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JPT Pre-Board Exam June 2019

Proctor: Ar. Joe Uson
1. Highest Quality of Levelness
Answer: c. Movie/ Tv Studios

2. Basement wall Structures? Talking About Basement Structures

a. Drained Drained Basements
b. Externally Tanked External tanking is the coating of a waterproof membrane to the outside
of a property for protection against flood risk and water damage
c. Internally Tanked Internal tanking is the coating of a waterproof membrane to the inside of
a property for protection against flood risk and water damage. Used on
d. Retaining Process of Elimination; furthermore, it does not talk about waterproofing
or basement structures.
e. Waterproof Lol. Talking About water proofing
3. Shingle Type Roofing semi-cylindrical
a. Pantile

b. Mission Tile

c. Roman Tile

d. Spanish Tile Same as Pantile

e. Tegula tegula (Greek solenes) was a plain flat tile

4. Twisting Force a. Torsion

5. Lumber Specification for S4S d. Smooth on 4 sides
6. Device for Tightening bolts by means of Rapidly Repeated torque impulses produced electrically or
a. Auger - An auger is a drilling device, or drill bit, that
usually includes a rotating helical screw blade called a
"flighting" to act as a screw conveyor to remove the
drilled out material.

b. Pneumatic Hammer - A pneumatic hammer, also

known as air hammer or power hammer uses
compressed air to carve or chip away at stone, metal
and other materials. It is a tool generally used to shape
or smooth a surface area, to dig holes or cut through
a surface. An air hammer, which is a replacement for
the traditional hammer and chisel.
c. Impact Wrench - An impact is a socket wrench power
tool designed to deliver high torque output with
minimal exertion by the user, by storing energy in a
rotating mass, then delivering it suddenly to the
output shaft. They're commonly used for loosening
lug nuts from cars and trucks, but they can also be
used in any high-torque situation.
d. Router - A router is a hand tool or power tool that a
worker uses to rout (hollow out) an area in relatively
hard material like wood or plastic. Routers are mainly
used in woodworking, especially cabinetry. Routers
are typically handheld or fastened cutting end-up in a
router table.

e. Swager (Swaging Tool) - A swage is the shaped tool

used to transform an object's shape into the desired
form by bending or shaping. Swaging is used in the
metalworking field, known as metallurgy, to serve a
variety of purposes. As a noun, swaging can transform
a piece of metal into a desired shape through pressure
or hammering.

8. Column Feature projecting from a corner of a building.

a. Canton (See Visual Dictionary)
b. Engaged Column
c. Pier
d. Pilaster
e. Quoin
14. The Failure of the walls where the top portion of the wall slides first.
a. Drifting
b. Sliding
c. Shearing
d. Overturning
e. Undermining
15. Simplest unit of a Space frame with 6 units.
a. Dodecahedron

b. Hexahedron

c. Loosahedron


d. Octahedron
e. Tetrahedron

16. A Cantilever steel beam requires what kind of connection?

a. AISC Type 1 Moment Connections
b. AISC Type 2 Shear Connections
c. AISC Type 3 Semi-Rigid Connections
d. AISC Type 4
Non- Existent
e. AISC Type 5
17. This kind of admixture is added to a concrete mix to act as “micro reinforcing”. Its most common use is to
reduce plastic shrinkage cracking that sometimes occurs during curing of slabs. GFRC (Glass Fiber Reinforced
concrete), which is used for cladding panels, also makes use of this admixture. (USON TIPS: Longer Questions,
means more Clues.)
a. Air- Entraining Admixtures
b. Fly-Ash
c. Fibrous admixtures -Fibers, hairs, or more are used as strengthening materials; similarly
supports concrete just like a Lath.
d. Extended Set Control Admixtures
e. Superplasticizers
18. Metal decking that serves as permanent formwork for a reinforced concrete deck.
a. Cellular Deck
b. Composite Deck See Visual Dictionary p. 95
c. Form deck
d. Roof deck
e. Steel Deck
19. A low partial Story between 2 main stories of a building, especially one that project as a balcony and forms
a Composition with the story beneath

a. Blind story -

b. Piano Nobile

c. Half story

d. Loft
e. Mezzanine ( Visual Dictionary – Building Sections)

