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Hardening Grades

G Section G

Alloy Steels

4130 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Bars and Plates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4140/42/45/50 and 41L40/42/50 (Leaded) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Rounds — Hot Rolled Annealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Annealed & Cold Drawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Hot Rolled Heat Treated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Heat Treated & Cold Drawn or Ground & Polished . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Hexagons — Annealed & Cold Drawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Squares — Hot Rolled Heat Treated and Annealed & Cold Drawn . . . . 7
Plates — Hot Rolled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
4340 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Rounds — Hot Rolled Annealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Plates — Hot Rolled Annealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5160 Spring Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Flats — Hot Rolled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
6150 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Plates — Hot Rolled Annealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Squares — Hot Rolled Annealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Rounds — Hot Rolled Annealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Flats — Hot Rolled Annealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
8620 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Plates — Hot Rolled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Rounds — Hot Rolled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Rounds — Cold Drawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
“e.t.d.” 150® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Rounds — Cold Drawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
41L45 (Leaded) Strain Tempered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Rounds — Cold Drawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4150 Modified Resulphurized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Rounds — Hot Rolled Heat Treated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
9 Chrome 1 Moly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Bars and Tubes — Chrome-Molybdenum Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20, 21
Carburizing Grades
8620 and 86L20 (Leaded) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Plates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Rounds — Hot Rolled, Cold Drawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

For Aircraft Quality Alloy Steels - Refer To Sec. H

Sec. G Page 1
4130

Chromium-Molybdenum Steel
Bars and Plates
UNS G41300

Color Marking
As Rolled Rounds — Ends Olive and White
Heat Treated Bars — Ends Orange and Purple
As-Rolled Plates — Corner Striped Olive and White
Heat Treated Plates — Corner Striped Orange and Purple

This is a through-hardening alloy of great versatility. The chromium and


molybdenum content is sufficient to provide through hardness penetration in fairly
light sections. Good mechanical properties may be obtained by normalizing only
where the required strength is not too high. This grade responds to nitriding for
excellent wear and abrasion resistance.

Its carbon content causes this alloy to be considered as an oil hardening or water
hardening grade. It also imparts a degree of weldability not found in the higher
carbon alloys. Other processing characteristics, such as machinability and formabil-
ity make it a widely accepted and useful alloy.

ANALYSIS
C Mn P S Si Cr Mo
.28/.33 .40/.60 .035 Max. .040 Max. .15/.35 .80/1.10 .15/.25

APPLICATIONS — Shafting, axles, gears, sprockets, piston rods, reamer bodies,


well-head components, tool joints, fasteners, hand tools.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES and HARDENABILITY — Refer To Sec. R.

MACHINABILITY — In the annealed condition, this grade has a machinability


rating of 72% of 1212, with a surface cutting speed of 120 feet per minute.

Weldability — This grade may be welded by any of the common welding


processes. Preheating and postheating are recommended for difficult weldments.
The grade of welding rod to be used depends upon thickness of section, design,
service requirements, etc.

Forging — Heat to 2150º-2250ºF.

Normalizing — Heat to 1600º-1700ºF. Cool in air. Average Brinell Hardness, 167.

Annealing — Heat to 1500º-1600ºF. Cool slowly in furnace. Average Brinell


Hardness, 149.

Hardening — Hardening range is 1550º-1600ºF for water quench, and


1575º-1625º F for oil quench. A wide range of mechanical properties can be
obtained by tempering between 400º and 1300ºF.

Sec. G Page 2
4130 (Continued)

4130 hot rolled rounds


Stock Lengths 19’ to 21’
Size Estimated Weight, Lbs. Size Estimated Weight, Lbs.
In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar

1 3/8 5.053 101.1 5 66.82 1336


1/2 6.014 120.3 1/4 73.67 1473
5/8 7.058 141.2 1/2 80.86 1617
3/4 8.186 163.7 3/4 88.37 1767
7/8 9.397 187.9 6 96.22 1924
2 10.69 213.8 1/4 104.4 2088
1/8 12.07 241.4 1/2 112.9 2259
1/4 13.53 270.6 3/4 121.8 2426
3/8 15.08 301.5 7 131.0 2619
1/2 16.71 334.1 1/4 140.5 2810
5/8 18.42 368.4 1/2 150.4 3007
3/4 20.21 404.3 3/4 160.5 3211
3 24.06 481.1 8 171.1 3421
1/4 28.23 564.6 1/2 193.1 3862
1/2 32.74 654.8 3/4 204.6 4092
5/8 35.12 702.5 9 216.5 4330
3/4 37.59 751.7 1/2 241.2 4824
4 42.77 855.3 3/4 254.1 5082
1/4 48.28 965.6 10 267.3 5346
1/2 54.13 1083 11 323.4 6468
3/4 60.31 1206 13 451.7 9034

4130 HOT ROLLED PLATES


As Rolled or Heat Treated

Size Estimated Weight, Lbs. Size Estimated Weight, Lbs.


In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar

1/2 .1418 20.42


2 3/4 .7799 112.3
5/8 .1773 25.52
3 .8508 122.5
3/4 .2127 30.63
7/8 .2481 35.73 1/4 .9217 132.7
1 .2836 40.84 1/2 .9926 142.9
1/4 .3545 51.05 3/4 1.064 153.1
1/2 .4254 61.26 4 1.134 163.4
3/4 .4963 71.47 1/2 1.276 183.8
2 .5672 81.68 5 1.418 204.2
1/4 .6381 91.89
6 1.702 245.0
1/2 .7090 102.1
7 1.985 285.9

Sec. G Page 3
4140/42/45/50
UNS G41400, G41420, G41450, G41500
41L40/42, 41L50 (Leaded)
Chromium-Molybdenum Steel
Bars and Plates
Color Marking
4140/42/45: Annealed Bars – Ends painted Black and Red
Heat Treated Bars – Ends painted Brown and Gold
Plates – Corner Striped Gray
41L40/42: Annealed Bars – Ends painted Blue and Green
Heat Treated Bars – Ends painted Gray and Pink
4150: Annealed Bars – Ends painted purple with Olive Stripe
Heat Treated Bars – Ends painted Orange with Black Stripe
41L50: Annealed Bars – Ends painted Orange with White Stripe
Heat Treated Bars – Ends painted Orange with Black Stripe
These are oil-hardening steels of relatively high hardenability. Their chromium
content provides good hardness penetration, and the molybdenum imparts
uniformity of hardness and high strength. These grades are especially suitable for
forging because they have self-scaling characteristics. They respond readily to heat
treatment and are comparatively easy to machine in the heat treated condition. They
resist creep in temperatures up to 1000º F and maintain their properties even after
long exposure at these relatively high working temperatures. With a combination of
such highly desirable properties as good strength and wear resistance, excellent
toughness coupled with good ductility, and the ability to resist stress at elevated
temperatures, it is understandable why these are widely used and highly successful
alloy steels.
This material is also available as leaded steel. The addition of lead improves
machinability without sacrificing other desirable properties, with the exception that
the use of this material is not recommended for applications over 400º F, since at
elevated temperature ductility is low.
The following specifications are generally applicable for 4140/42 Heat Treated
Rounds: ASTM A 193, Grade B7; ASTM A 434, Grades BC and BD.
ANALYSIS
P S
C Mn Max. Max. Si Cr Mo
4140 .38/.43 .75/1.00 .035 .040 .15/.35 .80/1.10 .15/.25
4142 .40/.45 .75/1.00 .035 .040 .15/.35 .80/1.10 .15/.25
4145 .43/.48 .75/1.00 .035 .040 .15/.35 .80/1.10 .15/.25
4150 .48/.53 .75/1.00 .035 .040 .15/.35 .80/1.10 .15/.25
The analyses of the leaded grades are the same as above with the addition of
.15/.35 Lead (Pb).
APPLICATIONS – Drill collars, kelly bars, bolts, subs, couplings, reamer bodies,
rotary table shafting, oil well tool joints, axle shafts, valves, high-temperature
bolts, sprockets, trailer axles, winch shafts, piston rods, rams, hydraulic machinery
shafts, precision lead screws, chain links, spindles, stay bolts, tractor axles, tractor
arms, zinc die-casting dies, etc.
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES and HARDENABILITY – Refer To Sec. R.
Also see Bottom of Page 7 of this section for specific data on heat treated bars.
MACHINABILITY – 41L42 has a machinability rating in the annealed condition of
approximately 77% of 1212, as compared with 66% for 4142 without lead. Surface
cutting speed of 41L42 is approximately 127 feet per minute.
Weldability – Difficult to weld, but can be welded by any of the common welding
processes providing section is preheated, and stress relieved after welding. The
grade of welding rod to be used depends upon thickness of section, design,
service requirements, etc. When welding leaded material, adequate ventilation
should be provided to prevent accumulation of fumes.
Forging – Heat to 2100º-2200ºF.
Normalizing – Heat to 1600º-1700ºF. Cool in air. Average Brinell Hardness, 285.
Annealing – Heat to 1450º-1550ºF. Cool slowly in furnace. Average Brinell
Hardness, 187.
Hardening – Hardening range is between 1525º and 1625ºF. Quench in oil.
A wide range of mechanical properties can be obtained by tempering between
400º and 1300ºF.
For 4140 Aircraft Quality Bars, refer to Section H.
Sec. G Page 4
4140/42/45/50 (Continued)
4140/42/45/50 and 41L40/42/50
hot rolled annealed rounds*
Machine straightened – Maximum Brinell 212
Stock Lengths 20’ Approx.

