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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

១.គណនាកម្លាំងប្រតិកម្មររស់ធ្ឹម្

P1=100KN P2=50KN
q=3.50KN/m

60
°
2m 2m 3m
8m

Q1 P1=100KN Q2 P2=50KN
P1y
A B
RAx P1x
2m 2m 3m
RAy 8m RBy

ដោយ

Q1  q.2m  3.5KN / m.2m  7 KN


Q2  q.8m  3.5KN / m.8m  28KN

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

តាម្សម្ីការលាំនឹង

 Fx  0  :R  P  0

Ax 1x

 R  P  P Cos 60  100 KN .Cos 60  50 KN


Ax 1x 1
o o

 R  50 KN
Ax

 Fy  0  :R  R  Q  Q  P  P  0

Ay By 1 2 1y 2

R  R  Q  Q  P  P  Q  Q  P .Sin 60  P
Ay by 1 2 1y 2 1 2 1 2

 7 KN  28KN  100 KN .Sin 60  50 KN  171.6 KN


R Ay  R By  171.6 KN (1)

M A  0 : 1mQ
. 1  2m.P1 y  4m.Q2  5m.P 2  8m.R by  0
(1m.7 KN )  (2m.100 KN .Sin 60o )  (4m.28 KN )  (5m.50 KN )
 R By  8m
 66.025KN

R By  66.025KN(2)
R Ay
 171.6 KN  66.025KN  105.57 KN

RAx  50 KN

ដូចដនេះ RAy  105.57 KN


RBy  66.025 KN

២.គណនាកម្លាំងប្រតិកម្ម និងម្ាំ

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

វ ិធ្ី សាស្រសដទី១៖

ដយើងកាំណត់ :

10 KN  1cm
f  60 KN  6cm
1

f  80 KN  8m
2

f  50 KN  5cm
3

f  30 KN  3cm
4

f  40 KN  4cm
5

ដូចដនេះ R=20KN,𝛽 = 230

វ ិធ្ី សាស្រសដទី២៖

ដយើងកាំណត់ :

10 KN  2cm
f  60 KN  6cm
1

f  80 KN  8m
2

f  50 KN  5cm
3

f  30 KN  3cm
4

f  40 KN  4cm
5

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

ដូចដនេះ R=20KN,𝛽 = 230

វ ិធ្ី សាស្រសដទី៣៖

F 1

f  f  cos 500  60 KN  cos 500  38.56 KN


1x 1

f  f  sin 500  60 KN  sin 500  45.96 KN


1y 1

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

F 2

f  f cos 600  80 KN  cos 600  40 KN


2x 2

f  f sin 600  80 KN  sin 600  69.28 KN


2y 2

F 3

f  f  cos 600  50 KN  cos 600  25 KN


3x 3

 f  f  sin 600  50 KN  sin 600  43.30 KN


3y 3

F 4

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

f  f  cos 450  30KN× 𝑐𝑜𝑠450 =21.21KN


4x 4

f  f  sin 450  30 KN  sin 450  21.21KN


4y 4

F 5

f  f  cos 700  40 KN  cos 700  13.68KN


5x 5

f  f  sin 700  40 KN  sin 700  37.58KN


5y 5

 f f f f f f
x 1x 2x 3x 4x 5x

  f  38.56 KN  40 KN  25KN  21.21KN  13.68KN  18.67 KN


x

 f  f  f  f  f  f
y 1y 2y 3y 4y 5y

  f  45.96 KN  69.28KN  43.30 KN  21.21KN  37.58KN  7.83KN


y

តាម្ ៖

R f 2
x   f 2y

 R  (18.67 KN ) 2  (7.83KN ) 2  20.24 KN

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

តាម្ ៖

tan(  ) 
f x

7.83KN
 0.4193  22.740
f y
18.67 KN

ដូចដនេះ R  20.24 KN ,  22.74 KN

៣ វ ិធ្ីទី១៖ គណនាMAតាម្វ ិធ្ីម្៉ូម្៉ង់ដប្កាម្អាំដ ើននកម្លាំងដប្ចើន

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

M A  M1  M 2
M 1  F1d1 , F1  50 KN
d1
AB  AC 2  CB 2  (8m) 2  (3m) 2  8.54m

កនងប្តី ដកាណកកងABC ម្ន

 AB   8m 
Sin       0.9367
 AC   8.54m 
   69.5o

តាម្   180  69.50  60  50.5


o o o o

កនងប្តី ដកាណកកងADBម្ន

AD d1
Sin   
AB 8.54m
 d1  8.54m.Sin(50.50 )  6.58m
 M 1  50 KN .6.58m  329 KN .m

