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Garlock Sealing Technologies

1666 Division Street.


Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688

Please input a "k" factor:

Custom "k" Calculator


The Custom "k" Calculator was developed by the Applications Engineering Department of Garlock Sealing Technologies
(GST) to assist customers in determining the available compressive stress, the torque at which the stress is developed
and how those values compare to GST minimum and maximum recommended seating stresses when using bolts with
different "k" factors due to coatings. If you are using a standard steel bolt with a oil / graphite or other standard
thread lubricant, Garlock recommends using the Gasket Calculator 5.0 (table 1 shows the "k" factors used for standard
lubricants). If you are using coated bolts (such as PTFE), we strongly recommend obtaining the "k" factor from the bolt
manufacturer to optimize the performance of the gasketed joint, and prevent equipment damage.

What is the "k" factor?


The "k" factor is not the coefficient of friction. The"k" factor is a unitless number that takes into consideration all
elements that affect the amount of load applied by a fastener when torqued. Generally this number is obtained
through experiementation, is directly impacted by material hardness, surface finish, coatings, etc., and varies from one
bolt size to another.

NOTE:

The information found in these spread sheets should not be the sole factor for the gasket selection process. If at anytime you have any questions regarding the
information please contact the Applications Engineering Department of Garlock Sealing Technologies at (800) 448-6688.

To begin using the spread sheets fill in the "k" factor at the top of the page, choose the correct tab at the bottom of the workbook and fill in the light red colored cells
with the information requested. The results will be displayed in the white colored cells.

NOTE: The calculations are based on the contact dimensions. For example, if your system uses a full face gasket in non-ANSI/ASME raised face flanges, the
appropriate sheet would be "Ring Gaskets" since the contact dimensions are not changed. The dimensions that should be used are the I.D. of the gasket and the O.D.
of the raised face portion of the flange.

All torque and stress calculations are based on UNC bolts, and do not take flange stress into consideration. The user is responsible for using the identifying and
using the appropriate bolt stress for the assembly bolts and flange design.

With the "Full Face Gasket" and "Rectangular & Square Flange" sheets the red cells to the right of the white cells should read "TRUE" after all of the information is
entered.

Calculated compressive stress values can be compared with GST's recommended values by referring to Table 2.1, 2.2, or 2.3 located below the calculations. To print
the results simply click on the printer icon. The print areas have been preset.

Calculator Introduction
Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
return
ge and

G.S.T. (Gasket Stress to Torque) Sheet


factor
rque
r
* - Required Fields

Desired Gasket Stress


* Gasket Stress psi #N/A

Bolt and Gasket Specifics


* Gasket Area sq. in.
* Bolt Size inches "k" factor 0
* Bolt Grade
* Bolt Quantity
Bolt Yield Strength: #N/A psi Users Comments / Notes:

Gasket Stress
Bolt Stress #N/A psi
Force Per Bolt #DIV/0! lbs.
Torque per Bolt = #N/A ft.lbs.

G.S.T.
Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
LICK HERE to return
CLICK
o the home page and Ring Gaskets (Raised Face Flanges)
hange the "k" factor
change (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used in the torque
calculator
Up to 24" I.D.
* - Required Fields
Gasket Thickness Need assistance
selecting a gasket?
* Gasket Thickness inch Try our Product
Selector on our
Website!
Gasket Area CLICK HERE! Consu

* Gasket Contact I.D. inches See N

* Gasket Contact O.D. inches NOTE

* Bolt Size inches MIN +

* Bolt Quantity "k" factor 0 MIN -

Gasket Area = 0.00 sq. in. MAX +


MAX-
System Pressure
* System Pressure psig

Bolt Specifics Users Comments / Notes:

* Bolt Grade ###


Thickn

Bolt Yield Strength #N/A psi ###


###

Gasket Stress ###

* Bolt Stress psi


Force Per Bolt #N/A lbs.
Quantity of Bolts 0
Gasket Area 0 sq.in.
Gasket Stress = #N/A psi (See Tables 2.1 through 2.4 for minimum and maximum stresses)
Torque per Bolt = #N/A ft.lbs.

