books :
1. Mazidi , Mazidi, ‘8051 and Embedded C Programming’, 2nd edition, Pearson
education
2. Kenneth Ayala, ‘8051 Microcontroller Architecture, Programming and
Application’, 3rd edition, Penram

Reference Books :
1. Ajay Deshmukh, ‘Microcontrollers’, 1st edition, Tata McGRAW HILL
2. Bernett & Cox, ‘AVR & PIC and Embedded System’, 1st edition, Pearson
3. Intel 8051 manual
4. Microchip Manual for PIC microcontrollers
5. Jan Axelson, ‘Serial Port complete’, Peneram
EC2244: Embedded Systems

Objectives :
1. To study ARM7 architecture and learn its assembly language programming
2. To study wireless protocols
3. To study field bus protocols
4. To understand the meaning of embedded system and applications in which they
are used.
5. To understand embedded system (ES) Design metrics.
6. To study Hardware and Software architecture of ES.
7. To study architecture of Real Time Operating Systems (RTOS )
8. To study Digital Camera as ES case study
9. To study Smart card as ES case study
10. To study Car control as ES case study

Unit 1: ARM Processor (7 Hrs)


ARM Processor: Architecture and Programming:
RISC and CISC , ARM organization , ARM Programmers model , operating modes ,
Exception Handling , Nomenclature , Core Extensions .
ARM Assembly Language Programming : Introduction to ARM instruction set

Unit 2: Protocols (7 Hrs)


Bluetooth , IEEE 802.11 and IEEE 802.16 , GPRS, MODBUS
CAN and USB

Unit 3: Embedded System Introduction (7 Hrs)


History, Design challenges, Optimizing design metrics ,Time to market, NRE and UNIT
cost design metrics, Application of embedded systems and recent trends in embedded
systems.

Unit 4: Embedded System Architecture (7 Hrs)


Hardware and software architecture ,Processor selection for Embedded System,
Memory Architecture and IO devices , Interrupt Service Mechanism ,Context switching.
Device Drivers.

Unit 5: Real Time Operating System Concepts (7 Hrs)


Architecture of the kernel , Task scheduler , ISR , Semaphores , Mailbox , Message
queues , Pipes , Events , Timers , Memory Management .

Unit 6 : Case Study Of Embedded System (7 Hrs)


Digital Camera , Smart Card and Car Control
Outcomes: After completion of this course, student will be able to
1 draw ARM7 architecture
2 state 3 instructions in data manipulation , control flow , data transfer
groups
3. state Arm7 operating modes and explain how mode can be changed
4. state interrupts in ARM7 with priority
5. identify processor architecture and features from its number
6 i. state difference between general purpose computer system and ES
ii state application of ES in various fields.
iii state difference between Hard Real time and Soft Real Time systems

7 i state difference between Bluetooth and other wireless protocols


ii application of Bluetooth protocol
8 draw hardware and software architecture of ES
9 select processor , memory , I/O devices for intelligent Washing Machine as
per the specifications.
10 i State difference between general OS and RTOS
ii Explain Serial port sharing using semaphore
iii Explain msg passing to display task from various tasks .
iv Explain priority inheritance problem and its remedy
v State application of RTOS .

11. i draw block diagram of digital camera


ii explain digital camera interfacing with PC

12. i. Explain smart card hardware


ii Explain smart card information access

13. i state controllers used in various units in a CAR


ii Explain protocol used for communication among various controllers in a
CAR

Text Books :

1. Raj Kamal ,”Embedded Systems “ TMH.


2. Frank Vahid , “EmbeddedSystem Design.
3. Sloss etal ,”ARM Developers Guide”.

Reference Books :

1. Dr. K.V.K.K. Prasad “Embedded / Real Time Systems” Dreamtech


2. Iyer , Gupta “ EmbeddedReal systems programming “ TMH.
3. Steve Heath “ EmbeddedSystem Design “ Neuwans.
EC 2254: VLSI Technology

Objectives :
• To study basics of IC fabrication technology
• Understand the impact of the physical and chemical processes of integrated circuit
fabrication technology on the design of integrated circuits
• Understand physics of the Crystal growth, wafer fabrication and basic properties
of silicon wafers
• Learning CMOS process flow
• Learning contamination reduction and corresponding measurements methods
including clean factory, wafer cleaning and Gettering
• Learning lithography techniques and concepts of wafer exposure system
• Understand Concepts of thermal oxidation and Si/SiO2 interface and its quality
measurements (including physical, optical and electrical)
• Learn concepts of ion implantation
• Learn concepts of thin film deposition including chemical Vapor Deposition
(including APCVD, LPCVD, PECVD and HDPCVD) and Physical vapor
deposition (including, evaporation and sputtering)
• Learning concepts of Wet etching, and Plasma etching mechanism and systems.

Unit I : IC Technology (6 Hrs.)


Semiconductors and devices, an overview of IC Technology and its requirements, Unit
steps used in IC Technology

Unit II : Clean room (7 Hrs.)