24. The visible rings in a cross Section of a Tree.

a. Heartwood

b. Sapwood

c. Springwood

d. Summerwood

e. Cambium

25. A Plate Structure Composed of thin, deep elements joined rigidly along their boundaries and forming sharp
angles to brace each other against lateral buckling. (See Visual Dictionary pg. 202 Plate)

a. Continuous Plate

b. Folded Plate

c. Isostatic Plate
d. Lamella Roof

e. Space Frame

26. Which among the masonry wall types connects to a structural frame such as wood or metal stud walls?

a. Masonry Veneer – see Masonry Visual Dictionary; see

BCI Thermal and Moisture for Details

b. Grouted Masonry

c. Cavite Wall Masonry

d. Hollow Unit masonry

e. Solid Masonry

27. A brick laid on its long edge, with its end exposed in the face of the wall.

a. Header

b. Stretcher

c. Soldier

d. Rowlock

e. Sailor

28. If poured concrete passes a cylinder Test at 1,400 psi, what is the expected compressive strength?
In this Question, it must be noted that the concrete in question was
a. 1,400 psi submitted to be tested on a cylinder test which it passed at 1,400 psi.
Knowing this, we can assume that concrete subjects are tested only after
b. 2,100 psi the concrete reaches its 7th day of Curing. By which we can totally assume
that at that age the concrete in question has 50% of its actual strength. This
means that you only need to multiply the result of the test by two to know
c. 2,800 psi the answer.

Cylinder Test Result = ½ Expected Compressive Strength

d. 3,000 psi Expected Compressive Strength = Cylinder Test Result x 2
Expected Compressive Strength = 1,400 psi x 2
e. 3,500 psi Expected Compressive Strength = 2,800 psi

29. Vernacular Term for Vertical Stud

e. Pilarete
30. A joint Formed when a concrete surface hardens before the next batch of concrete is placed against it.
a. Block Out ?????
A cold joint is a plane of weakness in concrete caused by an interruption or
delay in the concreting operations. It occurs when the first batch of
b. Cold Joint
concrete has begun to set before the next batch is added, so that the two
batches do not intermix.

c. Control Joint
d. Isolation Joint

e. Contraction Joint

35. HSS refers to..

a. Hollow structural Steel
37. Prior to designing a foundation for a building larger than the typical residential house, it is necessary to
determine the soil and water conditions beneath the site. What is the initial investigation that can be
Core test is commonly required in the area of concrete industry to evaluate
a. Core Test the concrete strength and sometimes it becomes the unique tool for safety
assessment of existing concrete structures.
The compressive strength of hardened concrete is tested in a process of
pouring cylinders of fresh concrete and then measuring the amount of
b. Cylinder Test
force required to break up this concrete at proscribed intervals during the
concrete hardening time line.
Standard Penetration Test - is an in-situ dynamic penetration test designed
to provide information on the geotechnical engineering properties of soil.

The test uses a thick-walled sample tube, with an outside diameter of 50.8
mm and an inside diameter of 35 mm, and a length of around 650 mm. This
is driven into the ground at the bottom of a borehole by blows from a slide
hammer with a mass of 63.5 kg (140 lb) falling through a distance of 760
mm (30 in). The sample tube is driven 150 mm into the ground and then
c. SPT (See Visual Dictionary Soil p.233)
the number of blows needed for the tube to penetrate each 150 mm (6 in)
up to a depth of 450 mm (18 in) is recorded. The sum of the number of
blows required for the second and third 6 in. of penetration is termed the
"standard penetration resistance" or the "N-value". In cases where 50
blows are insufficient to advance it through a 150 mm (6 in) interval the
penetration after 50 blows is recorded. The blow count provides an
indication of the density of the ground, and it is used in many empirical
geotechnical engineering formulae.
As used by foundation engineers, the act or process of sinking holes into
the overburden (sometimes to considerable depth into bedrock) with
rotary or drive sampling equipment for the purpose of recovering samples
d. Test boring
from which information on the physical characteristics of the materials
penetrated can be obtained; also applied to the sample or samples so

e. Test Pit ( See Visual Dictionary Sitework p.229)

