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Yangon City Development Committee

Engineering Department (Water & Sanitation)

Current Activities on Water Supply


Management in Yangon City

Presented By - Ei Khaing Mon


Assistant Engineer
Engineering Department
(Water & Sanitation)
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Contents

Current Status of Water Supply System in Yangon


Policy of Water Supply System in Yangon

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Current Status of Water Supply System in Yangon

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Engineering Department (Water & Sanitation)
Engineering Department (Water & Sanitation) is one of the 20 departments under YCDC, which is
responsible to supply of clean and potable water to the citizens of Yangon City and to serve
sewerage and sanitation facilities to the city.

Organization Chart of Engineering Department (Water & Sanitation)


Head of Department
(CE)

Deputy Head of Deputy Head of Deputy Head of


Department Department Department
(DYCE) (DYCE) (DYCE)

Reservoir Supporting Water Supply Electrical & Pipe Plant Administration Sanitation
Division Division Division Mechanical Division & Finance Division
(ACE) (ACE) (ACE) Division (ACE) Division (ACE)
(ACE) (ACE)

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Water Vision for Yangon City
To provide safe water, hygienic living, and sound water environment
to overall citizens sustainably!

Missions of Engineering Department ( Water & Sanitation)


▪ To distribute daily the assured and safe drinking water for Yangon City dwellers
▪ To collect the water charges properly
▪ To prevent the water leakage and to reduce the Non-Revenue Water
▪ To manage for the systematic sewage disposal
▪ To upgrade and manage the water distribution and the sewerage system by using
modern techniques.

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Existing Yangon City Water Supply System

Gyobyu Reservoir 27 MGD

Phugyi Reservoir 54 MGD

Hlawga Reservoir 14 MGD

Ngamoeyeik WTP (1st phase) 45 MGD

Ngamoeyeik WTP (2nd phase) 45 MGD

YCDC Tube Wells (425 nos.) 16 MGD

Total Water Supply Capacity 201 MGD

Surface water (92%)


Main Water Sources
Groundwater ( 8%)

5,209,541 156 MGD


Total Population
(2014 Census data)
~ 2,050,000
Served Population
(2015/16 field survey data)
Demand coverage approx. 40 %
Non-revenue water approx. 50 %
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Four Main Water Reservoirs
Hlawga Reservoir Phugyi Reservoir

Gyobyu Reservoir Ngamoeyeik Reservoir

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Surface Water Treatment using Rapid Sand Filtration Method

Open
channel Pump
station

Intake Clear
reservoir water tank
Low lift Rapid 8
pumps sand filter
Low Lift Pump Station & Flocculators &
Water tower Sedimentation tank
Ground Water Treatment using Aeration method

Pump House & Tube well Aeration Cascade Sedimentation & Filtration Pump House
Clear water tank
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Transmission pipes & Distribution pipes in Yangon City

Pipe Size (in) Pipe Length (mile) Pipe Size (in) Pipe Length (mile)

66 11.00 20 8.06

60 16.99 18 2.72

56 52.95 16 18.16

48 12.83 12 82.56

42 Total Length of the whole network


19.43 10 ~ 2655 mile 21.19

40 3.20 8 26.62

36 7.65 6 316.16

32 5.13 4 289.07

30 1.85 3 248.71

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28 2.60 2 285.8

27 9.66 1½, 1¼ 2.71

24 31.82 1, ¾ 1178.55
Water Tariff in Yangon

No. Metered Category Water Tariff (MMK/m3)

1. Domestic (metered) 88
2. Commercial (metered) 110
3. Departments – Residential (metered) 88
4. Departments – Commercial (metered) 110
5. YCDC Staff Housing (metered) 88
6. FE –Residential (metered) 440
7. FE – Commercial (metered) 880

No. Flat rate Category Water Tariff (MMK/month)

1. Domestic 1800
2. High Class Residential 3000

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Policy of Water Supply System in Yangon

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Necessity of New Water Supply Projects
Implementing new water sources for Yangon is necessary to meet the increasing
water demand in 2025 and 2040, i.e. 258 and 525 MGD.

