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Step by Step Duplicating Oracle Database using RMAN Backup with connection to Target

database:-
Details:
Oracle EE 11.2 on RHEL5
Target Server: 192.168.195.128
Clone Server: 192.168.195.137

As we are duplicating to a different we can use same SID for both Source and Clone. My source DBID is HCL

Step1. Put your target database in Archive log mode.

Step2. Start RMAN at Target and Configure CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP ON


RMAN> CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP ON;

Take Backup of Target database


RMAN> BACKUP DATABASE PLUS ARCHIVELOG

Step3. Configure tnsnames and listener at source and clone server as below:

At Source Server
--------------------------------------------------------------------
HCL =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.195.137)(PORT = 1521))
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVER = DEDICATED)
(SERVICE_NAME = HCL)
)
)
---------------------------------------------------------------------
At Clone Server
----------------------------------------------------------------------
SID_LIST_LISTENER =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = HCL)
(ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1)
(SID_NAME = HCL)
)
)

LISTENER =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.195.137)(PORT = 1521))
)
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Step4: create orapwd file at clone server's dbs directory


orapwd file=orapwHCL password=oracle entries=10
Step5. Create pfile of Target database and copy pfile to Clone Server's dbs directory
SQL> create pfile from spfile;

Copy pfile to Clone Server


scp oracle@192.168.195.128:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/dbs/initHCL.ora
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/dbs/

Step6. Create required directories at Clone server. Here I'm using same filesystem as source so no need to use
DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HCL
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/admin/HCL
cd /u01/app/oracle/admin/HCL
mkdir adump dpdump

Step7. Copy backupfile to Clone Server from Source Server


scp -r oracle@192.168.195.128:/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HCL/ /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/

Step8. At Remote Server set ORACLE_SID=HCL and start the Clone Server in NOMOUNT mode
SQL> STARTUP NOMOUNT;

Step9: start RMAN at source and connect RMAN to clone as well


At Source
RMAN TARGET /
connect auxiliary sys/oracle@HCL
***Make sure your Souce Database is in OPEN mode and Clone DB is in NOMOUNT Mode
Now run the Duplicate command # See the response as well

RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE TO HCL


NOFILENAMECHECK;2>

Starting Duplicate Db at 27-JAN-13


using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1

contents of Memory Script:


{
sql clone "alter system set db_name =
''HCL'' comment=
''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile";
sql clone "alter system set db_unique_name =
''HCL'' comment=
''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile";
shutdown clone immediate;
startup clone force nomount
restore clone primary controlfile;
alter clone database mount;
}

executing Memory Script


sql statement: alter system set db_name = ''HCL'' comment= ''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile
sql statement: alter system set db_unique_name = ''HCL'' comment= ''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile

Oracle instance shut down


Oracle instance started
Total System Global Area 631914496 bytes
Fixed Size 1338364 bytes
Variable Size 377488388 bytes
Database Buffers 247463936 bytes
Redo Buffers 5623808 bytes

Starting restore at 27-JAN-13


allocated channel: ORA_AUX_DISK_1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: SID=18 device type=DISK
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring control file
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: reading from backup piece
/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HCL/autobackup/2013_01_27/o1_mf_s_805812962_8j9onctk_.bkp
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: piece
handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HCL/autobackup/2013_01_27/o1_mf_s_805812962_8j9onctk_.bkp
tag=TAG20130127T125602
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
output file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/control01.ctl
output file name=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HCL/control02.ctl
Finished restore at 27-JAN-13

database mounted

contents of Memory Script:


