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JEE Main 2019 Mathematics April Attempt Shift - 1(09th April, 2019)

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COMPUTER BASED TEST (CBT)

Questions & Solutions

Date: 09 April, 2019 (SHIFT-1) | TIME: 09.30 A.M. to 12.30 P.M.

Duration: 3 Hours | Max. Marks: 360

SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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| JEE(MAIN) 2019 | DATE : 09-04-2019 (SHIFT-1) | PAPER-1 | OFFICIAL PAPER | MATHEMATICS

Mathematics

This section contains 30 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (1), (2), (3) and (4) for its

answer, out of which Only One is correct.

bl [k.M esa 30 cgq&fodYih iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ds 4 fodYi (1), (2), (3) rFkk (4) gSa] ftuesa ls flQZ ,d lgh gSA

1 1 1 1

1. Four persons can hit a target correctly with probabilities , , and respectively. If all hit at the

2 3 4 8

target independently, then the probability that the target would be hit, is :

1 1 1 1

pkj O;fDr;ksa ds ,d y{; ij Bhd izdkj ls izgkj djus dh izkf;drk,a Øe'k% , , rFkk gSA ;fn lHkh bl

2 3 4 8

y{; Ikj Lora=k :Ik ls izgkj djrs gS] rks y{; ij vk?kkr gksus dh izkf;drk gS&

1 7 25 25

(1) (2) (3) (4)

192 32 192 32

Ans. (4)

Sol. P(H) = 1 – P(Not Hitting)

1 2 3 7 25

= 1 . . . =

2 3 4 8 32

2.

i

All the points in the set S

– i

: R i – 1 lie on a :

(1) Straight line whose slope is 1. (2) Circle whose radius is 2 .

(3) Circle whose radius is 1. (4) Straight line whose slope is –1.

leqPp; S

i

– i

: R i – 1

ds lHkh fcUnq ftl ij fLFkr gS] ;g gS&

(1) ,d ljy js[kk ftldh <ky (slope) 1 gSA (2) ,d o`Ùk ftldh f=kT;k 2 gSA

(3) ,d o`Ùk ftldh f=kT;k 1 gSA (4) ,d ljy js[kk ftldh <ky –1 gSA

Ans (3)

i 2

Sol. x + iy =

2 1

2 – 1 2i

=

2 1

2 – 1 2

x= & y=

1

2

2 1

2

2

– 1 4 2

x2 + y2 =

2

2

1

x2 + y2 = 1

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| JEE(MAIN) 2019 | DATE : 09-04-2019 (SHIFT-1) | PAPER-1 | OFFICIAL PAPER | MATHEMATICS

3. Let f(x) = 15–|x–10|; xR. Then the set of all values of x, at which the function, g(x) = f(f(x)) is not

differentiable, is :

ekuk f(x) = 15–|x–10|; xR gS] rks x ds mu lHkh ekuksa dk leqPp;] ftu ij Qyu g(x) = f(f(x)) voydyh; ugha

gS&

(1) {5, 10, 15} (2) {10, 15} (3) {10} (4) {5, 10, 15, 20}

Ans. (1)

Sol. g x f 15 x 10

= 15 15 x 10 10 = 15 – 5 x 10

10 x x 5

15 x 5 x 10

= = 20 x 5 x 10

15 15 x 10 x

x 10 x 15

30 x 15 x

not differentiable at 5, 10, 15

5, 10, 15 ij vodyuh; ugha gSA

4. Let 3 î ĵ and 2 î ĵ 3k̂ . If 1 2 , where 1 is parallel to and 2 is perpendicular to ,

then 1 2 is equal to :

ekuk 3 î ĵ rFkk 2î ĵ 3k̂ gSA ;fn 1 2 gS, tgk¡ 1 lfn'k ds lekUrj gS rFkk 2 lfn'k ds

yEcor~ gS] rks 1 2 cjkcj gS&

(1)