38. At present the steel industry uses 5 major welding processes. Which is the popular process called a “stick”

a. Electroslag welding (ESW)

b. Flux cored Arc Welding (FCAW)

c. Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)

d. Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)

e. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) See Visual

Dictionary - Fastening

39. The Lateral Deflection is called?

a. Buckling – See Visual Dictionary Columns

b. Camber – See Visual Dictionary Beam

c. Drift – See Visual Dictionary Load

d. Fatigue – See Visual Dictionary Materials

e. Flexure – See Visual Dictionary Beams Flexure Formuala. A formula defining the relationship between bending
Research on other Terms moment, bending stress, and the cross-sectional properties of a beam.

40. Building Multi-storey Site Cast-Concrete Walls with forms that rise up the wall as construction progresses.

a. Lift Slab - (also called the Youtz-Slick Method) is a

method of constructing concrete buildings by casting
the floor or roof slab on top of the previous slab and
then raising (jacking) the slab up with hydraulic jacks.
b. Slip Form - Slip forming, continuous poured,
continuously formed, or slipform construction is a
construction method in which concrete is poured into
a continuously moving form.[1] Slip forming is used
for tall structures (such as bridges, towers, buildings,
and dams), as well as horizontal structures, such as
roadways. Slipforming enables continuous, non-
interrupted, cast-in-place "flawless" (i.e. no joints)
concrete structures which have superior performance
characteristics to piecewise construction using
discrete form elements. Slip forming relies on the
quick-setting properties of concrete, and requires a
balance between quick-setting capacity and

c. Up-down - The Up-Down method usually results in a

shorter, overall construction schedule due to the early
start of the superstructure. Typically, the project
construction period is shortened by four to six months
over the conventional construction techniques which
results in cost savings.
- allows for the simultaneous construction of a
project’s substructure and superstructure.

d. Tilt-up - In a tilt-up construction project, the building's

walls are poured directly at the jobsite in large slabs of
concrete called "tilt-up panels" or "tiltwall panels".
These panels are then raised into position around the
building's perimeter forming the exterior walls.

e. Top-out - a builders' rite traditionally held when the

last beam (or its equivalent) is placed atop a structure
during its construction.
41. Diaphragm Action is defined as bracing action that derives from stiffness of thin Plane of material when it is
loaded in a direction parallel to the plane. Which of the following does not characterize diaphragm action?
a. Wall Panels This Question should be analyzed carefully. Words like “Diaphragm” and
“Stiffness of thin Plane of Materials”, should give you the idea that it refers
b. Sheathing to flat surfaces either horizontal or vertical placed.
c. Metal Decking
You idiot should have deduced that trusses doesn’t have planes as
d. Basement wall compared to the other choices.
e. Truss
42. Major Ingredient of Glass is..?
a. Dolomite

b. Glass Cullet

c. Limestone

d. Silica Sand

e. Soda Ash

43. Double Strength Glass is?

a. 2.5mm Thick
b. 3.0mm Thick

c. Monolithic

d. Double Glazed

e. Laminated

44. Single Strength Glass is?

a. 2.5mm Thick

b. 3.0mm Thick
c. Monolithic

d. Double Glazed

e. Laminated

45. Which of the following is not a high-range sealant?

a. Acrylic Foam

b. Butyl

c. Polysulfide
d. Polyurethane
e. Silicone
46. Concrete or sometimes Mortar conveyed through a hose and pneumatically projected at high velocity onto
a surface, as a construction technique.
a. Airlift
b. Blowpipe
c. Gunite
d. Pumpcrete