ដោយ M 2  F2 .d2 , F2  100KN

កនងប្តី ដកាណកកងAGFម្ន៖

តាម្ប្ទឹសីរ
ដ ទ ីតាគ័ រដគបាន AF  AG 2  GF 2  (6m) 2  (2m) 2  6.32m

តាម្

AG 6m
Sin  '    0.9493
AF 6.32m
  '  71.67o

តាម្   90o   '  90o  71.67o  18.33o

តាម្   30o    30o  18.33o  48.33o

AE d2
Sin   
AF 6.32m
តាម្  d 2  6.32m.Sin(48  33 )  4.72m
o o

 M 2  100 KN .4.72m  472 KN .m


 M A  329 KN .m  472 KN .m  143KN .m

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

ដូ ចដនេះ M A  143KN .m

វ ិធ្ីទី២៖ ការគណនាម្៉ូម្៉ង់តាម្វ ិធ្ីរាំករកកម្លាំង

តាម្

MA  Mx  My
 M x  M1x  M 2 x

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

M 1x  F1x .d1 y
F1x  F1 Cos 60  50 KN .Cos 60  25KN
d1 y  8m
 M 1x  25KN .8m  200 KN .m
M 2 x  F2 x .d 2 y
F2 x  F2 Cos 30  100 KN .Cos 30  86.6 KN
d 2 y  2m
 M 2 x  86.6 KN .2m  173.2 KN .m
  M x  200 KN .m  173.2 KN .m  26.8KN .m

 M y  M 1 y  M 2 y
M 1 y  F1 y .d1x
F1 y  F1.Sin 60  50 KN .Sin 60  43.3KN
d1x  3m
 M 1 y  43.3KN .3m  129.9 KN .m
M 2 y  F2 y .d 2 x
F2 y  F2 .Sin 30  100 KN .Sin 30  50 KN
d 2 x  6m
 M 2 y  50 KN .6m  300 KN .m
  M y  129.9 KN  300 KN .m  170.1KN .m
 M A  25.8KN .m  170.1KN .m  143.3KN .m

ដូចដនេះ M A  143.3KN .m

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

៤.Truss

P2=1KN

P2=1KN P2=1KN
F
8 9
1m

P2=1KN P2=1KN
E 17 G
7 10
1m

P2=1KN P2=1KN
D H
6 11
1m

P2=1KN 14 18 19 20 P2=1KN
C 15 16 I
5 21 12
13
1m

A 1 2 K 3 4 B
RAx 2m 2m J 2m 2m 2m 2m L 2m 2m
RAy 16m RBy

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

គណនាកម្លាំងប្រតិកម្ម

 F  0  : R  0 KN
xp

Ax

 F  0  :R R  9  P  9 1KN  9 KN 1
y

Ax Ay 2

 M  0 :16 R  2m  P  4m  P  6m  P  8m  P  10m  P  12m  P  14  mP  16m  P


A By 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

2m 1KN  4m 1KN  6m 1KN  8m 1KN  10m 1KN  12m 1KN  14m 1KN  16m 1KN
 RBy 
16
 RBy  4.5KN
1  RAy  9 KN  4.5KN  4.5KN
RAx  0 KN , RAy  RBy  4.5 KN

វ ិធ្ីទីកាត់ចាំណង

 ចាំ ណងA

1
tan      26.5o
2
 Fx  0  :N1  N5 .Cos 26.5o  0
 N1   N 5 .Cos 26.5o
F y  0  :RAy  P2  N 5 .Sin 26.5o  0
 RAy  P2
4.5KN  1KN
 N5  o

 7.84 KN
Sin 26.5 Sin 26.5o
 N1  7.84 KN .Cos 26.5o  7.01KN

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

 ចាំ ណងC

F x  0  :N 6 .Cos 26.5  N13 .Cos 26.5  N5 .Cos 26.5  0


N5 .Cos 26.5
N 6  N13   7.84 KN (1)
Cos 26.5
 Fy  0  :N6 .Sin 26.5  N13.Sin 26.5  N5 .Sin 26.5  P2  0
1KN  7.84 KN .Sin 26.5
N 6  N13   5.6 KN (2)
Sin 26.5

តាម្១និង២

N 6  N13  7.84 KN (1)