1

2

– 3 î 9 ĵ 5k̂ (2) – 3 î 9 ĵ 5k̂ (3) 3 î – 9 ĵ – 5k̂ (4)

1

2

3 î – 9 ĵ 5k̂

Ans. (1)

. 5 3 1

Sol. 1 = 2

= î + ĵ

10 2 2 2

1 3

2 = 1 = ( ˆi ˆj 3k)

ˆ

2 2

1

1 2 = ( 3iˆ 9ˆj 5k)

ˆ

2

cos210º–cos10º cos50º + cos250º dk eku gS&

3 3

(2) 3/4 (3) 3/2 (4) cos 20º

2 2

Ans. (2)

Sol. cos2 10° + cos2 50° – cos 10°cos 50°

1

= {1 + cos 20° + 1 + cos 100° – cos 60° – cos 40°}.

2

1 3 1 3 3

= [ + 2 cos 60° cos 40° – cos 40°] = =

2 2 2 2 4

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| JEE(MAIN) 2019 | DATE : 09-04-2019 (SHIFT-1) | PAPER-1 | OFFICIAL PAPER | MATHEMATICS

1 1 1 2 1 3 1 n – 1 1 78 1 n

6. If . . ............... , then the inverse of is :

0 1 0 3 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1

1 1 1 2 1 3 1 n – 1 1 78 1 n

;fn . . ............... gS] rks dk O;qRØe (inverse) gS&

0 1 0 3 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1

1 0 1 0 1 – 12 1 – 13

(1) (2) (3) (4)

12 1 13 1 0 1 0 1

Ans. (4)

1 1 1 2 1 3 1 n 1 1 78

Sol. .......

0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1

n(n 1)

= 78 n =13

2

1 13 1 13

A= So A–1=

0 1 0 1

dy

7. The solution of the differential equation xy 2y x 2 (x 0) with y(1) = 1, is :

dx

dy

vody lehdj.k xy 2y x 2 (x 0) dk gy ftlds fy, y(1) = 1 gS, gS&

dx

x2 1 x2 3 3 2 1 4 3 1

(1) y (2) y (3) y x 2 (4) y x 2

5 5x 2 4 4x 2 4 4x 5 5x

Ans. (2)

xdy

Sol. 2y x 2

dx

dy 2y

x

dx x

2

I.F. = e

x dx x2

x dx

3

y. x2 =

x4

yx2 = C

4

1 3

1 CC

4 4

x2 3

y=

4 4x 2

2 cos x – 1

,x

8. If the function f defined of , by f x cot x – 1 4 is continuous, then k is equal to :

6 3

k, x

4

2 cos x – 1

,x

;fn Qyu f , , ij bl izdkj ifjHkkf"kr gS fd f x cot x – 1 4 larr gS] rks k cjkcj gS&

6 3

k, x

4

1 1

(1) (2) (3) 1 (4) 2

2 2

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Ans. (1)

Sol. Since f(x) is continuous at x = /4

pqfd f(x), x = /4 ij lrr gS

2 cos x 1 2 sin x 1

lim f(x) = f k = lim k = lim

x

4 x

cot x 1 x

cosec x 2

2

4 4 4

9. If a tangent to the circle x2 + y2 = 1 intersects the coordinate axes at distinct points P and Q, then the

locus of the mid-point of PQ is :

;fn o`Ùk x2 + y2 = 1 dh ,d Li'kZ js[kk funsZ'kkad v{kksa dks fHkUu fcUnqvksa P vkSj Q ij izfrPNsn djrh gS] rks PQ ds

e/; fcUnq dk fcUnqiFk (locus) gS&

(1) x2 + y2 – 4x2y2 = 0 (2) x2 + y2 – 16x2y2 = 0 (3) x2 + y2 – 2x2y2 = 0 (4) x2 + y2 – 2xy = 0

Ans (1)

Sol. Let equation of tangent to the given circle be x cos + y sin = 1

The line meets x – axis at (sec, 0) & y - axis at (0, cosec ). If P (h, k) is the mid-point of this segment.

