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PAPER-1 (B.E./B. TECH.

JEE (Main) 2019


COMPUTER BASED TEST (CBT)
Questions & Solutions
Date: 09 April, 2019 (SHIFT-1) | TIME: 09.30 A.M. to 12.30 P.M.
Duration: 3 Hours | Max. Marks: 360
SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS

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Mathematics

Straight Objective Type (lh/ks oLrqfu"B izkj)


This section contains 30 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (1), (2), (3) and (4) for its
answer, out of which Only One is correct.
bl [k.M esa 30 cgq&fodYih iz'u gSaA izR;sd iz'u ds 4 fodYi (1), (2), (3) rFkk (4) gSa] ftuesa ls flQZ ,d lgh gSA

1 1 1 1
1. Four persons can hit a target correctly with probabilities , , and respectively. If all hit at the
2 3 4 8
target independently, then the probability that the target would be hit, is :
1 1 1 1
pkj O;fDr;ksa ds ,d y{; ij Bhd izdkj ls izgkj djus dh izkf;drk,a Øe'k% , , rFkk gSA ;fn lHkh bl
2 3 4 8
y{; Ikj Lora=k :Ik ls izgkj djrs gS] rks y{; ij vk?kkr gksus dh izkf;drk gS&
1 7 25 25
(1) (2) (3) (4)
192 32 192 32
Ans. (4)
Sol. P(H) = 1 – P(Not Hitting)
1 2 3 7 25
= 1 . . . =
2 3 4 8 32

2.
  i
All the points in the set S  
  – i

:   R i  – 1 lie on a :

 
(1) Straight line whose slope is 1. (2) Circle whose radius is 2 .
(3) Circle whose radius is 1. (4) Straight line whose slope is –1.

leqPp; S  
i
 – i

:   R i  – 1

  ds lHkh fcUnq ftl ij fLFkr gS] ;g gS&

(1) ,d ljy js[kk ftldh <ky (slope) 1 gSA (2) ,d o`Ùk ftldh f=kT;k 2 gSA
(3) ,d o`Ùk ftldh f=kT;k 1 gSA (4) ,d ljy js[kk ftldh <ky –1 gSA
Ans (3)

   i 2
Sol. x + iy =
2  1

2 – 1  2i
=
2  1

2 – 1 2
x= & y=
 1
2
2  1

 
2
2
– 1  4 2
x2 + y2 =
 
2
2
1

x2 + y2 = 1

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3. Let f(x) = 15–|x–10|; xR. Then the set of all values of x, at which the function, g(x) = f(f(x)) is not
differentiable, is :
ekuk f(x) = 15–|x–10|; xR gS] rks x ds mu lHkh ekuksa dk leqPp;] ftu ij Qyu g(x) = f(f(x)) voydyh; ugha
gS&
(1) {5, 10, 15} (2) {10, 15} (3) {10} (4) {5, 10, 15, 20}
Ans. (1)

Sol. g  x   f 15  x  10 
= 15  15  x  10  10 = 15 – 5  x  10

10  x x 5

 15  x  5 x  10 
=  = 20  x 5  x  10
15  15  x 10  x
 x 10  x  15

30  x 15  x
not differentiable at 5, 10, 15
5, 10, 15 ij vodyuh; ugha gSA

        
4. Let   3 î  ĵ and   2 î  ĵ  3k̂ . If   1 2 , where 1 is parallel to  and  2 is perpendicular to  ,
 
then 1  2 is equal to :
        
ekuk   3 î  ĵ rFkk   2î  ĵ  3k̂ gSA ;fn   1 2 gS, tgk¡ 1 lfn'k  ds lekUrj gS rFkk  2 lfn'k  ds
 
yEcor~ gS] rks 1  2 cjkcj gS&
(1)
1
2

– 3 î  9 ĵ  5k̂  (2) – 3 î  9 ĵ  5k̂ (3) 3 î – 9 ĵ – 5k̂ (4)
1
2

3 î – 9 ĵ  5k̂ 
Ans. (1)