WARNING: The torque values and bolt stresses expressed in the tables below may exceed the maximum
allowable stress for the bolts currently used in your system. To obtain a minimum recommended
seating stress for a flange with an I.D. greater than 24" select one of the (over 24" I.D.) functions.

Table 2.1 - Compressed Sheet and GYLON® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 15,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Ring Gaskets (up to 24" I.D.)


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
LICK HERE to return
CLICK
o the home page and Ring Gaskets (Raised Face Flanges)
hange the "k" factor
change (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used in the torque
calculator

Table 2.2 - GRAPH-LOCK® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Table 2.3 - FLEXSEAL® Spiral Wound Gaskets

Gasket Thickness: 1/8" nominal inch


#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 30,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Table 2.4 - Elastomeric (Rubber) Gaskets

System Pressure: 0 psig


Gasket Thickness: 0 inch
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 600 psi
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 1,200 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock ###
###
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE ###
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
NOTE: For elastomers with a durometer Shore A of 60 or less, the maximum recommended torque is ###
75% (900 psi) of the maximum recommended torque shown.

Ring Gaskets (up to 24" I.D.)


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
CLICK HERE to return
to the home page and Ring Gaskets (Raised Face Flanges)
change the "k" factor (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used in the torque
calculator
Over 24" I.D.
This spreadsheet conservatively calculates hydrostatic end force into the minimum
recommended seating stress values.
* - Required Fields Need assistance
selecting a gasket?
Gasket Thickness Try our Product
Selector on our
* Gasket Thickness inch Website!
CLICK HERE!

Gasket Area Consult Engineerin

* Gasket Contact I.D. inches


* Gasket Contact O.D. inches
* Bolt Size inches
* Bolt Quantity "k" factor 0 MIN +

Gasket Area = 0.00 sq. in. MIN -

System Pressure MAX +


* System Pressure psig
MAX-
Bolt Specifics Users Comments / Notes:

* Bolt Grade ###


Thickness lookup

Bolt Yield Strength #N/A psi ###


###

Gasket Stress ###

* Bolt Stress psi


Force Per Bolt #N/A lbs.
Quantity of Bolts 0
Gasket Area 0 sq.in.
Gasket Stress = #N/A psi (See Tables 2.1 through 2.4 for minimum and maximum stresses)
Torque per Bolt = #N/A ft.lbs.

WARNING: The torque values and bolt stresses expressed in the tables below may exceed the maximum allowable stress for the bolts
currently used in your system. In addition, the minimum recommended seating stress values take hydrostatic end force into account.

Table 2.1 - Compressed Sheet and GYLON® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 15,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Ring Gaskets (over 24" I.D.)


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
CLICK HERE to return
to the home page and Ring Gaskets (Raised Face Flanges)
change the "k" factor (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used in the torque
calculator

Table 2.2 - GRAPH-LOCK® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Table 2.3 - FLEXSEAL® Spiral Wound Gaskets

Gasket Thickness: 1/8" nominal inch


#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 30,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock ###
###
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE ###
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
###

Table 2.4 - Elastomeric (Rubber) Gaskets


###
System Pressure: 0 psig WARNING: SYSTE
###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 1,200 psi ###
###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. ###
###
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 1,200 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock ###
###
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE ###

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi


NOTE: For elastomers with a durometer Shore A of 60 or less, the maximum recommended torque is
75% (900 psi) of the maximum recommended torque shown.

Ring Gaskets (over 24" I.D.)