2h = sec & 2k = cosec

1 1

+ = 4 x2 + y2 – 4x2y2 = 0

x 2

y2

ekuk p, q R. ;fn 2 – 3 f}?kkrh lehdj.k x2 + px + q = 0 dk ,d ewy gS] rks

(1) q2 + 4p + 14 = 0 (2) q2 – 4p – 12 = 0 (3) p2 – 4q – 12 = 0 (4) p2 – 4q + 12 = 0

Ans (3)

Hence p = 4 and q =1

Hence p2 – 4q – 12 = 0

11. If f(x) is a non-zero polynomial of degree four, having local extreme points at x = –1, 0, 1; then the set

S = {x R : f(x) = f(0)}

contains exactly :

(1) Two irrational and one rational number. (2) Four irrational numbers.

(3) Four rational numbers. (4) Two irrational and two rational numbers.

;fn f(x), ?kkr pkj dk ,d 'kwU;srj cgqin gS] ftlds LFkkuh; pje fcUnq x = –1, 0, 1 ij gS] rks leqPp;

S = {x R : f(x) = f(0)} esa ek=k :

(1) nks vifjes; rFkk ,d ifjes; la[;k,a gSA (2) pkj vifjes; la[;k,a gSA

(3) pkj ifjes; la[;k,a gSA (4) nks vifjes; rFkk nks ifjes; la[;k,a gSA

Ans (1)

x 4 x2

Sol. Let f'(x) = x(x2–1) f(x) = – +C

4 2

x4 x2

Now f(0) = f(x) – =0x=0 or ± 2

4 2

Hence (1)

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12. Let S = {[–2, 2] : 2cos2 + 3sin = 0}. Then the sum of the elements of S is :

ekuk S = {[–2, 2] : 2cos2 + 3sin = 0} rks S ds vo;oksa dk ;ksxQy gS&

13 5

(1) (2) 2 (3) (4)

6 3

Ans. (2)

Sol. 2 cos2 + 3sin = 0 2sin2 –3sin –2 = 0 (sin– 2) (2sin+1) = 0

1 5 7 11

sin = = ,– , , Hence sum = 2

2 6 6 6 6

f a k 162

10

10

13. Let – 1 , where the function f satisfies f(x + y) = f(x) f(y) for all natural numbers x, y

k 1

and f(1) = 2. Then the natural number 'a' is :

f a k 162 gS, tgk¡ lHkh izkd`r la[;kvksa x, y ds fy,] Qyu f, f(x + y) = f(x) f(y) dks larq"V

10

10

ekuk –1

k 1

djrk gS rFkk f(1) = 2 gSA rks izkd`r la[;k a cjkcj gS&

(1) 2 (2) 4 (3) 3 (4) 16

Ans. (3)

Sol. f(1) = 2 & f(x + y) = f(x) . f(y) x,yN.

Now vc, f(n) = f(n –1 + 1) = f(n – 1) . f(1)

= f(n – 2) . f2(1)

= f(n – 3) . f3(1)

..

.

= (f(1))n

Hence vr% f(n) = 2 nN

n

= 2a+1 + 2a+2 + ……+ 2a+10

= 2a+1 (210 –1) a=3

nn – 7

14. Let the sum of the first n terms of a non-constant A.P., a1, a2, a3, .............. be 50n A , where A

2

is a constant. If d is common difference of this A.P., then the ordered pair (d, a 50) is equal to :

ekuk fHkUu inksa okyh lekUrj Js<h (non-constant A.P.), a1, a2, a3, .............. ds izFke n inksa dk ;ksxQy

nn – 7

50n A gS] tgk¡ A ,d vpj gSA ;fn bl lekUrj Js<h dk lkoZvUrj d gS] rks Øfer ;qXe (d, a50) cjkcj

2

gS&

(1) (50, 50 + 46A) (2) (A, 50 + 46A) (3) (50, 50 + 45A) (4) (A, 50 + 45A)

Ans (2)