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(Source: JICA-YCDC Master Plan)


Future Water Supply Plan for Yangon City

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Water Supply System for 2025 Water Supply System for 2040
(Source: JICA-YCDC Master Plan)
Zoning System Plan for Yangon City
Zon Name of Township & Township
e Zone Group’s
1 Central area Central Business District
(CBD)
Inner Urban Ring (IUR)
2 Tarmwe, Tarmwe, Thingangyun,
Thaketa Thaketa

3 Hlaing Mayangone, Yankin, Hlaing

4 Mayangone (South) Mingalardon, North


Okkalapa, (South) Insein
5 Mingalardon, (Center) Mingalardon,
Shwepyithar (North) Insein, Shwepyithar
6 North side (North) Mingalardon

7 East side 1 East Dagon, North Dagon

8 East side 2 South Dagon, Dagon Seikkan

9 West side Hlaingtharyar


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10 South side Dala, Seikkyi-Khanaungto,
(West) Kyeemyindaing
(Source: JICA-YCDC Master Plan)
Future Service Level Targets in Yangon City
Target Year

Performance Indicators (PIs)


2013 2018 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040
Demand coverage (%) 35 45 50 60 65 70 80

Served population (million) 1.8 2.55 2.98 4.05 4.96 6.04 7.82

Non-revenue water (%) 66 51 46 35 26 20 15

Leakage rate (%) 50 37 33 25 18 13 10

Water consumption (gpcd) 30 30 30 35 35 35 40

Avg. Supply Pressure (bar) 0.75 - -  > 1.5

Avg. Supply duration (hour) 8hrs. -  -  24hrs.

Water quality Potable Drinkable  

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Ongoing Water Supply Projects
Lagunpyin Project
40 MGD
Target Area:
Kokkowa Project Zone 7, Zone 8
60 MGD Thilawa SEZ
Target Area:
Zone 1, Zone 9

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Lagunpyin Water Treatment Plant (YCDC Portion)

Sedimentation Basin Dividing Well Intake Gate & Pump House Presedimentation Pond

Rapid Sand Filter

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Clear Water Reservoir
Components of Project (JICA ODA Loan Portion)
CC

C
Pac. 4
Pac. 1
Water P

Distribution
P
C
Administration Building,
Networks P
Disinfection Facilities,
in Zone 7 & 8 SCADA system,
Service Reservoirs,
Pumping Stations.

Pac. 2
Pac. 3 Construction of
Transmission
Bago River
Pipelines
Pipeline
Crossing
Pac. 5
Supply of Domestic
Water Meters and
C
Chlorine Facilities Bulk Water Meters
Pumping Station
P 19
Service Reservoir
Ongoing Water Supply Improvement Project (Kokkowa)

Kokkowa WTP

Location No. (5) Main Road, Milestone 16 mile 4 furlong ,


Htantapin Township, near Anyarsu Village
Water source Kokkowa River
Water Supply Capacity 60 MGD
Served Population 2 millions Pan Hlaing WTP
Target Area Botahtaung, Pazuntaung, Kyauktada, Pabedan,
Mingalartaungnyunt, Tarmwe, Lanmadaw, Latha, Alone,
Kyeemyindaing, Dagon, Bahan, Sanchaung, Seikkan,
Hlaingthayar
-Implementation Works
-Construction of WTP
-Construction of Pumping Station at WTP
-Construction of Service Reservoirs
-Laying of Transmission Pipelines
-Installation of Distribution Network with DMAs
-Installation of SCADA system
-Installation of Hlaing River Crossing Pipeline 20
-Installation of Water meters
Non-Revenue Water Reduction in Yangon City
Non-revenue water (%) Leakage rate (%)

70 66

50 51
53 46
37 35
35 33
25 26
18 20
18 13 15
10

0
2010 2018 2025 2033 2040
Year

Target Year
Performance Indicators
(PIs) 2013 2018 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040
Non-revenue water (%) 66 51 46 35 26 20 15
Leakage rate (%) 50 37 33 25 18 13 21 10
NRW activities in YCDC
Past Activities for NRW Ongoing Activities for NRW

1 Mayangone Township Japan (TSS) 1 Mayangone Township Japan (TSS)


(5) Ward, 1st Phase 2nd Phase

2 Yankin Township JICA Expert 2 Yankin Township JICA


(14) Ward (13) Ward T.A Project

3 Yankin Township JICA (TODA) 3 Norht Okkalapa YCDC


(2, 3, 4, 5) Wards Township, (2) Ward

4 Insein Township Manila Water-


(Htanpingone Ward) Mitsubishi

5 South Okkalapa (Manila Water)


Township, (14/2) Ward Mitsubishi

6 Tarmwe & Thingangyun AFD, France


Townships (Pilot Areas) (Egis)
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NRW Reduction Pilot Projects in Yangon City
Mayangone
(Japanese Grant)