e. Shotcrete

47. Resistant to High Temperature.

An adiabatic process occurs without transfer of heat or mass of substances
a. Adiabatic between a thermodynamic system and its surroundings. In an adiabatic
process, energy is transferred to the surroundings only as work.
b. Autogenous Autogenous definition, self-produced; self-generated.
When the properties of a material vary with different crystallographic
orientations, the material is said to be anisotropic. Alternately, when the
c. Isotropic
properties of a material are the same in all directions, the material is said
to be isotropic.
A refractory material or refractory is a heat-resistant material, e.g. a
mineral that is resistant to decomposition by heat, pressure, or chemical
d. Refractory
attack, most commonly applied to a mineral that retains strength and form
at high temperatures..
Thixotropy is a time-dependent shear thinning property. Certain gels or
fluids that are thick, or viscous, under static conditions will flow (become
e. Thixotropic
thin, less viscous) over time when shaken, agitated, sheared or otherwise
stressed (time dependent viscosity).
48. Among the paint ingredients, which is volatile?

a. Pigment

b. Binder

c. Solvent

d. additive
e. All of the choices
49. Portland Cement Concrete that contains less Portland cement paste than a typical PCC.
a. Dry concrete
Opposite of Rich Concrete. (According to architect Uson, use some
b. Lean Concrete deduction skills on answering some questions. Apply some Hypothetical
thinking. Make an educated guess from the choices.)
c. Pervious Concrete
d. Wet Concrete
e. Zero-slump concrete
50. Term for steel metal shapes such as angles, channels, flat, rounds, squares, etc. that are used for shaping into
different products.
A billet is a length of metal that has a round or square cross-section, with
an area less than 36 in2 (230 cm2). Billets are created directly via
a. Billet
continuous casting or extrusion or indirectly via hot rolling an ingot or
bloom. Billets are further processed via profile rolling and drawing.
Cold-formed steel (CFS) members are made from structural quality sheet
steel that are formed into C-sections and other shapes by roll forming the
b. Formed Steel
steel through a series of dies. No heat is required to form the shapes (unlike
hot-rolled steel), hence the name cold-formed steel.
Commodity metal shapes such as angles, channels, flats, rounds, squares,
c. Merchant bars and strips (but not reinforcing bars) which re-converters use for shaping
them into different products.
Rebar (short for reinforcing bar), known when massed as reinforcing steel
or reinforcement steel, is a steel bar or mesh of steel wires used as a
d. Reinforcing Bars
tension device in reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures to
strengthen and aid the concrete under tension.

e. Steel Bars
51. Aside from corrosion resistance as its most telling benefit, what is the second most important benefit of
stainless steel impart?
d. Hygiene This is due to its capability of being easily cleaned.
52. What is the best type of hinge to install for a door between kitchen and dining area?

a. Double Acting Gravity Hinge

b. Drop-leaf hinge

c. Continuous Hinge

d. Pivot Hinge

e. Concealed hinge

54. Distortion from shrinkage of sawn lumber depends on the position of the piece of lumber occupied in the
tree. Which sawing method produces the least distortion?

a. Plainsawn

b. Quarter sawn
c. Quarter sliced

d. Rotary Sliced

e. Rotary Sawn
55. Metal with maximum width of 0.005 inches
a. Foil (Not in VD)

b. Plate

c. Sheet

d. Strip

e. Wire

56. Which of the following is not a bituminous material?

a. Asphalt

b. Asphaltene

c. Bentonite

d. Pitch

e. Tar

57. The cost of construction

a. First Cost
b. Life-cycle Cost
c. Estimated cost
d. Project cost
e. Total Cost
58. Placing the last member in a building Frame?