A

Sol. Sn = 50n n n 7

2

an = Sn – Sn–1 = (n–4) A + 50

d=A

a50 = 46A + 50

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| JEE(MAIN) 2019 | DATE : 09-04-2019 (SHIFT-1) | PAPER-1 | OFFICIAL PAPER | MATHEMATICS

15. A plane passing through the points (0, –1, 10) and (0, 0, 1) and making an angle with the plane

4

y – z + 5 = 0, also passes through the point :

fcUnqvksa (0, –1, 10) rFkk (0, 0, 1) ls gksdj tkus okyk ,d lery] tks lery y – z + 5 = 0 ds lkFk dk dks.k

4

cukrk gS] fuEu esa ls fdl fcUnq ls gksdj tkrk gS ?

(1) ( – 2 , –1, 4) (2) ( – 2 , 1, –4) (3) ( 2 , 1, 4) (4) ( 2 , –1, 4)

Ans (3)

Sol. ax + by + cz = 1, –b = 1, c = 1

ax – y + z = 1

1 –1 1

cos

2 4 2 a2 2

a2 + 2 = 4 a = 2

Plane is 2 x – y + z = 1

Clearly

2,1, 4 satisfy the plane.

x2

16. If the function f : R – {1, –1} A defined by f x , is surjective, then A is equal to :

1– x2

x2

;fn Qyu f : R – {1, –1} A, f x }kjk ifjHkkf"kr gS rFkk vkPNknh (surjective) gS] rks A cjkcj gS&

1– x2

(1) R – {–1} (2) R – (–1, 0) (3) [0, ) (4) R – [–1, 0)

Ans (4)

x2

Sol. f(x) = y (2ay)

1 x2

y

x2 y – yx2 x2 = 0

1 y

y (– , –1) [0, ]

Hence set A should be R – [–1, 0)

x2 y2

17. If the line y mx 7 3 is normal to the hyperbola – 1 , then a value of m is :

24 18

x2 y2

;fn js[kk y mx 7 3 vfrijoy; – 1 dk vfHkyEc gS] rks m dk ,d eku gS&

24 18

2 5 3 15

(1) (2) (3) (4)

5 2 5 2

Ans. (1)

42m 6m

Sol. 7 3 3 4 – 3m2 = 2m2

24 18m 2

4 3m2

2

m=

5

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18. In one of a local chord of the parabola, y2 = 16x is at (1, 4), then the length of this focal chord is :

;fn ijoy; y2 = 16x dh ,d ukfHkthok dk ,d Nksj (1, 4) ij gS] rks bl ukfHkthok dh yEckbZ gS&

(1) 25 (2) 20 (3) 24 (4) 22

Ans (1)

4 – 0 –4

Sol. Slope = = tan

1– 4 3

25

L = 4a cosec2 = 16 × = 25

16

y 1

y 1 is equal to

1 y

y 1

ekuk rFkk lehdj.k x2 + x + 1 = 0 ds ewy gS] rks R esa y 0 ds fy, y 1 cjkcj gS&

1 y

(1) y3 – 1 (2) y(y2 – 1) (3) y3 (4) y(y2 – 3)

Ans (3)

Sol. x2 + x + 1 = 0 + – 1 & = 1

Now R1 R1 + R2 + R3 gives

y y y

y 1

1 y

c2 c2 – c1, c3 c3 – c1 gives

y 0 0

y 1 = y {{y2 – ( – )2} – (1 – ) (1 – )}.

