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Revised Edition - 2017

Director’s Message

Dear Students,

We at the Department of Pre-university Education,


Karnataka strive to empower each student to dream big
and equip them with the tools that enable them to reach
new heights and successfully deal with the challenges of
life. As Swami Vivekananda said, "Real education is that
which enables one to stand on one's own legs".

The course contents in this book are designed with


the objective of equipping you well for the next level of
study.

We wish you well on your journey and look forward to


you becoming a responsible citizen of the nation and give
back to the betterment of the society.

With best wishes,

Sd/-
C. Shikha, IAS
Director
Department of Pre University Education
Bengaluru