Size Est. Wt., Lbs. Size Est. Wt., Lbs. Size Est. Wt., Lbs. Size Est. Wt., Lbs.
In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
3/8 .3759 7.517 3 24.06 481.1 8 171.1 3421 16 684.26 13685
1/2 .6682 13.36 1/8 26.10 522.0 1/4 181.9 3638 1/4 705.81 14116
9/16 .8457 16.91 1/4 28.23 564.6 1/2 181.9 3862 1/2 727.70 14554
5/8 1.044 20.88 3/8 30.45 608.9 3/4 204.6 4093 17 772.47 15449
11/16 1.263 25.27 1/2 32.74 654.8 9 216.5 4330 1/4 795.35 15907
5/8 35.12 702.5 1/4 228.7 4574 18 866.02 17320
3/4 1.504 30.07
3/4 37.59 751.7 1/2 241.2 4824 1/4 890.24 17805
7/8 2.046 40.93 7/8 40.14 802.7 3/4 254.1 5082 19 964.92 19298
1 2.673 53.46 4 42.77 855.3 1/2 1016.37 20327
10 267.3 5346
1/8 3.383 67.66 1/8 45.48 909.6 1/4 280.8 5616 3/4 1042.60 20852
1/4 4.176 83.53 1/4 48.28 965.6 1/2 294.7 5894 20 1069.16 21383
5/16 4.604 92.09 1/2 54.13 1083 11 323.4 6468 1/2 1123.29 22466
3/8 5.053 101.1 5/8 57.18 1143 1/2 353.5 7070 3/4 1150.85 23017
7/16 5.523 110.5 3/4 60.31 1206 12 384.9 7698 21 1178.75 23575
1/2 6.014 120.3 5 66.82 1336 1/4 401.1 8022 1/4 1206.98 24140
1/8 70.21 1404 1/2 417.6 8353 1/2 1235.55 24711
5/8 7.058 141.2
1/4 73.67 1473 13 451.72 9034 22 1293.68 25874
3/4 8.186 163.7 3/8 77.22 1544
7/8 9.397 187.9 1/4 469.26 9385 3/4 1383.39 27668
1/2 80.86 1617 1413.96 28279
2 10.69 213.8 1/2 487.14 9743 23
3/4 88.37 1767
14 523.89 10478 1/4 1444.87 28897
1/8 12.07 241.4 6 96.22 1924
3/8 552.33 11047 1/2 1476.11 29522
1/4 13.53 270.6 1/4 104.4 2088
1/2 561.98 11240 24 1539.59 30792
3/8 15.08 301.5 1/2 112.9 2259
3/4 581.52 11630 26 1806.88 36138
1/2 16.71 334.1 3/4 121.8 2436
7 131.0 2619 7/8 591.42 11828 1/2 1877.04 37541
5/8 18.42 368.4 15 601.40 12028 28 2095.55 41911
1/4 140.5 2810
3/4 20.21 404.3 1/2 642.16 12843 30 2405.61 48112
1/2 150.4 3007
7/8 22.09 441.9 3/4 160.5 3211 7/8 673.61 13472 32 2737.05 54741
4140/42 and 41L40/42/50
annealed and cold drawn rounds
Maximum Brinell 235 – Stock Lengths 12’ Approx.
Size Estimated Weight, Lbs. Size Estimated Weight, Lbs.
In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
3/16 .0940 1.130 111/16 7.612 91.34
1/4 .1671 2.005 3/4 8.186 98.23
5/16 .2610 3.132 13/16 8.781 105.4
3/8 .3759 4.510 7/8 9.397 112.8
7/16 .5116 6.139 15/16 10.03 120.4
1/2 .6682 8.019 2 10.69 128.3
9/16 .8457 10.15 1/8 12.07 144.8
5/8 1.044 12.53 3/16 12.79 153.5
11/16 1.263 15.16 1/4 13.53 162.4
3/4 1.504 18.04 3/8 15.08 180.9
13/16 1.765 21.17 7/16 15.88 190.6
7/8 2.046 24.56 1/2 16.71 200.5
15/16 2.349 28.19 5/8 18.42 221.0
1 2.673 32.07 3/4 20.21 242.6
7/8 22.09 265.1
1/16 3.017 36.21 15/16 23.06 276.8
1/8 3.383 40.59 3 24.06 288.7
3/16 3.769 45.23 1/8 26.10 313.2
1/4 4.176 50.12 1/4 28.23 338.8
5/16 4.604 55.25 1/2 32.74 392.9
3/8 5.053 60.64 3/4 37.59 451.0
7/16 5.523 66.28 4 42.77 513.2
1/2 6.014 72.17 1/4 48.28 579.3
9/16 6.526 78.31 1/2 54.13 649.5
5/8 7.058 84.70 5 66.82 801.9

*For press forged rough turned add 1/4”.


Sec. G Page 5
4140/42/45/50 (Continued)
4140/42/50 and 41L40/42/50
hot rolled heat treated rounds
Quenched and Tempered – Machine Straightened
For mechanical properties, see bottom of opposite page
Stock Lengths 20’ Approx.
Est. Wt., Lbs. Est. Wt., Lbs. Est. Wt., Lbs.
Size Size Size
In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
1/4 .1671 3.341 2 3/8 15.08 301.5
6 1/4 104.4 2088
5/16 .2610 5.220 1/2 16.71 334.1
1/2 112.9 2259
3/8 .3759 7.517 5/8 18.42 368.4
3/4 121.8 2436
7/16 .5116 10.23 /4
3 20.21 404.3
7 131.0 2619
1/2 .6682 13.36 7/8 22.09 441.9
1/4 140.5 2810
9/16 .8457 16.91 3 24.06 481.1
1/2 150.4 3007
5/8 1.044 20.88 1/8 26.10 522.0
3/4 160.5 3211
11/16 1.263 25.27 /4
1 28.23 564.6
8 171.1 3421
3/4 1.504 30.07 /8
3 30.45 608.9
1/4 181.9 3638
7/8 2.046 40.93 1/2 32.74 654.8
1/2 193.1 3862
1 2.673 53.46 5/8 35.12 702.5
3/4 204.6 4093
1/16 3.017 60.35 /4
3 37.59 751.7
9 216.5 4330
1/8 3.383 67.66 /8
7 40.14 802.7
1/4 228.7 4574
3/16 3.769 75.38 4 42.77 855.3
1/2 241.2 4824
1/4 4.176 83.53 1/8 45.48 909.6
3/4 254.1 5082
5/16 4.064 92.09 /4
1 48.28 965.6
10 267.3 5346
3/8 5.053 101.1 /2
1 54.13 1083
1/4 280.8 5616
7/16 5.523 110.5 5/8 57.18 1143
1/2 294.7 5894
1/2 6.014 120.3 3/4 60.31 1206
11 323.4 6468
5/8 7.058 141.2 /8
7 63.52 1270
1/2 353.5 7070
3/4 8.186 163.7 5 66.82 1336
12 384.9 7698
7/8 9.397 187.9 1/4 73.67 1473
1/2 417.6 8353
2 10.69 213.8 1/2 80.86 1617
1/8 12.07 214.4 3/4 88.37 1767
1/4 13.53 270.6 6 96.22 1924