a. First Cost

b. Shell-out

c. Superstructure

d. Topping-out
e. RFO -???/

59. Which of the following locksets cannot be installed on the door edge?

a. Cylinder lock

b. Reversible Lock

c. Mortise Lock

d. Unit Lock

e. Rim Lock (see VD Hardware Chapter)

60. Which of the Following paving systems fall under flexible paving?
a. Asphalt paving

b. Grasscrete

c. Interlocking precast concrete

d. Stamped Concrete Paving

e. Stone Paving

61. Overlay of Portland cement concrete (PCC) over an existing flexible pavement such as hot mix asphalt (HMA).
a. Full-depth Asphalt

b. Macadam
c. Reblocking

d. Superpave

e. Whitetopping
62. A Critical path shows logic diagrams of activities and their relationships. What kind of activity flow requires
one activity to be complete before the next activity starts?
A dummy activity is a simulated activity of sorts, one that is of a zero
a. Dummy Activities duration and is created for the sole purpose of demonstrating a specific
relationship and path of action on the arrow diagramming method.
b. Parallel activities
c. Pre-bid Activities
d. Restraining Activities
USON LOGIC: Use the question, and begin rationalizing the choices and the
e. Sequential Activities terms used. SEQUENCE fits in the definition of the certain activity flow. Lol.
Make an educated guess. Shithead.
63. A Critical path shows logic diagrams of activities and their relationships. What kind of activity flow allows
one activity to be carried out independently of others at the same time?
a. Dummy Activities
USON LOGIC: Same as the First one, Parallel fits the simile for the certain
activity flow. After all, to be parallel means to not interrupt or intersect
b. Parallel activities
with other activities; meaning that you could do that certain work without
waiting for the other work to be finished. BOOM
c. Pre-bid Activities
d. Restraining Activities
e. Sequential Activities
64. A Critical path shows logic diagrams of activities and their relationships. Where all activities do not have to
wait for the preceding activities to be finished before they can be started, what is the kind of activity flow
a. Dummy Activities
b. Parallel activities
c. Pre-bid Activities
USON LOGIC: Pfft! Research, Didn’t get the question either. LOL. Honestly
d. Restraining Activities it could also mean parallel.
e. Sequential Activities
65. Which of the following equipment can perform both excavation and finishing?

a. Back-hoe Loader - is used for general digging which is

usually mounted on either a crawler or truck frame.

b. Dozer - (Bulldozer) is a tractor with a pushing blade

which moves earth and clears land of bushes and

c. Gradall
d. Grader - is an earth working machine that grades or
levels the ground.

e. Scraper - is a machine that loads, hauls and dumps soil

over medium to long distances.

66. This type of forming system, used to form walls and slabs that are concreted in one operation, are suitable
for repetitive use, such as those found in high-rise residential projects, and particularly for cellular type
construction such as hotels, office buildings and hospitals.

a. Drawer forms

b. Ganged forms - Gang forms are several unit forms

attached together, or a single large form, usually
moved into position by crane because sections are too
heavy to set by hand. The length of a gang form for
walls is often determined by the distance between
control joints or by the capacity of the jobsite crane.
The basic elements of a gang form system include the
sheathing (the surface that faces the concrete), studs,
wales or walers, stiff backs or strongbacks, angle
braces, ties, and safety equipment—including
attached walkways and safety rails for workers to use
during concrete placement and tie-offs for safety
harnesses. Longer sections of gang forms require a
spreader beam to better distribute lifting forces from
the crane. Wales and strongbacks are not needed in
some manufactured forming systems that incorporate
their functions into the construction of the frame.

c. Modular forms

d. Table forms - Table-form/flying-form

A table form/flying form is a large pre-assembled

formwork and falsework unit, often forming a
complete bay of suspended floor slab. It offers mobility
and quick installation for construction projects with
regular plan layouts or long repetitive structures, so is
highly suitable for flat slab, and beam and slab layouts.
It is routinely used for:

Residential flats Hotels Hostels Offices Commercial

a. Tunnel forms - Tunnel form is a formwork system that
allows the contractor to cast walls and slabs in one
operation in a daily cycle. It combines the speed,
quality and accuracy of factory/off-site production
with the flexibility and economy of in-situ
construction and is recognised as a modern method of
construction (MMC).