N 6  N13  5.6 KN (2)
 N 6  6.72 KN
 N13  1.12 KN

 ចាំ ណងD

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

F x  0  :  N 6 Cos 26.5  N 7 Cos 26.5  0


N 6  N 7  6.72 KN
F y  0  : N 7 .Sin 26.5  N 6 Sin 26.5  N14  P2  0
N14  N 7 .Sin 26.5  N 6 Sin 26.5  P2  1KN
 ចាំ ណងJ

3
tan  ' 
  '  56.3o
2
 Fx  0  :N 2  N1  N13.Cos 26.5  N15 .Cos  '  0
N 2  N15 .Cos 56.3  N1  N13 .Cos 26.5
N 2  N15 .0.55  7.01KN  1.12.Cos 26.5  6.01KN
 N 2   N15 .0.55  6.01KN
F y  0  :N14 N15 .Sin 56.3  N13 .Sin 56.3  0
 N14  N13 .Sin 56.3
 N15   1.8 KN
Sin 56.3
 N 2  1.8KN .0.55  6.01KN  5.02 KN
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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

 ចាំ ណងE

 Fx  0  :N .Cos 26.5  N

8 16 .Cos 56.3  N 7 Cos 26.5  N15 Cos 56.3  0
0.89 N8  0.55 N16  N 7 Cos 26.5  N15 Cos 56.3  5KN
0.89 N8  0.55 N16  5KN (1)
F y  0  :N8 .Sin 26.5  N16 .Sin 56.3  N 7 Sin 26.5  N15 Sin 56.3  0
0.44 N8  0.83N16  N 7 Sin 26.5  N15 Sin 56.3  1.5KN
0.44 N8  0.83N16  1.5KN (2)
តាម្១និង២

0.89 N8  0.55 N16  5KN (1)


0.44 N8  0.83N16  1.5KN (2)
 N8  5.35KN
 N16  0.26 KN

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

 ចាំ ណងF

F x  0  :N 9 Cos 26.5 N8 Cos 26.5  0


 N9  N8  5.35KN
F y  0  : N17  P2  N8 .Sin 26.5  N 9 Sin 26.5  0
 N17   P2  N8 .Sin 26.5  N9 Sin 26.5  3.7 KN

ដូចដនេះ

N1  N 4  7.01KN
N 5  N12  7.84 KN
N 6  N11  6.72 KN
N 7  N10  6.72 KN
N 8  N 9  5.35 KN
N13  N 21  1.12 KN
N14  N 20  1KN
N15  N19  1.8 KN
N16  N18  0.26 KN
N17  3.52 KN

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

វ ិធ្ីកាត់ផ្ទង
ាំ

III
IV V P2=1KN VI
I II
P2=1KN P2=1KN
F
8 9
1m

P2=1KN P2=1KN
E 17 G
7 10
1m

P2=1KN P2=1KN
D H
6 11
1m

P2=1KN 14 18 19 20 P2=1KN
C 15 16 I
5 21 12
13
1m

A 1 2 K 3 4 B
RAx 2m 2m J 2m 2m 2m 2m L 2m 2m
RAy 16m RBy

VI
III I II IV V

+កាត់ផ្ទាំង I-I

P2=1KN
5 N5
A
RAx=0KN N1

RAy=4.5KN

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

តាម្សម្ីការលាំនឹង

1
tan      26.5o
2
 Fx  0  :N1  N5 .Cos 26.5o  0
 N1   N 5 .Cos 26.5o
F y  0  :RAy  P2  N 5 .Sin 26.5o  0
 RAy  P2
4.5KN  1KN
 N5  o
  7.84 KN
Sin 26.5 Sin 26.5o
 N1  7.84 KN .Cos 26.5o  7.01KN

+កាត់ផ្ទាំង II-II

P2=1KN
6 N6
P2=1KN
C
5 13 N13
A 1
RAx N1

RAy

F x  0  :N1  N13 .Cos 26.5o  N 6 .Cos 26.5o  0


N1 7.01
 N13  N 6  o
  7.83KN 1
Cos 26.5 Cos 26.5o
 Fy  0  :RAy  2 P2  N 6 .Sin 26.5o  N13.Sin 26.5o  0
 RAy  2 P2 4.5 KN  2 KN
 N 6  N13  o
  5.6 KN  2 
Sin 26.5 Sin 26.5o
N  N 6  7.83KN 1
 13
N 6  N13  5.6 KN  2 
2 N 6  13.43KN
 N 6  6.715KN
 N13  1.12 KN

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

+កាត់ផ្ទាំង III-III

P2=1KN
7
P2=1KN N7
D
6
P2=1KN 14
C N14
5 13
N13
A 1
RAx N1

RAy

F x  0  :N1  N13 .Cos 26.5o  N 7 .Cos 26.5o  0


 N 7 .Cos 26.5o   N1  N13 .Cos 26.5o
N 7 .Cos 26.5o  7.01  1.12  Cos 26.5o
6.11KN
 N7   6.82 KN
Cos 26.5o
 Fy  0  :RAy  3P2  N 7 .Sin 26.5o  N13.Sin 26.5o  N14  0
 N14  4.5 KN  3  1KN  1.12 KN  Sin 26.5o   6.82 KN  Sin 26.5o 
 N14  1.04 KN

+កាត់ផ្ទាំង IV-IV

P2=1KN
N7
P2=1KN 7
D 26.5

6 N15
P2=1KN 14
C 15
5 13
A 56.3
1 N2
RAx J 2

RAy

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Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

M D 0 :N1  N13 .Cos 26.5o  N 7 .Cos 26.5o  0


4m  RAY  2m  P2  4m  P2  2m  N 2  0
4M  4.5KN  2m  4m
 N2   6 KN
2
 Fx  0  : N 2  N15 .Cos 56.3o  N 7 .Cos 26.5o  0
N15 .Cos 56.3o   N 2  N 7 .Cos 26.5o
0.1
 N15   0.18 KN
Cos 26.5o

+កាត់ផ្ទាំង V-V

P2=1KN

8 N8
P2=1KN
E 26.5
7
56.3
P2=1KN
D
6 16
P2=1KN 14 N16
C 15
5 13
N2
A 1 2
RAx J

RAy

F x  0  :N 2  N8 .Cos 26.5o  N16 .Cos 56.3o  0


 0.89  N8  0.55 N16  6 KN 1
F y  0   :RAy  4 P2  N 16 .Sin 56.3o  N 8 .Sin 26.5o  0
 0.44 N8  0.83N16  0.5KN  2 
0.89  N8  0.55 N16  6 KN 1

0.44 N8  0.83N16  0.5KN  2 
0.93 N8  5.22 KN
 N8  5.65KN
1  0.55 N16  6  5.65
 N16  0.35KN

20
Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

+កាត់ផ្ទាំង VI-VI

P2=1KN

P2=1KN P2=1KN
F
8 9
P2=1KN
E
7 17 N9
P2=1KN 56.3
D
6 16 N17
P2=1KN 14
C 15
5 N16
13
A 1 2
RAx J N2

RAy

F x  0  :N 2  N16 .Cos 56.3o  N 9 .Cos 26.5o  0


 N9 .Cos 26.5o   N 2  N16 .Cos 56.3o
N9 .Cos 26.5o  6 KN  0.35KN  Cos 26.5o  5.8KN
5.8KN
 N9   6.48KN
Cos 26.5o
 Fy  0  :RAy  5P2  N17  N 16 .Sin 56.3o  N9 .Sin 26.5o  0
 N17  0.5  6.48.Sin 26.5o  0.35.Sin 56.3o
 N17  2.68KN
កាំលង
ាំ កនងររស់Truss

 N1  N 4  7.01KN
 N 2  N 3  6 KN
 N 5  N12  7.84 KN
 N 6  N11  6.715 KN
 N15  N19  0.18 KN
 N8  N 9  5.65 KN
 N 7  N10  6.82 KN
 N14  N 20  1.04 KN
 N13  N 21  1.12 KN
 N16  N18  0.35 KN
 N17  2.68 KN

21
Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

គណនាកវែម្តាម្វ ិធ្ីប្កាវែិច

P2=1KN

P2=1KN P2=1KN
F
8 9
1m

P2=1KN P2=1KN
E 17 G
7 10
1m

P2=1KN V VI P2=1KN
D H
6 VIII 11
1m

P2=1KN 14 III 19 20 P2=1KN


C 15 16 18 I
II IV VII
5 IX21 12
13
1m

I X
A 1 2 K 3 4 B
RAx 2m 2m J 2m 2m 2m 2m L 2m 2m
RAy 16m RBy

22
Assignment: Mechanics Prepared by: Yun Raksa

ដលខរបារ ចដនាលេះ សញ្ញា កាំលក


ាំ នង(N)
1 I-J
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

23