Size OD Hot Rolled Hot Rolled Press Forged Press Forged Press Forged
Wt./Ft. WT 20 FT Bar Rough Turned Wt./Ft. WT 20 FT Bar
1/4” Over

13 13.000 451.72 9034 13.250 469.26 9385


/4
1 13.250 469.26 9385 13.500 487.14 9743
1/2 13.500 487.14 9743 13.750 505.35 10107
14 14.000 523.89 10478 14.250 542.77 10855
3/8 14.375 552.33 11047 14.625 571.71 11434
1/2 14.500 561.98 11240 14.750 581.52 11630
3/4 14.750 581.52 11630 15.000 601.40 12028
7/8 14.875 591.42 11828 15.125 611.47 12229
15 15.000 601.40 12028 15.250 621.62 12432
1/2 15.500 642.16 12843 15.750 663.05 13261
7/8 15.875 673.61 13472 16.125 695.00 13900
16 16.000 684.26 13685 16.250 705.81 14116
1/4 16.250 705.81 14116 16.500 727.7 14554
1/2 16.500 727.70 14554 16.750 749.92 14998
17 17.000 772.47 15449 17.250 795.35 15907
1/4 17.250 795.35 15907 17.500 818.58 16372
18 18.000 866.02 17320 18.250 890.24 17805
1/4 18.250 890.24 17805 18.500 914.80 18296
19 19.000 964.92 19298 19.250 990.48 19810
1/2 19.500 1016.37 20327 19.750 1042.60 20852
3/4 19.750 1042.60 20852 20.000 1069.16 21383

Sec. G Page 6
4140/42/45/50 (Continued)
4140/42/50 and 41L40/42/50
hot rolled heat treated rounds
Quenched and Tempered – Machine Straightened
For mechanical properties, see bottom of opposite page
Stock Lengths 20’ Approx.

Size OD Hot Rolled Hot Rolled Press Forged Press Forged Press Forged
Wt./Ft. WT 20 FT Bar Rough Turned Wt./Ft. WT 20 FT Bar
1/4” Over

20 20.000 1069.16 21383 20.250 1096.06 21921


1/2 20.500 1123.29 22466 20.750 1150.85 23017
3/4 20.750 1150.85 23017 21.000 1178.75 23575
21 21.000 1178.75 23575 21.250 1206.98 24140
1/4 21.250 1206.98 24140 21.500 1235.55 24711
1/2 21.500 1235.55 24711 21.750 1264.45 25289
22 22.000 1293.68 25874 22.250 1323.25 26465
3/4 22.750 1383.39 27668 23.000 1413.96 28279
23 23.000 1413.96 28279 23.250 1444.87 28897
1/4 23.250 1444.87 28897 23.500 1476.11 29522
1/2 23.500 1476.11 29522 23.750 1507.68 30154
24 24.000 1539.59 30792 24.250 1571.83 31437
26 26.000 1806.88 36138 26.250 1841.80 36836
1/2 26.500 1877.04 37541 26.750 1912.63 38253
28 28.000 2095.55 41911 28.250 2133.14 42663
30 30.000 2405.61 48112 30.250 2445.87 48917
32 32.000 2737.05 54741 32.250 2779.98 55600

4140/42 and 41L40/42


heat treated cold drawn oR g & p rounds
For mechanical properties, see bottom of opposite page.
Stock Lengths 12’ and 20’

Estimated Weight, Lbs. Estimated Weight, Lbs.


Size Size
In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
1/4 .1671 2.005
1 11/16 7.612 91.34
5/16 .2610 3.132
3/4 8.186 98.23
3/8 .3759 4.510
13/16 8.781 105.4
7/16 .5116 6.139
7/8 9.397 112.8
1/2 .6682 8.019
15/16 10.03 120.4
9/16 .8457 10.15
2 10.69 128.3
5/8 1.044 12.53
1/8 12.07 144.8
11/16 1.263 15.16
1/4 13.53 162.4
3/4 1.504 18.04
5/16 14.29 171.5
13/16 1.765 21.17
3/8 15.08 180.9
7/8 2.046 24.56
7/16 15.88 190.6
15/16 2.349 28.19
1/2 16.71 200.5
1 2.673 32.07
5/8 18.42 221.0
1/16 3.017 36.21
3/4 20.21 242.6
1/8 3.383 40.59
15/16 23.06 276.8
3/16 3.769 45.23
3 24.06 288.7
1/4 4.176 50.12
1/8 26.10 313.2
5/16 4.604 55.25
3/16 27.16 325.9
3/8 5.053 60.64
1/4 28.23 338.8
7/16 5.523 66.28
3/8 30.45 365.4
1/2 6.014 72.17
1/2 32.74 392.9
9/16 6.526 78.31
3/4 37.59 451.0
5/8 7.058 84.70
15/16 41.44 497.3
4 42.77 513.2

Sec. G Page 7
4140/42/45/50 (Continued)
4140 annealed and
cold drawn hexagons
Maximum Brinell 235
Stock Lengths 12’ Approx.

Size Est. Wt., Lbs. Size Est. Wt., Lbs. 4140 hot rolled
In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft. plates
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
Thickness Est. Wt., Lbs.
7/16 .5641 6.769 1 3/8 5.572 66.87 In Per 12-Ft.
1/2 .7368 8.842 7/16 6.090 73.08 Inches Foot Bar
9/16 .9325 11.19 1/2 6.631 79.56
1/4 .0709 10.21
5/8 1.151 13.82 5/8 7.783 93.39 3/8 .1064 15.31
11/16 1.393 16.72 11/16 8.393 100.7 1/2 .1418 20.42
3/4 1.658 19.89 3/4 9.026 108.3 5/8 .1773 25.52
13/16 1.946 23.35 7/8 10.36 124.3 3/4 .2127 30.63
7/8 2.257 27.08 7/8 .2481 35.73
2 11.79 141.5
15/16 2.590 31.08 1 .2836 40.84
1/8 13.31 159.7
1 2.947 35.37 1/8 .3191 45.94
1/16 3.327 39.93 1/4 14.92 179.0 1/4 .3545 51.05
1/8 3.730 44.76 1/2 18.42 221.0 3/8 .3900 56.16
1/4 4.605 55.26 3/4 22.29 267.5 1/2 .4254 61.26
5/16 5.077 60.93 3 26.53 318.3 3/4 .4963 71.47
2 .5672 81.68
1/4 .6381 91.89
1/2 .7090 102.1
4140/42 squares 3/4 .7799 112.3
3 .8508 122.5
1/4 .9217 132.7
Annealed & 1/2 .9926 142.9
Hot Rolled Heat Treated
Cold Drawn 3/4 1.064 153.1
Est. Wt., Lbs. Size Est. Wt., Lbs. 4 1.134 163.4
Size
In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft. 1/4 1.204 173.6
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar 1/2 1.276 183.8
3.403 68.06 1/4 3/4 1.347 194.0
1 .2127 2.552
1/8 4.307 86.14 37/8 .4786 5.743 5 1.418 204.2
1/2 1.560 224.6
1/4 5.318 106.4 1//162
.6514
.8508
7.817
10.21 6 1.702 245.0
1/2 7.657 153.1 9/16 1.077 12.92 1/2 1.843 265.5
3/4 10.42 208.4 5/8 1.329 15.95 7 1.985 285.9
272.3 7/4 1.914 22.97
3
2 13.61 1/2 2.127 306.3
/8 2.606 31.27
1/4 17.23 344.6 1 3.403 40.84 8 2.269 326.7
/8
3 19.20 383.9 /8 1 4.307 51.69 1/2 2.411 347.1
425.4 3/4 5.318 63.81
1
1/2 21.27 9 2.552 367.6
/8 6.434 77.21 2.836 408.4
3/4 25.74 514.7 1/2 7.657 91.89 10
3 30.63 612.6 3/4 10.42 125.1 11 3.119 449.2
1/2 41.69 833.8 2 1 13.61 163.4 12 3.403 490.1
/4 17.23 206.7 13 3.687 530.9
4 54.45 1089 1/2 21.27 255.2
/2
1 68.91 1378 3 14 3.970 571.7
30.63 367.5
16 4.538 653.4
mechanical properties of 4142 and 41L42
heat treated bars – astm a 434*
Tensile
Strength Yield Strength Elongation Reduction Surface
(psi) (psi) in 2” of Area Brinell
Minimum Minimum Minimum Minimum Hardness
11/2” and under 130,000 110,000 16% 50% 269-321
Over 11/2” to 21/2” 125,000 105,000 16% 50% 269-321
Over 21/2” to 4” 115,000 95,000 16% 45% 269-321
Over 4” to 7” 135,000 105,000 14% 35% 285-341
Over 7” to 91/2” 130,000 100,000 14% 35% 285-341