The result is a cellular reinforced structure, the

surfaces of which are sufficiently high quality to
require only minimal finishing for direct decoration,
while the end walls and facades are easily completed
with thermally insulated units that can be clad as
67. A heavy-duty lifting machine that raises itself as the building rises.

a. Climbing crane – or Tower crane is used in the

construction of tall building because it has a built-in
jack that raises the crane from floor to floor as the
building is constructed.

b. Luffing Boom crane - was designed to meet the

requirements of the restricted job site. With a short
tail-swing and the ability to raise and lower its boom,
it easily adapts to construction site demands providing
complete coverage while avoiding obstructions.
Compact tower systems result in a minimal footprint
for both interior and exterior climbing operations.

c. Hammerhead boom crane - The "hammerhead", or

giant cantilever, crane is a fixed-jib crane consisting of
a steel-braced tower on which revolves a large,
horizontal, double cantilever; the forward part of this
cantilever or jib carries the lifting trolley, the jib is
extended backwards in order to form a support for the
machinery and counterbalancing weight. In addition
to the motions of lifting and revolving, there is
provided a so-called "racking" motion, by which the
lifting trolley, with the load suspended, can be moved
in and out along the jib without altering the level of
the load. Such horizontal movement of the load is a
marked feature of later crane design. These cranes are
generally constructed in large sizes and can weigh up
to 350 tons.

d. Mobile crane
68. Wood expands when…
b. When humidity increases
70. The Filipino Term for rabbet..
a. Asintada Alignment
b. Palitada Plaster/Stucco
c. Vaciada Rabbet - Vaciad, Basiador
d. Zocalo a molding covering the joint formed by a wall and the floor.
Tabike, exterior siding
e. Tabika

72. Instrument or tool capable of vertical and horizontal line check is called

a. Plumb bob - A plumb bob, or plummet, is a weight,

usually with a pointed tip on the bottom, suspended
from a string and used as a vertical reference line, or

b. Spirit Level - A spirit level, bubble level or simply a

level is an instrument designed to indicate whether a
surface is horizontal (level) or vertical (plumb).

c. Try Square - an implement used to check and mark

right angles in construction work.

d. Caliper - any of various measuring instruments having

two usually adjustable arms, legs, or jaws used
especially to measure diameter or thickness

e. Ruler

73. What is the appropriate paint material for G.I. Sheet roofing?
Made of Alkyd resin; Alcohol based. (See VD Paints)
a. Alkyd Type
Where oil and resin emulsified in water makes a heterogeneous finishing
material by an emulsifying agent such as casein.

A great advantage of oil resin paint is that its viscosity can be easily reduced
by the addition of water. Water is added as a thinner for the same reason
that turpentine or mineral spirits is added to oil paints.

Other advantages of oil-resin emulsion paints are that it dries quickly (two
coats can be applied the same day); it is easy to apply; it is easy to recoat
with itself or other paint, and it has little tendency to fade. (CDEP)
Any Paint or varnish drying to a very smooth hard usually glossy finish.
Sometimes also referred to as oil based type of paint.
Paints which use varnish as a vehicle. They have the ability of levelling
b. Enamel Type
brush marks, are more resistant to washing and rough usage, and have a
harder and Tougher film. They can have either a glossy, semi glossy or matt
A paint having a latex binder that coalesces as, water evaporates from the
emulsion. Also called rubber-based paint, water base paint. (see VD)

Latex is made from synthetic latex which acts as the pigment binder and
the film-forming material for the paint.