1 y

{ks=k A = {(x, y) : x2 y x + 2} dk {ks=kQy (oxZ bdkbZ;ksa esa) gS&

13 10 31 9

(1) (2) (3) (4)

6 3 6 2

Ans. (4)

Sol. x2 y x + 2

–1 2

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x2 =x+2 x = – 1 or 2

2

Hence required area{ks=kQy = (x 2 x

2

)dx

1

2

x2 x3 8 1 1 10 7 27 9

= 2x = 2 4 2 = = =

2 3 1 3 2 3 3 6 6 2

sec

2/3

21. The integral x cos ec 4 / 3 x dx is equal to

(Here C is a constant of integration)

sec

2/3

lekdy x cos ec 4 / 3 x dx cjkcj gS&

(;gk¡ C ,d lekdyu vpj gS)

3

(1) – tan– 4 / 3 x C (2) 3 tan–1/ 3 x C

4

(3) – 3 cot–1/ 3 x C (4) – 3 tan–1/ 3 x C

Ans. (4)

Sol. = (sec x)2 / 3 .(cosecx)4 / 3 dx

1

= (sin x)

4/3

.(cosx)2/3

dx

va'k rFkk gj dks cosec2 x ls xq.kk djus ij

cosec 2 x

= (cotx) 2/3

dx

2

t dt

Hencevr% = –3 t2

= – 3t + C = – 3(cot x)1/3 + C = – 3 tan–1/ 3 x C

x –1 y 1 z – 2

22. If the line, meets the plane, x + 2y + 3z = 15 at a point P, then the distance of P

2 3 4

from the origin is :

x –1 y 1 z – 2

;fn js[kk lery x + 2y + 3z = 15 dks fcUnq P ij feyrh gS] rks P dh ewy fcUnq ls nwjh gS&

2 3 4

(1) 9/2 (2) 5 / 2 (3) 2 5 (4) 7/2

Ans (1)

x –1 y 1 z – 2

Sol. Let = = = x = 2 + 1, y = 3 – 1, z = 4 + 2

2 3 4

Now substitution in x+2y+3z = 15

(2+1) + 2(3–1) + 3(4+2) = 15

1

2+1 + 6– 2 + 12 + 6 = 15 20+ 5 = 15 =

2

1

Hence point of intersection is (2, , 4).

2

1 81 9

Hence distance from origin is 4 16 =

4 4 2

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23. If the tangent to the curve, y = x3 + ax – b at the point (1, –5) is pendicular to the line, –x + y + 4 = 0,

then which one of the following points lies on the curve ?

;fn oØ y = x3 + ax – b ds fcUnq (1, –5) ij [khaph xbZ Li'kZ js[kk] js[kk –x + y + 4 = 0 ij yEcor~ gS] rks fuEu esa

ls dkSulk ,d fcUnq oØ ij fLFkr gS ?

(1) (–2, 2) (2) (2, –1) (3) (2, –2) (4) (–2, 1)

Ans (1)

Sol. f(x) = x3 + ax – b

It passes through (1,–5) & f'(1) = –1

Hence –5 = 1 + a – b a–b=–6

f'(x) = 3x2 + a –1 = 3 + a a = – 4 Hence b = 2

So, f(x) = x3 – 4x – 2 (2, –2) lies on it.

24. For any two statements p and q, the negation of the expression p (~ p q) is :

fdUgh nks dFkuksa p rFkk q ds fy,] O;atd p (~ p q) dk fu"ks/ku (negation) gS&

(1) p q (2) p q (3) ~ p ~q (4) ~ p ~q

Ans (4)

Sol. p v ~ p q p v ~ p (p v q) p v q

Hence ~ (p v q) ~ p ~ q

25. Let S be the set of all values of x for which the tangent to the curve y = f(x) = x 3 – x2 – 2x at (x, y) is

parallel to the line segment joining the points (1, f(1)) and (–1, f(–1)), then S is equal to :

ekuk S, x ds mu lHkh ekuksa dk leqPp; gS] ftu ij oØ y = f(x) = x3 – x2 – 2x ds fcUnq (x, y) ij [khaph xbZ Li'kZ

js[kk fcUnqvksa (1, f(1)) rFkk (–1, f(–1)) dks feykus okys js[kk[k.M ds lekUrj gS] rks S cjkcj gS&

1 1 1 1

(1) ,1 (2) ,–1 (3) – ,–1 (4) – ,1

3 3 3 3

Ans. (4)