*Also stocked in ASTM A 193 Grade B7 and ASTM A434 Grade BD.

Sec. G Page 8
4340
Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum Steel
Bars and Plates
UNS G43400

Color Marking
Annealed Bars – Ends Red and Yellow
Heat Treated Bars – Ends Black and Blue
Annealed Plates – Corner Striped Red and Yellow

This is the “king” of the hardening grades of constructional alloy steels. Because
of richer alloy content, 4340 possesses much deeper hardenability than the 4100
series. This advantage is realized principally where high strength is required in
heavy sections. In addition, unusually high hardenability insures maximum toughness
and ductility at the desired strength level. The fatigue-tensile ratio makes this grade
ideal for highly stressed parts. It maintains its strength, ductility, and toughness
at relatively high temperatures. It has remarkable non-distorting properties for an
alloy steel. Thus, for high strength in heavy sections, or for highly stressed parts
operating under the most severe conditions, or where the greatest margin of safety
is desired, this is the steel to use.

ANALYSIS
P S
C Mn Max. Max. Si Cr Ni Mo
.38/.43 .60/.80 .035 .040 .15/.35 .70/.90 1.65/2.00 .20/.30

APPLICATIONS – Automotive and marine crank shafts, diesel engine crank shafts
and other heavy-duty shafting, axle shafts, dies, subs, gear shafts, gears,
mine-drilling parts, oil-well fishing tools, perforating gun bodies, master hobs, etc.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES and HARDENABILITY – For complete data on


this grade, see Sec. R.

MACHINABILITY – This Material has a machinability rating in the annealed


condition of approximately 57% of 1212. Surface cutting speed is approximately
95 feet per minute.

Weldability – Difficult to weld, but can be welded by any of the common


welding processes providing the section is preheated and stress relieved after
welding. The grade of welding rod to be used depends upon thickness of section,
design, service requirements, etc.

Forging – Heat to 2200º-2300ºF.

Normalizing – Heat to 1600º-1700ºF. Cool in air. Average Brinell Hardness, 363.

Annealing – Heat to 1500º-1600ºF. Cool slowly in furnace. Average Brinell


Hardness, 197.

Hardening – Standard hardening range is between 1475º-1575º F. Quench in oil.


A wide range of mechanical properties can be obtained by tempering between
400º and 1200ºF.

For E-4340 Aircraft Quality Bars, refer to Section H

Sec. G Page 9
4340 (Continued)
4340 hot rolled annealed rounds
Machine Straightened
Maximum Brinell 235
Stock Lengths 20’ Approx.
Size Estimated Weight, Lbs. Size Estimated Weight, Lbs.
In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
11/16 1.263 25.27 5 66.82 1336
3/4 1.504 30.07 1/4 73.67 1473
7/8 2.046 40.93 1/2 80.86 1617
1 2.673 53.46 3/4 88.37 1767
1/8 3.383 67.66 6 96.22 1924
1/4 4.176 83.53 1/4 104.4 2088
3/8 5.053 101.1 1/2 112.9 2259
1/2 6.014 120.3 3/4 121.8 2436
5/8 7.058 141.2 7 131.0 2619
3/4 8.186 163.7 1/4 140.5 2810
7/8 9.397 187.9 1/2 150.4 3007
2 10.69 213.8 3/4 160.5 3211
1/8 12.07 241.4 8 171.1 3421
1/4 13.53 270.6 1/4 181.9 3638
3/8 15.08 301.5 1/2 193.1 3862
1/2 16.71 334.1 3/4 204.6 4093
5/8 18.42 368.4 9 216.5 4330
3/4 20.21 404.3 1/4 228.7 4574
7/8 22.09 441.9 1/2 241.2 4824
3 24.06 481.1 3/4 254.1 5082
1/8 26.10 522.0 10 267.3 5346
1/4 28.23 564.6 1/2 294.7 5894
1/2 32.74 654.8 11 323.4 6468
5/8 35.12 702.5 1/4 338.3 6766
3/4 37.59 751.7 1/2 353.5 7070
4 42.77 855.3 12 384.9 7698
1/4 48.28 965.6 1/2 417.6 8353
1/2 54.13 1083 13 451.7 9034
3/4 60.31 1206 1/2 487.1 9743

4340 hot rolled annealed plates

Thickness Estimated Weight, Lbs. Thickness Estimated Weight, Lbs.


In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft.
Inches Sq. Inch Sq. Foot Inches Sq. Inch Sq. Foot

1/2 .1418 20.42 31/2 .9926 142.9


5/8 .1773 25.52 4 1.134 163.4
3/4 .2127 30.63 1/2 1.276 183.8
1 .2836 40.84 5 1.418 204.2
1/4 .3545 51.05 1/2 1.560 224.6
1/2 .4254 61.26 6 1.702 245.0
3/4 .4963 71.47 1/2 1.843 265.5
2 .5672 81.68 7 1.985 285.9
1/4 .6381 91.89 8 2.269 326.7
1/2 .7090 102.1 9 2.552 367.6
3/4 .7799 112.3 10 2.836 408.4
3 .8508 122.5 11 3.119 449.2
1/4 .9217 132.7 12 3.403 490.1

Sec. G Page 10
5160 Spring Steel
Carbon-Chromium Steel
Hot Rolled Bars (As Rolled)
UNS G51600

Color Marking: Ends painted White and Yellow

This is a carbon-chromium grade of spring steel. It has a high yield-tensile strength


ratio, excellent toughness, and high ductility. In its production, special care is
exercised in rolling and cooling in order to obtain satisfactory cold shearing,
punching, and trimming qualities. Its principal use is for automotive leaf springs.

ANALYSIS
C Mn P S Si Cr
.55/.65 .75/1.00 .035 Max. .04 Max. .15/.35 .70/.90

APPLICATIONS – As the name implies, this grade is primarily used in the


manufacture of automotive leaf springs. Other uses include scrapers, equalizers,
bumpers, etc.

FORMING and HEAT TREATING – Usual practice for leaf springs is as follows:
Hot form at 1650ºF.
Quench in oil at 1525ºF.
Temper to 38-44 Rockwell “C”.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES – The following values are average and may be


considered as representative of this grade:

Tensile Yield Elong- Reduc- Brinell Izod


Strength Strength ation tion Hard- Impact
(psi) (psi) in 2” of Area ness Ft./Lbs.
Normalized 165,000 97,000 15% 36% 321 6
Annealed 111,000 59,000 18% 42% 229 8
Oil Quenched and
Tempered at 1000ºF 198,000 180,000 12% 38% 388 24

MACHINABILITY – This grade is very difficult to machine in the as-rolled condition


and it should be annealed prior to machining.