A careful balance of synthetic latex and alkyds resins gives a solution that
can thinned with water for application as a continuous film with excellent
adhesion and wash ability.
c. Latex Type
Synthetic latex paints have little tendency to turn yellow because, unlike
oil paints, they absorb very little oxygen from the air.

Latex paint is the preferred paint for the plaster, cement, concrete and

Even so, this was the answer because boysen roofguard, acrytex is actualy
latex based paint.

Lacquer is made synthetically, and is closely related to rayon or nylon

fabrics. It requires a special thinner sold by each manufacturer for his own
d. Lacquer type
Average drying time is 1-1/2 hours. For fine lacquer finishes, a special
undercoat of lacquer sealer is applied over a wash coat of shellac.

e. Urethane Type

74. What kind of Shrinkage in logs is most pronounced?

a. Tangential Shrinkage
75. A high-speed rotary shaping hand power tool used to make smooth cutting and curving on solid wood is

a. Surface Planer - A thickness planer (also known in the

UK and Australia as a thicknesser or in North America
as a planer) is a woodworking machine to trim boards
to a consistent thickness throughout their length and
flat on both surfaces.

b. Dado Plane - a narrow rabbet plane that has two spurs

and often an adjustable fence and that is used for
making flat-bottomed grooves in woodwork

c. Router - A router is a hand tool or power tool that a

worker uses to rout (hollow out) an area in relatively
hard material like wood or plastic. Routers are mainly
used in woodworking, especially cabinetry. Routers
are typically handheld or fastened cutting end-up in a
router table.
d. Lathe Machine - A lathe is a machine that rotates a
workpiece about an axis of rotation to perform various
operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling,
deformation, facing, and turning, with tools that are
applied to the workpiece to create an object with
symmetry about that axis

76. Dressed Lumber is described as

a. Smoothed and planed lumber
77. The term for removing concrete forms from cured concrete.
e. Stripping
78. A type of “hands of door” where the doorknob is at left and the door leaf swings outside of the room.

a. Right hand reverse

79. What type of Joint is used to install a glass into a lite French window?

a. Dado

b. Rabbet

c. Tenon

d. Mortise

e. Butt

80. Which of the following does not pertain to lumber as having achieved a seasoned quality?
a. Air-dried Each of the choices are methods of seasoning wood. Doesn’t mean that
b. Kiln-Dried once a wood is air-dried it won’t achieve a seasoned quality as opposed to
c. Oven Dry the others.
d. Surface dry
e. None. All Qualify
81. For direct illumination (general lighting), what is the appropriate distance of light fixtures from the wall using
downlights (e.g. pinlights)?
d. 1/3 the height of the room

82. What is the act of excavating or filling of earth or any sound material or combination thereof, in preparation
for a finishing surface such as paving?

a. Cut and fill

b. Grading (search another meaning)

c. benching ??

d. Site preparation

e. Backfill

83. The vernacular term for earth fill is

a. Eskombro
b. Macadam Earth road
c. Tambak Fill
d. Larga Masa Concrete slab
e. Lastilyas Masonry Fill
What is the best type of hinge to install for a door between kitchen and dining area?
f. Electroslag welding (ESW)
g. Flux cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
h. Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
i. Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)
j. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) See Visual
Dictionary - Fastening
What is the best type of hinge to install for a door between kitchen and dining area?
k. Electroslag welding (ESW)
l. Flux cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
m. Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
n. Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)
o. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) See Visual
Dictionary - Fastening
What is the best type of hinge to install for a door
between kitchen and dining area?
p. Electroslag welding (ESW)
q. Flux cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
r. Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
s. Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)
t. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) See Visual
Dictionary - Fastening
What is the best type of hinge to install for a door between kitchen and dining area?
u. Electroslag welding (ESW)
v. Flux cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
w. Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
x. Submerged Arc Welding (SAW)
y. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) See Visual
Dictionary - Fastening