Environment for VLSI Technology : Clean room and safety requirements, Wafer
cleaning processes, Crystal growth, impurity incorporation through diffusion and ion
implantation, gettering

Unit III : Oxidation, Etching (7 Hrs.)


Oxidation : Kinetics of Silicon dioxide growth both for thick and thin films, Oxidation
technologies in VLSI , Plasma etching and RIE techniques; RTP techniques for
annealing, growth and deposition of various films.

Unit IV : Lithography (7 Hrs.)


Lithography : Photolithography, E-beam lithography and newer lithography techniques
for VLSI, Mask generation, PPR and NPR
Unit V : CVD (7 Hrs.)
Chemical Vapour Deposition techniques : CVD techniques for deposition of polysilicon,
silicon dioxide, silicon nitride and metal films; Epitaxial growth of silicon. Metal film
deposition : Evaporation and sputtering techniques

Unit VI : Fabrication and Layout (6 Hrs.)


Process integration for NMOS, CMOS; Advanced MOS technologies.

Outcomes:
At the end of this course, students will be able to
• Chalk out the unit steps of fabrication process for NMOS
• Chalk out the unit steps of fabrication process for CMOS
• Chalk out the unit steps of fabrication process for SOI
• Calculate Leff of MOS devices needed in design

Text Books :
Plummer, Deal , Griffin , ‘Introduction to semiconductor fabrication’, Prentice Hall
publication – 2001. ISBN No 0130224049

Reference Books :
1. Richard Jaeger, ‘Introduction to Microelectronic Fabrication’, Prentice Hall, 2nd
edition 2002.
2. C.Y. Chang and S.M. Sze (Ed), ‘ULSI Technology’, McGraw-Hill, 1996.
3. S.K.Gandhi, ‘VLSI fabrication Principles’, John Wiley Inc., New York, 1983.
Elective 2: Interdisciplinary Elective
( for Mechanical / Industrial / Production / Chemical)
EC 2264: MEMS

Prerequisites: Knowledge of solid state Devices & basic mechanical systems.

Objectives: To impart basic concept for design of sensors and Microelectromechnical


systems used in VLSI field.

UNIT-1: Historical Background Introduction to MEMS: (4 hours)


Silicon Pressure sensors, Micromachining, MicroElectroMechanical Systems

UNIT-2 : Microfabrication and Micromachining: (6 hours)


Integrated Circuit Processes, Bulk Micromachining: Isotropic Etching and Anisotropic
Etching, Wafer Bonding, High Aspect-Ratio Processes (LIGA)

UNIT-3: Physical Microsensors: ( 8 hours)


Classification of physical sensors, Integrated, Intelligent, or Smart sensors, Sensor
Principles and Examples: Thermal sensors, Electrical Sensors, Mechanical Sensors,
Chemical and Biosensors

UNIT-4: Microactuators: ( 8 hours)


Electromagnetic and Thermal microactuation, Mechanical design of microactuators,
Microactuator examples, microvalves, micropumps, micromotors-Microactuator
systems : Success Stories, Ink-Jet printer heads, Micro-mirror TV Projector

UNIT-5: Surface Micromachining: (8 hours)


One or two sacrificial layer processes, Surface micromachining requirements, Polysilicon
surface micromachining, Other compatible materials, Silicon Dioxide, Silicon Nitride,
Piezoelectric materials, Surface Micromachined Systems: Success Stories, Micromotors,
Gear trains, Mechanisms

UNIT-6: Application Areas: (8 hours)


All-mechanical miniature devices, 3-D electromagnetic actuators and sensors,
RF/Electronics devices, Optical/Photonic devices, Medical devices e.g. DNA-chip,
micro-arrays. Bonding & Packaging of MEMS, Future trends in MEMS
Outcomes:
The students at the end of the course will be
1) well versed with basic concept for design of sensors and Microelectromechnical
systems used for VLSI(At least two-Ex. Pressure sensor)
2) able to draw the scheme for bulk micromachining and LIGA process and explain
the procedure for the same
3) able to explain Electromagnetic and Thermal microactuation ith the scheme
4) able to explain the Bonding & Packaging of MEMS(at least two basic techniques)
5) able to figure out microvalves, micropumps, micromotors-Microactuator systems
(at least one basic technique for each)

Texts Books:
1) Stephen D. Senturia, "Microsystem Design" by, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001.
2) Marc Madou, “Fundamentals of Microfabrication” by, CRC Press, 1997.

References books:

1) Gregory Kovacs, “Micromachined Transducers Sourcebook” WCB McGraw-Hill,


Boston, 1998
2) M.-H. Bao, “Micromechanical Transducers: Pressure sensors, accelerometers, and
gyroscopes” by Elsevier, New York, 2000.
EC2274: Electronic Automation

Objectives: To understand
- Components of automation systems
- automation systems in industries, buildings, offices etc.
- automation tools

Unit I : Elements Of Automation (4 HRS)


History, Need of automation, Basic building blocks : Review
of sensors, sensors in industrial and process automation,
signal conditioning, actuators, control valves.

Unit II : Process Instrumentation (8 HRS)


Control system fundamentals, control elements, Pneumatic,
Hydraulic and electronic controllers, Process variables, control
communication, computers and industrial control.