Weldability – This grade, due to carbon and chromium content, is not readily
welded. It can, however, be welded by either gas or arc welding process, provided
section involved is preheated and stress relieved after welding. The grade of
welding rod to be used depends on thickness of section, design, service
requirements, etc.

Forging – Heat to 2100º-2200ºF.

Normalizing – Heat to 1600º-1700ºF. Cool in air.

Annealing – Heat to 1450º-1550ºF. Cool in furnace.

Hardening – This grade should be hardened in oil. The recommended quenching


temperature is 1525ºF. A wide range of mechanical properties can be obtained by
tempering between 800º and 1300ºF.

Sec. G Page 11
5160 spring steel (Continued)
5160 hot rolled spring steel flats
Double Concave, Round Edge
Stock Lengths 20’ to 22’
Thickness Width Est. Wt., Lbs. Thickness Width Est. Wt., Lbs.
Dec. Nearest In Per 20-Ft. Dec. Nearest In Per 20-Ft.
Inches Frac. Inches Foot Length Inches Frac. Inches Foot Length

.214 7/32 11/2 1.08 21.6 .360 23/64 13/4 2.11 42.2
21/2 1.79 35.8 2 2.41 48.2
.220 7/32 13/4 1.28 25.6 21/4 2.71 54.2
2 1.48 29.6 21/2 3.01 60.2
21/4 1.66 33.2 3 3.61 72.2
21/2 1.84 36.8 31/2 4.22 84.4
.238 15/64 11/2 1.20 24.0 4 4.82 96.4
13/4 1.39 27.8 .375 3/8 13/4 2.20 44.0
2 1.60 32.0 2 2.51 50.2
21/4 1.80 36.0 21/4 2.83 56.6
21/2 1.99 39.8 21/2 3.14 62.8
23/4 2.20 44.0 3 3.77 75.4
.250 1/4 13/4 1.46 29.2 31/2 4.39 87.8
2 1.68 33.6
4 5.03 100.6
21/4 1.88 37.6
6 7.54 150.8
21/2 2.09 41.8
.401 3/8 13/4 2.35 47.0
3 2.51 50.2
2 2.69 53.8
31/2 2.93 58.6
21/4 3.02 60.4
4 3.35 67.0
21/2 3.36 67.2
.262 17/64 13/4 1.54 30.8
3 4.03 80.6
2 1.75 35.0
31/2 4.70 94.0
21/4 1.98 39.6
4 5.38 107.6
21/2 2.20 44.0
3 2.63 52.6 .438 7/16 21/4 3.30 66.0
31/2 3.07 61.4 21/2 3.67 73.4
4 3.50 70.0 3 4.40 88.0
.284 9/32 13/4 1.67 33.4 31/2 5.14 102.8
2 1.90 38.0 4 5.87 117.4
21/4 2.14 42.8 .447 29/64 21/2 3.74 74.8
21/2 2.38 47.6 3 4.49 89.8
.291 19/64 13/4 1.70 34.0 31/2 5.24 104.8
2 1.94 38.8 4 5.99 119.8
21/4 2.20 44.0 .500 1/2 3 5.03 100.6
21/2 2.44 48.8 31/2 5.86 117.2
3 2.93 58.6 4 6.70 134.0
.312 5/16 13/4 1.82 36.4 5 8.38 167.6
2 2.09 41.8 6 10.04 200.8
21/4 2.35 47.0 .558 9/16 4 7.48 149.6
21/2 2.62 52.4 .625 5/8 3 6.28 125.6
3 3.13 62.6 31/2 7.32 146.4
31/2 3.66 73.2 4 8.38 167.6
4 4.18 83.6 5 10.46 209.2
.323 21/64 13/4 1.90 38.0 6 12.55 251.0
2 2.16 43.2 .750 3/4 4 10.04 200.8
21/4 2.44 48.8 5 12.55 251.0
21/2 2.70 54.0 6 15.07 301.4
3 3.24 64.8 .788 25/32 4 10.55 211.0
31/2 3.78 75.6 5 13.19 263.8
4 4.33 86.6 .875 7/8 5 14.65 293.0
.340 11/32 2 2.28 45.6 1.000 1 4 13.39 267.8
21/2 2.84 56.8 6 20.09 401.8

Sec. G Page 12
6150
Chromium-Vanadium Steel
Bars and Plates
UNS G61500
Color Marking: Ends painted Gold with Aluminum Stripe
This high carbon chromium vanadium alloy is a fine-grained material of importance
when rugged abrasive conditions are encountered. Its useful heat treated hardness and
strength is higher than that in 4142. In the heat treated condition, it has good wear and
abrasion resistance. It possesses excellent toughness and shock resistance, making it a
good alloy for highly stressed heavy machinery parts exposed to shock and vibrations.
ANALYSIS
P S V
C Mn Max. Max. Si Cr Min.
.48/.53 .70/.90 .035 .040 .15/.35 .80/1.10 .15
APPLICATIONS – Gears, pinions, shafting, axles, machinery parts, springs, heavy
duty pins, bolting, and hand tools.
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES and HARDENABILITY – For complete data on
this grade, see Sec. R.
Machinability – This grade has a machinability rating in the annealed condition
of approximately 60% of 1212. Surface cutting speed is approximately 110 feet
per minute.
Weldability – Difficult to weld, but weldable by any of the common processes
providing section is preheated and stress-relieved after welding. Welding rod to
be used depends upon section thickness, strength required, design, service
requirements, etc.
Forging – 2150º-2300ºF. Cool slowly.
Normalizing – 1600º-1700ºF. Cool in air. Average Brinell Hardness, 262.
Annealing – 1500º-1600ºF. Cool slowly. Average Brinell Hardness, 197.
Hardening – 1550º-1625ºF. Oil quench. Temper to desired hardness.

6150 Hot Rolled Annealed Plates

Thickness Estimated Weight, Lbs. Thickness Estimated Weight, Lbs.


In Per Per In Per Per
Inches Sq. Inch Sq. Foot Inches Sq. Inch Sq. Foot
1/2 .1418 20.42 2 1/4 .6381 91.89
5/8 .1773 25.52 1/2 .7090 102.1
3/4 .2127 30.63 3/4 .7799 112.3
7/8 .2481 35.73 3 .8508 122.5
1 .2836 40.84 1/4 .9215 132.7
1/8 .3191 45.94 1/2 .9926 142.9
1/4 .3545 51.05 4 1.134 163.4
1/2 .4254 61.26 1/2 1.276 183.8
5/8 .4609 66.36 5 1.418 204.2
3/4 .4963 71.47 6 1.702 245.0
2 .5672 81.68 8 2.269 326.7
6150 Hot Rolled
Annealed Squares
Maximum Brinell 212
Stock Lengths 16’ Approx.
Size Estimated Weight, Lbs. Size Estimated Weight, Lbs.
In Per 16-Ft. In Per 16-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
1/2 .8508 13.61 2 1/4 17.23 275.7
5/8 1.329 21.26 1/2 21.27 340.3
3/4 1.914 30.62 3 30.63 490.1
1 3.403 54.45 1/2 41.69 667.0
1/4 5.318 85.09 4 54.45 871.2
1/2 7.657 122.5 1/2 68.91 1103
5 85.08 1361
3/4 10.42 166.7 6 122.5 1960
2 13.61 217.8 8 217.8 3485