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
CLICK HERE to return
to the home page and Round Full Face Gaskets (Flat Face Flanges)
change the "k" factor (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used in the torque
calculator
Up to 24" I.D.
* - Required Fields
Gasket Thickness Need assistance
selecting a gasket?
* Gasket Thickness inch Try our Product
Selector on our
Website!
Gasket Area CLICK HERE! Consult Engineering

* Gasket Contact I.D. inches See NOTE

* Gasket Contact O.D. inches NOTE: One or more of th

* Bolt Size inches MIN +

* Bolt Circle (req'd) inches 0 MIN -

* Bolt Hole Diameter inches 0 MAX +

* Bolt Quantity #DIV/0! "k" factor 0 MAX-

Gasket Area = 0 sq. in.

System Pressure
* System Pressure psig

Bolt Specifics Users Comments / Notes:

* Bolt Grade ### Thickness lookup


Bolt Yield Strength #N/A psi ###
###
###

Gasket Stress
* Bolt Stress psi
Force Per Bolt #N/A lbs.
Quantity of Bolts 0
Gasket Area 0 sq.in.
Gasket Stress = #N/A psi (See Tables 2.1 through 2.4 for minimum and maximum stresses)
Torque per Bolt = #N/A ft.lbs.

WARNING: The torque values and bolt stresses expressed in the tables below may exceed the maximum
allowable stress for the bolts currently used in your system. To obtain a minimum recommended
seating stress for a flange with an I.D. greater than 24" select one of the (over 24" I.D.) functions.

Table 2.1 - Compressed Sheet and GYLON® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 15,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Full Face Gaskets (up to 24")


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
CLICK HERE to return
to the home page and Round Full Face Gaskets (Flat Face Flanges)
change the "k" factor (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used in the torque
calculator
Table 2.2 - GRAPH-LOCK® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Table 2.4 - Elastomeric (Rubber) Gaskets

System Pressure: 0 psig ###


Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 600 psi ###
###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. ###
###
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 1,200 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock ###
###
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE ###
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###

NOTE: For elastomers with a durometer Shore A of 60 or less, the maximum recommended torque is ###
75% (900 psi) of the maximum recommended torque shown.
###

Full Face Gaskets (up to 24")


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
CLICK HERE to to return
to the home page and Full Face Gaskets (Flat Face Flanges)
change the "k" factor (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used in the torque
calculator
Over 24" I.D.
This spreadsheet conservatively calculates hydrostatic end force into the minimum
recommended seating stress values.
Need assistance
* - Required Fields selecting a gasket?
Try our Product
Gasket Thickness Selector on our
Website!
* Gasket Thickness inch CLICK HERE!

Gasket Area Consult Engineering

* Gasket Contact I.D. inches


* Gasket Contact O.D. inches NOTE: One or more of th

* Bolt Size inches MIN +

* Bolt Circle (req'd) inches 0 MIN -

* Bolt Hole Diameter inches 0 MAX +

* Bolt Quantity #DIV/0! "k" factor 0 MAX-

Gasket Area = 0 sq. in.

System Pressure
* System Pressure psig

Bolt Specifics Users Comments / Notes:

* Bolt Grade ### Thickness lookup


Bolt Yield Strength: #N/A psi ###
###
###

Gasket Stress
* Bolt Stress psi
Force Per Bolt #N/A lbs.
Quantity of Bolts 0
Gasket Area 0 sq.in.
Gasket Stress = #N/A psi (See Tables 2.1 through 2.4 for minimum and maximum stresses)
Torque per Bolt = #N/A ft.lbs.

WARNING: The torque values and bolt stresses expressed in the tables below may exceed the maximum allowable stress for the
bolts currently used in your system. In addition, the minimum recommended seating stress values take hydrostatic end force into
account.

Table 2.1 - Compressed Sheet and GYLON® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 15,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Full Face Gaskets (over 24")


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688

Table 2.2 - GRAPH-LOCK® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Table 2.4 - Elastomeric (Rubber) Gaskets

System Pressure: 0 psig


Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 1,200 psi ###
###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. ###
###
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 1,200 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock ###
###
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE ###
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
NOTE: For elastomers with a durometer Shore A of 60 or less, the maximum recommended torque is ###
75% (900 psi) of the maximum recommended torque shown.