{
set until scn 763666;
set newname for datafile 1 to
"/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/system01.dbf";
set newname for datafile 2 to
"/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/sysaux01.dbf";
set newname for datafile 3 to
"/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/undotbs01.dbf";
set newname for datafile 4 to
"/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/users01.dbf";
restore
clone database
;
}

executing Memory Script


executing command: SET until clause
executing command: SET NEWNAME
executing command: SET NEWNAME
executing command: SET NEWNAME
executing command: SET NEWNAME
Starting restore at 27-JAN-13
using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore


channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00001 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/system01.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00002 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/sysaux01.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00003 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/undotbs01.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00004 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/users01.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: reading from backup piece
/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HCL/backupset/2013_01_27/o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130127T125432_8j9okjyl_.bkp
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: piece
handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HCL/backupset/2013_01_27/o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130127T125432_8j9ok
jyl_.bkp tag=TAG20130127T125432
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:01:22
Finished restore at 27-JAN-13

contents of Memory Script:


{
switch clone datafile all;
}

executing Memory Script


datafile 1 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=1 STAMP=805814774 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/system01.dbf
datafile 2 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=2 STAMP=805814774 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/sysaux01.dbf
datafile 3 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=3 STAMP=805814774 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/undotbs01.dbf
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=4 STAMP=805814774 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/users01.dbf

contents of Memory Script:


{
set until scn 763666;
recover
clone database
delete archivelog
;
}
executing Memory Script

executing command: SET until clause

Starting recover at 27-JAN-13


using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1

starting media recovery

archived log for thread 1 with sequence 4 is already on disk as file


/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HCL/archivelog/2013_01_27/o1_mf_1_4_8j9on8j1_.arc
archived log file name=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HCL/archivelog/2013_01_27/o1_mf_1_4_8j9on8j1_.arc
thread=1 sequence=4
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:00
Finished recover at 27-JAN-13

contents of Memory Script:


{
shutdown clone immediate;
startup clone nomount;
sql clone "alter system set db_name =
''HCL'' comment=
''Reset to original value by RMAN'' scope=spfile";
sql clone "alter system reset db_unique_name scope=spfile";
shutdown clone immediate;
startup clone nomount;
}
executing Memory Script

database dismounted
Oracle instance shut down

connected to auxiliary database (not started)


Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area 631914496 bytes

Fixed Size 1338364 bytes


Variable Size 377488388 bytes
Database Buffers 247463936 bytes
Redo Buffers 5623808 bytes

sql statement: alter system set db_name = ''HCL'' comment= ''Reset to original value by RMAN'' scope=spfile
sql statement: alter system reset db_unique_name scope=spfile

Oracle instance shut down

connected to auxiliary database (not started)


Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area 631914496 bytes

Fixed Size 1338364 bytes


Variable Size 377488388 bytes
Database Buffers 247463936 bytes
Redo Buffers 5623808 bytes
sql statement: CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE SET DATABASE "HCL" RESETLOGS ARCHIVELOG
MAXLOGFILES 16
MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
MAXDATAFILES 100
MAXINSTANCES 8
MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
GROUP 1 SIZE 50 M ,
GROUP 2 SIZE 50 M ,
GROUP 3 SIZE 50 M

DATAFILE
'/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/system01.dbf'
CHARACTER SET WE8MSWIN1252

contents of Memory Script:


{
set newname for tempfile 1 to
"/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/temp01.dbf";
switch clone tempfile all;
catalog clone datafilecopy "/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/sysaux01.dbf",
"/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/undotbs01.dbf",
"/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/users01.dbf";
switch clone datafile all;
}
executing Memory Script

executing command: SET NEWNAME

renamed tempfile 1 to /u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/temp01.dbf in control file

cataloged datafile copy


datafile copy file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/sysaux01.dbf RECID=1 STAMP=805814812
cataloged datafile copy
datafile copy file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/undotbs01.dbf RECID=2 STAMP=805814812
cataloged datafile copy
datafile copy file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/users01.dbf RECID=3 STAMP=805814812

datafile 2 switched to datafile copy


input datafile copy RECID=1 STAMP=805814812 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/sysaux01.dbf
datafile 3 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=2 STAMP=805814812 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/undotbs01.dbf
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=3 STAMP=805814812 file name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/HCL/users01.dbf

contents of Memory Script:


{
Alter clone database open resetlogs;
}
executing Memory Script

database opened
Finished Duplicate Db at 27-JAN-13

RMAN>