Sec. G Page 13
6150 (Continued)
6150 hot rolled annealed rounds
Machine Straightened – Maximum Brinell 212
Stock Lengths 20’ Approx.
Est. Weight, Lbs. Size Est. Weight, Lbs. Est. Weight, Lbs.
Size Size
In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
1/4 .1671 3.341 2 3/4 20.21 404.3 5 7/8 92.26 1845
3/8 .3759 7.517 7/8 22.09 441.9 6 96.22 1924
1/2 .6682 13.36 3 24.06 481.1 1/4 104.4 2088
9/16 .8457 16.91 1/8 26.10 522.0 1/2 112.9 2259
5/8 1.044 20.88 /4
1 28.23 564.6 3/4 121.8 2436
3/4 1.504 30.07 /8
3 30.45 608.9 7 131.0 2619
7/8 2.046 40.93 1/2 32.74 654.8 1/4 140.5 2810
1 2.673 53.46 5/8 35.12 702.5 1/2 150.4 3007
1/8 3.383 67.66 /4
3 37.59 751.7 3/4 160.5 3211
1/4 4.176 83.53 /8
7 40.14 802.7
5/16 4.604 92.09 7/8 165.8 3316
4 42.77 855.3 8 171.1 3421
3/8 5.053 101.1 1/8 45.48 909.6
1/2 6.014 120.3 1/4 48.28 965.6 1/4 181.9 3638
5/8 7.058 141.2 3/8 51.16 1023 1/2 193.1 3862
3/4 8.186 163.7 /2
1 54.13 1083 9 216.5 4330
7/8 9.397 187.9 5/8 57.18 1143 1/2 241.2 4824
2 10.69 213.8 3/4 60.31 1206 10 267.3 5346
1/8 12.07 241.4 7/8 63.52 1270 1/2 294.7 5894
1/4 13.53 270.6 5 66.82 1336 11 323.4 6468
3/8 15.08 301.5 1/4 73.67 1473 1/2 353.5 7070
1/2 16.71 334.1 1/2 80.86 1617 12 384.9 7698
5/8 18.42 368.4 /4
3 88.37 1767 13 451.7 9034
6150 hot rolled annealed flats
Maximum Brinell 212
Stock Lengths 16’ Approx.
Est. Weight, Lbs.
Size Size Est. Weight, Lbs. Size Est. Weight, Lbs.
In Per 16-Ft. In Per 16-Ft. In Per 16-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
1/2 x
1x 2x
1 1.702 27.23 6 20.42 326.7 21/2 17.02 272.3
11/4 2.127 34.03 8 27.23 435.7 3 20.42 326.7
1 /2 2.552
1 40.83 10 34.03 544.5 31/2 23.82 381.1
2 3.403 54.45 11/4 x
21/2 4.254 68.06 11/2 4 27.23 435.7
6.381 102.1 41/2 30.63 490.1
3 5.105 81.68 2 8.508 136.1
31/2 5.956 95.30 21/2 10.64 170.2 5
6
34.03 544.5
40.84 653.4
4 6.806 108.9 3 12.76 204.2
5 8.508 136.1 31/2 14.89 238.2 8 54.45 871.2
6 10.21 163.4 4 17.02 272.3 10 68.06 1089
5/8 x
5 21.27 340.3 21/2 x
11/4 2.659 42.54 6 25.52 408.3 3 1 25.52 408.3
11/2 3.191 51.06 8 34.03 544.5 3 /2 29.78 476.5
2 4.254 68.06 11/2 x 4 34.03 544.5
5 10.64 170.2 13/4 8.933 142.9 4 /2
1 38.29 612.6
3/4 x
2 10.21 163.4 5 42.54 680.6
1 2.552 40.83 21/2 12.76 204.2 5 /2
1 46.79 748.6
11/4 3.191 51.06 23/4 14.04 224.6 6 51.05 816.8
11/2 3.829 61.26 3 15.31 245.0 8 68.06 1089
2 5.105 81.68 31/2 17.87 285.9 3 x
21/4 5.743 91.89 4 20.42 326.7
21/2 6.381 102.1 41/2 3 1/2 35.73 571.7
22.97 367.5 4 40.84 653.4
3 7.657 122.5 5 25.52 408.3 5
4 10.21 163.4 6 30.63 490.1 6 51.05 816.8
1x 8 40.84 653.4 61.26 980.2
11/4 4.254 68.06 13/4 x 31/2 x
11/2 5.105 81.68 2 11.91 190.6 4 1 47.64 762.2
13/4 5.956 95.30 21/4 13.40 214.4 4 /2 53.60 857.6
2 6.806 108.9 21/2 14.89 238.2 5 59.56 953.0
2 /2 8.508
1 136.1 3 17.87 285.9 6 71.47 1144
23/4 9.359 149.7 31/2 20.84 333.4 8 95.29 1525
3 10.21 163.4 4 23.82 381.1 4 x
31/2 11.91 190.6 5 29.78 476.5 5 68.06 1089
4 13.61 217.8 7 41.69 667.0 6 81.68 1307
5 17.02 272.3 8 47.64 762.2 8 108.9 1742

Sec. G Page 14
8620
UNS G86200
8620 (Leaded)
Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum Steel
Bars and Plates
Color Marking
8620: Ends painted Blue and White
86L20: Ends painted Orange and White
These are “triple alloy” carburizing steels. The nickel imparts good toughness and
ductility, and the chromium and molybdenum contribute increased hardness pen-
etration and wear. They are readily carburized, and the well-balanced alloy content
permits hardening to produce a strong, tough core and high case hardness. They
have excellent machinability and respond well to polishing operations. Because of
the fine combination of properties that may be developed, as well as the ease with
which it may be processed, this material is ideal for a wide variety of applications.
In the leaded analysis, machinability is improved without the sacrifice of other
desirable properties, with the exception that the use of this material is not recom-
mended for applications over 400ºF since at elevated temperature ductility is low.
ANALYSIS
P S
C Mn Max. Max. Si Cr Ni Mo
8620 .18/.23 .70/.90 .035 .040 .15/.35 .40/.60 .40/.70 .15/.25
The analysis of the leaded grade is the same as above, with the addition of .15/.35
Lead (Pb).
APPLICATIONS – Gears, pinions, spline shafts, piston pins, oil pump piston rods
and liners, cams, oil tool slips, gauges, jigs, plastic molds, jaws, etc.
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES and HARDENABILITY – Refer to Sec. R.
Machinability – 86L20 has a machinability rating of approximately 77% of 1212,
as compared with a rating of 66% for the same analysis without lead. Surface
cutting speed is approximately 127 feet per minute.
Weldability – Easily welded by any of the common welding procedures, with
the rod to be used dependent upon the section, design, service requirements, etc.
Preheating and stress-relieving is recommended. When welding leaded material,
adequate ventilation should be provided to prevent accumulation of fumes.
Forging – Heat to 2150º-2250ºF.
Normalizing – Heat to 1650º-1750ºF. Air cool. Average Brinell, 187.
Annealing – Heat to 1550º-1600ºF. Furnace cool. Average Brinell, 156.
carburizing – Standard treatment, carburize 1650º-1700º F for eight hours oil
quench. Temper between 300º-450ºF.

8620 Hot Rolled Plates

Thickness Estimated Weight, Lbs. Thickness Estimated Weight, Lbs.


In Per Per In Per Per
Inches Sq. Inch Sq. Foot Inches Sq. Inch Sq. Foot
1/2 .1418 20.42 3 .8508 122.5
5/8 .1773 25.52 1/4 .9217 132.7
3/4 .2127 30.63 1/2 .9926 142.9
7/8 .2481 35.73 4 1.1344 163.4
1 .2836 40.84 1/2 1.2762 183.8
1/8 .3191 45.94
5 1.4180 204.2
1/4 .3545 51.05
1/2 1.5598 224.6
3/8 .3900 56.15
1/2 .4254 61.26 6 1.7016 245.0
3/4 .4963 71.47 1/2 1.8434 265.5
2 .5672 81.68 7 1.9852 285.9
1/4 .6381 91.89 8 2.2688 326.7
1/2 .7090 102.1 9 2.5524 367.6
3/4 .7799 112.3 10 2.8360 408.4