Full Face Gaskets (over 24")


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688

Raised & Flat Face Flange Diagram

Gasket Contact O.D.


(Full Face Gasket - Flat Face Flanges)

Bolt Circle
(Full Face Gasket - Flat Face Flanges)

Bolt Hole Diameter & Quantity


(Full Face Gasket - Flat Face Flanges)

Gasket Contact I.D.


(Full Face Gasket - Flat Face Flanges)
(Ring Gasket - Raised Face Flanges)

Gasket Contact O.D.


(Ring Gasket - Raised Face Flanges)

Raised & F. F. Flange Diagram


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
CLICK HERE to return
to the home page and Rectangular/Square Gaskets
change the "k" factor (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used in the torque
calculator * - Required Fields
Gasket Thickness
* Gasket Thickness inch Need assistance
selecting a gasket?
Try our Product
Selector on our
Gasket Area Website!
CLICK HERE!
* Gasket Outer Length inches
* Gasket Outer Width inches
* Gasket Inner Length inches MIN +

* Gasket Inner Width inches NOTE: If the gasket does not contain bolt MIN -
holes leave the "Bolt Hole Ctr" and "Bolt Hole
Bolt Hole Ctr. (Length) inches 0 Diameter" fields BLANK.
MAX +

Bolt Hole Ctr. (Width) inches 0 Disregard the TRUE/FALSE boxes if the MAX-
gasket does not contain bolt holes.
Bolt Hole Diameter inches 0
* Bolt Size inches
* Bolt Quantity #DIV/0! "k" factor 0
Gasket Area = 0.00 sq. in.
Thickness lookup
System Pressure ###
* System Pressure psig ###
###

Bolt Specifics Users Comments / Notes: ###


###
* Bolt Grade
Bolt Yield Strength #N/A psi

Gasket Stress
* Bolt Stress psi
Force Per Bolt #N/A lbs.
Quantity of Bolts 0
Gasket Area 0.00 sq.in.
Gasket Stress = #N/A psi (See Tables 2.1 through 2.4 for minimum and maximum stresses)
Torque per Bolt = #N/A

WARNING: The torque values and bolt stresses expressed in the tables below may exceed the maximum
allowable stress for the bolts currently used in your system. To obtain a minimum recommended
seating stress for a flange with an I.D. greater than 24" consult the Garlock Applications
Engineering Department at (800) 448-6688.

Table 2.1 - Compressed Sheet and GYLON® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 15,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Table 2.2 - GRAPH-LOCK® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi ###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi

Rectangular & Square Gaskets


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688

Table 2.4 - Elastomeric (Rubber) Gaskets


###
###
System Pressure: 0 psig ###
###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 600 psi ###
###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. ###
###
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 1,200 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock ###
###
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE ###
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###

NOTE: For elastomers with a durometer Shore A of 60 or less, the maximum recommended torque is ###
75% (900 psi) of the maximum recommended torque shown.
WARNING: SYSTEM PRESSURE EXC

Rectangular & Square Gaskets


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688

Rectangular Flange Diagram

Outer Length

Bolt Hole Center (Length)

Inner Length

Bolt
Inner Center Outer
Width (Width) Width

Rectangular Flange Diagram


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
CLICK HERE to return
to the home page and Elliptical Gaskets
change the "k" factor (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used in the torque
calculator * - Required Fields
Gasket Thickness
* Gasket Thickness inch Need assistance
selecting a gasket?
Try our Product
Gasket Area Selector on our
Website!
CLICK HERE!
* Gasket Outer Length inches
* Gasket Outer Width inches 0
* Gasket Inner Length inches MIN +

* Gasket Inner Width inches NOTE: If the gasket does not contain bolt MIN -
holes leave the"Bolt Hole Ctr" and "Bolt Hole
Bolt Hole Ctr. (Length) inches 0 Diameter" fields BLANK.
MAX +

