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Paul University at San Miguel

(A Branch of St. Paul University Quezon City)
San Miguel, 3011 Bulacan, Philippines



A Research Paper presented to:

Ms. Pearl Joan Gabriel

Bernard Andrei J. Babas
Charlize Aliah S. Francisco
Ahr Nicole B. Pangilinan

SH I - St. Albert The Great

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)



People’s way of living is changing as the time passed by. Life changes every day

for every person in some way. We all face changes every day. They tend to do the things

less than they usually do and forget the things that they want to do just to bury themselves

a lot in a time consuming activity. Everything are not constant. In fact, according to

Heraclitus, “There is nothing permanent except change. Nothing is permanent except

change. The only constant is change. Change is the only constant. Change alone is

unchanging.” It means that change is occurring continuously and it is inevitable. He also

said that “Everything changes but changes itself. Everything flows and noting remains

the same… You cannot step twice into the same river, for other waters and yet others go

flowing over on.” Changes are inevitable, constant, and people can’t change the fact that

it is the only constant thing in this world.

According to BusinessDictionary, Engineering is the process of utilizing

knowledge and principles to design, build, and analyze objects. Engineering is a

necessary element for most items that require construction and has several branches

of expertise including civil, electrical, mechanical, and chemical. Some fields have such

a high demand for engineering that positions have been formed that solely deal with the

engineering aspect of a project.

According to BusinessDictionary, architectural design is a concept that focuses on

the components or elements of a structure or system and unifies them into a coherent
and functional whole, according to a particular approach in achieving the objective(s)

under the given constraints or limitations. See also behavioral design.

According to Merriam- Webster, house is a building that serves as living quarters

for one or a few families: HOME. It is the place where the family lives together as one. In

here, you can experience a lot of things with your love ones that you can consider as your

good memories together. Houses help people to be safe and to feel comfortable.

According to ANIL MITRA PHD, Modern Engineering includes technology, but

is also concerned with development and understanding of technological systems and the

products, affects and appropriateness of technology. It is also concerned with non-

technological approaches. Technical engineering is the activity of transforming and

transporting: Materials and forces of nature; and Energy and information, which are

technical measures of utility. This statement excludes reference to value and method. To

complete our understanding of modern engineering, we should identify its values, its

societal and environmental objectives and its tools.

According to Moya Mason, houses have changed a lot over the last three hundred

years. Availability of construction materials, development of indoor plumbing and

heating systems, advances in architecture, government incentives, technology, family

size, and general rise living standards are few of the factors that have played a role in the

evolution of our homes. These changes have, in turn, changed and shaped family and

social relationships. More personal privacy and space have become a reality.

In 19th century the house designs, according to Mason, in cities, small row houses

went up in great numbers in the first half of the century. Virtually all of them had
parlours. The average urban row house was narrow, usually only 15-20 feet across, and

extending back for 30-40 feet. With mounting pressure for effective land utilization, row

houses became more narrow and deeper over time. For example, two 25 foot lots were

divided into three. While in 20th century, lot sizes began to grow after the turn of the

century. Early 20th century bungalows were one-storey or storey and a half dwellings of

between 600 and 800 square feet. In most new houses of the early twentieth century,

square footage was drastically reduced to compensate for the increased expenses of

plumbing, heating, and other new technological improvements. Housing studies also

attribute the reduced square footage to a decline in domestic production of goods. There

was no longer any reason to have storage places for things such as home-canned fruit and

vegetables, dowry linens, and supplies for making the family's clothes and bedding.

People were no longer producers, but consumers.

a. Statement of the Problem
b. Significance of the Study
c. Objectives of the study

The aims of the research were thus defined as follows:

 To explore the types of modern house designs made by the modern engineers.

 To know the influence of modern engineering in modern house design.

 To know the factors on how modern engineers can possibly change the future

design of houses.
d. Time and Place of the Study
e. Scope and Limitation
f. Definition of Terms