Sec. G Page 15
8620 (Continued)
8620 and 86L20 (Leaded)
hot rolled rounds
Stock Lengths 20’ Approx.
Est. Weight, Lbs. Size Est. Weight, Lbs.
Size Size Est. Weight, Lbs.
In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
1/2 .6682 13.36 2 3/4 20.21 404.3 6 1/4 104.4 2088
5/8 1.044 20.88 7/8 22.09 441.9 1/2 112.9 2259
11/16 1.263 25.27 3 24.06 481.1 3/4 121.8 2436
3/4 1.504 30.07 1/8 26.10 522.0 7 131.0 2619
7/8 2.046 40.93 1/4 28.23 564.6 1/4 140.5 2810
1 2.673 53.46 1/2 150.4 3007
3/8 30.45 608.9
3/4 160.5 3211
1/16 3.017 60.35 1/2 32.74 654.8
8 171.1 3421
1/8 3.383 67.66 5/8 35.12 702.5 1/4 181.9 3638
1/4 4.176 83.53 3/4 37.59 751.7 3/8 187.5 3750
5/16 4.604 92.09 7/8 40.14 802.7 1/2 193.1 3862
3/8 5.053 101.1 4 42.77 855.3 3/4 204.6 4093
1/2 6.014 120.3 1/4 48.28 965.6 9 216.5 4330
5/8 7.058 141.2 3/8 51.16 1023 1/4 228.7 4574
3/4 8.186 163.7 1/2 54.13 1083 1/2 241.2 4824
7/8 9.397 187.9 5/8 57.18 1143 3/4 254.1 5082
2 10.69 213.8 3/4 60.31 1206 10 267.3 5346
1/2 294.7 5894
1/8 12.07 241.4 5 66.82 1336
11 323.4 6468
1/4 13.53 270.6 1/8 70.21 1404 1/2 294.7 5894
3/8 15.08 301.5 1/4 73.67 1473 12 384.9 7698
7/16 15.88 317.6 1/2 80.86 1617 1/2 417.6 8353
1/2 16.71 334.1 3/4 88.37 1767 13 451.7 9034
5/8 18.42 368.4 6 96.22 1924 1/2 487.1 9743

8620 and 86L20 (Leaded)


cold drawn rounds
Stock Lengths 10’ to 12’
Est. Weight, Lbs. Size Est. Weight, Lbs.
Size Size Est. Weight, Lbs.
In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
1/4 .1671 2.005 13/8 5.053 60.64 2 9/16 17.55 210.6
5/16 .2610 3.132 7/16 5.523 66.28 5/8 18.42 221.0
3/8 .3759 4.510 1/2 6.014 72.17 3/4 20.21 242.6
7/16 .5116 6.139 9/16 6.526 78.31 13/16 21.14 253.7
1/2 .6682 8.019 5/8 7.058 84.70 7/8 22.09 265.1
9/16 .8457 10.15 11/16 7.612 91.34 15/16 23.06 276.8
5/8 1.044 12.53 3/4 8.186 98.23 3 24.06 288.7
11/16 1.263 15.16 13/16 8.781 105.4 1/8 26.10 313.2
3/4 1.504 18.04 7/8 9.397 112.8 1/4 28.23 338.8
13/16 1.765 21.17 15/16 10.03 120.4 5/16 29.33 351.9
7/8 2.046 24.56 2 10.69 128.3 3/8 30.45 365.3
15/16 2.349 28.19 1/16 11.37 136.4 1/2 32.74 392.9
1 2.673 32.07 1/8 12.07 144.8 3/4 37.59 451.0
1/16 3.017 36.21 3/16 12.79 153.5 7/8 40.14 481.6
1/8 3.383 40.59 1/4 13.53 162.4 4 42.77 513.2
3/16 3.769 45.23 3/8 15.08 180.9 1/4 48.28 579.3
1/4 4.176 50.12 7/16 15.88 190.6 1/2 54.13 649.5
5/16 4.604 55.25 1/2 16.71 200.5 3/4 60.31 723.7

Sec. G Page 16
“e.t.d.” 150®
Cold Finished Bars
Color Marking: Ends painted Pink and Yellow

“e.t.d.” 150® is a 4100 H Modified alloy steel having a high tensile and yield strength
produced by Elevated Temperature Drawing. This material is produced to AMS 6378
specification. Residual stresses from cold working are reduced in these bars since a
controlled die practice is used. Problems of warpage and distortion are eliminated.
The mechanical properties of the bar are uniform from surface to center of each
bar. If higher strength is needed in selected areas, a Rockwell “C” of 57 to 60 is
obtainable through conventional surface hardening treatments. These bars have
excellent machining qualities for their high strength. In standard practice the machin-
ability of “e.t.d.” 150® is comparable to that of annealed 4142 alloy bars. The Elevated
Temperature Drawing process is patented by the La Salle Steel Co., a subsidary of
Niagra Corporation.

ANALYSIS
P S
C Mn Max. Max. Si Cr Mo Se
.39/.48 .70/1.10 .040 .040 .15/.35 .75/1.20 .15/.25 .03/.06

APPLICATIONS – Gears, shafts, pinions, fasteners, axles, and other parts to


replace heat treated alloy parts.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Tensile Yield Mean Mean
Strength Strength Elongation Reduction Hardness
(psi) (psi) in 2” of Area Rockwell Brinell
150,000 min. 130,000 min. 10% 37% C32 min. 302 min.

Machinability – “e.t.d.” 150® machines approximately 75% as fast as 1212 Screw


Stock. Average surface cutting speed is 125 feet per minute.

Weldability – Difficult to weld, but can be welded by any of the common welding
processes providing section is preheated, and stress relieved after welding. The
grade of welding rod to be used depends upon thickness of section, design,
service requirements, etc.

“e.t.d.” 150®
Cold Drawn Rounds
Stock Lengths 12’

Size Estimated Weight, Lbs. Size Estimated Weight, Lbs.


In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar

7/16 .5116 6.139 1 11/16 7.612 91.34


1/2 .6682 8.019 3/4 8.186 98.23
9/16 .8457 10.15 13/16 8.781 105.4
5/8 1.044 12.53 7/8 9.397 112.8
11/16 1.263 15.16 15/16 10.03 120.4
3/4 1.504 18.04 2 10.69 128.3
13/16 1.765 21.17 1/8 12.07 144.8
7/8 2.046 24.56 3/16 12.79 153.5
15/16 2.349 28.19 1/4 13.53 162.4
3/8 15.08 180.9
1 2.673 32.07 7/16 15.88 190.6
1/16 3.017 36.21 1/2 16.71 200.5
1/8 3.383 40.59 5/8 18.42 221.0
3/16 3.769 45.23 11/16 19.31 231.7
1/4 4.176 50.12 3/4 20.21 242.6
5/16 4.604 55.25 7/8 22.09 265.1
3/8 5.053 60.64 15/16 23.06 276.8
7/16 5.523 66.28 3 24.06 288.7
1/2 6.014 72.17 1/8 26.10 313.2
9/16 6.526 78.31 1/4 28.23 338.8
5/8 7.058 84.70 1/2 32.74 392.9

Sec. G Page 17
Strain Tempered
41L45 (Leaded)
Cold Drawn
Color Marking: Ends painted Brown and Green

This is the regular leaded chrome-moly analysis produced by a special process of


drawing and furnace treatment. The result is a cold finished bar dimensionally uniform
with a minimum of distortion. The process produces high tensile and yield strengths
which are consistent throughout the bar. The combination of the leaded alloy and
special processing results in significant advantages in machinability. Thus, Strain
Tempered 41L45 Leaded bars provide the mechanical properties of a heat treated
alloy with machinability approaching that of an annealed leaded alloy.

ANALYSIS

C Mn P S Si Cr Mo Pb
.43/.48 .75/1.00 .035 Max. .040 Max. .15/.35 .80/1.10 .15/.25 .15/.35

APPLICATIONS – Studs, worm shafts, hydraulic piston rods, machinery shafts,


axles, pins, and other parts commonly made from heat treated alloys or from
annealed alloys with the parts subsequently heat treated.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Tensile Yield
Strength Strength Elongation Reduction Hardness
(psi) (psi) in 2” of Area Rockwell Brinell
3” and Under
(minimum) 150,000 130,000 - - C 32 302
Over 3”
(typical) 130,000 120,000 10% 35% C 29 277

Machinability – This grade machines approximately 60% as fast as 1212, with


an average surface cutting speed of 100 feet per minute.

Weldability – Difficult to weld, but can be welded by any of the common welding
processes providing section is preheated, and stress relieved after welding. The
grade of welding rod to be used depends upon thickness of section, design,
service requirements, etc.
Strain Tempered
41L45 (Leaded)
Cold Drawn Rounds
Stock Lengths 12’ Approx.

