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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Pages

DECLARATION ............................................................................................
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................... i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................. ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................... iv
LIST OF TABLES ......................................................................................... vi
LIST OF FIGURES ....................................................................................... vii
LIST OF APPENDICES ............................................................................... viii
CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION.................................................................. 1

A. The Background of the Study ............................................................ 1

B. The Problem of the Study .................................................................. 5

C. The Objective of the Study ................................................................ 5

D. The Scope of the Study ..................................................................... 6

E. The Significance of the Study ............................................................ 6

CHAPTER II. REVIEW OF LITERATURE ............................................. 8

A. Theoretical Framework ...................................................................... 8


1. Listening Comprehension ............................................................. 8
a. Definition of Listening Comprehension.................................. 8
b. Types of Listening................................................................... 11
2. Test ................................................................................................. 14
a. Definition of Test .................................................................... 14
b. Test Construction ................................................................... 14
c. Criteria for Testing a Test ...................................................... 15
1) Practicality .......................................................................... 15
2) Reability ............................................................................. 16
3) Validity .............................................................................. 17
3. Language Testing ........................................................................... 21
a. Listening Test ......................................................................... 21
1) Phoneme Discrimiation Test .............................................. 22
2) Test of Stress and Intonation ............................................. 24
3) Statement and Dialogues .................................................... 25
4) Testing Comprehension Through Visual Materials ............ 27
5) Understanding Talks and Lectures .................................... 27

iv
4. Learning Instrument .................................................................... 33
a. Definition of Learning Instrument ....................................... 33
1) Syllabus ........................................................................... 33
2) Lesson Plan ....................................................................... 33

B. Conceptual Framework ...................................................................... 34

CHAPTER III. METHOD OF RESEARCH .............................................. 36

A. Research Design ................................................................................ 36

B. Instruments of Data Collection .......................................................... 36

C. Developing Test ................................................................................. 37

CHAPTER IV. TEST DEVELOPMENT .................................................... 39

A. Constructing the Objectives of the Test ............................................. 39


1. Gathering Information .................................................................... 39
a. The Existing of Textbook .......................................................... 39
b. The Existing of Syllabus ............................................................ 40

B. Constructing the Indicators of the Study ........................................... 41

C. Making Blueprint ............................................................................... 42

D. Constructing the Test ......................................................................... 42

E. Reviewing the Test ............................................................................. 52

1. Validation by Teacher ................................................................... 53


2. Validation by an Expert Lecturer .................................................. 54

F. Conducting test Trial and Analyzing the Result of Test Trial ........... 54

G. Discussion .......................................................................................... 56

CHAPTER V. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION ................................ 58

A. Conclusion ......................................................................................... 58

B. Suggestion .......................................................................................... 58

REFERENCES ............................................................................................... 60

APPENDICES ................................................................................................ 62