Bolt Hole Ctr. (Width) inches 0 Disregard the TRUE/FALSE boxes if the MAX-
gasket does not contain bolt holes.
Bolt Hole Diameter inches 0
* Bolt Size inches
* Bolt Quantity #DIV/0! "k" factor 0
Gasket Area = 0.00 sq. in.
Thickness lookup
System Pressure ###
* System Pressure psig ###
###
* Flange Configuration INTERNAL ###
###
Resulting Stress (Internal Manways) #DIV/0! psig
Users Comments / Notes: Flange Config

Bolt Specifics INTERNAL


* Bolt Grade EXTERNAL

Bolt Yield Strength #N/A psi


Gasket Stress
* Bolt Stress psi
Force Per Bolt #N/A lbs.
Quantity of Bolts 0
Gasket Area 0.00 sq.in.

Gasket Stress = #N/A psi (See Tables 2.1 through 2.4 for minimum and maximum stresses)

Torque per Bolt = #N/A

WARNING: The torque values and bolt stresses expressed in the tables below may exceed the maximum
allowable stress for the bolts currently used in your system. To obtain a minimum recommended ###
seating stress for a flange with an I.D. greater than 24" consult the Garlock Applications ###
Engineering Department at (800) 448-6688. ###

###

Table 2.1 - Compressed Sheet and GYLON® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 15,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
###

Table 2.2 - GRAPH-LOCK® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###

Elliptical Gaskets
Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
###

Table 2.3 - FLEXSEAL® Spiral Wound Gaskets


###
Gasket Thickness: 1/8" nominal inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi ###
###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. ###
###
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 30,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock ###
###
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE ###
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
WARNING: SYSTEM PRESSURE EXC
###

Table 2.4 - Elastomeric (Rubber) Gaskets

System Pressure: 0 psig


Gasket Thickness: 0 inch
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 600 psi
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 1,200 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi


NOTE: For elastomers with a durometer Shore A of 60 or less, the maximum recommended torque is
75% (900 psi) of the maximum recommended torque shown.

Elliptical Gaskets
Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688

Elliptical Flange Diagram

Outer Length

Bolt Hole Center (Length)

Inner Length

Bolt
Inner Outer
Center
Width Width
(Width)

Elliptical Flange Diagram


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
CLICK HERE to return
to
to the
the home
home page and "Race Track" Gaskets
change the "k" factor (For further explanation of the required dimensions CLICK HERE.)
used
used inin the
the torque
torque
calculator * - Required Fields
Gasket Thickness
* Gasket Thickness inch Need assistance
selecting a gasket?
Try our Product
Gasket Area Selector on our
Website!
CLICK HERE!
* Gasket Outer Length inches
* Gasket Outer Width inches 0
* Gasket Inner Length inches MIN +

* Gasket Inner Width inches NOTE: If the gasket does not contain bolt MIN -

Bolt Hole Ctr. (Length) inches 0 holes leave the"Bolt Hole Ctr" and "Bolt Hole MAX +
Diameter" fields BLANK.
Bolt Hole Ctr. (Width) inches 0 Disregard the TRUE/FALSE boxes if the MAX-
gasket does not contain bolt holes.
Bolt Hole Diameter inches 0
* Bolt Size inches
* Bolt Quantity #DIV/0! "k" factor 0
Gasket Area = 0.00 sq. in.
Thickness lookup
System Pressure ###
* System Pressure psig ###
###
* Flange Configuration ###
###
Resulting Stress 0 psig (Internal Manways)
Users Comments / Notes: Flange Config

Bolt Specifics INTERNAL


* Bolt Grade EXTERNAL

Bolt Yield Strength #N/A psi


Gasket Stress
* Bolt Stress psi
Force Per Bolt #N/A lbs.
Quantity of Bolts 0
Gasket Area 0.00 sq.in.