. 5  3 1
Sol. 1 = 2
   = î + ĵ
 10 2 2 2

1 3
2 = 1   = (  ˆi  ˆj  3k)
ˆ
2 2
1
1  2 = ( 3iˆ  9ˆj  5k)
ˆ
2

5. The value of cos210º–cos10º cos50º + cos250º is :


cos210º–cos10º cos50º + cos250º dk eku gS&

(1) 1  cos 20º 


3 3
(2) 3/4 (3) 3/2 (4)  cos 20º
2 2
Ans. (2)
Sol. cos2 10° + cos2 50° – cos 10°cos 50°
1
= {1 + cos 20° + 1 + cos 100° – cos 60° – cos 40°}.
2
1 3 1 3 3
= [ + 2 cos 60° cos 40° – cos 40°] =  =
2 2 2 2 4

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1 1 1 2 1 3 1 n – 1 1 78  1 n
6. If   . .  ...............    , then the inverse of   is :
0 1 0 3 0 1 0 1  0 1  0 1
1 1 1 2 1 3 1 n – 1 1 78  1 n
;fn   . .  ...............    gS] rks   dk O;qRØe (inverse) gS&
0 1 0 3 0 1 0 1  0 1  0 1
 1 0  1 0 1 – 12 1 – 13
(1)   (2)   (3)   (4)  
12 1 13 1 0 1  0 1 
Ans. (4)
 1 1  1 2  1 3  1 n  1  1 78
Sol.     .......   
0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1  0 1 
n(n  1)
 = 78  n =13
2
 1 13   1 13 
A=   So A–1=  
0 1  0 1 

dy
7. The solution of the differential equation xy  2y  x 2 (x  0) with y(1) = 1, is :
dx
dy
vody lehdj.k xy  2y  x 2 (x  0) dk gy ftlds fy, y(1) = 1 gS, gS&
dx
x2 1 x2 3 3 2 1 4 3 1
(1) y   (2) y   (3) y  x  2 (4) y  x  2
5 5x 2 4 4x 2 4 4x 5 5x
Ans. (2)
xdy
Sol.  2y  x 2
dx
dy 2y
  x
dx x
2
I.F. = e
 x dx  x2

 x dx
3
y. x2 =

x4
yx2 = C
4
1 3
1 CC 
4 4
x2 3
y= 
4 4x 2
 2 cos x – 1 
 ,x 
 
8. If the function f defined of  ,  by f x    cot x – 1 4 is continuous, then k is equal to :
6 3  
k, x
 4
 2 cos x – 1 
 ,x 
 
;fn Qyu f ,  ,  ij bl izdkj ifjHkkf"kr gS fd f x    cot x – 1 4 larr gS] rks k cjkcj gS&
6 3  
k, x
 4
1 1
(1) (2) (3) 1 (4) 2
2 2

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Ans. (1)
Sol. Since f(x) is continuous at x = /4
pqfd f(x), x = /4 ij lrr gS
 2 cos x  1  2 sin x 1
lim f(x) = f    k = lim k = lim 
x
 4 x
 cot x  1 x
  cosec x 2
2
4 4 4

9. If a tangent to the circle x2 + y2 = 1 intersects the coordinate axes at distinct points P and Q, then the
locus of the mid-point of PQ is :
;fn o`Ùk x2 + y2 = 1 dh ,d Li'kZ js[kk funsZ'kkad v{kksa dks fHkUu fcUnqvksa P vkSj Q ij izfrPNsn djrh gS] rks PQ ds
e/; fcUnq dk fcUnqiFk (locus) gS&
(1) x2 + y2 – 4x2y2 = 0 (2) x2 + y2 – 16x2y2 = 0 (3) x2 + y2 – 2x2y2 = 0 (4) x2 + y2 – 2xy = 0
Ans (1)
Sol. Let equation of tangent to the given circle be x cos + y sin = 1
The line meets x – axis at (sec, 0) & y - axis at (0, cosec ). If P (h, k) is the mid-point of this segment.
 2h = sec & 2k = cosec 
1 1
 + = 4  x2 + y2 – 4x2y2 = 0
x 2
y2

