Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 20

# Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

Chapter 1: Function

Relations

## A relation connects elements in set A (domain) to elements in set B (codomain) according to

the definition of the relation.

## Relation between two sets can be represented by

(a) Arrow diagram
(b) Ordered pairs
(c) Cartesian graph

Example 1

The relation ‘is a factor of’ between set A = { 3, 4} and set B = {4, 6, 8} can be
represented as below:

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## Domain, Codomain, Image, Object and Range

Example 2

The diagram above shows the relation between set A and set B. Find the domain, codomain and range
of the relation.

## The range is {p, q, r}

Example:

Domain = {3, 4, 5}
Codomain = {7, 9, 12, 15}
Range = {9, 12, 15} [Note: 7 is not an image because it is not mapped to any object.

## 3 is the object of 9, 12 and 15.

4 is the object of 12.
5 is the object of 15.

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## 9, 12 and 15 are the images of 3.

12 is the image of 4.
15 is the image of 5.

Type of Relation

## Types of Relation Diagram

1 One to One Relation

## In this relation, each object in the

domain has only one image in the
codomain.

## In this relation, one or more than one of

the objects in the domain has more than
one image in the codomain.

## In this relation, there are more than one

objects in the domain that have the same
image in the codomain.

## In this relation, one or more than one of

the objects in the domain has more than
one image in the codomain, and there
are more than one object in the domain
that have the same image in the
codomain.

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## Function as a special kind of relation

 A function is a relation in which every element in the domain has a unique image
(exactly one) in the codomain.
 One-to-one relation and many-to-one relation are examples of a special kind of
relation which we call function.
 A function should has the following properties:
o All objects must have at least 1 image.
o It is not necessarily that all elements in the codomain have object.
o An object cannot has more than 1 image.
o More than 1 object is allowed to have the same image.

## Function is A Special ind of Relation

One to One Relation Many to One Relation

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

Notation of function

## As shown in figure above, for a function f:X→Y f:X→Y , each element x in

the domain X has a unique image y in the codomain Y.

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

COMPARARIOSN METHOD

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

Finding new function given a composite function (Case B : Second function is given) Harder.
Make sure you try it !

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

Inverse Function

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## CIKGU RS MURUGAN 016-4761809

Form 4: Additional Maths Chapter 1

## Нижнее меню

### Получите наши бесплатные приложения

Авторское право © 2021 Scribd Inc.