Gasket Stress = #N/A psi (See Tables 2.1 through 2.4 for minimum and maximum stresses)

Torque per Bolt = #N/A

WARNING: The torque values and bolt stresses expressed in the tables below may exceed the maximum
allowable stress for the bolts currently used in your system. To obtain a minimum recommended ###
seating stress for a flange with an I.D. greater than 24" consult the Garlock Applications ###
Engineering Department at (800) 448-6688. ###

###

Table 2.1 - Compressed Sheet and GYLON® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 15,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
###

Table 2.2 - GRAPH-LOCK® #N/A

###
Gasket Thickness: 0 inch
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: #N/A psi
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###

"Race Track" Gaskets


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688
###

Table 2.3 - FLEXSEAL® Spiral Wound Gaskets


###
###
Gasket Thickness: 1/8" nominal inch ###
###
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 10,000 psi ###
###
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. ###
###
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
###
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 30,000 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock ###
###
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE ###
###
Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi ###
WARNING: SYSTEM PRESSURE
###

Table 2.4 - Elastomeric (Rubber) Gaskets


###

System Pressure: 0 psig


Gasket Thickness: 0 inch
#N/A
Minimum Recommended Gasket Stress: 600 psi
Minimum Torque per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs.
#N/A
Bolt Stress at Minimum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi
Maximum Recommended Gasket Stress: 1,200 psi Don't forget to visit the Garlock
network at http://www.garlock.com
Maximum Torque Per Bolt: #N/A ft.lbs. CLICK HERE

Bolt Stress at Maximum Bolt Torque: #N/A psi


NOTE: For elastomers with a durometer Shore A of 60 or less, the maximum recommended torque is
75% (900 psi) of the maximum recommended torque shown.

"Race Track" Gaskets


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688

"Race Track" Flange Diagram

Outer Length

Bolt Hole Center (Length)

Inner Length

Bolt
Inner Outer
Center
Width Width
(Width)

"Race Track" Diagram


Garlock Sealing Technologies
1666 Division Street
Palmyra, NY 14522
(800) 448-6688

Table 1 Stress
Bolt Size Root Area "k" 30,000 psi 45,000 psi 60,000 psi
(inches) (sq.in.) Factor Torque (ft.lbs.) Force (lbs./bolt) Torque (ft.lbs.) Force (lbs./bolt) Torque (ft.lbs.) Force (lbs./bolt)
0.250 0.027 0.000 0 810 0 1215 0 1620
0.313 0.045 0.000 0 1350 0 2025 0 2700
0.375 0.068 0.000 0 2040 0 3060 0 4080
0.438 0.093 0.000 0 2790 0 4185 0 5580
0.500 0.126 0.000 0 3780 0 5670 0 7560
0.563 0.162 0.000 0 4860 0 7290 0 9720
0.625 0.202 0.000 0 6060 0 9090 0 12120
0.750 0.302 0.000 0 9060 0 13590 0 18120
0.875 0.419 0.000 0 12570 0 18855 0 25140
1.000 0.551 0.000 0 16530 0 24795 0 33060
1.125 0.728 0.000 0 21840 0 32760 0 43680
1.250 0.929 0.000 0 27870 0 41805 0 55740
1.375 1.155 0.000 0 34650 0 51975 0 69300
1.500 1.405 0.000 0 42150 0 63225 0 84300
1.625 1.680 0.000 0 50400 0 75600 0 100800
1.750 1.980 0.000 0 59400 0 89100 0 118800
1.875 2.304 0.000 0 69120 0 103680 0 138240
2.000 2.652 0.000 0 79560 0 119340 0 159120
2.250 3.423 0.000 0 102690 0 154035 0 205380
2.500 4.292 0.000 0 128760 0 193140 0 257520
2.750 5.259 0.000 0 157770 0 236655 0 315540
3.000 6.324 0.000 0 189720 0 284580 0 379440

Bolt Detail