10. Let p, q  R. If 2 – 3 is a root of the quadratic equation, x2 + px + q = 0, then :


ekuk p, q  R. ;fn 2 – 3 f}?kkrh lehdj.k x2 + px + q = 0 dk ,d ewy gS] rks
(1) q2 + 4p + 14 = 0 (2) q2 – 4p – 12 = 0 (3) p2 – 4q – 12 = 0 (4) p2 – 4q + 12 = 0
Ans (3)

Sol. Since p, q  Q  other root is 2  3


Hence p = 4 and q =1
Hence p2 – 4q – 12 = 0

11. If f(x) is a non-zero polynomial of degree four, having local extreme points at x = –1, 0, 1; then the set
S = {x  R : f(x) = f(0)}
contains exactly :
(1) Two irrational and one rational number. (2) Four irrational numbers.
(3) Four rational numbers. (4) Two irrational and two rational numbers.
;fn f(x), ?kkr pkj dk ,d 'kwU;srj cgqin gS] ftlds LFkkuh; pje fcUnq x = –1, 0, 1 ij gS] rks leqPp;
S = {x  R : f(x) = f(0)} esa ek=k :
(1) nks vifjes; rFkk ,d ifjes; la[;k,a gSA (2) pkj vifjes; la[;k,a gSA
(3) pkj ifjes; la[;k,a gSA (4) nks vifjes; rFkk nks ifjes; la[;k,a gSA
Ans (1)

 x 4 x2 
Sol. Let f'(x) = x(x2–1)  f(x) =   –  +C
 4 2 

x4 x2
Now f(0) = f(x)  – =0x=0 or ± 2
4 2
Hence (1)

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12. Let S = {[–2, 2] : 2cos2 + 3sin = 0}. Then the sum of the elements of S is :
ekuk S = {[–2, 2] : 2cos2 + 3sin = 0} rks S ds vo;oksa dk ;ksxQy gS&
13 5
(1) (2) 2 (3)  (4)
6 3
Ans. (2)
Sol. 2 cos2 + 3sin = 0  2sin2 –3sin –2 = 0  (sin– 2) (2sin+1) = 0
1  5 7 11
 sin =    =  ,– , , Hence sum = 2
2 6 6 6 6

 f a  k   162 
10
10
13. Let – 1 , where the function f satisfies f(x + y) = f(x) f(y) for all natural numbers x, y
k 1
and f(1) = 2. Then the natural number 'a' is :

 f a  k   162  gS, tgk¡ lHkh izkd`r la[;kvksa x, y ds fy,] Qyu f, f(x + y) = f(x) f(y) dks larq"V
10
10
ekuk –1
k 1
djrk gS rFkk f(1) = 2 gSA rks izkd`r la[;k a cjkcj gS&
(1) 2 (2) 4 (3) 3 (4) 16
Ans. (3)
Sol. f(1) = 2 & f(x + y) = f(x) . f(y)  x,yN.
Now vc, f(n) = f(n –1 + 1) = f(n – 1) . f(1)
= f(n – 2) . f2(1)
= f(n – 3) . f3(1)
..
.
= (f(1))n
Hence vr% f(n) = 2 nN
n

Given fn;k x;k gS f(a + 1) + f(a + 2) + …+ f(a + 10)


= 2a+1 + 2a+2 + ……+ 2a+10
= 2a+1 (210 –1)  a=3

nn – 7
14. Let the sum of the first n terms of a non-constant A.P., a1, a2, a3, .............. be 50n  A , where A
2
is a constant. If d is common difference of this A.P., then the ordered pair (d, a 50) is equal to :
ekuk fHkUu inksa okyh lekUrj Js<h (non-constant A.P.), a1, a2, a3, .............. ds izFke n inksa dk ;ksxQy
nn – 7
50n  A gS] tgk¡ A ,d vpj gSA ;fn bl lekUrj Js<h dk lkoZvUrj d gS] rks Øfer ;qXe (d, a50) cjkcj
2
gS&
(1) (50, 50 + 46A) (2) (A, 50 + 46A) (3) (50, 50 + 45A) (4) (A, 50 + 45A)
Ans (2)
A
Sol. Sn = 50n  n n  7 
2
an = Sn – Sn–1 = (n–4) A + 50
 d=A
a50 = 46A + 50

