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FUNCTIONS IN A CIRCUIT AND/OR

COMPONENTS
SYMBOLS
APPLICATIONS
AIR-CORE TYPE USE TO STEP DOWN THE VOLTAGE OF A CIRCUIT
TRANSFORMER
POTENTIAL IT GETS USED FOR STEPPING DOWN THE
TRANSFORMER SYSTEM VOLTAGE.
INSTRUMENT IT IS A DEVICE THAT PRODUCES ALTERNATING CURRENT IN ITS
SECONDARY WHICH IS PROPORTIONAL TO THE AC IN ITS
TRANSFORMER PRIORITY.
LIMIT SWITCH IT IS OPERATED BY THE MOTION OF A MACHINE PART
OR PRESENCE OF AN OBJECT.

NORMALLY CLOSE IT IS OPEN WHEN IT, OR OPENS, OR THE SPECIFIC DEVICES


CONTACT OPERATING IT IS IN A DE-ENERGISED OR RELAX STATE.
NORMALLY OPEN CONTACT PAIR IS CLOSED.
CONTACT
PUSH BUTTON (NO) MOMENTARY SWITCH

PUSH BUTTON (NC) MOMENTARY SWITCH


MOTOR IT IS A SOURCE OF AC DUE TO MECHANICAL ENERGY.
TOGGLE SWITCH IT IS MANUALLY ACTIVATED BY A MECHANISM LEVER.

DC SOURCE PRODUCES DC VOLTAGE.

CIRCUIT BREAKER IT IS AN AUTOMATICALLY OPERATED ELECTRICAL SWITCH DESIGNED TO


PROTECT ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT DUE TO SHORT CIRCUIT.
FUNCTIONS IN A CIRCUIT AND/OR
COMPONENTS
SYMBOLS
APPLICATIONS
AND GATE IT CAN HAVE TWO OR MORE INPUTS. THE OUTPUT OF AN AND GATE
TRUE WHEN ALL ITS INPUTS ARE TRUE.

NAND GATE A NAND GATE CAN HAVE 2 OR MORE INPUTS BUT IT IS NOT A
AND GATE.
OR GATE THE OUTPUT OF AN OR GATE IS TRUE WHEN NONE OF ITS
INPUTS ARE TRUE.

NOR GATE THE OUTPUT OF A NOR GATE IS TRUE WHEN AT LEAST ONE O
ITS INPUTS IS TRUE.

TRANSISTOR
NPN

TRANSISTOR
PNP

PHOTOTRANSIS
TOR
CAPACITOR A CAPACITOR STORES ELECTRICAL CHARGE. THIS TYPE MUST BE
CONNECTED THE CORRECT WAY ROUND.
POLARIZED

VARIABLE
CAPACITOR

TRIMMER IT IS OPERATED WITH A SMALL SCREWDRIVER OR SIMILAR TOOLS. IT IS


DESIGNEDTO BE SET WHEN THE CIRCUIT IS MADE THEN LEFT WITHOUT
CAPACITOR FURTHER ADJUSTMENT.

NOT GATE A NOT GATE CAN ONLY HAVE ONE INPUT. IT IS ALSO CALLED AN
INVERTER.