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http://tienganhlungdanh.edu.vn Mr. Danh (090.24.000.

53)

1. What are the main environmental problems in your country?


Before, it was not so serious. People just complained about the noise and dusty
roads from time to time. But recently, there was a marine life disaster in the
middle of the country where a steel plant illegally dumped toxic waste into the
water and caused massive fish deaths. The government was all at sea in getting
on top of this circumstance.
 From time to time: hiếm khi (= occasionally)
 Marine life disaster: thảm họa sinh vật biển
 Steel plant: nhà máy thép
 Dump: xả
 Toxic waste: chất thải độc hại
 Massive: hàng loạt
 Be all at sea: hoàn toàn lúng túng
 Get on top of something: kiểm soát tình hình
 Ở đây dùng thì quá khứ, mệnh đề quan hệ với “where”, liên từ (and)

2. Why should people be concerned about the environment?


The relationship between we, human beings, and environment is like the
relationship between fish and water. If the water is poisonous, the fish die. If our
environment is severely polluted, we die, sooner or later. It’s imperative that we
care for the environment. Sadly, many people haven’t realized that.
 Poisonous: độc hại
 Severely /sɪˈvɪəli/: trầm trọng
 Sooner or later: không sớm thì muộn
 Imperative /ɪmˈperətɪv/: cấp bách
 Ở đây dùng câu điều kiện, mệnh đề danh ngữ (that we must…), hiện tài hoàn thành

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http://tienganhlungdanh.edu.vn Mr. Danh (090.24.000.53)

3. How can people protect the environment?


Policy makers have their different ways of protecting the environment, so I will
talk about some practical activities that individuals can do. First, use bicycle
instead of motorbike if you can. It not only helps reduce the emissions but also
improves your health. Second, avoid using bags, both plastic and paper. It’s a
commonplace that people think using paper is more environmental friendly, but
that’s not true. Paper is made from trees, so the more we use paper bags, the
more trees are chopped down.
 Policy maker: những người hoạch định chính sách
 Emissions: khí thải
 Environmentally friendly: thân thiện với môi trường
 Chop down: đốn hạ, chặt
 Ở đây dùng liên từ (so, not only… but also…), câu điều kiện, mệnh đề danh ngữ (that
people…) bị động (is made), so sánh kép (the more, the more)

4. Do you think money should be spent on protecting animals?


I myself don’t consider it a wise choice. Our planet itself has experienced the
appearance and disappearance of many species, and that a species becomes
instinct is inevitable. Sometime people think that they can control nature but we
should bear in mind that we ourselves are just a product of nature itself. So, just
let it be.
 Inevitable /ɪnˈevɪtəbl/: không thể tránh được
 Appearance vs disappearance: xuất hiện vs biến mất
 Instinct: tuyệt chủng
 Bear in mind that: hãy nhớ rằng
 Let it be: để mặc, để tự nhiên
 Ở đây dùng mệnh đề danh ngữ (that a species…), hiện tại hoàn thành, liên từ (and,
or)

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http://tienganhlungdanh.edu.vn Mr. Danh (090.24.000.53)

5. Do you think more should be done to protect natural beauty spots in your
country?
Sure, because those places have turned into landfills. People just litter if they
want, which is making the natural beauty spots dirtier and dirtier. Moreover, the
fact that people building so many concrete facilities there is causing detrimental
impacts on the earth surface, leading to landslide and other earthquakes.
 Turn into: biến thành
 Landfill: bãi rác
 Litter: xả rác
 Detrimental impact: ảnh hưởng xấu
 Earth surface /ˈsɜːfɪs/: bề mặt trái đất
 Ở đây dùng liên từ (because), hiện tại hoàn thành (have turned), mệnh đề quan hệ
với “which”, so sánh kép (dirtier and dirtier), mệnh đề danh ngữ (the fact that
people…), hiện tại hoàn thành (is causing)