Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 28

!.

Voting

CONFLI

CONSE

CASES

CT

NSUS

Most

There is

Kathlee

states,

consens

n

Knox

if not all,

us when

In 2014,

have

the

former

political

political

auditor-

parties

candida

controll

by

tes

er

which

agree to

candida

the

the

te

voters

guidelin

Kathlee

select

es

n

Knox,

from

regardin

who

when

g

during

time

election

the

comes

period.

campaig

for

It

is

n

election.

expecte

pledged

There is

d

of

to "fight

a

them to

waste

conflict

play by

and

in voting

the

fraud,"

because

rules.

pleaded

citizens

no

take a

contest

stand

to three

on who

counts

they

of voter

think is

fraud.

perfect

As a

for the

candida

position

te for

while on

auditor-

the

controll

political

er, Knox

candida

put

teʼs side

down a

there is

false

conflict

address

when it

as her

comes

place of

to

residen

persuad

ce. She

ing

was

voters

fined

to vote

and

for

sentenc

them.

ed to

three

years of

probatio

n.

Source:

bayarea

ne.ws/

2sPQ0z

v, bit.ly/

2tNtTXF

, bit.ly/

2tsSTEk

R. Political Movement

CONFLI

CONSE

CASE

CT

NSUS

Conflict

Consen

The

is seen

sus

case of

in

arises in

the

political

political

gang

moveme

moveme

rape

nt. It

nts

and

could

when a

murder

be

group of

of an

betwee

people

eight-

n the

unites in

year-old

people

order to

girl in

protesti

be

Jammu

ng for a

heard

and

cause

by the

Kashmir

against

govern

state

the

ment.

was

govern

This

originall

ment or

happen

y

they

s

when

reporte

protest

there

d in

to be

are

January.

heard

alarmin

But it

and for

g

wasn't

the

circums

until last

state to

tances

week,

take

which

when a

action

arenʼt

group of

on the

given

lawyers

problem

attentio

and

at hand.

n

by the

right-

state

wing

maybe

Hindu

because

activists

of lack

attempt

of

ed to

initiative

forcibly

or other

block

reasons.

investig

ators

from

filing

charges

against

the men

accused

, that

the case

began

to gain

nationwi

de

attentio

n.The

actions

of the

Hindu

nationali

sts have

in turn

resulted

in a

counter

-

campaig

n on

social

media,

demand

ing

justice

for the

young

victim.

The

online

campaig

n, which

has

drawn

widespr

ead

support

from a number of high- profile Indian celebriti es, has helped push the issue to the forefron t of the national agenda, putting pressur e on the BJP to reel in its support ers. Referen

^.

ce:

cnn.co

m

Politics of Bureaucracy

CONFLI

CONSE

CASE

CT

NSUS

It

Consen

Petition

cannot

sus is

er

be

reached

Pelizloy

avoided

when

Realty

for

there

Corpora

different

would

tion

agencie

be talks

owns

s

in the

betwee

Palm

govern

n the

Grove

ment to

departm

Resort

have

ents

in Tuba,

different

involved

Benguet

decision

and

, which

s on

they

has

matters.

would

facilities

When

decide

like

this

for the

swimmi

happen

best

ng

s,

solution

pools, a

conflict

in the

spa and

may

matter

function

arise

they

halls.

because

wanted

each

to solve.

In 2005,

agency

the

or

Provinci

departm

al Board

ent

of

would

Benguet

not

approve

want to

d

its

seem

Revenu

inefficie

e

Code

nt.

of 2005.

Section

59, the

tax

ordinan

ce

levied a

10%

amusem

ent tax

on

gross

receipts

from

admissi

ons to

"resorts

,

swimmi

ng

pools,

bath

houses,

hot

springs

and

tourist

spots."

Pelizloy'

s posits

that

amusem

ent tax

is an

ultra

vires

act.

Thus, it

filed an

appeal/

petition

before

the

Secretar

y of

Justice.

Upon

the

Secretar

yʼs

failure

to

decide

on the

appeal

within

sixty

days,

Pelizloy

filed a

Petition

for

Declarat

ory

Relief

and

Injunctio

n before

the

RTC.