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15. A plane passing through the points (0, –1, 10) and (0, 0, 1) and making an angle with the plane
4
y – z + 5 = 0, also passes through the point :

fcUnqvksa (0, –1, 10) rFkk (0, 0, 1) ls gksdj tkus okyk ,d lery] tks lery y – z + 5 = 0 ds lkFk dk dks.k
4
cukrk gS] fuEu esa ls fdl fcUnq ls gksdj tkrk gS ?
(1) ( – 2 , –1, 4) (2) ( – 2 , 1, –4) (3) ( 2 , 1, 4) (4) ( 2 , –1, 4)
Ans (3)
Sol. ax + by + cz = 1, –b = 1, c = 1
ax – y + z = 1
1  –1  1
 cos 
2 4 2 a2  2

  a2 + 2 = 4  a =  2

  Plane is  2 x – y + z = 1

Clearly  
2,1, 4 satisfy the plane.

x2
16. If the function f : R – {1, –1}  A defined by f x   , is surjective, then A is equal to :
1– x2
x2
;fn Qyu f : R – {1, –1}  A, f x   }kjk ifjHkkf"kr gS rFkk vkPNknh (surjective) gS] rks A cjkcj gS&
1– x2
(1) R – {–1} (2) R – (–1, 0) (3) [0, ) (4) R – [–1, 0)
Ans (4)

x2
Sol. f(x) =  y (2ay)
1  x2
y
 x2 y – yx2  x2 = 0
1 y

 y  (–  , –1)  [0,  ]
Hence set A should be R – [–1, 0)

x2 y2
17. If the line y  mx  7 3 is normal to the hyperbola –  1 , then a value of m is :
24 18
x2 y2
;fn js[kk y  mx  7 3 vfrijoy; –  1 dk vfHkyEc gS] rks m dk ,d eku gS&
24 18
2 5 3 15
(1) (2) (3) (4)
5 2 5 2
Ans. (1)

42m 6m
Sol. 7 3  3  4 – 3m2 = 2m2
24  18m 2
4  3m2
2
m=
5

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18. In one of a local chord of the parabola, y2 = 16x is at (1, 4), then the length of this focal chord is :
;fn ijoy; y2 = 16x dh ,d ukfHkthok dk ,d Nksj (1, 4) ij gS] rks bl ukfHkthok dh yEckbZ gS&
(1) 25 (2) 20 (3) 24 (4) 22
Ans (1)
4 – 0 –4
Sol. Slope = = tan
1– 4 3
25
L = 4a cosec2 = 16 × = 25
16

19. Let  and  be the roots of the equation x2 + x + 1 = 0. Then for y  0 in R,


y 1  
 y 1 is equal to
 1 y
y 1  
ekuk  rFkk  lehdj.k x2 + x + 1 = 0 ds ewy gS] rks R esa y  0 ds fy,  y 1 cjkcj gS&
 1 y
(1) y3 – 1 (2) y(y2 – 1) (3) y3 (4) y(y2 – 3)
Ans (3)

Sol. x2 + x + 1 = 0  +  – 1 &  = 1


Now R1  R1 + R2 + R3 gives
y y y
 y 1
 1 y

c2  c2 – c1, c3  c3 – c1 gives
y 0 0
 y 1  = y {{y2 – ( – )2} – (1 – ) (1 – )}.
 1  y   

 y [y2 – (( + )2 – 4 – 3]  y [y2 + 3 – 3] = y3

20. The area (in sq. units) of the region A = {(x, y) : x2  y  x + 2} is :


{ks=k A = {(x, y) : x2  y  x + 2} dk {ks=kQy (oxZ bdkbZ;ksa esa) gS&
13 10 31 9
(1) (2) (3) (4)
6 3 6 2
Ans. (4)
Sol. x2  y  x + 2