Size Estimated Weight, Lbs. Size Estimated Weight, Lbs.


In Per 12-Ft. In Per 12-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar

1 2.673 32.07 2 1/4 13.53 162.4


1/8 3.383 40.59 3/8 15.08 180.9
1/4 4.176 50.12 1/2 16.71 200.5
3/8 5.053 60.64
5/8 18.42 221.0
1/2 6.014 72.17
3/4 20.21 242.6
5/8 7.058 84.70
7/8 22.09 265.1
3/4 8.186 98.23
7/8 9.397 112.8 3 24.06 288.7

2 10.69 128.3 1/4 28.23 338.8

1/8 12.07 144.8 1/2 32.74 392.9

Sec. G Page 18
4150 ModIFIED Resulphurized
Heat Treated Bars
Color Marking: Ends painted Red with Green Stripe

4150 Modified Resulphurized is a free-machining chromium-molybdenum alloy steel.


It is a relatively high hardenability alloy so that in the heat treated condition it has good
overall strength and toughness. Being a resulphurized steel, it machines easily. It is
supplied in the heat treated condition to a Brinell hardness of 262-311.

ANALYSIS – Typical
Carbon Manganese Sulphur Chromium Molybdenum
.50 1.25 .08 .70 .18

APPLICATIONS – A general purpose alloy machinery steel used where greater


strength and toughness is required than is available in many carbon machinery
steels. Typical applications include gears, shafts, pinions, spindles, arbors, bolt-
ing, link pins, axles, etc.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES – The following mechanical properties are typical in


the heat treated condition:
Tensile Yield
Strength Strength Elongation Reduction Brinell
(psi) (psi) in 2” of Area Hardness
1” Round 136,000 119,000 20.5% 55.0% 285
5” Round 137,000 116,000 17.0% 50.0% 293

Machinability – 4150 Modified Resulphurized machines approximately 40%


as fast as 1212 Screw Stock. Average surface cutting speed is 65 feet per minute.

Weldability – Difficult to weld because it is resulphurized and has definite


air-hardening characteristics, but can be welded by any of the standard welding
methods. Shielded arc welding, low hydrogen electrodes, pre-heating and
post-heating is preferred and recommended.

Heat-Treating – Temperatures and response is similar to those of 4142-4150.


4150 Mod Resulphurized
Hot Rolled Heat Treated
Rounds
Stock Lengths 20’ Approx.
Est. Weight, Lbs. Size Est. Weight, Lbs.
Size Size Est. Weight, Lbs.
In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft. In Per 20-Ft.
Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar Inches Foot Bar
1/2 .6682 13.36 3 24.06 481.1 8 171.1 3421
5/8 1.044 20.88 1/8 26.10 522.0 1/4 181.9 3638
3/4 1.504 30.07 1/4 28.23 564.6 1/2 193.1 3862
7/8 2.046 40.93 /2 1 32.74 654.8 3/4 204.6 4093
1 2.673 53.46 /8 5 35.12 702.5 9 216.5 4330
1/8 3.383 67.66 /4 3 37.59 751.7 1/2 241.2 4824
1/4 4.176 83.53 4 1 42.77 855.3 10 267.3 5346
3/8 5.053 101.1 /4 48.28 965.6
1/2 54.13 1083 Pressed Rounds
1/2 6.014 120.3
3/4 60.31 1206 Heat Treated
5/8 7.058 141.2 5 66.82 1336 11
3/4 8.186 163.7 1/4 323.4 6468
73.67 1473
7/8 9.397 187.9 1/2 12 384.9 7698
80.86 1617
1767 /2 417.6 8353
1
2 10.69 213.8 3/4 88.37
1/8 12.07 241.4 6 96.22 1924 13 1 451.7 9034
1/4 104.4 2088 /2 487.1 9743
1/4 13.53 270.6
2259 14 523.9 10478
301.5 /2 112.9
1
3/8 15.08
2436 15 601.4 12028
334.1 /4 121.8
3
1/2 16.71 16 684.3 13685
5/8 18.42 368.4 7 131.0 2619
1/4 140.5 2810 1/2 727.7 14554
3/4 20.21 404.3 1/2 150.4 3007 171/2 818.6 16371
7/8 22.09 441.9 3/4 160.5 3211 18 866.0 17320

Sec. G Page 19
Sec. G Page 20
9 chrome 1 moly

Chrome-Molybdenum Steel
Bars and Tubes
UNS K90941
Color Marking: Green-Black-Pink Stripe

Tubing Tolerances ASTM A 519

Chemistry below and ASTM A 213

This alloy was originally designed for super heater and boiler applications. Quench
and tempered conditions have found wide spread use in oilfield completion
equipment. The grade has been effectively used in socalled “sour services”
environments as specified in NACE MR-O1-75 when heat treated to minimum yield
and maximum hardness requirements.

ANALYSIS
P S
C Mn Max. Max. Si Cr Mo
.09/.15 .30/.60 .030 .030 .25/1.00 8.0/10.0 .90/1.10

APPLICATIONS – Down hole oilfield tools in the heat treated condition.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES – The following mechanical properties are typical in


the heat treated condition:
Minimum
Minimum Reduction Maximum
Tensile Yield Elongation In Area BHN 237
95ksi Min. 80ksi-110K 20% 20% (Rockwell C 22)



Machinability – In the HT condition, this grade has a machinability rating of
approximately 50% of 1212. Surface cutting speed is approximately 90 feet per
minute.

Weldability – This grade can be welded with proper preparation and the use of
the appropriate rod.

forging – Material to be used in HT condition.

hardening – Stock material is in the Quench and Tempered Condition.

Sec. G Page 21
9 Chrome 1 MOLY – bar & tube
Stock Lengths 20’ Approx.

9 CHROME ROUND TUBE 9 CHROME ROUND BAR


OD ID Wall Wt./Ft. OD Wt./Ft.
2.375 1.375 0.500 10.013 1.875 9.397
.375
2 1.250 0.563 10.889
2.710 1.750 0.480 11.432 2.000 10.692
2.710 1.625 0.543 12.558
2.910 1.937 0.487 12.592 2.250 13.532
3.000 1.813 0.594 15.254
2.375 15.077
3.000 1.625 0.688 16.980
3.062 1.937 0.563 15.016 2.500 16.706
3.062 1.750 0.656 16.857
3.220 2.000 0.610 17.004 2.750 20.214
3.250 2.250 0.500 14.685
3.000 24.056
3.250 1.625 0.813 21.151
3.500 1.750 0.875 24.531 3.250 28.233
3.625 2.000 0.813 24.405
3.668 2.500 0.584 19.235 3.500 32.743
3.668 2.375 0.647 20.862
3.750 37.588
3.750 2.375 0.688 22.486
3.750 2.125 0.813 25.490 4.000 42.766
3.750 1.625 1.063 30.496
3.950 2.500 0.725 24.971 4.500 54.126
4.000 2.750 0.625 22.528
4.750 60.307
4.000 2.714 0.643 23.053
4.000 2.125 0.938 30.663
5.000 66.823
4.250 3.250 0.500 20.025
4.375 2.562 0.907 33.580 5.250 73.672
4.500 2.875 0.813 31.998
4.625 3.500 0.563 24.405 5.500 80.855
4.750 3.125 0.813 34.168
6.000 96.224
4.750 3.000 0.875 36.212
4.750 2.750 1.000 40.050 6.250 104.410
4.750 2.313 1.219 45.957
4.875 3.000 0.938 39.424 6.750 121.784
5.000 4.000 0.500 24.030
7.250 140.494
5.000 3.000 1.000 42.720
5.000 2.687 1.157 47.473 8.000 171.066
5.250 2.750 1.250 53.400
5.500 3.500 1.000 48.060 8.500 193.117
5.515 3.625 0.945 46.123
8.750 204.644
6.125 (3.499) 1.313 67.478
6.750 3.500 1.625 88.944 9.500 241.229
8.155 5.037 1.559 109.824

Sec. G Page 22
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