Pelizloy

argued

that the

impositi

on was

in

violation

of the

limitatio

n on the

taxing

powers

of local

govern

ment

units

under

Section

133 (i)

of the

Local

Govern

ment

Code,

which

provide

s that

the

exercise

of the

taxing

powers

of

provinc

es,

cities,

municip

alities,

and

baranga

ys shall

not

extend

to the

levy of

percent

age or

value-

added

tax

(VAT)

on

sales,

barters

or

exchang

es or

similar

transact

ions on

goods

or

services

except

as

otherwi

se

provide

d.

The

Provinc

e of

Benguet

assailed

the that

the

phrase

‘other

places

of

amusem

entʼ in

Section

140 (a)

of the

LGC enc

ompass

es

resorts,

swimmi

ng

pools,

bath

houses,

hot

springs,

and

tourist

spots

since

Article

131 (b)

of the

LGC

defines

"amuse

ment"

as

"pleasur

able

diversio

n and

entertai

nment

synony

mous to

relaxatio

n,

avocatio

n,

pastime,

or fun."

RTC

rendere

d a

Decisio

n

assailed

Decisio

n

dismissi

ng the

Petition

for

Declarat

ory

Relief

and

Injunctio

n for

lack of

merit.

Procedu

rally, the

RTC

ruled

that

Declarat

ory

Relief

was a

proper

remedy.

Howeve

r, it gave

credenc

e to the

Provinc

e of

Benguet

's

assertio

n that

resorts,

swimmi

ng

pools,

bath

houses,

hot

springs,

and

tourist

spots

are

encomp

assed

by the

phrase

‘other

places

of

amusem

entʼ in

Section

140 of

the

LGC.

j. Internal Government

CONFLI

CONSE

CASE

CT

NSUS

There is

There is

Respon

a

agreem

dent

cleavag

ent

Pilipinas

e in the

betwee

Shell

internal

n

the

Petro-

govern

two

leum

ment

opposin

Corpora

when

g

forces

tion

itʼs

when

(Shell)

subordi

their

filed a

nates

case is

claim

(i.e.

present

for

citizens,

ed in

refund

private

the

of the

compani

court

excise

es)

and the

taxes it

stumble

judge

paid on

upon

gives

petroleu

problem

out a

m

s with

sentenc

product

&

the

e or a

s it sold

policies

solution

to

made

to the

internati

by the

case.

onal

former.

Both

carriers

parties should respect the decision of the judge and there should be no bias especial ly if the other side is

of foreign registry for their use or consum ption outside the Philippin es, with the Large Taxpaye rs Audit

the

Investig

govern

ation

ment

Division

because

II

of the

everyon

Bureau

e is

of

equal

Internal

under

Revenu

the law.

e

(BIR).

No

action

was

taken by

the BIR,

prompti

ng Shell to file a

petition

for

review

with the

Court of

Tax

Appeal.

The CTA

ruled in

favor of

respond

ent.

m. Integrative Institutions

CONFLI

CONSE

CASE

CT

NSUS

Conflict

Consen

Congres

arises

sus is

swoman

betwee

achieve

Ann

n

d when

Wagner

integrati

the

(MO-02

ve

parties

) and

instituti

involved

Congres

ons

divulge

swoman

when

in

Carolyn

there is

peacefu

Maloney

a clash

l talks in

(NY-12)

of

order to

introduc

beliefs,

reach

ed the

ideals

an

Empowe

and etc.

agreem

ring

ent that

Financia

would

l

pacify

Instituti

them

ons to

both.

Fight

Human

Trafficki

ng Act

of 2018.

The

legislati

on

would

improve

informat

ion

sharing

betwee

n non-

profit

organiz

ations

that

work

closely

with

trafficki

ng

victims

and

financial

instituti

ons, in

order to

help the

financial

industry

better

identify

and

respond

to

human

trafficki

ng

activity.

This

legislati

on is

part of

Congres

swoman

Wagnerʼ

s

ongoing

fight

against

human

trafficki

ng in

the

United

States

and

around

the

globe.

Earlier

this

year,

the

Congres

swoman

ʼs Allow

States

and

Victims

to Fight

Online

Sex

Trafficki

ng Act

(FOSTA)

became

law and

continu

es to

disrupt

the

domesti

c online

sex

trafficki

ng

market.

References:

https://wagner.house.gov/

media-center/press-releases/

new-wagner-legislation-

empowers-financial-

institutions-in-fight-http://

lawstudentpinoy.blogspot.co

m/2016/03/case-digest-

pelizloy-v-benguet.html?

m=https:// www.senate.gov.ph/ publications/STSRO/

primer%20digest%202012-20

14%20POSTING.pdf