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# University of Santo Tomas

## Senior High School

Second Quarter, S.Y. 2017-2018

## STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

Hypothesis Testing

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of 11-STEM 9

December 2, 2017
University of Santo Tomas
Senior High School
Second Quarter, S.Y. 2017-2018

You are an apprentice researcher. Your job in the company is to study the prevailing claims of other researchers. You
will work with a partner and make recommendations regarding the results of your study and present them to the head
researcher of the company through a written report. She will assess your study based on the given rubric.

## 4 3 2 1 Rate Weight Score

The report is Has 1-2 Has 3-4 Has more than
Neatness x2
presented tidily erasures erasures 5 erasures
The steps in
More than 5
hypothesis 1-2 steps 3-4 steps are
Completeness steps are x2
testing were is/are missing missing
missing
done completely
The steps in More than 5
1-2 steps were 3-4 steps were
hypothesis steps were
Accuracy incorrectly incorrectly x4
testing were incorrectly
measured measured
done correctly measured
1-2 3-4 More than 5
Mathematical mathematical mathematical mathematical
Mathematical representations representa- representa- representa-
x2
Concepts were correctly tions were tions were tions were
presented presented presented presented
incorrectly incorrectly incorrectly
Total

## 1. Use the font size of 11

2. Use the font face: Times New Roman
3. State the hypotheses twice. (a) Mathematical notation (b) Sentence form

## 5. The final output must be printed on short bond papers.

University of Santo Tomas
Senior High School
Second Quarter, S.Y. 2017-2018

Study #1:
Humerous bones from the same species of animal have approximately the same length-to-width ratios. It is known that
Species A has a mean ratio of 8.97. Suppose that 40 fossil humerous bones were unearthed at a site where Species A is
known to have flourished. The length-to-width ratios of the unearthed bones has a mean of 9.26 and standard deviation
1.20. Can we conclude that these bones belong to Species A? Use α = 0.05.

• Given inputs:

• Null hypothesis:

• Alternative hypothesis:

• Type of Test:

• Level of Significance:

• Test Statistic:

• Formula:

## • Test Statistic Value:

• Tabular Value:

• Decision:

• Conclusion:
University of Santo Tomas
Senior High School
Second Quarter, S.Y. 2017-2018

Study #2:
An outbreak of Salmonella-related illness was attributed to ice cream produced at a certain factory. Scientists measured
the level of Salmonella in 9 randomly sampled batches of ice cream. The levels (in MPN/g) were: 0.514 0.123 0.304
0.627 0.321 0.789 0.602 0.354 0.423 At 1% level of significance, is there evidence that the mean level of Salmonella in
the ice cream is not 0.3 MPN/g? Use α = 0.01.

• Given inputs:

• Null hypothesis:

• Alternative hypothesis:

• Type of Test:

• Level of Significance:

• Test Statistic:

• Formula:

• Tabular Value:

• Decision:

• Conclusion: