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JEE Main 2019 Physics April Attempt Shift - 2(08th April, 2019)

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COMPUTER BASED TEST (CBT)

Questions & Solutions

Date: 08 April, 2019 (SHIFT-2) | TIME: 02.30 P.M. to 05.30 P.M.

SUBJECT: PHYSICS

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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| JEE (MAIN) 2019 | DATE : 08-04-2019 (SHIFT-2) | PAPER-2 | OFFICIAL PAPER | PHYSICS

PART : PHYSICS

Straight Objective Type (lh/ks oLrqfu"B izdkj)

This section contains 24 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (1), (2), (3) and (4) for its

answer, out of which Only One is correct.

bl [k.M esa 24 cgq&fodYih iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ds 4 fodYi (1), (2), (3) rFkk (4) gSa] ftuesa ls flQZ ,d lgh gSA

40

Ca rFkk 16O ds ukfHkdksa ds nzO;eku ?kuRo ds vuqikr dk lfUudV eku gksxk :

Ans. (1)

Sol. 1:1

2. A convex lens (of focal length 20 cm) and a concave mirror, having their principal axes along the same

lines, are kept 80 cm apart from each other. The concave mirror is to the right of the convex lens. When

an object is kept at a distance of 30 cm to the left of the convex lens, its image remains at the same

position even if the concave mirror is removed. The maximum distance of the object for which this

concave mirror, by itself would produce a virtual image would be:

,d mRry ysl (Qksdl nwjh 20 cm) rFkk ,d vory niZ.k] ftuds eq[; v{k ,d gh js[kk esa gS] dks ,d nwljs ls 80

cm dh nwjh ij j[kk x;k gS vory niZ.k mRry ysal ds nkfguh rjQ j[kk gSA tc ,d oLrq mRry ysal ds ck¡;h rjQ

30 cm dh nwjh ij j[kh tkrh gS] rks mldk izfrfcEc mlh LFkku ij gh jgrk gS] Hkys gh vory niZ.k dks mldh fLFkfr

ls gVk fn;k tk;sA oLrq dh vf/kdre nwjh] ftlds fy, og vory niZ.k [kqn ls gh vkHkklh izfrfcEc cuk;s] gksxh:

(1) 10 cm (2) 20 cm (3) 25 cm (4) 30 cm

Ans. (1)

Sol. Using lens formula

1 1 1

v = 60 cm

v 30 20

Distance of this Image from Mirror is 20 cm. As per given condition Image should form at COC of Mirror.

So that 20 cm = 2fM f M = 10 cm.

Hence Maximum distance from mirror for virtual image is focal length = 10 cm.

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3. Two magnetic dipoles X and Y are placed at a separation d, with their axes perpendicular to each other.

The dipole moment of Y is twice that of X. A particle of charge q is passing through their mid-point P, at

angle = 45° with the horizontal line, as shown in figure. What would be the magnitude of force on the

particle at that instant? (d is much large than the dimensions of the dipole)

nks pqEcdh; f}/kzqoksa X rFkk Y dks fp=kkuqlkj d, nwjh ij] muds v{kksa dks ijLij yEcor~ djds] j[kk gSA Y dk f}/kqzo

vk?kw.kZ X dk nks xquk gSA q vkos'k dk ,d d.k bu nksuksa ds Bhd e/; fcUnq P ls {kSfrt js[kk ls = 45° ds dks.k ij

fp=kkuqlkj] xqtjrk gSA bl {k.k ij d.k ij ,d yxs cy dk ifjek.k D;k gksxk ? (fn;k gS % d f}/kzqo ds dkj

(dimensions) ls vR;f/kd cM+k gS)

d

S

S N P

X N

M Y

(2)

M 2M

(3) 0 M

(1) 2 0 q (2) 0 q q (4) 0

4 d

2

3

4 d

2

3

2

d

3

Ans. (4)

B2 2

Sol.

1 2M

d/2 B1 d/2

M 2M

B1 = 2 0 . ; B2 = 0 . 3

( d / 2) ( d / 2)

B1 = B2

Net magnetic field will be at 45°

The direction of Bnet & vel. of charge is same, hence charge will experience no force.

4. Young's moduli of two wires A and B are in the ratio 7 : 4. Wire A is 2 m long and has radius R. Wire B is

1.5m long and has radius 2 mm. If the two wires stretch by the same length for a given load, then the

value of R is close to :

nks rkjksa A rFkk B ds ;ax izR;kLFkrk xq.kkadksa dk vuqikr 7 : 4 gSA rkj A dh yEckbZ 2 m rFkk f=kT;k R gSA rkj B dh

yEckbZ 1.5m rFkk f=kT;k 2 mm gSA ;fn bu nksuksa rkjksa dh yEckbZ esa o`f)] ,d fn;s x;s Hkkj ds dkj.k] cjkcj gS rks

R dk lfUudV eku gksxk :

Ans. (2)

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F

Sol. Y

r 2

YA F r 2

2A B

YB rA F B

7 2 22 4 2 22

2 rA2

4 1.5 rA 1.5 7

rA = 1.7mm

5. The temperature, at which the root mean square velocity of hydrogen molecules equals their escape

velocity from the earth, is closest to :

[Boltzmann Constant kB = 1.38 × 10–23 J/K, Avogadro Number NA = 6.02 × 1026 / kg

Radius of Earth : 6.4 × 106 m

Gravitational acceleration on Earth = 10 ms–2]

og rkieku] ftl ij gkbMªkstu v.kq dk oxZ ek/; ewy osx] i`Foh ls mlds iyk;u osx ds cjkcj gksxk] dk ff=kdV eku

gS : [fn;k gS% oksYVteku fu;rkad kB = 1.38 × 10–23 J/K, vkoksxknzks la[;k NA = 6.02 × 1026 / kg

i`Foh dh f=kT;k : 6.4 × 106 m, i`Foh ij xq:Roh; Roj.k = 10 ms–2]

(1) 800 K (2) 104 K (3) 3 × 105 K (4) 650 K

Ans. (2)

3RT

Sol. 11.2km / s

m

25

3 T

3 = (11.2 × 103)2

2 10 3

T = 10035.2 K 104 K

6. Let A 1 3, A 2 5 and A 1 A 2 5 . The value of 2 A 1 3 A 2 ● 3 A 1 2 A 2 is :

fn;k gS A 1 3, A 2 5 rFkk A 1 A 2 5 rks 2 A 1 3 A 2 ● 3 A 1 2 A 2 ek eku gksxk :

Ans. (2)

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2

Sol.

A1 A 2 A1 A 2 A 1 A 2

9 + 25 + 2 A A = 25 1 2

A A = –29

1 2

2A 1

2

3A 2 3A1 – 2A 2 = 6 A1 – 4A1 A 2 9A 2 A1 – 6 A 2

2

–9

= 69 5 – 6 25 = –118.5

2

7. A circuit connected to an ac source of emf e = e0sin(100t) with t in seconds, gives a phase difference of

between the emf e and current i. Which of the following circuits will exhibit this ?

4

(1) RC circuit with R = 1 k and C = 10 F

(2) RL circuit with R = 1 k and L = 10 mH

(3) RC circuit with R = 1 k and C = 1F

(4) RL circuit with R = 1 k and L = 1 mH

tc ,d fo|qr okgd cy e = e0sin(100t) tgk¡ t lsd.M esa gS] ds izR;korhZ L=kksr dks ,d ifjiFk ls tksM+rs gS rks fo+|qr

okgd cy e rFkk /kkjk i esa dk dykUrj ik;k tkrk gSA fuEu esa ls fdl ifj iFk esa ,slk gksxk ?

4

(1) RC ifjiFk] tgk¡ R = 1 k rFkk C = 10 F

Ans. (2)

XC

Sol. tan =

R

1

R RC = 1

C

There force circuit is RC = 102 × 103 × 10 × 10–6 = 1

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8. In the circuit shown, a four-wire potentiometer is made of a 400 cm long wire, which extends between A

and B. The resistance per unit length of the potentiometer wire is r = 0.01 /cm. If an ideal voltmeter is

connected as shown with jockey J at 50 cm from end A, the expected reading, of the voltmeter will be :

fn[kk;s x;s ifjiFk esa ,d pkj rkj okys foHkoekih ds 400 cm yEcs rkj dks A rFkk B ds chp esa yxk;k x;k ¼fp=k

nsf[k;s½A bl foHkoekih rkj dk ,dkad yEckbZ dk izfrjks/k r = 0.01 /cm gSA ;fn ,d vkn'kZ oksYVehVj dks fp=kkuqlkj

tkWdh J ds lkFk fljs A ls 50 cm nwjh ij yxkrs gS] rks oksYVehVj ds ikB;kad dk visf{kr eku gksxk :

Ans. (2)

3 4 1

Sol. Reading = Potential gradient × length = 50

0.5 0.5 4 1 400 4

9. A common emitter amplifier circuit, built using an npn transistor, is shown in the figure. Its dc current gain

is 250, RC = 1 kand VCC = 10 V. What is the minimum base current for VCE to reach saturation?

fp=k esa ,d npn VªkaflLVj }kjk cuk;s x;s mHk;fu"B mRltZd izo/kZd dks fn[kk;k x;k gSA bldk dc /kkjk izo?kZu 250

gS rFkk blesa RC = 1 krFkk VCC = 10 V gSA VCE dh lar`fIr (saturation) ds fy;s vk/kkj /kkjk dk U;wure eku gksxk?

RB

VB VCC

Ans. (3)

10V

Sol. ic =

1 k

ic

250

ib

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10. A positive point charge is released from rest at a distance r0 from a positive line charge with uniform

density. The speed () of the point charge, as a function of instantaneous distance r from line charge, is

proportional to :

fojkekoLFkk ls ,d fcUnq /ku vkos'k dks ,d ,dleku ?kuRo ds /kukRed js[kh; vkos'k ls r0 nwjh ij NksM+rsa gSA fcUnq

vkos'k dh pky ()js[kh; vkos'k ls rkR{kf.kd nwjh r ds Qyu ds :i esa lekuqikrh gksxh :

r0

r r r

(1)

(2) n (3) n (4) e r / r0

r0 r0 r0

Ans. (3)

Sol. KE + U = 0

1

mv 2 0 q( v f v i ) 0

2

1 R

mv 2 q 2kn 0

2 R0

1 R

mv 2 2kqn

2 R0

1/ 2

4kq R

v n

m R 0

11. If surface tension (S), Moment of Inertia (I) and Planck's constant (h), were to be taken as the fundamental

units, the dimensional formula for linear momentum would be :

;fn i`"B ruko (S), tM+Ro vk?kw.kZ (I) rFkk Iykad fu;rkad (h) dks ewyHkwr bdkbZ ekuas rks js[kh; laosx dk foek lw=k gksxk

(1) S1/2 1/2 h0 (2) S1/2 2/3 h–1 (3) S3/2 1/2 h0 (4) S1/2 1/2 h–1

Ans. (1)

Sol. p hx Ty z

MLT–1 º (ML2T–1)x (MT–2)y (M2)z

MLT–1 = Mx + y + z L2x + 2z × T–x – 2y

x y z 1

1

1 y

xz 2

2

x + 2y = 1 x+1= 1x= 0

P h0 s1/2 1/2

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12. In the figure shown, what is the current (in Ampere) drawn from the battery ? You are given :

fp=k esa fn[kkbZ x;h cSVjh ls fudyh /kkjk dk eku ¼,fEi;j esa½ D;k gksxk \ fn;k x;k gS :

R1 = 15 , R2 = 10 , R3 = 20 , R4 = 5 , R5 = 25 R6 = 30 E = 15 V

R3

R1

+

E– R2 R4

R6 R5

Ans. (4)

25 135 25 160

Sol. Req = 45

3 3 3

V 15 9

i=

R 160 32

3

13. A nucleus A, with a finite de-broglie wavelength A, undergoes spontaneous fission into two nuclei B and

C of equal mass. B flies in the same direction as that of A, while C flies in the opposite direction with a

velocity equal to half that of B. The de-Broglie wavelengths B and C of B and C are respectively:

ifjfer ns&czkWxyh rjaxnS/;Z A ds ,d ukfHkd A dk Lor% fo[k.Mu cjkcj nzO;eku ds nks ukfHkdksa B rFkk C esa gksrk gSA

B ukfHkd A dh fn'kk esa rFkk C ukfHkd mlds foijhr fn'kk esa B ds vk/ks osx ls tkrk gSA rks B o C dh ns&czkWXyh

A A

(1) A, 2A (2) , A (3) A, (4) 2A, A

2 2

Ans. (2)

v /2

Sol. Au C Bv

2m m m

h h h

A = B = = A C = = A

2mu mv 2 v

m

2

Applying conservation of linear momentum

mv

2mu = – + mv v = 4u

2

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14. A uniform rectangular thin sheet ABCD of mass M has length a and breadth b, as shown in the figure. If

the shaded portion HBGO is cut-off, the coordinates of the centre of mass of the remaining portion will

be:

nzO;eku M dh ,dleku vk;rkdkj iryh pn~nj ABCD ftldh yEckbZ a rFkk pkSM+kbZ b gS] dks fp=k esa fn[kk;k x;k

gSA ;fn blds vkPNkfnr Hkkx HBGO dks dkVdj gVk nsrs gS rks ckdh pn~nj ds nzO;eku dsUnz dk funsZ'kkad gksxk :

(0, b) (a, b)

H

A B

E G

O

D C

(0, 0) F (a, 0)

2a 2b 3 a 3b 5 a 5b 5 a 5b

(1) , (2) , (3) , (4) ,

3 4 4 4 12 12 3 3

Ans. (3)

a 3a ab

ab

Sol. xcm = 2 4 4

ab

ab

4

1 3 5

a a

2 16 = 16 = 5a x = 5a

cm

1 3 12 12

1

4 4

5b

Similarly blhizdkj, ycm =

12

15. In a simple pendulum experiment for determination of acceleration due to gravity (g), time taken for

20 oscillations is measured by using a watch of 1 second least count. The mean value of time taken

comes out to be 30 s. The length of pendulum is measured by using a meter scale of least count 1 mm

and the value obtained is 55.0 cm. The percentage error in the determination of g is close to :

,d ljy nksyd ds iz;ksx] ftlesa xq:Roh; Roj.k (g) ekiuk gS, esa 20 nksyuksa dk le; ,d 1 sec vYirekad okyh ,d

fojke ?kM+h ls ekirs gSA le; dk ek/; eku 30 s vkrk gSA nksyd dh yEckbZ 1 mm vYireekad ds iSekus ls ekius

ij 55.0 cm vkrh gSA g ds ekiu esa izfr'kr =kqfV dk lfUudV eku gksxk :

(1) 0.2% (2) 0.7% (3) 6.8 % (4) 3.5 %

Ans. (3)

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4 2

Sol. g

T2

g T

2

g T

0.1 1

2

55 30

g 10 20

100 = 6.8%

g 55 3

16. In a line of sight radio communication, a distance of about 50 km is kept between the transmitting, and

receiving antennas. If the height of the receiving antenna is 70m, then the minimum height of the

transmitting antenna should be : (Radius of the Earth = 6.4 × 106 m).

,d n`f"Vjs[kh; jsfM;ks lapj.k esa izs"kd rFkk vfHkxzkgh ,UVhuk ds chp 50 km dh nwjh gSA ;fn vfHkxzkgh ,UVhuk dh

Å¡pkbZ 70m gS rks izs"kd ,UVhuk dh U;wure Å¡pkbZ gksuh pkfg;s : (fn;k gS% i`Foh dh f=kT;k = 6.4 × 106 m).

(1) 32 m (2) 20 m (3) 40 m (4) 51 m

Ans. (1)

on solving

hT = 31.45 m

17. A solid sphere and solid cylinder of identical radii approach an incline with the same linear velocity (see

figure). Both roll without slipping all throughout. The two climb maximum heights hsph and hcyl on the

hsph

incline. The ratio is given by :

hcyl

,d Bksl xksyk rFkk ,d Bksl csyu ftudh f=kT;k;sa leku gS] ,d vkur ry dh rjQ leku js[kh; osx ls tk jgs gSa

¼fp=k ns[ksa½A 'kw: ls var rd nksuksa fcuk fQlys yq<+drs gq;sa pyrs gSA ;s vkur ry ij vf/kdre Å¡pkbZ hsph rFkk hcyl

hsph

rd p<+ ikrs gS rks vuqikr gksxk :

hcyl

4 2 14

(1) (2) (3) 1 (4)

5 5 15

Ans. (4)

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Sol.

v = Rw

For sphere, xksys ds fy,

1 2 1

mgh1 = k1 = Iw mv 2

2 2

1 2 1

= mR2 w 2 mv 2

2 5 2

1 1 7

= mv 2 mv 2

5 2 10

For solid cylinder, Bksl xksys ds fy,

2

1 1 mR2 2 1 1 3mv

mgh2 = k2 = mv 2 w = mv2

2 2 2 2 4 4

7

mgh1 k1 10 7 4 14 h 14

= 1 =

mgh2 k2 3 10 3 15 h2 15

4

18. A damped harmonic oscillator has a frequency of 5 oscillations per second. The amplitude drops to half

1

its value for every 10 oscillations. The time it will take to drop to of the original amplitude is close

1000

to :

,d voefUnr vkorhZ nksyd dh vko`fr izfr lsd.M 5 nksyu gSA bldk vk;ke izR;sd 10 nksyu ds ckn vk/kk gks tkrk

1

gSA blds ewy vk;ke dks xquk ?kVkus esa yxs le; dk lfUudV eku gksxk :

1000

(1) 10 s (2) 50 s (3) 20 s (4) 100 s

Ans. (3)

Sol. f=5

so T = 1/5

10T = 10/5 = 2

A0/1000 = A0(1/2)t/2

(2)t/2 = 1000

(t/2) log 2 = 3

6

t= 20 s

log 2

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,d fo|qr pqEcdh; rjax dk pqEcdh; {ks=k fuEu gS :

B 1.6 10– 6 cos 2 107 z 6 1015 t 2î ĵ Wb

2

m

The associated electric field will be :

blds laxr fo|qr {ks=k gksxk :

V

(1) E 4.8 10 cos 2 10 z 6 10 t ˆi 2jˆ

2 7

15

m

(2) E 4.8 10 cos 2 10 z – 6 10 t 2jˆ ˆi

2 7

15

mV

2 7

15

(3) E 4.8 10 cos 2 10 z 6 10 t – î 2 ĵ mV

2 7

15

(4) E 4.8 10 cos 2 10 z – 6 10 t 2î ĵ mV

Ans. (1)

Sol. E B V

20. A parallel plate capacitor has 1F capacitance. One of its two plates is given +2C charge and the other

plate, +4C charge. The potential difference developed across the capacitor is :

,d lekUrj IysV la/kkfj=k dh /kkfjrk 1F gSA bldh ,d IysV dks +2C rFkk nwljh IysV dks +4C vkos'k nsrs gSA

la/kkfj=k ij mRiUu foHkokUrj gS :

(1) 5V (2) 2 V (3) 3 V (4) 1 V

Ans. (4)

Sol.

3C 3C

–1 1

Q 1C

V 1Volt

C 1F

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21. A rectangular solid box of length 0.3 m is held horizontally, with one of its sides on the edge of a platform

of height 5m. When released, it slips off the table in a very short time = 0.01 s, remaining essentially

horizontal. The angle by which it would rotate when it hits the ground will be (in radians) close to :

0.3 m yEckbZ ds ,d Bksl vk;rkdkj fMCcs ds ,d fljs dks 5m Å¡ps IysVQkWeZ ds fdukjs ij {kSfrt idM+k gqvk gSA tc

mls NksM+rs gS rks yxHkx {kSfrt jgrs gq, cgqr de le; = 0.01 s esa est ij ls fQly tkrk gSA tc ;g tehu ij

fxjrk gS rks ;g yxHkx fdl dks.k ls ¼jsfM;u esas½ ?kwe tk;sxk :

l

Ans. (3)

Sol.

We consider rod will rotate with respect to point A for time interval 0.01 second,

angular velocity w.r.t. A equal to

L

mg

= 2 3g

2

mL / 3 2L

Angular velocity at t = 0.01 second is,

3g 1

= t = × 0.01 = rad/sec.

2L 2

2h

time of light T = = 1sec.

g

1

Angle = T = rad.

2

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22. Calculate the limit of resolution of a telescope objective having a diameter of 200 cm, if it has to detect

light of wavelength 500 nm coming from a star.

,d rkjs ls vk jgs 500 nm rjaxnS/;Z ds izdk'k dks lalwfpr (detect) djus ds fy;s 200 cm O;kl ds vfHkn`';d ysal

okys nwjn'khZ dh foHksnu lhek Kkr dhft;s .

(1) 610 × 10–9 radian (2) 152.5 × 10–9 radian (3) 457.5 × 10–9 radian (4) 305 × 10–9 radian

Ans. (4)

1.22 1.22 500nm

Sol. the limit of resolution =

a 2m

23. A particle starts from origin O from rest and moves with a uniform acceleration along the positive x-axis.

Identify all figures that correctly represent the motion qualitatively.

(a = acceleration, = velocity,

x = displacement, t = time)

,d d.k fLFkjkoLFkk ls ,d /kukRed x-v{k dh fn'kk esa ewyfcUnq O ls fu;r Roj.k ls pyrk gSA mu lHkh fp=kksa dks

Kkr dhft;s tks bl d.k dh xfr dks xq.kkRed :i esa lgh n'kkZrs gSA

(a = Roj.k, = osx, x = foLFkkiu, t = le;)

(A) a (B)

O t O t

x x

(C) (D)

O t O t

(3) (B), (C) (4) (A), (B), (C)

Ans. (2)

Sol. a = Constant Hence (A)

v = at Hence (B)

1 2

x= at Hence (D)

2

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24. A cell of internal resistance r drives current through an external resistance R. The power delivered by

the cell to the external resistance will be maximum when :

vkarfjd izfrjks/k r dh ,d lsy ,d ckg~; izfrjks/k R esa /kkjk izokfgr djrh gSA lsy }kjk izfrjks/k dks iznku dh x;h

'kfDr dk eku vf/kdre gksxk] tc :

(1) R = 1000 r (2) R = r (3) R = 2r (4) R = 0.001 r

Ans. (2)

Sol.

E r

E

i=

(R r )

E2

P across R = i2R = R

(R r )2

dP

0

dR

R=r

25. A rocket has to be launched from earth in such a way that it never returns. If E is the minimum energy

delivered by the rocket launcher, what should be the minimum energy that the launcher should have if

the same rocket is to be launched from the surface of the moon ? Assume that the density of the earth

and the moon are equal and that the earth's volume is 64 times the volume of the moon.

,d jkWdsV dks i`Foh ls bl rjg iz{ksfir djrs gSa fd og okil ugha vkrk gSA ;fn blds fy;s jkdsV iz{ksid (launched)

}kjk nh x;h U;wure ÅtkZ E gS rks mlh jkdsV dks pUnzek dh lrg ls iz{ksfir djus ds fy, iz{ksid }kjk nh x;h

U;wure ÅtkZ D;k gksxh \ ekfu;s fd i`Foh rFkk pUnzek dk ?kuRo leku gS rFkk i`Foh dk vk;ru pUnzek ls 64 xquk

T;knk gS .

E E E E

(1) (2) (3) (4)

4 16 32 64

Ans. (2)

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Mass of Earth Me = 64 Mm.

4 3

Re

Me 3 R3e

64 3

64 Re 4Rm

Mm 4 3 Rm

Rm

3

GMe m

E Re MR M Rm 1

e m = e = (64) × = 16

E ' GMmm MmRe Mm R

e 4

Rm

E E

16 E' =

E' 16

26. A body of mass m1 moving with an unknown velocity of 1î , undergoes a collinear collision with a body

of mass m2 moving with a velocity 2 î . After collision, m1 and m2 move with velocities of 3 î and 4 î

, respectively. If m2 = 0.5 m1 and 3 0.5 1 , then 1 is :

nzO;eku m1 dk ,d fi.M vKkr osx 1î , ls pyrs gq, ,d nwljs nzO;eku m2 rFkk osx 2 î ls tkrs gq;s ,d fi.M ls

lejs[kh; la?kV~V ds ckn m1 rFkk m2 Øe'k% osx 3 î rFkk 4 î , ls pyrs gSA ;fn m2 = 0.5 m1 rFkk 3 0.5 1 gks

rks 1 gksxk :

2 2

(1) 4 – (2) 4 – 2 (3) 4 + 2 (4) 4 –

4 2

Ans. (2)

Sol. Before collision VDdj ls iwoZ

2m V1 m V2

2m 0.5V1 m V4

VDdj ls iwoZ rFkk ckn esa laosx laj{k.k ls

2mv1 + mv2 = 2m (0.5v1) + mv4

v4 = v1 + v2

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27. The given diagram shows four processes i.e., isochoric, isobaric, isothermal and adiabatic. The correct

assignment of the processes, in the same order is given by :

fn;s x;s fp=k esa pkj izØe] levk;rfud] lenkch;] lerkih; rFkk :)ks"e] fn[kk;s x;s gSaS bl xzkQksa dk blh Øe esa

lgh fufnZ"Vhdj.k gksxk:

a

b

P

d c

v

(1) d a b c (2) d a c b (3) a d b c (4) a d c b

Ans. (1)

Sol. a - isobaric , b – isothermal, c – adiabatic, d – Isochoric

28. An electric dipole is formed by two equal and opposite charges q with separation d. The charges have

same mass m. It is kept in a uniform electric field E. If it is slightly rotated from its equilibrium orientation,

then its angular frequency is :

,d fo|qr f}/kqzo d nwjh ij j[ks nks cjkcj ,oa foijhr vkos'k q ls cuk gSA vkos'kksa dk ,dleku nzO;eku m gSA bldks

,dleku fo|qr {ks=k E esa j[krs gSA bls bldh lkE;koLFkk ds vfHkfoU;kl ls FkksM+k lk ?kqekrs gS rks] dks.kh; vko`fr

gksxh :

2qE qE qE qE

(1) (2) 2 (3) (4)

md md 2 md md

Ans. (1)

pE qd(E) 2qdE

Sol. 2 = 2 2

md md md2

4 4

2qE 2qE

2

md md

29. The electric field in a region is given by E Ax Bî , where E is in NC–1 and x is in metres. The values

of constants are A = 20 SI unit and B = 10 SI unit. If the potential at x = 1 is V1 and that at x = –5 is V2,

then V1–V2 is :

,d LFkku ij fo|qr {ks=k E Ax Bî gS, tgk¡ E NC–1 esa rFkk x ehVj esa gSA fu;rkadksa ds eku A = 20 SI unit rFkk

B = 10 SI unit gSA ;fn x = 1 ij foHko V1 rFkk x = –5 ij foHko V2 gS rks V1–V2 gksxk :

Ans. (1)

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Sol.

vf – vi = – E.dx

1

v1 – v2 = Ax B dx

5

1

Ax 2 A 25A

=– Bx = – B 5B

2 2 2

5

20

= – 10 250 50 = – [10 + 10 + 50 – 250] = +180

2

30. Two very long, straight, and insulated wires are kept at 90° angle from each other in xy-plane as shown

in the figure.

nks cgqr yEcs] lh/ks rFkk fo|qr jks/kh rkjksa dks ,d nwljs ls 90° dks.k ij fp=kkuqlkj xy-lery esa j[kk gSA

y

x

I d

P

d

These wires carry currents of equal magnitude , whose directions are shown in the figure. The net

magnetic field at point P will be :

rkjksa esa ,dleku /kkjk , fp=k eas fn[kk;h fn'kk esa] cg jgh gSA fcUnq P ij ifj.kkeh pqEcdh; {ks=k gksxk:

0I

(1) x̂ ŷ (2) Zero 'kwU;

2d

0I 0I

(3) – x̂ ŷ (4) ẑ

2d d

Ans. (2)

0

Sol. B1

O

2y

0

B2

2x

0 0

B 0

2 y 2 x

x=y=d

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