–1 2

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x2 =x+2  x = – 1 or 2
2
Hence required area{ks=kQy =  (x  2  x
2
)dx
1
2
x2 x3  8  1 1  10 7 27 9
=  2x  = 2  4      2   =  = =
2 3 1  3 2 3 3 6 6 2

 sec
2/3
21. The integral x cos ec 4 / 3 x dx is equal to
(Here C is a constant of integration)

 sec
2/3
lekdy x cos ec 4 / 3 x dx cjkcj gS&
(;gk¡ C ,d lekdyu vpj gS)
3
(1) – tan– 4 / 3 x  C (2) 3 tan–1/ 3 x  C
4
(3) – 3 cot–1/ 3 x  C (4) – 3 tan–1/ 3 x  C
Ans. (4)
Sol.  =  (sec x)2 / 3 .(cosecx)4 / 3 dx
1
=  (sin x)
4/3
.(cosx)2/3
dx

Multiplying numerator and denominator by cosec2 x , we get


va'k rFkk gj dks cosec2 x ls xq.kk djus ij
cosec 2 x
=  (cotx) 2/3
dx

Letekuk cot x = t3  cosec2 x dx = – 3t2 dt


2
t dt
Hencevr%  = –3  t2
= – 3t + C = – 3(cot x)1/3 + C = – 3 tan–1/ 3 x  C

x –1 y 1 z – 2
22. If the line,   meets the plane, x + 2y + 3z = 15 at a point P, then the distance of P
2 3 4
from the origin is :
x –1 y 1 z – 2
;fn js[kk   lery x + 2y + 3z = 15 dks fcUnq P ij feyrh gS] rks P dh ewy fcUnq ls nwjh gS&
2 3 4
(1) 9/2 (2) 5 / 2 (3) 2 5 (4) 7/2
Ans (1)
x –1 y 1 z – 2
Sol. Let = = =  x = 2 + 1, y = 3 – 1, z = 4 + 2
2 3 4
Now substitution in x+2y+3z = 15
 (2+1) + 2(3–1) + 3(4+2) = 15
1
 2+1 + 6– 2 + 12 + 6 = 15  20+ 5 = 15  =
2
1
Hence point of intersection is (2, , 4).
2
1 81 9
Hence distance from origin is 4   16 = 
4 4 2

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23. If the tangent to the curve, y = x3 + ax – b at the point (1, –5) is pendicular to the line, –x + y + 4 = 0,
then which one of the following points lies on the curve ?
;fn oØ y = x3 + ax – b ds fcUnq (1, –5) ij [khaph xbZ Li'kZ js[kk] js[kk –x + y + 4 = 0 ij yEcor~ gS] rks fuEu esa
ls dkSulk ,d fcUnq oØ ij fLFkr gS ?
(1) (–2, 2) (2) (2, –1) (3) (2, –2) (4) (–2, 1)
Ans (1)
Sol. f(x) = x3 + ax – b
It passes through (1,–5) & f'(1) = –1
Hence –5 = 1 + a – b  a–b=–6
f'(x) = 3x2 + a  –1 = 3 + a  a = – 4 Hence b = 2
So, f(x) = x3 – 4x – 2  (2, –2) lies on it.

24. For any two statements p and q, the negation of the expression p  (~ p  q) is :
fdUgh nks dFkuksa p rFkk q ds fy,] O;atd p  (~ p  q) dk fu"ks/ku (negation) gS&
(1) p  q (2) p q (3) ~ p  ~q (4) ~ p  ~q
Ans (4)
Sol. p v  ~ p  q  p v ~ p   (p v q)  p v q

Hence ~ (p v q)   ~ p ~ q 
25. Let S be the set of all values of x for which the tangent to the curve y = f(x) = x 3 – x2 – 2x at (x, y) is
parallel to the line segment joining the points (1, f(1)) and (–1, f(–1)), then S is equal to :
ekuk S, x ds mu lHkh ekuksa dk leqPp; gS] ftu ij oØ y = f(x) = x3 – x2 – 2x ds fcUnq (x, y) ij [khaph xbZ Li'kZ
js[kk fcUnqvksa (1, f(1)) rFkk (–1, f(–1)) dks feykus okys js[kk[k.M ds lekUrj gS] rks S cjkcj gS&
1  1   1   1 
(1)  ,1 (2)  ,–1 (3) – ,–1 (4) – ,1
3  3   3   3 
Ans. (4)
Sol. f(1) = 1 – 1 – 2 = – 2
f(–1) = –1 – 1 + 2 = 0
hence points are (1, –2) & (–1, 0)
2
 slope =  1
2
now 3x2 – 2x – 2 = –1
3x2 – 2x – 1 = 0
(3x + 1)(x – 1) = 0
1
x= , x 1
3