Sol. f(1) = 1 – 1 – 2 = – 2

f(–1) = –1 – 1 + 2 = 0

hence points are (1, –2) & (–1, 0)

2

slope = 1

2

now 3x2 – 2x – 2 = –1

3x2 – 2x – 1 = 0

(3x + 1)(x – 1) = 0

1

x= , x 1

3

26. If the standard deviation of the numbers –1, 0, 1 is 5 where k > 0, then k is equal to :

;fn la[;kvksa –1, 0, 1, k dk ekud fopyu 5 gS] tgk¡ k > 0 gS] rks k cjkcj gS&

5 10

(1) 6 (2) 4 (3) 2 6 (4) 2

3 3

Ans. (3)

x x

2

2

i i

Sol. 2 =

n n

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2

1 0 1 k 2 1 0 1 k

5=

4 4

k2 2 k2

5= 80= 4k2 +8 –k2 72 = 3k2 k = 2 6

4 16

27. A committee of 11 members is to be formed from 8 males and 5 females. If m is the number of ways

the committee is formed with at least 6 makes and n is the number of ways the committee is formed

with at least 3 females, then :

8 iq:"kksa rFkk 5 efgykvksa esa ls 11 lnL;ksa dh ,d desVh cukbZ tkrh gSA ;fn de ls de 6 iq:"kksa okyh desVh cukus

ds m rjhds gS rFkk de ls de 3 efgykvksa okyh desVh cukus ds n rjhds gS] rks

(1) m = n = 68 (2) n = m – 8 (3) m + n = 68 (4) m = n = 78

Ans. (4)

Sol. Atleast 6 men (de ls de 6 iq:"k)

M W

6 5

7 4

8 3

So(blfy,), m = 8C6 . 5C5 + 8C7 . 5C4 + 8C8 . 5C3

= 28 + 40 + 10 = 78

M W

8 3

7 4

6 5

So n = 5C3 × 8C8 + 5C4 . 8C7 + 5C5 . 8C6 = 10 + 40 + 28 = 78

6

2

28. If the fourth term in the Binomial expansion of x log8 x (x > 0) is 20 × 87, then value of x is :

x

6

2

;fn x log8 x (x > 0) ds f}in izlkj dk pkSFkk in 20 × 87 gS] rks x dk ,d eku gS&

x

(1) 8 (2) 82 (3) 8–2 (4) 83

Ans. (2)

6

2 log8 x

Sol. x x

3

2

3

6C log8 x

T4 = 3 . . x = 20 × 87

x

2 log8 x xlog8 x

.x 27 26 82

x x

Taking logarithms on both sides to the base 8, we get

nksuksa i{kksa dk vk/kkj 8, ds lkFk y?kqx.kd ysus ij

log8 x 2 log8 x

2

1

log8 x = 2 or – 1 x = 82 or

8

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/2

sin 3 x

29. The value of

0

sin x cos x

dx is :

/2 3

sin x

0

sin x cos x

dx dk eku gS&

–1 –1 –2 –2

(1) (2) (3) (4)

2 4 8 4

Ans. (2)

/2

sin3 x

Sol. I

0

sin x cos x

dx

/4

sin3 x cos3 x

I

0

sin x cos x

dx

/ 4

I (1– sin x cos x)dx

0

1

I cos2x 04

4 4

1

I

4 4

30. Slope of a line passing through P(2, 3) and intersecting the line, x + y = 7 at a distance of 4 units from

P, is :

P(2, 3) ls gksdj tkus okyh ,d js[kk] tks js[kk x + y = 7 dks P ls bdkbZ dh nwjh ij izfrPNsfnr djrh gS] dh <ky

(slope) gS&

5 –1 1– 7 1– 5 7 –1

(1) (2) (3) (4)

5 1 1 7 1 5 7 1

Ans (4)

(2, 3)

2 4

x+y=7

Sol. 4

1 m 1

tan

7 1 m

7 1

taking + sign 1 + m = m 7 7 m=

7 1

7 1

taking – sign 1 + m = 7 7m m=

7 1

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