Insein & South Okkalapa


(Manila Water -
Mitsubishi)

Yankin
(JICA Expert)

Thingangyun & Tarmwe


(AFD & EGIS, France)
Yankin
(JICA Grant Aid)

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Water Supply Service Development in Yangon City
Performance Indicators Target Year
(PIs) 2013 2018 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040
Water consumption (gpcd) 30 30 30 35 35 35 40
Avg. Supply Pressure (bar) 0.75 - -  > 1.5
Avg. Supply duration (hour) 8hrs. -  -  24hrs.

Water quality Potable Drinkable  

Implementation of Water Quality Monitoring Lab

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Parameters for water quality monitoring
Unit of
No Parameters Method of measurement
measurement
1 Total Coliform MPN/100ml multiple Tube Fermentation Technique(APHA9221A)
2 Fecal Coliform  MPN/100ml ditto
3 Taste  mg/l Sensory Evaluation Technique(APHA2160B)
4 Odor  mg/l (APHA2150B)
5 Color  TCU Spectro - photometric-Single wavelengthAPHA2120C
6 Turbidity NTU Nephelometric MethodAPHA2130B
7 Arsenic mg/l Hydride generation Atomic Absorption Spectrometric method
8 Lead mg/l Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric method
9 Nitrate  mg/l Ultraviolet (UV)technique
10 Manganese  mg/l Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric method
11 Chloride  mg/l Argentometric method
12 Hardness  mg/l EDTA Titrimetric method
13 Iron  mg/l Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric method
14 pH  mg/l Electrometric method
15 Sulphate  mg/l Gravimetric method
16 Total Dissolved Solids(TDS)  mg/l Dried at 180’C
17 Total Suspended Solids (TSS) mg/l Standard method (dried at 103-105’C)
22 Residual Chlorine mg/l DPD method
23 Calcium mg/l EDTA Titrimetric method 25

24 Magnesium mg/l EDTA Titrimetric method


25 Total Alkalinity mg/l Titrimetric method
Water Quality Monitoring
• Periodically Monitoring Rain Water Reservoirs , Tube Wells , Lagunpyin Creek,
Kokkowa River.
• Quarterly Monitoring Tap Water( Fecal coli form, Total coli form, lead)
• Daily Water Quality Monitoring Surface Water Sources, WTP, Pumping Station
(by mini Laboratories)

Tap water sampling On Site Water Quality Monitoring Residual Chlorine Monitoring

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Mini-Laboratories in Reservoirs

Gyobyu Reservoir

Phugyi Reservoir

Hlawga Reservoir

Mini-Laboratories in WTP& PS

Ngamoeyeik WTP

Yegu Pumping Station
Capacity building
Sampling Location Monitoring item for development of Mini-laboratories
Daily: Water temperature, pH, Turbidity and Color
Gyobyu Reservoir
Weekly:TSS (Sampling)

Daily: Water temperature, pH, Turbidity and Color


Phugyi Reservoir 27
Weekly:TSS (Sampling)

Daily: Water temperature, pH, Turbidity and Color


Hlawga Reservoir
Weekly: TSS (Sampling)

Daily: Water temperature, pH, Turbidity, Color and Residual chlorine*


Yegu PS *Residual chlorine monitoring is done at After chlorine injection point.

Weekly:TSS (Sampling)
JICA Technical Assistant Project
for Improvement of Water Supply Management of YCDC

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Overall Goal and Project Purpose

Project The Project for Improvement of Water Supply


Name
Management of YCDC
Overall To enhance Water supply services provided by YCDC
Goal
Project To improve the Capacity of YCDC on the management of
Purpose
water supply service
Outputs 1. Capacity Improvement on Institutional Management of
water supply utility

2. Capacity Improvement on Non-Revenue Water


Management 29

3. Capacity improvement on Water Quality Management


International Cooperation

ODA Loan Project by JICA


Grant Aid Project by JICA
Grass Root Grant Project (Japan)
Technical Assistant Project by JICA
Cooperation with Japan Consortium (TSS, Mitsui & Toyo)
Cooperation with Manila Water And Mitsubishi co., Ltd.
Cooperation with AFD And Egis (France)
Cooperation with Danish Water (Denmark)
Cooperation with ADB

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Thank you for your attention!

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