26. If the standard deviation of the numbers –1, 0, 1 is 5 where k > 0, then k is equal to :
;fn la[;kvksa –1, 0, 1, k dk ekud fopyu 5 gS] tgk¡ k > 0 gS] rks k cjkcj gS&
5 10
(1) 6 (2) 4 (3) 2 6 (4) 2
3 3
Ans. (3)

x  x 
2
2 

i i
Sol. 2 =
n  n 
 

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2
1  0  1  k 2  1  0  1  k 
5=  
4  4 
k2  2 k2
5=   80= 4k2 +8 –k2  72 = 3k2  k = 2 6
4 16

27. A committee of 11 members is to be formed from 8 males and 5 females. If m is the number of ways
the committee is formed with at least 6 makes and n is the number of ways the committee is formed
with at least 3 females, then :
8 iq:"kksa rFkk 5 efgykvksa esa ls 11 lnL;ksa dh ,d desVh cukbZ tkrh gSA ;fn de ls de 6 iq:"kksa okyh desVh cukus
ds m rjhds gS rFkk de ls de 3 efgykvksa okyh desVh cukus ds n rjhds gS] rks
(1) m = n = 68 (2) n = m – 8 (3) m + n = 68 (4) m = n = 78
Ans. (4)
Sol. Atleast 6 men (de ls de 6 iq:"k)
M W
6 5
7 4
8 3
So(blfy,), m = 8C6 . 5C5 + 8C7 . 5C4 + 8C8 . 5C3
= 28 + 40 + 10 = 78
M W
8 3
7 4
6 5
So n = 5C3 × 8C8 + 5C4 . 8C7 + 5C5 . 8C6 = 10 + 40 + 28 = 78

6
2 
28. If the fourth term in the Binomial expansion of   x log8 x  (x > 0) is 20 × 87, then value of x is :
x 
6
 2 
;fn   x log8 x  (x > 0) ds f}in izlkj dk pkSFkk in 20 × 87 gS] rks x dk ,d eku gS&
x 
(1) 8 (2) 82 (3) 8–2 (4) 83
Ans. (2)
6
2 log8 x 
Sol. x x 
 
3
2
 
3
6C log8 x
T4 = 3 .   . x = 20 × 87
 
x
2 log8 x xlog8 x
 .x  27   26  82
x x
Taking logarithms on both sides to the base 8, we get
nksuksa i{kksa dk vk/kkj 8, ds lkFk y?kqx.kd ysus ij
log8 x   2  log8 x 
2

1
 log8 x = 2 or – 1  x = 82 or
8

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/2
sin 3 x
29. The value of 
0
sin x  cos x
dx is :

/2 3
sin x

0
sin x  cos x
dx dk eku gS&

 –1  –1 –2 –2
(1) (2) (3) (4)
2 4 8 4
Ans. (2)
/2
sin3 x
Sol. I 
0
sin x  cos x
dx

/4
sin3 x  cos3 x
I 
0
sin x  cos x
dx

/ 4
I  (1– sin x cos x)dx
0

 1
I  cos2x 04
4 4
 1
I 
4 4

30. Slope of a line passing through P(2, 3) and intersecting the line, x + y = 7 at a distance of 4 units from
P, is :
P(2, 3) ls gksdj tkus okyh ,d js[kk] tks js[kk x + y = 7 dks P ls bdkbZ dh nwjh ij izfrPNsfnr djrh gS] dh <ky
(slope) gS&
5 –1 1– 7 1– 5 7 –1
(1) (2) (3) (4)
5 1 1 7 1 5 7 1
Ans (4)
(2, 3)
2 4


x+y=7
Sol. 4

1 m 1
tan   
7 1 m

7 1
taking + sign 1 + m = m 7  7 m=
7 1
7 1
taking – sign 1 + m = 7  7m m=
7 1

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