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DATE:1/15/19
SOURCE: PMLS 1 LEC

MAIN POINTS: NOTES: HISTORY OF MEDICAL TECHONOLOGY PROFESSION


Hippocrates Father of Medicine
Author of Hippocratic Oath
Tasting of urine, listening to lungs, observing to the outside appearance of disease
Concluded that the appearance of bubbles, blood in urine indicated in the kidney

Galen Greek physician and philosopher


Assessment of disorder trough measurement of blood
Describes diabetes as “diarrhea of urine”
Established the relationship between fluid inside and its volume
Polyuria, polyphagia, polydipsia

Uroscopy The diagnostic examination of urine by simple inspection.


“water casting”
Practice in medical Europe

Early 11th Century Practitioners were not allowed to conduct physical examination of the patient’s body
They based on the patient’s description of symptom

18th Century Cadaver dissection were used for more accurate diagnosis

19th Century Physicians used machines for diagnosis of therapeutics

Spirometer Measures the vital capacity of lungs invented by John Hutchinson

Sphygmomanometer An instrument for measuring blood pressure invented by Jules Harisson

Marc Mateo’s Notes Page: of


DATE:1/15/19
SOURCE: PMLS 1 LEC

MAIN POINTS: NOTES: HISTORY OF MEDICAL TECHONOLOGY PROFESSION


1969 80% of medical professi0ons were non physicians
This growth impelled the need of technicians to be proficient in the use of technology

1816 STETHOSCOPE
Rene Laennec
1st diagnostic medical breakthrough
It is used for lungs and hear
It is used for auscultation, or listening to the internal sounds of an animal or human body;
Used for lungs and heartbeats to acquire info…

1840 MICROSCOPE
Antoine Van Leeuwenhoek
First practical microscope
Developed for medical purposes due to advances in lenses at lower costs

1815 OPTHALMOSCOPE
Hermann von Helmholtz
First Visual Technology
It is done as part of an eye examination

1855 LARYNGOSCOPE
Devised by Manuel Garcia
It used to view the larynx (voice box), which is the opening to the trachea and lungs.

1859 X-Ray
Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
Accidentally discovered that radiation could penetrate trough matters
-Used wife’s Left Hand on Dec. 22, 1895

SUMMARY:

Marc Mateo’s Notes Page: of


DATE:1/15/19
SOURCE: PMLS 1 LEC

MAIN POINTS: NOTES: HISTORY OF MEDICAL TECHONOLOGY PROFESSION


1903 ELECTROCARDIOGRAPH
Willem Einthoven
Used to measure electrical charge during the beating of the heart

1910 KENNY METHOD


Elizabeth Kenny
A method for treatment of polio (infantile paralysis) using hotpacks and muscle manipulation.
New Stretcher (Sylvia Stretcher in 1972) for transporting patients.

1972 DRINKER RESPIRATOR


Philip Drinker
The ability to regulate the rate and depth of respiration, and the ability to provide proper
artificial respiration without harming the patient.

1941 Cardiac Catheterization and Angiograph


First performed by Werner Forssmann on himself in 1929
Developed my Moniz, Reboul, Rousthoi, between 1930 and 1940
Discovered as safe method in humans by Cournand in 1941; made seeing the heart, lung
vessels, and values possible through inserting a cannula.

Early 20th Century Improvement in basic sciences


Electrical measurement techniques

SUMMARY:

Marc Mateo’s Notes Page: of


DATE:1/15/19
SOURCE: PMLS 1 LEC

MAIN POINTS: NOTES: HISTORY OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGISTS IN UNITED STATES


1895 -University of Pennsylvania’s William Pepper

1918 John Kolmer called for the development of a method that would certify medical
technologist’s
He published The demand for and training of laboratory technicians

1920 Administrative units of clinical laboratories in hospitals


Clinical Pathology, Bacteriology, Microbiology, Serology, and Radiology

1922 American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP)


It was founded to encourage the cooperation between pathologists and laboratory
professionals.

1950 Medical Technologists in US sought professional recognition from the government by


licenses.

SUMMARY:

Marc Mateo’s Notes Page: of


DATE:1/15/19
SOURCE: PMLS 1 LEC

MAIN POINTS: NOTES: INVENTIONS AND INNOVATIONS IN THE FIELD OF M.L.


1960 ANTONY VAN LEEUWENHOEK
Father of microbiology
Known for his work in the improvement of the microscope

1976 EDWARD JENNER


Discovered vaccination to establish immunity to small pox
Impact of contribution: IMMUNOLOGY

1835 AGOSTINO BASSI


Produced disease in worms by injection of organic material – the beginning of bacteriology

1857 LOUIS PASTEUR


Successfully produced immunity to rabies

1866 GREGOR MENDEL


Enunciated his law of inherited characteristics from studies on plants

1870 JOSEPH LISTER


Demonstrated that surgical infections are caused by airborne organisms

1872 ROBERT KOCH


Presented the 1st pictures of bacilli (anthrax), and later tubercle bacilli

1880 MARIE FRANCOIS XAVIER BICHAT


Identifies organs *
Impact of contributions: HISTOLOGY

1886 ELIE METCHNIKOFF


Described phagocytes in blood and their role in fighting infection

1886 ERNST VON BERGMANN


Introduced steam sterilization in surgery

Marc Mateo’s Notes Page: of


MAIN POINTS: NOTES: NOTES: INVENTIONS AND INNOVATIONS IN THE FIELD OF M.L.
1902 KARL LANDSTEINER
Distinguished blood groups through the development of the ABO blood group system

1906 AUGUST VON WASSERMANN


Developed immunologic tests for syphilis

1906 HOWARD RICKETTS


Discovered microorganisms whose range lies between bacteria and viruses called rickettsiae

1929 HANS FISCHER


Worked out the structure of hemoglobin

1954 JONAS SALK


Developed poliomyelitis vaccine

1973 JAMES WESTGARD


Introduced the Westgard Rules for quality control in clinical labolatory

1980 BARUCH SAMUEL BLUMBERG


Introduced Hepatitis B Vaccine

1985 KARY MULLIS


Developed the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

1992
Introduced the

1998 JAMES THOMSON


Derived the 1st human stem cell line

Marc Mateo’s Notes Page: of