Unit II : Automation Tools (8 HRS)


HMI , DCS, PLC, SCADA, Field Bus Instrumentation etc.

Unit IV : Automation I – Process And Industrial ( 8 HRS)


Power plant automation, Manufacturing automation, Industrial
control network, Robotics, Cybernetics.

Unit V : Automation II – Case Studies (8 HRS)


Office automation, Building automation, Home automation,
Data base automation, Automation in defense, etc.

Unit VI : Safety, Maintenance, Fault Finding (6 HRS)


System Failure, Fault finding instruments, Environmental effects,
Maintenance philosophies, Safety- Health and safety, Legislations,
The six pack etc.

Outcomes: At the end of this course, students will be able to


• design & build industrial automation systems
• apply automation tools
• do work study of any industry environment, design automation & apply
safety measures
Text Books
1.D.M.Considine -Process/Industrial instruments and control Handbook
2.Andrew Parr -Industrial Control Handbook

Reference Books:
1. Hordeski M-.Transducers for automation
2. Horn-Home remote control and automation
3. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engg.
EC 2284: Microcontroller Applications
Prerequisites : Basic concept of digital electronics

Objectives: To study
1) Architecture of microcontroller
2) Assembly language programming
3) Interfacing of peripherals using Assembly language programming
4) Comparison between various derivatives of 8051 microcontroller

UNIT I: INTRODUCTION TO MCS-51 FAMILY: (06HRS.)

• Features of 8-bit microprocessor


• Features of 8-bit microcontroller
• Memory Organization
• Architecture
• Clock and Reset circuit
• Introduction to software and hardware tools

UNIT II : INSTRUCTION SET (08 HRS.)

• Addressing modes
• Instruction set
• Simple Assembly language programming

UNIT III: ON CHIP PERIPHERALS: (06 HRS.)

• Port Structure
• Timers and Counters
• Serial Port Communication
• Interrupt Structure

UNIT IV: INTERFACING AND ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING:


(10
HRS.)

• LED’s
• Seven Segment
• 2X16 LCD
• 4X4 Matrix Keypad
• Stepper motor.
• DC Motor
• Opto-proximity sensors
Unit V:Interfacing and Programming using embedded C ( 06 Hrs )
Data types, variables, constructs, Loops, function, structures and union. Introduction
to Assembly Embedded in C. “C “coding for Interfacing of devices like Keypad,
ADC, DAC, stepper motor,

UNIT VI: MINIMUM SYSTEM DESIGN ( 06 HRS.)

• External RAM and ROM Memory interfacing


• Design of multifunctional Autonomous Robot
• Design of prototype DC Drive
• Prototype PLC Design

Outcomes: Students will be able to


1. Differentiate between microprocessor and microcontroller
2. Design hardware and software for minimum system
3. Select best suited microcontroller for specified application

TEXT BOOKS

1 Mazidi and Mazidi, “8051 and Embedded C Programming”, 2nd edition, Pearson

education

2. Kenneth Ayala, “8051 Microcontroller Architecture, Programming and

Application “, 3rd edition, Penram

REFERENCE BOOKS

1 Intel 8051 manual


EC 2294: Power Electronics and Drives

Objectives:
• To Study basics of Power conversion systems
• To study basics of AC/DC motor operations
• To study and compare different control strategies using power converter
systems

Unit 1: Introduction to power electronics (8 Hrs)


Principle of operation of power devices –SCR, MOSFET, Study of single phase
converter, Inverter and Chopper – Operation and waveforms for Resistive and inductive
load.

Unit 2: DC Motor Control (6 Hrs)


Motor performance parameters, single phase converter drives for separately and series
types DC motor, Input supply performance parameters.

Unit 3: Reversible Drives (6 Hrs)


Three phase converter drives, Dual converter drives, Dynamic and regenerative braking
of DC motors, Protection for DC motors

Unit 4: Chopper Drives (6 Hrs)


Chopper fed DC motor drives, use of chopper drives in traction applications, Working of
AC and DC traction drives.

Unit 5: AC Motor Control (8 Hrs)


Induction motor characteristics, Control strategies like stator voltage control, V/F control,
rotor resistance control, PWM control, Braking and protections for AC motors

Unit 6: Special Motor Drives (6 Hrs)


Synchronous motor types and characteristics, Control strategies, Stepper motor control-
modes of excitation, different power circuit configurations for stepper motor drive, Micro
stepping- principle and implementation

Outcomes: Upon completion of this course student will be able to


• Operate different AC/DC motor drives
• Analyze power conversion system
• Apply interdisciplinary knowledge for project development.
Text Books
1. P.C. Sen, ’Thyristor DC Drive’, John Wiley and Sons.
2. M.H. Rashid, ‘ Power Electronics Circuits, Devices, and
Applications’, PH Publication

Reference Books
1. JMD Murphy & FG Turnbull, ’Power Electronics of AC Motors’,
Pergamon Press.
2. Mohan, Undeland and Robbins, ‘Power Electronics Converters,
Applications and Design’, John Wiley and Sons.