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MiCOM P92x

C.F.Chow
Applications Manager

April 2010
Voltage and Frequency Relay

Keeping in mind

 Reasons for Voltage Protection :


 Regulation Problems
 Load Variations
 Faults Conditions

 The protection functions depend upon the application


 PH/PH or PH/N voltages
 Time Delays
 Alarms / Tripping

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

Keeping in mind:

 Abnormal frequency Conditions


 Under-frequency:
Hz
 Insufficient generation
respect to the total demand

 Protection against turbine vibration at


low frequency

 Over-frequency:
 Total or partial rejection of load

 The frequency elements will be set as a back up


at the Automatic Speed Regulator

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

 3 Models are available


P921 Voltage
P923

P922 Voltage and


Frequency

P923 Voltage and


Frequency
plus df/dt

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Voltage and Frequency Relay
Applications

Applications

Production Transmission Distribution Embedded


Generators
Motors

Public Distributors Industry


Community/Tertiary-
sector
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Voltage and Frequency Relay
VTs Connections

 Possible Connection of VTs:


 3 VTs (Phase-Neutral)

 3 VTs (Phase-Neutral) + 1 Residual VT

 2 VTs (Phase-Phase) + 1 Residual VT

 3 VTs (Phase-Phase) + 1 Residual VT


+info

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VT Connection

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

Configuration: 3 VT ( Phase-Neutral )

P922

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

Configuration: 3 VT ( Phase-Neutral )+1Residual

P922

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

Configuration: 3 VT ( Phase-Neutral )+1Residual

Menu CONFIGURATION/GENERAL
P922

PROTECTION
PROT P-P

or P-N

The voltage protection element can


operate either from the measured
Ph-N voltages or from the Ph-Ph voltages
which have been internally calculated.
Zero sequence O/V protection will be always available.

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

Configuration: 3 VT ( Phase-Phase )+1Residual

P922

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

Configuration: 2 VT (Phase-Phase )+1Residual

P922

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Voltage and Frequency Relay
Protections

Protections
ANSI Models
Code Functions Description
P921 P922 P923
59 Phase Over-Voltage (3 thresholds) • • •
• • •
27 Phase Under-Voltage (3 thresholds)
59N Zero Sequence Over-Voltage (3 th) • • •
(Earth fault at the Generator neutral)
• •
47 Negative Sequence Over-voltage (2 th)
(Unbalanced condition (Motor bay))
• •
27D Positive Sequence Under-voltage (2 th)
81U Under-Frequency (out of 6 thresholds) • •

Over-Frequency (out of 6 thresholds) • •


81O
81R Frequency rate of change (df/dt) (6th) •

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Voltage Relay

3 VT phases
(57-130 V or 220-480 V)

MiCOM P92 1
27 59
Tripping RL1
59N Watchdog WD
RL 2
RL 3
RL 4
Loading Relay Outputs
Resistor 4

L1 Supervision
Logic L2 86 RS 485
Inputs Setting software
2 30 RS 232

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U/V Protection

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

Phase UnderVoltage
[ 27 ]

 Load Variation

This function is used as back up for OLTC.

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

[ 27 ]

FEATURES CHARACTERISTICS

 3 Independents Thresholds  5V to130V /20V to 480V

 Logic detection  AND/OR

 Configuration  Phase-Phase / Phase-Neutral

 Start Information  < 30 ms

 Settable Hysteresis  102% to 105%

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

[ 27 ]

FEATURES CHARACTERISTICS

 Constant or inverse time for the  Formula: t=TMS / ( 1-U/Us)


1st threshold  TMS: 0.5 to 100
 Constant time for the 2nd & 3rd  0 to 600 sec
threshold.

 tRESET  0 to 100 sec

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Voltage and Frequency Relay
Measurements

Measurements

ANSI Models
Code Measurement Description P921 P922 P923
S G
Phase voltages and Line Voltages-RMS values • • • •
Residual Voltage (true RMS Values) • • • •
Frequency • • • •
Direct (Positive) & Inverse (Negative) Voltages • •
Average Values (Ph-Ph & Ph-N) • •
Peak (maximale) values (Ph-Ph & Ph-N) • •

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

 Programmable Logic Inputs:

 P921 2

 P922 - P923 5

 Programmable Logic Outputs:

 P921 4

 P922 - P923 8

1 contact WatchDog for the 3 models ++info

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

 Programmable LEDS:

 P921- P922 - P923 4

 All the Logic inputs, outputs and LEDs are


programmable. All the logic signals (instantaneous or
time-delayed) can be combined with these programmable
elements.

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

 Latch of output Relays:


 Latching by Function

 Only for the tripping relay RL1

 tU<, tU>>, tf1,…

 Latching by relay

 For RL2 to RL4 for P921


 RL2 to RL8 for P922 & P923

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

 Settings Groups:

 P921 1

 P922- P923 2 independants

 Setting changes
 Activation of associated logic input

 Using Front Panel

 Local Communication RS232


++info
 Remote Communication RS485

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Voltage and Frequency Relay
Logs & Records

Logs & Records

ANSI Models
P922
Code Description P921 P923
S G
Events Records (75) • • •
Faults Records (5) • • •
Disturbance Records (5 of 2,5 s) • • •
Frequency Disturbance Records (1 of 20 s) •

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Voltage and Frequency Relay
CB Monitoring & Control

 Monitoring of the CB position


 P921-P922 - P923
 By using the Logic inputs and Programmable LEDs

 CB Control
 P921-P922 - P923
 Locally via Logic Inputs or
 Remotely via the communication

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Voltage and Frequency Relay
Communications

 RS 485: Remote Communication


 MODBUS
 RTU Standard

 COURIER
 Compatible K-Bus/Courier

 IEC 60870-5-103

 VDEW Standard

All the communication parameters (address, rate, parity...) are


configurable by the user.

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Voltage and Frequency Relay
Communications

 RS 232: Local Communication

 Allows the downloading of a new firmware


version in the relay

 To connect a PC for settings

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U/V Protection

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

Phase UnderVoltage
[ 27 ]

 Load Variation

This function is used as back up for OLTC.

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

Logic Scheme

Start V<

IDMT/DT Trip V<


U/V < &

Bloc tU<
&

Logic Blocking

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

[ 27 ]

FEATURES CHARACTERISTICS

 3 Independents Thresholds  5V to130V /20V to 480V

 Logic detection  AND/OR

 Configuration  Phase-Phase / Phase-Neutral

 Start Information  < 30 ms

 Settable Hysteresis  102% to 105%

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

[ 27 ]

FEATURES CHARACTERISTICS

 Constant or inverse time for the  Formula: t=TMS / ( 1-U/Us)


1st threshold  TMS: 0.5 to 100
 Constant time for the 2nd & 3rd  0 to 600 sec
threshold.

 tRESET  0 to 100 sec

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

U<

Time U<<

U<<<

0
Voltage

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Under Voltage Blocking

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Voltage and Frequency Relay

U/V blocking are used to block the


functioning of all the protection & control
elements based on frequency, under fault condition

No influence to the
standard U/O voltage
protection elements

If the threshold is exceeded, all the elements based on


frequency will be blocked, and an alarm

FREQUENCY OUT of ZONE will be generated.

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